List of books banned by governments

A display of formerly banned books at a US library

Banned books are books or other printed works such as essays or plays which are prohibited by law or to which free access is not permitted by other means. The practice of banning books is a form of censorship, from political, legal, religious, moral, or (less often) commercial motives. This article lists notable banned books and works, giving a brief context for the reason that each book was prohibited. Banned books include fictional works such as novels, poems and plays and non-fiction works such as biographies and dictionaries.

Since there are a large number of banned books, some publishers have sought out to publish these books. The best-known examples are the Parisian Obelisk Press, which published Henry Miller's sexually frank novel Tropic of Cancer, and Olympia Press, which published William Burroughs's Naked Lunch. Both of these, the work of father Jack Kahane and son Maurice Girodias, specialized in English-language books which were prohibited, at the time, in Great Britain and the United States. Ruedo ibérico [es], also located in Paris, specialized in books prohibited in Spain during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. Russian literature prohibited during the Soviet period was published outside of Russia.

Many other countries throughout the world have their own methods of restricting access to books, although the prohibitions vary strikingly from one country to another: hate speech, for example, is prohibited in a number of countries, such as Sweden, though the same books may be legal in the United States or United Kingdom, where the only prohibition is on child pornography.[citation needed]

Despite the opposition from the American Library Association (ALA), books continue to be banned by school and public libraries across the United States. This is usually the result of complaints from parents, who find particular books not appropriate for their children (e.g., books about sexual orientation such as And Tango Makes Three). In many libraries, including the British Library and the Library of Congress, erotic books are housed in separate collections in restricted access reading rooms. In some libraries, a special application may be needed to read certain books.[1] Libraries sometimes avoid purchasing controversial books, and the personal opinions of librarians have at times impacted book selection.

Alphabetical list[edit]

