List of best-selling video game franchises

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This is a list of video game franchises that have sold or shipped at least five million copies. Unless otherwise stated, numbers indicate worldwide units sold, ordered alphabetically whenever two or more list the same amount. The exception are the ones specifying shipments, which have lower precedence than others listing sales.

Franchise sales include expansion packs even though they are not considered full video games. Free-to-play game downloads (including free mobile games) and microtransactions should not figure into sales or shipment figures. For best-selling individual video games, see the list of best-selling video games. The sales figures given below do not include arcade game sales, which can be found at the list of highest-grossing arcade games. For the franchises that have generated the most revenue, see the list of highest-grossing video game franchises.

At least 100 million copies[edit]

     – This color indicates a sub-series of a larger video game franchise. This does not necessarily apply for series that are not video game-based.

Franchise name Original release date Sales
Mario July 9, 1981 676.7 million
Mario first appeared in 1981 in the original Donkey Kong,[36] before starring in Mario Bros., followed by the Super Mario series of platform games. The character was created by Japanese game designer Shigeru Miyamoto and has since become the official mascot of Nintendo, owner of the trademark. It is developed by various Nintendo studios. The Mario franchise has expanded into other game genres, including racing, sports, party, puzzle, and role-playing games. The franchise includes other media, including three animated television series, comic books, a manga, a film and other merchandise. It is currently the best-selling video game franchise of all time.
Pokémon February 27, 1996 346 million[37]
Pokémon was created by Satoshi Tajiri, founder and president of Game Freak, in 1996 as a role-playing video game for the Game Boy handheld game console, soon turning into the highest-grossing media franchise of all time. The franchise as a whole includes an anime series, various manga, a trading card game, toys, merchandise, books, twenty anime films (one of the highest-grossing animated film series), a live-action film, and other media. It is produced by The Pokémon Company, which is a joint venture by the three companies holding the rights to Pokémon: Nintendo, Game Freak, and Creatures, while Nintendo owns the trademark.
Super Mario September 13, 1985 342.00 million[n 1]
The Super Mario[48] series of platform games began in 1985 and features Nintendo's character Mario. The Super Mario series forms the core of the Mario franchise.
Call of Duty October 29, 2003 300+ million[49]
Call of Duty is a first-person shooter video game series. The series is published by Activision and Aspyr Media and developed by Infinity Ward, Gray Matter Interactive, Treyarch, Sledgehammer Games, Raven Software, Neversoft and High Moon Studios. With new games in the series released annually to blockbuster-level sales, the series is verified by the Guinness World Records as the best-selling first-person shooter game series. It is also the most successful video game franchise the United States has produced and the best-selling video game franchise not owned by Nintendo. In addition to main series sales, there have been over 100 million downloads of the mobile spin-off, Call of Duty: Mobile.
Grand Theft Auto October 21, 1997 290 million[50][51][52]
Grand Theft Auto is an open world action-adventure video game series created by David Jones and Mike Dailly, the later titles of which were created by brothers Dan and Sam Houser, Leslie Benzies and Aaron Garbut, and primarily developed by Scottish developer Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games, including ten stand-alone games and two expansion packs for the original game and two for the ninth. It is the most successful video game franchise the United Kingdom has produced and the best-selling action-adventure as well as open world series.
FIFA Christmas 1993 260 million[53]
A series of association football based sports games, released yearly by Electronic Arts under the EA Sports brand, and the first to have an official licence from the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (International Federation of Association Football), the international governing body of football.
Wii November 19, 2006 202.57 million[n 8]
The Wii series of physical simulation video games was created by Shigeru Miyamoto in 2006 to help with the initial launch of Nintendo's Wii console. The first game in the series, Wii Sports, was included with the original Wii console.
The Sims February 4, 2000 200 million[58]