Title Author Year published Type Country Description of the case(s)
60 Years Later: Coming through the Rye John David California 2009 Novel United States An unauthorized sequel to J. D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye. Salinger succeeded in obtaining a court injunction which indefinitely banned the publication, advertising or distribution of the book in the United States, though it has been published in other countries.
The 120 Days of Sodom (1789) Marquis de Sade 1789 Novel Australia Banned by the Australian Government in 1957 for obscenity.[2]
About a Silence in Literature Živorad Stojković Essay Yugoslavia Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1951.[3][citation needed]
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland Lewis Carroll 1865 Children's novel/adventure China Formerly banned in the province of Hunan, China, beginning in 1931,[4] for its portrayal of anthropomorphized animals acting on the same level of complexity as human beings. The censor General Ho Chien believed that attributing human language to animals was an insult to humans. He feared that the book would teach children to regard humans and animals on the same level, which would be "disastrous".[5]
All Quiet on the Western Front Erich Maria Remarque 1929 Anti-war novel Germany Banned in Nazi Germany for being demoralizing and insulting to the Wehrmacht.[4][6]
American Psycho Bret Easton Ellis 1991 Novel Australia Sale and purchase was banned in the Australian State of Queensland. Now available in public libraries and for sale to people 18 years and older. Sale restricted to persons at least 18 years old in the other Australian states.[7]
The Anarchist Cookbook William Powell 1971 Instructional Australia Banned in Australia.[8][further explanation needed]
Angaray[9] Sajjad Zaheer, Ahmed Ali, Rashid Jahan, and Mahmud-uz-Zafar 1932 Progressive short stories India Banned in India in 1936 by the British government.[10]
Animal Farm George Orwell 1945 Political novella Soviet Union Completed in 1943, Orwell found that no publisher would print the book, due to its criticism of the USSR, an important ally of Britain in the War.[11] Once published, the book was banned in the USSR and other communist countries.[12] In 2002, the novel was banned in the schools of the United Arab Emirates, because it contained text or images that goes against Islamic values, most notably the occurrence of an anthropomorphic, talking pig.[13] The book is still banned in North Korea and censored in Vietnam[citation needed].
Another Country James Baldwin 1962 Novel Australia Banned in Australia by the Commonwealth Customs Department in February 1963. The Literature Censorship Board described it as "continually smeared with indecent, offensive and dirty epithets and allusions," but recommended that the book remain available to "the serious minded student or reader." The ban was lifted in May 1966.[14]
Apocalypse Culture Adam Parfrey 1987 Non-fiction Russia Collection of articles, interviews, and documents that explore the various marginal aspects of culture. It was banned in Russia in July 2006 by court order for propaganda of drug use, owing to inclusion of David Woodard's essay "The Ketamine Necromance," after its first and only Russian publication by Ultra.Kultura (Ультра.Культура). All printed copies of that Russian edition were destroyed.
An Area of Darkness V. S. Naipaul 1964 Travelogue India Banned in India for its negative portrayal of India and its people.[15]
Areopagitica John Milton 1644 Essay United Kingdom Banned in the Kingdom of England for political reasons.[16]
Bad Samaritans: The Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism Ha-Joon Chang 2008 Non-fiction South Korea One of 23 books which from August 1, 2008 onward is banned for distribution within the South Korean military.[17]
Beijing Coma Ma Jian 2008 Novel China Banned in China.[18]
The Bible see Authorship of the Bible see Dating the Bible Religious text Saudi Arabia At present, the Bible has been banned in Saudi Arabia. In a number of countries, bible translation, distribution, sale or promotion is prohibited or made difficult, and the Bible may be considered extremist materials.[19] Historically, some countries banned the Bible in certain languages or versions. The Bible in Spanish was prohibited in Spain from the sixteenth until the nineteenth century.[20] In 1234, King James I of Aragon ordered the burning of Bibles in the vernacular.[21] In 2015, Russia banned import of the Jehovah's Witnesses' New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures.[22][23]
Big River, Big Sea – Untold Stories of 1949 Lung Ying-tai 2009 Non-fiction China It sold over 100,000 copies in Taiwan and 10,000 in Hong Kong in its first month of release, but discussion of her work was banned in mainland China following the book launch.[24]
The Bulpington of Blup H. G. Wells 1932 Novel Ireland Banned in the Irish Free State.[25]
Borstal Boy Brendan Behan 1958 Autobiographical novel Ireland Banned in Ireland in 1958. The Irish Censorship of Publications Board was not obliged to reveal its reason but it is believed that it was rejected for its critique of Irish republicanism and the Catholic Church, and its depiction of adolescent sexuality. It was banned in Australia and New Zealand shortly after. It was allowed to be published in New Zealand in 1963.[26]
The Boys Garth Ennis 2012 Comic book series Qatar Banned in Qatar in 2012.[27][further explanation needed]
Brave New World Aldous Huxley 1932 Novel Ireland Banned in Ireland in 1932, allegedly because of references of sexual promiscuity.[28] Banned in Australia from 1932 to 1937.[8]
Burger's Daughter Nadine Gordimer 1979 Novel South Africa Banned in South Africa in July 1979 for going against the government's racial policies; the ban was reversed in October of the same year.[13]
By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept Elizabeth Smart 1945 Autobiographical prose poetry Canada Banned in Canada from 1945-75 under the influence of Smart's family's political power due to its sexual documentation of Smart's affair with a married man.
Candide Voltaire 1759 Novel United States Seized by US Customs in 1930 for obscenity.[29]
The Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer late 14th century Story collection United States Banned from US mail under the Federal Anti-Obscenity Act (Comstock Law) of 1873, which banned the sending or receiving of works containing "obscene," "filthy," or "inappropriate" material.[29]
Castration of the Wind Prvoslav Vujčić Poems Yugoslavia Written in Tuzla prison in 1984. Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1984; republished in 2005.[3]
Catch-22 Joseph Heller 1961 Novel United States Banned in several US states: in 1972, it was banned in Strongsville, Ohio (overturned in 1976); in 1974, it was banned in Dallas, Texas and in Snoqualmie, Washington in 1979, because it has several references to women as "whores".[30]
The Communist Manifesto Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels 1848 Political Manifesto Russia Prohibited by several countries, including Tsarist Russia and Nazi Germany.[31]
The Country Girls Edna O'Brien 1960 Novel Ireland Banned by Ireland's censorship board in 1960 for its explicit sexual content.[32][33]
The Cover-up General Edwin Giltay 2014 Non-fiction thriller Netherlands Banned in the Netherlands by court order in 2015 as a former spy of Dutch military intelligence claimed she was described falsely in this Srebrenica book.[34] Ban lifted by the Court of Appeal of The Hague in 2016.[35][36]
Curved River Živojin Pavlović 1963 Story collection Yugoslavia In 1963 in Yugoslavia withdrawn by the publisher (Nolit) at request of SDB officials.[37]
The Da Vinci Code Dan Brown 2003 Novel Lebanon Banned in September 2004 in Lebanon after Catholic leaders deemed it offensive to Christianity. (See Inaccuracies in The Da Vinci Code.)[4][38]
The Dark John McGahern 1965 Novel Ireland Banned in Ireland for obscenity.[39]
The Death of Lorca Ian Gibson 1971 Biography Spain Banned briefly in Spain.[40]
The Decameron Giovanni Boccaccio 1353 Story collection United States Banned from US mail under the Federal Anti-Obscenity Act (Comstock Law) of 1873, which banned the sending or receiving of works containing "obscene," "filthy," or "inappropriate" material.[29] Banned in Australia from 1927 to 1936 and from 1938 to 1973.[41]
The Devil's Discus Rayne Kruger 1964 Non-fiction Thailand Banned in Thailand in 2006.[42][further explanation needed]
Dictionary of Modern Serbo-Croatian Language Miloš Moskovljević Dictionary Yugoslavia Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1966, at request of Mirko Tepavac, because "some definitions can cause disturbance among citizens".[37]
Doctor Zhivago Boris Pasternak 1955-1988 Novel Soviet Union Banned in the Soviet Union until 1988 for criticizing life in Russia after the Russian Revolution. When its author, Boris Pasternak, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958 he was forced to reject it under government pressure.[4]
Droll Stories Honoré de Balzac 1837 Short stories Canada, Ireland, and Australia Banned for obscenity in Canada in 1914, Ireland in 1953, and Australia from 1901 to 1923 and 1928 to c.1973.[43] The ban was lifted in Ireland in 1967.[44][45]
Ecstasy and Me Hedy Lamarr 1966 Autobiography Australia Banned in Australia from 1967 until 1973.[8]
Elmer Gantry Sinclair Lewis 1927 Novel United States Banned in Boston, Massachusetts, Kansas City, Missouri, Camden, New Jersey and other US cities, this novel by Sinclair deals with fanatical religiosity and hypocrisy in the United States during the 1920s by presenting a skeevy preacher (the Reverend Dr. Elmer Gantry) as a protagonist who prefers easy money, booze, and "enticing young girls" over saving souls, all while converting a traveling tent revival crusade into a profitable and permanent evangelical church and radio empire for his employers. Elmer Gantry also widely denounced from pulpits across the United States at the time of its initial publication.[46][47] Elmer Gantry was also banned in the Irish Free State.[25]
Fanny Hill or Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure John Cleland 1748 Novel United States Banned in the US in 1821 for obscenity, then again in 1963. This was the last book ever banned by the US government.[6] See also Memoirs v. Massachusetts. Note that other books have been banned since by court orders.
Feast for the Seaweeds Haidar Haidar 1983 Novel Egypt Banned in Egypt and several other Arab states, and even resulted in a belated angry reaction from the clerics of Al-Azhar University upon reprinting in Egypt in the year 2000. The clerics issued a fatwa banning the novel, and accused Haidar of heresy and offending Islam. Al-Azhar University students staged huge protests against the novel, that eventually led to its confiscation.[48][49][50]
The Federal Mafia Irwin Schiff 1992 Non-fiction United States An injunction was issued by a US District Court in Nevada under 26 U.S.C. § 7408 against Irwin Schiff and associates Cynthia Neun and Lawrence Cohen, against the sale of this book by those persons as the court found that the information it contains is fraudulent[51]
Fifty Shades Trilogy E L James 2011-12 Novel Malaysia The entire trilogy was banned in Malaysia from 2015 for containing "sadistic" material and "threat to morality".[52]
The First Circle (1968) Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1968 Novel Soviet Union After Nikita Khrushchev was removed from power in 1964, all extant and forthcoming works by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn were banned in the Soviet Union. This work details the lives of scientists forced to work in a Stalinist research center.[53]
Forever Amber (1944) Kathleen Winsor 1944 Novel United States and Australia Banned in fourteen states in the US, and by Australia in 1945 as "a collection of bawdiness, amounting to sex obsession."[54][55]
Frankenstein (1818) Mary Shelley 1818 Novel South Africa Banned in apartheid South Africa in 1955 for containing "obscene" or "indecent" material.[29]
The Fugitive (Perburuan) (1950) Pramoedya Ananta Toer 1950 Novel Indonesia Banned in Indonesia in 1950, for containing "subversive" material, including an attempt to promote Marxist–Leninist thought and other Communist theories. As of 2006, the ban is still in effect.[13]
The Gods Laugh on Mondays (1995) Reza Khoshnazar 1995 Novel Iran Was banned in Iran after men torched its publication house.[56]
The Grapes of Wrath (1939) John Steinbeck 1939 Novel United States Was temporarily banned in many places in the US. In the state of California in which it was partially set, it was banned for its alleged unflattering portrayal of area residents.[57]
Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India (2011) Joseph Lelyveld 2011 Biography India Currently banned in Gujarat, a state in western India, for suggesting that Mahatma Gandhi had a homosexual relationship. Gujarat's state assembly voted unanimously in favour of the ban in April 2011.[58]
The Gulag Archipelago (1973) Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1973 Non-fiction Soviet Union Banned in the Soviet Union because it went against the image the Soviet Government tried to project of itself and its policies.[59] However, it has been available in the former Soviet Union since at least the 1980s. In 2009, the Education Ministry of Russia added The Gulag Archipelago to the curriculum for high-school students.[60]
Happy New Year (1975) Rubem Fonseca 1975 Fiction Brazil Banned in Brazil by the censorship during the military regime.[61]
He Himself (1748) Edward Cangas 1748 Autobiography Philippines Banned in the Philippines in 1821 for obscenity, then again in 1963. This was the last book ever banned in Batasan Hills Quezon City.[6] See also The Man Who Rode a Shark.
The Heart of India (1958) Alexander Campbell 1958 Fiction India Banned by the Indian government in 1959 on grounds of being "repulsive".[15]
Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule Mohandas K. Gandhi 1909 Non-Fiction India The Gujarati translation of Hind Swaraj was banned by the British authorities on its publication in India.[62]
The Hoax of the Twentieth Century Arthur Butz 1976 Non-fiction Canada Classified as "hate literature" in Canada with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police destroying copies as recently as 1995.[63]
The House of Gold Liam O'Flaherty 1929 Novel Ireland The first book to be banned by the Irish Free State. for alleged "indecency". Republished in 2013.[64]
The House of the Spirits Isabel Allende 1982 Novel Chile Banned in Pinochet's Chile.[65]
How to make disposable silencers (1984) Desert and Eliezer Flores 1984 Instructional Australia An example of a class of books banned in Australia that "promote, incite or instruct in matters of crime or violence".[66][67]
História do Mundo para as Crianças (pt) Monteiro Lobato 1933 Novel Portugal The books was banned by the Portuguese government without any clear reason. According the author, one possible reason was because he was from the "current of thought what claims that the discovery of Brazil happened 'by randon'".[68]
Howl (1955) Allen Ginsberg 1955 Poem United States Copies of the first edition seized by San Francisco Customs for obscenity in March 1957; after trial, obscenity charges were dismissed.[69]
I Didn't Do It for You: How the World Betrayed a Small African Nation (2005) Michela Wrong 2005 History Eritrea Banned in Eritrea in 2014 for its criticism of President Isaias Afewerki[70][failed verification]
Interest Kevin Gaughen 2015 Novel Indonesia Banned by the government of Indonesia for subversive and/or anti-government themes.
Into the River (2012) Ted Dawe 2012 Novel New Zealand Banned in New Zealand in 2015; subsequently unrestricted in the same year.[71]
Islam – A Concept of Political World Invasion (2003) R. V. Bhasin 2003 Political ideology India Banned in Maharashtra, India in 2007, after its publishing on grounds that it promotes communal disharmony between Hindus and Muslims.[72][73]
Jæger – i krig med eliten (2009) Thomas Rathsack 2009 Autobiography Denmark The Danish military tried to ban the book September 2009 for national security reasons; a court rejected the ban as the book was already leaked in the press and on the Internet.[74]
Jinnah: India-Partition-Independence (2009) Jaswant Singh 2009 Biography India Temporarily banned in Gujarat, India in August 2009.[75] The ban was overturned by the Gujarat High Court in December 2009.[76]
Jinnah of Pakistan (1982) Stanley Wolpert 1982 Biography Pakistan Banned in Pakistan for recounting Jinnah's taste for wine and pork.[77]
July's People (1981) Nadine Gordimer 1981 Novel South Africa Banned during the Apartheid-era in South Africa.[78] July's People is now included in the South African school curriculum.[79]
The Jungle (1906) Upton Sinclair 1906 Novel Germany In 1956, it was banned in East Germany for its incompatibility with Communism.[80]
The King Never Smiles (2006) Paul M. Handley 2006 Biography Thailand Banned in Thailand for its criticism of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.[81]
Lady Chatterley's Lover (1928) D. H. Lawrence 1928 Novel United States and United Kingdom Temporarily banned in the United States and the United Kingdom for violation of obscenity laws; both bans were lifted in 1959 and 1960, respectively.[45]

Banned in Australia from 1929 to 1965.[8][82]

Chinese translation by Rao Shu-yi denied open publication by China's Central Bureau in 1936, and it ordered booksellers to stop advertising and selling the novel.[83]

Lajja (1993) Taslima Nasrin 1993 Novel Bangladesh Banned in Bangladesh,[84][85] and a few states of India. Other books by her were also banned in Bangladesh or in the Indian state of West Bengal. Amar Meyebela (My Girlhood, 2002), the first volume of her memoir, was banned by the Bangladeshi government in 1999 for "reckless comments" against Islam and the prophet Mohammad.[86] Utal Hawa (Wild Wind), the second part of her memoir, was banned by the Bangladesh government in 2002.[87] Ka (Speak up), the third part of her memoir, was banned by the Bangladeshi High Court in 2003. Under pressure from Indian Muslim activists, the book, which was published in West Bengal as Dwikhandita, was banned there also; some 3,000 copies were seized immediately.[88] The decision to ban the book was criticised by "a host of authors" in West Bengal,[89] but the ban wasn't lifted until 2005.[90][91] Sei Sob Ondhokar (Those Dark Days), the fourth part of her memoir, was banned by the Bangladesh government in 2004.[92][93]
Lethal Marriage Nick Pron True crime Canada Written by a newspaper reporter about the Paul Bernardo and Karla Homolka case, this book allegedly contains inaccuracies, additionally, complaints were received by the St. Catharines library board from the mother of a victim that led to the book being removed from all public library branches in the city.[63] As recently as 1999 this book was still unavailable to public library patrons in St. Catherines.[63]
Little Black Sambo (1899) Helen Bannerman 1899 Children's story Japan Banned in Japan (1988–2005) to quell "political threats to boycott Japanese cultural exports", although the pictures were not those of the original version.[94]
Lolita (1955) Vladimir Nabokov 1955 Novel France, United Kingdom, Argentina, New Zealand, South Africa French officials banned it for being "obscene," as did the United Kingdom, Argentina, New Zealand (uncensored 1964), and South Africa.[95] Banned in Canada in 1958, though the ban was later lifted.[96]
The Lonely Girl (1962) Edna O'Brien 1962 Novel Ireland Banned in Ireland in 1962 after Archbishop John Charles McQuaid complained personally to Justice Minister Charles Haughey that it "was particularly bad".[33]
Lord Horror (1990) David Britton 1990 Novel United Kingdom Banned in England in 1991 where it was found obscene, and is currently the last book to be banned in the UK. The judge ordered the remaining print run to be destroyed. The ban was lifted at the Appeal Courts in July 1992 but the book remains out of print.
"The Lottery" (1948) Shirley Jackson 1948 Short story South Africa Banned in South Africa during Apartheid.[97]
Love Comes Later (2014) Mohanalakshmi Rajakumar 2014 Novel Qatar Banned in Qatar.[98]
Lysistrata (411 BC) Aristophanes Play Greece Banned in 1967 in Greece because of its anti-war message.[29]
Madame Bovary (1856) Gustave Flaubert 1856 Novel France After appearing as a successful serial in the Revue de Paris Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary goes on trial in France on January 30, 1857, for "offenses against public morals", but did not succeed in court.
The Man Who Wouldn't Stand Up (2012) Jacob M. Appel 2012 Novel Qatar Banned in Qatar in 2014 for its depiction of Islam.[99]
The Martyr Liam O'Flaherty 1933 Novel Ireland Banned in the Irish Free State.[25]
The Mask of Sanity (2017) Jacob M. Appel 2017 Novel Malaysia Banned preemptively in Malaysia for blasphemy.[100]
Mein Kampf (1925) Adolf Hitler 1925 Political manifesto Banned in some European nations and the Russian Federation as extremist.[101]

Banned in Guatemala during the regime of Jorge Ubico.[102]

In Germany, the copyright of the book was held by the Federal Government of the Free State of Bavaria, and Bavarian authorities prevented any reprinting from 1945 onward. This did not affect existing copies, which were available as vintage books. In 2016, following the expiration of the copyright, Mein Kampf was republished in Germany for the first time since 1945 as a commented edition by the Institut für Zeitgeschichte.[103]

In Austria, the Verbotsgesetz 1947 prohibits the printing of the book. It is illegal to own[citation needed] or distribute existing copies.[104] Following the general prohibition of advocating the Nazi Party or its aims in § 3 and of re-founding Nazi organizations in § 1, § 3 d. of the Verbotsgesetz states: "Whoever publicly or before several people, through printed works or disseminated texts or illustrations requests, encourages or seeks to induce others to commit any of the acts prohibited under § 1 or § 3, especially if for this purpose he gloryfies (sic) or advertises the aims of the Nazi Party, its institutions or its actions, provided that it does not constitute a more serious criminal offense, will be punished with imprisonment from five to ten years, or up to twenty years if the offender or his actions are especially dangerous."[104]

In Poland it was banned until 1992.[4]

Memoirs of Hecate County (1946) Edmund Wilson 1946 Novel United States Banned in the United States until 1959.
The Meritorious Price of Our Redemption (1650) William Pynchon 1650 Religious critique The first book banned in the New World. Pynchon, a prominent leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony who, in 1636, founded the City of Springfield, Massachusetts, wrote this explicit critique of Puritanism, published in London in 1650. That year, several copies made their way back to the New World. Pynchon, who resided in Springfield, was unaware that his book suffered the New World's first book burning, on the Boston Common. Accused of heresy by the Massachusetts General Court, Pynchon quietly transferred ownership of the Connecticut River Valley's largest land-holdings to his son, and then suffered indignities as he left the New World for England. It was the first work banned in Boston.[105]
A Message to Man and Humanity Aleksandar Cvetković Yugoslavia Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1967 for "false and wicked claims, and enemy propaganda that supports pro-Chinese politics".[37]
Mirror of the Polish Crown (1618) Sebastian Miczyński 1618 Anti-Semitic pamphlet Because this pamphlet published in 1618 was one of the causes of the anti-Jewish riots in Cracow, it was banned by Sigismund III Vasa.[106]
Les Moeurs François-Vincent Toussaint Book France Officially banned in France in 1748.[107]
Moll Flanders or The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders (1722) Daniel Defoe 1722 Novel United States Banned from the U.S. mail under the Federal Anti-Obscenity Act (Comstock Law) of 1873, which banned the sending or receiving of works containing "obscene," "filthy," or "inappropriate" material[108]
The Mountain Wreath (1847) Petar II Petrović-Njegoš 1847 Drama in verse Bosnia and Herzegovina Banned in Bosnian schools by Carlos Westendorp.[109]
My Father's Daughter (2005) Hannah Pool 2005 Fiction Eritrea Banned in Eritrea in 2014 for political content[70][failed verification]
My Watch (2005) Olusegun Obasanjo 2014 Autobiography Nigeria Banned in Nigeria because this three-volume memoirs of the former Nigerian president were highly critical of nearly everyone in Nigerian politics. The books were ordered to be seized by the High Court in Nigeria until a libel case had been heard in court.[110]
The Naked and the Dead (1948) Norman Mailer 1948 Novel Canada Banned in Canada in 1949 for "obscenity."[111]
Naked Lunch (1959) William S. Burroughs 1959 Novel United States Banned by Boston courts in 1962 for obscenity, but that decision was reversed in 1966 by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court.[112]
Naree (1992) Humayun Azad 1992 Criticism Bangladesh Banned in Bangladesh in 1995.[113]
The New Class: An Analysis of the Communist System (1957) Milovan Đilas 1957 Yugoslavia Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1957; author sentenced for enemy propaganda to seven years in prison, prolonged to 13 years in 1962.[37]
New Portuguese Letters
(Novas Cartas Portuguesas)
Maria Isabel Barreno, Maria Teresa Horta and Maria Velho da Costa 1972 Portugal Banned as "pornographic and an offense to public morals"; authors charged with "abuse of the freedom of the press" and "outrage to public decency"; acquitted after the Carnation Revolution in 1974[114]
The Nickel-Plated-Feet Gang During the Occupation (Les Pieds nickelés dans le maquis) Successors of Louis Forton 1879–1934 Comic book Yugoslavia Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1945.[3]
Nine Hours To Rama (1962) Stanley Wolpert 1962 Novel India Banned in India. It exposes persons responsible for security lapses that led to Mahatma Gandhi's assassination.[115]
Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) George Orwell 1949 Novel Soviet Union Banned by the Soviet Union[4] in 1950, as Stalin understood that it was a satire based on his leadership. It was not until 1990 that the Soviet Union legalised the book and it was re-released after editing.[116]
Noir Canada (2008) Alain Deneault 2008 Documentary book Canada Banned from sale in Canada following two defamation lawsuit from Barrick Gold and Banro and an out-of-court settlement.[117]
Notre ami le roi (1993) Gilles Perrault 1993 Biography of Hassan II of Morocco Morocco Banned in Morocco. This book is a biography of King Hassan and examines cases of torture, killing, and political imprisonment said to have been carried out by the Moroccan Government at his orders.[118]
On Fierce Wound – Fierce Herb Ratko Zakić Yugoslavia Withdrawn from sales and destroyed after the decision of the Municipal Committee of the League of Communists of Kraljevo in Kraljevo, Yugoslavia in 1967.[37]
On the Origins and Perpetual Use of the Legislative Powers of the Apostolic Kings of Hungary in Matters Ecclesiastical (1764) Adam F. Kollár 1764 Political Papal States Banned in the Papal States for arguments against the political role of the Roman Catholic Church.[119] Original title: De Originibus et Usu perpetuo.
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962) Alexander Solzhenitsyn 1962 Novel Soviet Union Banned from publication in the Soviet Union in 1964.[13]
One Day of Life (1980) Manlio Argueta 1980 Novel El Salvador Banned by El Salvador for its portrayal of human rights violations.[120]
Onward Muslim Soldiers Robert Spencer 2003 Non-fiction Malaysia On July 12, 2007, the government of Malaysia announced a ban on Spencer's book, citing "confusion and anxiety among the Muslims" as the cause.[121]
Operation Dark Heart (2010) Army Reserve Lt. Col. Anthony Shaffer 2010 Memoir United States In September 2010 the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) overrode the Army's January approval for publication. The DoD then purchased and destroyed all 9,500 first edition copies citing concerns that it contained classified information which could damage national security. The publisher, St. Martin's Press,[122] in conjunction with the DoD created a censored second edition; which contains blackened out words, lines, paragraphs, and even portions of the index.[123]
The Outline of History H. G. Wells 1920 Non-fiction Germany Wells' book was banned in Nazi Germany.[124]
The Peaceful Pill Handbook (2007) Philip Nitschke and Fiona Stewart 2007 Instructional manual on euthanasia New Zealand Initially banned in New Zealand by Office of Film & Literature Classification since it was deemed to be objectionable.[125] In May 2008 an edited version of the book was allowed for sale if sealed and an indication of the censorship classification was displayed. The book was initially restricted in Australia:[126] after review the 2007 edition was banned outright.[67][127][128]
Përbindëshi (The Monster) (1965) Ismail Kadare 1965-1990 Novel Albania Banned for 25 years in Albania.[129]
Persepolis (2000) Marjane Satrapi 2000 Novel United States In 2013, banned in Chicago classrooms, leading to public outcry.[130]
Peyton Place (1956) Grace Metalious 1956 Novel Canada Banned in Canada from 1956–1958.[96]
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (1903) Unknown 1903 A forgery, portraying an alleged Jewish conspiracy to take over the world Russia Banned in various libraries and many attempts to ban in various nations, such as in Russia.[131]
Queen of Sheba and Biblical Scholarship Bernard Leeman History Saudi Arabia Currently banned in Saudi Arabia for suggesting the Hebrews originated in Yemen and their Israelite successors established their original pre-586 B.C.E. kingdoms of Israel and Judah between Medina and Yemen.[citation needed]
The Quran Muslim Religious text Russia As with many holy books, the Quran has been subject to scrutiny and censorship at various points throughout history. Proposals and movements advocating outright bans of the Quran are uncommon in the West, occurring only among extremist right-wing circles.[132] In 1985, Chandmal Chopra filed a writ Petition at the Kolkata High Court in India, trying to obtain an order banning the Quran.[133] The most notable recent (and controversial) ban of a translated edition of the Quran happened in 2013 when a Russian court censored the text under the country's 'extremism' laws.[134]
Rangila Rasul (1927) Pt. Chamupati 1927 Religious India, Pakistan, Bangladesh Currently banned in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.[135]
Rights of Man (1791) Thomas Paine 1791 Political theory United Kingdom Banned in the UK and author charged with treason for supporting the French Revolution.[29] Banned in Tsarist Russia after the Decembrist revolt.[136]
Rowena Goes Too Far (1931) H. C. Asterley 1931 Novel Australia Banned in Australia because of customs belief that it "lacked sufficient claim to the literary to excuse the obscenity"[137]
The Sassoon Files (2019) Sons of the Singularity 2019 Role-playing game adventure China A book supplement for the Call of Cthulhu role-playing game set in 1920s Shanghai, all copies which had been printed and due to ship out were ordered to be destroyed by the Government of China for unspecified reasons.[138]
The Satanic Bible (1969) Anton LaVey 1969 Religious text South Africa Banned during apartheid in South Africa from 1973 to 1993 for moral reasons.[139]
The Satanic Verses (1988) Salman Rushdie 1988 Novel Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Iran, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Pakistan, Senegal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand Banned in the following countries for alleged blasphemy against Islam: Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Iran, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Pakistan, Senegal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tanzania and Thailand.[140][141]
Satyarth Prakash Dayananda Saraswati 1875 Religious text Pakistan Swami Dayananda's religious text Satyarth Prakash was banned in some princely states and in Sindh in 1944 and is still banned in Sindh.[142]
Schindler's Ark (1982) Thomas Keneally 1982 Novel Lebanon Banned in Lebanon for its positive depiction of Jews.[4]
Scouting for the Reaper (2014) Jacob M. Appel 2014 Fiction Eritrea Banned in Eritrea in 2014 for its criticism of civil liberties under President Isaias Afewerki[70][failed verification]
El Señor Presidente Miguel Ángel Asturias 1946 Novel Guatemala Banned in Guatemala because it went against the ruling political leaders.[143]
Sexual Customs ("Xing Fengsu") (1989) . 1989 Non-Fiction China Banned in China in 1989 for insulting Islam.[144][145][146][147][148][149][150][151][152][153][154][155][156]
Shivaji – Hindu King in Islamic India (2003) James Laine 2003 History India Banned in Indian state of Maharashtra in 2004 for "promoting social enmity"; ban overturned by Bombay High Court in 2007.[157]
Smash and Grab: Annexation of Sikkim (1984) Sunanda K. Datta-Ray 1984 History India Banned in India. Describes the process of the annexation of the Buddhist kingdom of Sikkim by the Indian government of Indira Gandhi in 1975.[115]
A Sneaking Suspicion (1995) John Dickson 1995 Religious text Australia Banned by the New South Wales Department of Education and Communities from state schools May 6, 2015 on the basis of a "potential risk to students in the delivery of this material, if not taught sensitively and in an age appropriate manner."[158] The ban was lifted May 18, 2015.
Snorri the Seal (1941) Frithjof Sælen 1941 Fable Norway (under German occupation) Satirical book banned during the German occupation of Norway.[159]
Soft Target: How the Indian Intelligence Service Penetrated Canada (1989) Zuhair Kashmeri & Brian McAndrew 1989 Investigative journalism India Banned in India.[160]
Sophie's Choice (1979) William Styron 1979 Novel Lebanon Banned in Lebanon for its positive depiction of Jews.[4]
The Spanish Labyrinth Gerald Brenan 1943 Non-fiction Spain Banned in Francoist Spain because of its strong criticism of the Nationalist Faction's actions during the Spanish Civil War.[161]
A Spoon on Earth Hyeon Gi-yeong Novel South Korea Banned for distribution within the South Korean military as one of 23 books banned there beginning in August 2008.[17][162]
Spycatcher (1985) Peter Wright 1985 Autobiography United Kingdom Banned in the UK 1985–1988 for revealing secrets. Wright was a former MI5 intelligence officer and his book was banned before it was even published in 1987.[163][164]
The Story of Ferdinand Munro Leaf 1936 Children's fiction Germany, Spain Banned in Nazi Germany and Francoist Spain.[165]
Storytellers II Boško Novaković Short stories Yugoslavia Withdrawn from print in Yugoslavia in 1964 because it contained stories by Dragiša Vasić.[37]
The Straits Impregnable Sydney Loch 1916 Fictionalised Autobiography Australia First edition published as a novel, second edition banned by the military censor in Australia under regulations of the War Precautions Act 1914.[166]
The Struggle Is My Life Nelson Mandela 1978 Non-fiction South Africa Banned in Apartheid South Africa until 1990.[167]
The Stud (1969) Jackie Collins 1969 Novel Australia Banned in Australia in 1969.[8][further explanation needed]
Suicide mode d'emploi (1982) Claude Guillon 1982 Instructional France This book, reviewing recipes for committing suicide, was the cause of a scandal in France in the 1980s, resulting in the enactment of a law prohibiting provocation to commit suicide and propaganda or advertisement of products, objects, or methods for committing suicide.[168] Subsequent reprints were thus illegal. The book was cited by name in the debates of the French National Assembly when examining the bill.[169]
Thalia Arius (AD 250 or 256 – 336) Theological tract, partly in verse Roman Empire Banned in the Roman Empire in the 330s+ for contradicting Trinitarianism. All of Arius writings were ordered burned and Arius exiled, and presumably assassinated for his writings.[170] Banned by the Catholic Church for the next thousand plus years.[citation needed]
Thoughts of a Corpse Prvoslav Vujčić Poems Yugoslavia Banned in Yugoslavia by court order in 1983; republished in 2004.[3]
Tropic of Cancer (1934) Henry Miller 1934 Novel (fictionalized memoir) United States Banned in the US in the 1930s until the early 1960s, seized by US Customs for sexually explicit content and vulgarity. The rest of Miller's work was also banned by the US.[171] Also banned in South Africa until the late 1980s.[citation needed]
The True Furqan (1999) "Al Saffee" and "Al Mahdee" 1999 Religious text India Import into India prohibited on the grounds of threatening national security.[172]
The Truth About Muhammad Robert Spencer 2006 Non-fiction Pakistan On December 20, 2006, the government of Pakistan announced a ban on Spencer's book, citing "objectionable material" as the cause.[173]
Truth for Germany—The Question of Guilt for the Second World War Udo Walendy 1968 Historical work Germany In 1979 this book was listed by Germany's Federal Department for Media Harmful to Young Persons as material that could not be publicly advertised or given to young readers, due to the version it presented of the events that led to World War II. This restriction was lifted in 1994, after a long legal battle.
Uitgeverij Guggenheimer ("Publisher Guggenheimer") (1999) Herman Brusselmans 1999 Novel Belgium Banned in Belgium because this satirical novel offended fashion designer Ann Demeulemeester by making derogatory remarks about her personal looks and profession. A court decided the book was an insult to the individual's private life and ordered it to be removed from the stores.[174][175][176]
Ulysses (1922) James Joyce 1922 Novel United Kingdom Banned in the UK until 1936.[177][178] Challenged and temporarily banned in the US for its sexual content. In 1933 the ban was overturned in United States v. One Book Called Ulysses.[179] Banned in Australia from 1929 to 1937, then restricted to people over the age of 18 from 1941 to 1953.[8]
Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852 Novel Confederate States Banned in the Confederate States during the Civil War because of its anti-slavery content. In 1852, Uncle Tom's Cabin was banned in Russia under the reign of Nicholas I because of the idea of equality it presented, and for its "undermining religious ideals."[13]
Understanding Islam through Hadis (1982) Ram Swarup 1982 Critique of political Islam India Banned in India for its critique of political Islam. The Hindi translation was banned in 1991, the English original was banned in 1992.[180][181][182][183][184][185]
Unarmed Victory (1963) Bertrand Russell 1963 India Banned in India. Contains unflattering details of the 1962 Sino-Indian War.[115]
United States – Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense (1971) Robert McNamara and the United States Department of Defense 1971 Government study United States Also known as the Pentagon Papers. US President Nixon attempted to suspend publication of classified information. The restraint was lifted by the US Supreme Court in a 6–3 decision.[186] See also New York Times Co. v. United States.
Various works Shen Congwen 1902–1988 Novels China "Denounced by the Communists and Nationalists alike, Mr. Shen saw his writings banned in Taiwan, while mainland China publishing houses burned his books and destroyed printing plates for his novels. .... So successful was the effort to erase Mr. Shen's name from the modern literary record that few younger Chinese today recognize his name, much less the breadth of his work. Only since 1978 has the Chinese Government reissued selections of his writings, although in editions of only a few thousand copies....In China, his passing was unreported."[187]
The Well of Loneliness (1928) Radclyffe Hall 1928 Novel United Kingdom Banned in the UK in 1928 for its lesbian theme; republished in 1949.[188]
White Niggers of America (1970) Pierre Vallières 1970 Political work Canada Deals with Québec politics and society; written while the author was incarcerated. An edition published in France was not allowed into Canada; an edition was published in the US in 1971.[63][dead link]
Wild Swans (1993) Jung Chang 1993 Autobiography/biography China Banned from publication in the People's Republic of China for its depiction of Mao Tse-tung.[4][189]
The Work, Wealth and Happiness of Mankind H. G. Wells 1932 Non-Fiction Ireland Banned in the Irish Free State.[25]
The World Is Full of Married Men (1968) Jackie Collins 1968 Novel Australia Banned in Australia in 1968.[8]
A World of Strangers Nadine Gordimer 1958 Novel South Africa Banned in South Africa because of its criticism of Apartheid.[190]
Year 501: The Conquest Continues (1993) Noam Chomsky 1993 Politics South Korea Banned for distribution in South Korean military as one of 23 books banned on August 1, 2008.[17]
You: An Introduction (2008) Michael Jensen 2008 Religious text Australia Banned by the New South Wales Department of Education and Communities from state schools May 6, 2015 on the basis of a "potential risk to students in the delivery of this material, if not taught sensitively and in an age appropriate manner."[158] The ban was lifted May 18, 2015.
Zhuan Falun (1993) Li Hongzhi 1993 Spiritual China Banned in Mainland China on the basis of being outside of the communist apparatus, according to Stephen Chan writing in Global Society, an international relations journal.[191]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Peter Fryer, Private Case, Public Scandal, London, Secker & Warburg, 1966.
  2. ^ University of Melbourne (2013). Banned Books in Australia – A Special Collections-Art in the Library Exhibition." "[1]", Retrieved June 12, 2014
  3. ^ a b c d Marinko Arsić Ivkov (June 23, 2002). "Krivična estetika (32)". Dnevnik (in Serbian). Novi Sad. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Capon, Felicity (October 20, 2014). "Top 20 books they tried to ban". Telegraph. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  5. ^ "Topics of the Times". The New York Times. May 5, 1931. p. 26. ISSN 0362-4331.
  6. ^ a b c Grannis, Chandler B.; Haight, Anne (Lyon) (1978). Banned books, 387 B. C. to 1978 A. D. New York: R. R. Bowker. p. 80. ISBN 0-8352-1078-2.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ [2][dead link]
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Banned Books in Australia: A Selection". University of Melbourne. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016.
  9. ^ Also transliterated as Angaaray, Angarey, Angaarey, Angare, or Anghare. See "Angaarey". Sangat Review of South Asian Literature. November 25, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2017. and "Progressive Writers' Association". Making Britain. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  10. ^ Sajjad Zahir: The Voice of the Common Man Archived February 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Chowk (December 27, 2005). Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
  11. ^ George Orwell, The Freedom of the Press
  12. ^ Irish Centre for Human Rights, Banned and Censored Books Archived October 6, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ a b c d e Karolides
  14. ^ Clarke, Tracey (September 11, 2013). "Another Country". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  15. ^ a b Suroor, Hasan (March 3, 2012). "You can't read this book". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  16. ^ Karolides et al., pp. 16–20
  17. ^ a b c (in Korean) Military expands book blacklist. Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  18. ^ Smallwood, Christine (May 25, 2008). "Cage of bones". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  19. ^ "World Watch List - Countries Where Christianity is Illegal & Oppressed".
  20. ^ George Borrow, The Bible in Spain, London, 1843.
  21. ^ Bosmajian, Haig A. 2006. Burning Books, p. 52. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.
  22. ^ Customs Officials Block Bibles From Entering Russia Official Website of Jehovah's Witnesses, retrieved 30 March 2016.
  23. ^ Balmforth, Tom. "Russia Bans Jehovah's Witnesses' Translation Of Bible". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  24. ^ China Free Press Lung Ying-tai becomes an internet pariah in China Archived May 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. (September 18, 2009). Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
  25. ^ a b c d "Books Banned In Ireland:Australian Authors And H. G. Wells".The Sun 15 July 1937.
  26. ^ Brendan Behan, Irish writer and playwright, Borstal Boy. Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
  27. ^ Langshaw, Mark. "'The Boys' comic books 'banned in Qatar'". DigitalSpy. Archived from the original on August 22, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  28. ^ Sova, Dawn B. (c. 2006). Banned Books: Literature Suppressed on Social Grounds. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-6271-4.
  29. ^ a b c d e f "Banned Books Online". Penn University.
  30. ^ "Banned and/or Challenged Books from the Radcliffe Publishing Course Top 100 Novels of the 20th Century".
  31. ^ Anne Lyon Haight, Banned books: informal notes on some books banned for various reasons at various times and in various places. R.R. Bowker, 1955(p. 60).
  32. ^ Deegan, Gordon (August 2, 2010). "Warm welcome home for O'Brien". The Irish Times. Dublin. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
  33. ^ a b Dwyer, Ryle (August 14, 2010). "There was some truth in Paisley's tirades against our priestly republic". Irish Examiner. Cork. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  34. ^ "Netherlands: Court bans book on Srebrenica genocide". Mapping Media Freedom, Index on Censorship. December 24, 2015. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
  35. ^ "Boek De Doofpotgeneraal niet verboden". Gerechtshof Den Haag (in Dutch). April 12, 2016. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
  36. ^ Husejnović, Alosman (April 12, 2016). "DEN HAAG Holandski sud ukinuo zabranu knjige o". Dnevni Avaz (in Bosnian). Retrieved May 10, 2016.
  37. ^ a b c d e f Marinko Arsić Ivkov (June 24, 2002). "Krivična estetika (33)". Dnevnik (in Serbian). Novi Sad. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2009.
  38. ^ "Da Vinci Code banned in Lebanon". BBC News. September 16, 2004. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  39. ^ Wroe, Nicholas (January 5, 2002). "Ireland's rural elegist". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  40. ^ Assassination of Federico Garcia Lorca: Gibson, Ian – AbeBooks – 9780140064735: Courtyard Books BA. AbeBooks. Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
  41. ^ "Decameron". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  42. ^ คำสั่งเจ้าพนักงานการพิมพ์ ที่ ๓/๒๕๔๙ เรื่อง ห้ามการขาย หรือจ่ายแจกและให้ยึดสิ่งพิมพ์ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 123 (Special 23 ง): 31. June 27, 2006.
  43. ^ "Droll Stories". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  44. ^ CBC's The Current the whole show blow by blow.
  45. ^ a b Sova, Dawn B. (c. 2006). Banned Books : Literature Suppressed on Sexual Grounds. New York, NY: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-6272-2.
  46. ^ ""Banned in Boston": selected sources". Boston University Libraries. Archived from the original on April 24, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  47. ^ Boston, Rob (September 22, 2014). "The Censorship Crusade: A Story For Banned Books Week". Americans United for Separation of Church and State. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  48. ^ Al-Ahram Weekly | Culture|Off the shelf – and then where? Archived September 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (February 7, 2001). Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
  49. ^ "Book fair opens amid controversy". BBC News. January 25, 2001. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  50. ^ "Cairo book protesters released". BBC News. May 12, 2000. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
  51. ^ See also footnote 1, United States v. Schiff, 2008-1 U.S. Tax Cas. (CCH) paragr. 50,111 (9th Cir. 2007), citing United States v. Schiff, 379 F.3d 621, 630 (9th Cir. 2004), regarding the Court's finding that the book The Federal Mafia: How the Government Illegally Imposes and Unlawfully Collects Income Taxes constituted "fraudulent commercial speech."
  52. ^ "After movie ban, ministry declares 'Fifty Shades' books illegal". The Malaysian Insider. March 16, 2015. Archived from the original on March 21, 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  53. ^ "Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2011.
  54. ^ Guttridge, Peter (May 28, 2003). "Kathleen Winsor Author of the racy bestseller 'Forever Amber'". The Independent. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  55. ^ "Forever Amber". National Archives of Australia. November 7, 2013. Retrieved May 21, 2017.
  56. ^ Newsweek, Banned and Burned in Tehran, October 1995, page 38.
  57. ^ Karolides et al., pp. 57–71
  58. ^ "Indian state bans Gandhi book after reviews hint at gay relationship". The Guardian. London. March 30, 2011.
  59. ^ Karolides et al., pp. 71–78
  60. ^ Associated Press (September 10, 2009). "Russia makes Gulag history". The Boston Globe. Massachusetts. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
  61. ^ Smith, ed. Verity (2000). Concise encyclopedia of Latin American literature. London [u.a.]: Dearborn. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-579-58252-4.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  62. ^ Arvind Krishna Mehrotra, A History of Indian Literature in English. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 2003. ISBN 9781850656814 (p.139)
  63. ^ a b c d "Challenged Books and Magazines List" (PDF). Freedom to Read. January 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  64. ^ State's first banned book to be published for first time in 80 years Irish Times, 2018-08-10.
  65. ^ Rafael Ocasio, Literature of Latin America, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004. ISBN 0313320012 (p.172).
  66. ^!OpenDocument. Retrieved December 19, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  67. ^ a b Classification Review Board. Review meeting: February 7, 2007; Decision meeting: February 24, 2007. Australian Government
  68. ^ Zöler, Zöler (2018). Lobato Letrador: 3º passo [Lobato Literate 3º step] (in Portuguese). Brasília: Tagori Editora. ISBN 9788553250356.
  69. ^ Morgan, Bill; Nancy Joyce Peters (2006). Howl on trial: the battle for free expression. San Francisco: City Lights Books. pp. 2–3. ISBN 978-0-87286-479-5.
  70. ^ a b c "Eritrean Ministry of Information, Eritrean News and Facts". 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  71. ^ Groves, Nancy (October 14, 2015). "Ban lifted on New Zealand young adult novel into the River". The Guardian. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
  72. ^ Book on Islam banned, author's house raided in Mumbai – Attacks | Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
  73. ^ CRIMINAL APPLICATION NO.1421 OF 2007 Archived April 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. The High Court of Judicature at Bombay
  74. ^ Collins, Nick (September 23, 2009). "Special forces soldier's book causes storm in Denmark". London: Retrieved September 24, 2009.
  75. ^ "India state bans book on Jinnah". BBC. August 20, 2009. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
  76. ^ Jaswant's book reaches stores in Gujarat after court order. Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
  77. ^ "Wolpert's Jinnah". Pakistaniat. September 11, 2007. Retrieved August 22, 2009.
  78. ^ "Nadine Gordimer". South African History Online. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  79. ^ South African Government Online (April 19, 2001). "Asmal comments on Gauteng matriculation set works". Speeches and Statements. Ministry of Education. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  80. ^ Banned Books 2011 Archived November 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  81. ^ Warrick-Alexander, James (February 6, 2006). Thailand Bars Univ. Website. Yale Daily News.
  82. ^ Cleland, John; Rembar, Charles; Miller, Henry (1986). The End of Obscenity: The Trials of Lady Chatterley, Tropic of Cancer and Fanny Hill. San Francisco: Harper & Row. p. 528. ISBN 0-06-097061-8.
  83. ^ Yi Chin (June 1992). "Publishing in China in the Post-Mao Era". Berkeley, California, USA: Asian Survey. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  84. ^ Bangladesh Seeks Writer, Charging She Insults Islam New York Times, June 8, 1994.
  85. ^ Book Review New York Times, August 28, 1994.
  86. ^ Ahmed, Kamal (August 13, 1999). "Bangladesh bans new Taslima book". BBC News. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  87. ^ "Bangladesh bans third Taslima book". BBC News. August 27, 2002. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  88. ^ "Bengal bans Taslima's book". The Hindu. Chennai, India. November 28, 2003. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  89. ^ Joshua, Anita (February 18, 2004). "West Bengal Government assailed for banning Taslima's book". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  90. ^ Dhar, Sujoy (2005). "Arts Weekly/Books: Split By Leftists and Fanatics". Inter Press Service. Archived from the original on May 25, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  91. ^ "Court lifts ban on Nasreen's book in Bengal". September 23, 2005. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  92. ^ "Exiled Taslima Nasrin to return to Bangladesh". Indian Muslims. July 16, 2007. Archived from the original on May 4, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  93. ^ "New book banned at behest of Islamic bigots: Taslima". Press Trust of India. February 20, 2004. Archived from the original on December 3, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  94. ^ "Banned Books". n.d. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
  95. ^ "Banned Books". Time. September 29, 2008. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
  96. ^ a b British Columbia Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee (October 9, 2009). "Censorship in British Columbia: A History. 1950–1959". Vancouver, BC, Canada: British Columbia Library Association. Retrieved November 10, 2011.
  97. ^ Hyman, Stanley Edgar. "Introduction," Just an Ordinary Day. Bantam, 1995.
  98. ^ Kapsidelis, Karin. "VCU professor's novel banned in Qatar," Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 14, 2014.
  99. ^ Allen, J. Comic Novel Banned, Gulf News February 12, 2014
  100. ^ 26 January 2017, Sinar online,
  101. ^ Федеральный список экстремистских материалов. (Federal list of extremist materials), item 604. (in Russian).
  102. ^ Gunther, John. Inside Latin America (1941), p. 124
  103. ^ "Helfen Gesetze gegen "Mein Kampf"? | bpb" (in German). December 14, 2015. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  104. ^ a b "Bundesrecht konsolidiert: Gesamte Rechtsvorschrift für Verbotsgesetz 1947, Fassung vom 20.09.2015". Bundeskanzleramt [Office of the Chancellor of Austria]. 2015. Archived from the original on September 20, 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2015.
  105. ^ Banned Books | Online Sociology Degree News and Information. Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  106. ^ Ringelblum, Emanuel; Joseph Kermish; Shmuel Krakowski (1992). Polish-Jewish Relations During the Second World War. Northwestern University Press. p. 190. ISBN 0-8101-0963-8.
  107. ^ Lyons, Martyn (2011). Books : a living history. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-60606-083-4.
  108. ^ "Banned Books Online".
  109. ^ "New World Order's Inquisition in Bosnia". Archived from the original on March 3, 2007.
  110. ^ "Banned in Africa in 2014: Kissing, Manchester United jerseys, and more". MG Africa. December 18, 2014. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  111. ^ Carefoote, Pearce J. "Censorship in Canada". University of Toronto. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  112. ^ Search – Global Edition – The New York Times. International Herald Tribune (March 29, 2009). Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  113. ^ Kumar, Girja (1997). The Book on Trial: Fundamentalism and Censorship in India. ISBN 8124105251.
  114. ^ Kramer, Jane (February 2, 1975). "The Three Marias". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  115. ^ a b c "Publish and be banned". The Telegraph. India. July 18, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  116. ^ Rodden, John (2002). George Orwell: the politics of literary reputation. Transaction. pp. 200–211. ISBN 978-0-7658-0896-7.
  117. ^ "Barrick Gold moves to block mining book". Retrieved October 2, 2015.
  118. ^ Notre ami le roi par Gilles Perrault. Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  119. ^ Andor Csizmadia, Adam Franz Kollár und die ungarische rechtshistorische Forschung. 1982.
  120. ^ Ferris, Geoff (February 2002). "One Day of Life". Western Michigan University. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
  121. ^ "Ministry Bans 14 Books". BERNAMA. July 12, 2007. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016.
  122. ^ "Macmillan: Operation Dark Heart". Macmillan. Archived from the original on September 29, 2010. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
  123. ^ Singh, Tejinder (September 28, 2010). "Pentagon Confirms Destruction of 9,500 Copies of Book Containing 'Intelligence Secrets'". AHN. Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  124. ^ From Hemingway to HG Wells: The books banned and burnt by the Nazis Alex Johnson, The Independent, 8 August 2018. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  125. ^ Office of Film & Literature Classification Archived June 4, 2010, at the Wayback Machine – "The Peaceful Pill Handbook banned"
  126. ^!OpenDocument. Retrieved December 19, 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  127. ^ Office of Film & Literature Classification.
  128. ^ [3][dead link]
  129. ^ Gloyer, Gillian (2012). Albania - Gillian Gloyer - Google Boeken. ISBN 9781841623870. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  130. ^ Alison Flood. "Persepolis battle in Chicago schools provokes outcry | Books". The Guardian. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  131. ^ "Russian academicians demand ban of Protocols of the Elders of Zion — RT Russian politics". May 13, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  132. ^ ""Ban Koran Like Mein Kampf' Says Dutch MP". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  133. ^ Chandmal, Chopra; Ram, Goel, Sita; India), India. High Court (Calcutta (January 1, 2012). The Calcutta Quran petition. ISBN 978-8185990583. OCLC 935213876.
  134. ^ "Russian Muslim Clerics Warn of Unrest Over Ban of Translation of Koran". Reuters. Retrieved September 24, 2014.
  135. ^ Self and Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850 by Ayesha Jalal
  136. ^ Banned, Burned, Censored list. Retrieved on 2010-05-09.
  137. ^ [4][permanent dead link]. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  138. ^ PoC (March 23, 2019). "Chinese Govt. Burns Call of Cthulhu Supplement". Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  139. ^ "Censored publications: ID 9914286". Beacon for Freedom of Expression. Retrieved May 4, 2013. Period of censorship: June 22, 1973 – January 22, 1993
  140. ^ "Singapore will not Allow Publication of Prophet Cartoons". February 10, 2006. Retrieved June 14, 2007.
  141. ^ Bald, Margaret (c. 2006). Banned Books : Literature Suppressed on Religious Grounds. New York, NY: Facts on File. pp. 291–300. ISBN 0-8160-6269-2.
  142. ^ The Book on Trial: Fundamentalism and Censorship in India, Girja Kumar
  143. ^ Karolides et al., pp. 45–50
  144. ^ Beijing Review, Volume 32 1989, p. 13.
  145. ^ Gladney 1991, p. 2.
  146. ^ Schein 2000, p. 154.
  147. ^ Gladney 2004, p. 66.
  148. ^ Bulag 2010, p. 104.
  149. ^ Gladney 2005, p. 257.
  150. ^ Gladney 2013, p. 144.
  151. ^ Sautman 2000, p. 79.
  152. ^ Gladney 1996, p. 341.
  153. ^ Lipman 1996, p. 299.
  154. ^ Harold Miles Tanner (2009). China: a history. Hackett Publishing. pp. 581–610. ISBN 978-0-87220-915-2. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
  155. ^ Gladney 2004, p. 232.
  156. ^ Jaschok & Shui 2000, p. 209.
  157. ^ "Supreme Court lifts ban on James Laine's book on Shivaji". The Times of India. Press Trust of India. July 9, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
  158. ^ a b Piccoli, Adrian. "Letter to His Grace the Most Reverend Dr G Davies" (PDF). Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  159. ^ Skarstein, Jakob. "Frithjof Sælen". In Helle, Knut (ed.). Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved July 4, 2009.
  160. ^ Kashmeri, Zuhair; McAndrew, Brian (September 6, 2005). Amazon Soft Target Book listing. ISBN 1550289047.
  161. ^ "Gerald Brenan, British Author; In Spain at 92", Burt A. Folkart. LA Times, January 23, 1987. Retrieved August 10th, 2018.
  162. ^ (in Korean) Seditious books of 2011. 시사IN.
  163. ^ Zuckerman, Laurence (August 17, 1987). "How Not to Silence a Spy". Time. Time Warner. Retrieved January 20, 2008.
  164. ^ 1987: Ban lifted on MI5 man's memoirs. BBC News. Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  165. ^ Hearn, Michael Patrick (November 9, 1986). "Ferdinand the Bull's 50th Anniversary". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  166. ^ Susanna & Jake de Vries (2007). To Hell And Back. NSW : HarperCollins
  167. ^ Karolides et al. (pp. 468-472)
  168. ^ Loi n°87-1133 du 31 décembre 1987 tendant à réprimer la provocation au suicide
  169. ^ Proceedings of the French National Assembly, December 14, 1987, first sitting (in French).
  170. ^ "Edict Against Arius". 333. Archived from the original on October 7, 2007.
  171. ^ From Henry Miller to Howard Stern Archived August 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, by Patti Davis, Newsweek, March 2004
  172. ^ Notification No. 78 /2005-Customs (N.T.) Archived April 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. (September 7, 2005). Retrieved on 2012-01-21.
  173. ^ "Pakistan: Book Closed on Muhammad". January 9, 2007.
  174. ^ ""Uitgeverij Guggenheimer" blijft verboden - De Standaard". November 5, 1999. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  175. ^ "Ann Demeulemeester wil niet meer in Brusselmans' boeken - Gazet van Antwerpen". November 4, 1999. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  176. ^ "'Uitgeverij guggenheimer' blijft verboden - Het Belang van Limburg". Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  177. ^ McCourt, John (2000). James Joyce: A Passionate Exile. London: Orion Books Ltd. p. 98. ISBN 0-7528-1829-5.
  178. ^ Kreis, Steven (June 25, 2014). "Lecture 8: The Age of Anxiety: Europe in the 1920s". The History Guide. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  179. ^ Hubbard, Melissa A. "Monday's Banned Book Spotlight: The Store Behind Banning Ulysses". Southern Illinois University School of Law Library. Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved November 14, 2009.
  180. ^ Freedom of expression – Secular Theocracy Versus Liberal Democracy (1998, edited by Sita Ram Goel) ISBN 81-85990-55-7.
  181. ^ "The Telegraph - Calcutta (Kolkata) - 7days - Publish and be banned".
  182. ^
  183. ^ "Ayodhya and After - Chapter 12 - Book Banning". August 26, 2014. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014.
  184. ^ "Fomenting Reaction". August 26, 2014. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014.
  185. ^ "How should we respond?". August 26, 2014. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014.
  186. ^ Prados, John; Meadows, Eddie; Burr, William; Evans, Michael (June 5, 2001). "The Pentagon Papers: Secrets, Lies, and Audiotapes". The National Security Archive. The George Washington University. Retrieved November 17, 2009.
  187. ^ Gargan, Edward A. (May 13, 1988). "Shen Congwen, 85, a Champion of Freedom for Writers in China". New York Times. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
  188. ^ Smith, David (January 2, 2005). "Lesbian novel was 'danger to nation'". The Observer. London. Retrieved October 9, 2006.
  189. ^ Roberts, Alison (April 18, 2012). "Wild Swans author Jung Chang: 'Censorship in China is worse now than it was 10 years ago'". Evening Standard. London. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  190. ^ Verongos, Helen T. (July 14, 2014). "Nadine Gordimer, Novelist Who Took On Apartheid, Is Dead at 90". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
  191. ^ Bald, Margaret (c. 2006). Banned Books : Literature Suppressed on cultural grounds. New York, NY: Facts on File. pp. 354–358. ISBN 0-8160-6269-2.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]