The Sims is a series of strategic life simulation computer and console video games created by American game designer Will Wright, developed by Maxis and published by Electronic Arts. The series consists of four main games and a number of compilations and expansion packs. It is currently the most successful PC gaming franchise of all time.
Minecraft November 18, 2011 176 million[59]
Minecraft is a sandbox-building video game originally created by Swedish game designer Markus "Notch" Persson and developed by Mojang. Originally a computer game made using Java, there have been ports released for home consoles and mobile devices. It was bought by Microsoft Studios on September 15, 2014. It is the most successful video game franchise Sweden has produced, and it is the best selling single game of all time.
Tetris June 6, 1984 170 million[60]
Tetris is a falling-blocks puzzle video game, created by Soviet game designer Alexey Pajitnov and released on a vast spectrum of platforms, from video game consoles and computers to mobile devices and calculators, with the version bundled with the Game Boy selling over 35 million.[61] It is the most successful video game franchise Russia has produced and the best-selling puzzle video game series.
Need for Speed August 31, 1994 150 million[62]
Need for Speed is a series of racing video games published by Electronic Arts, and has been developed by multiple companies in the past such as EA Black Box and Criterion Games. The series is currently developed by Ghost Games with the games being released on multiple platforms. It is currently the most successful racing game franchise of all time.
Final Fantasy December 18, 1987 147 million[63][64]
Final Fantasy[b] is a Japanese science fantasy media franchise, created by the Japanese video game designer Hironobu Sakaguchi and owned by Square Enix. The franchise encompasses fifteen signature role-playing video games alongside a number of spin-off video games, motion pictures, and many other consumer products and interactive media.
Assassin's Creed November 13, 2007 140 million[65]
Assassin's Creed is a historical fiction action-adventure open world stealth series developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft.
Mario Kart August 27, 1992 136.43 million[n 2][44]
Mario Kart[67] is a series of go-kart-style racing video games developed and published by Nintendo as a series of spin-offs from their trademark Super Mario series of platformer adventure-style video games. The series has spawned eight main games, one enhanced game, four arcade games and a mobile game.
Madden NFL June 1, 1988 130 million[68]
Madden NFL is an American football video game series developed by Electronic Arts Tiburon for EA Sports. The game is named after Pro Football Hall of Famer John Madden, a well-known color commentator for NBC Sports and formerly a Super Bowl-winning head coach during the 1970s with the Oakland Raiders.
Wii Sports November 19, 2006 114.52 million[n 8]
The Wii Sports series of physical sports games was created by Shigeru Miyamoto for Nintendo's Wii console in 2006. Its success led to the Wii video game series, of which it is a sub-series. The first game in the series, Wii Sports, was included with the original Wii Console.
Pro Evolution Soccer July 21, 1995 106.8 million[69]
Pro Evolution Soccer (known as World Soccer: Winning Eleven in Japan) is a series of association football video games developed and published by Konami.
Lego December, 1995 100 million[70]
The Lego franchise includes many different games, including original games such as Lego Island, Lego Racers and Lego Rock Raiders, as well as several different licensed properties like Lego Indiana Jones: The Original Adventures, Lego Batman: The Video Game, and Lego Harry Potter: Years 1-4.

At least 50 million copies[edit]

Franchise name Original release date Sales
Sonic the Hedgehog June 23, 1991 97.82 million[n 9]
The Sonic the Hedgehog series is a franchise of video games released by Sega and produced by Sonic Team starring and named after its mascot character Sonic the Hedgehog, created by game designer Yuji Naka and character designer Naoto Ohshima. With time, it has expanded into several animated television series, manga, comic books, and a live-action film.
The Legend of Zelda February 21, 1986 97.72  million[n 10]
The Legend of Zelda[c] is an action-adventure video game franchise created by Japanese game designers Shigeru Miyamoto and Takashi Tezuka. It is primarily developed and published by Nintendo, although some portable installments and re-releases have been outsourced to Capcom, Vanpool, and Grezzo. The gameplay incorporates action-adventure and elements of action RPG games.
Resident Evil March 22, 1996 93 million[86][87]
Resident Evil[d], known in Japan as Biohazard, is a japanese horror media franchise consisting of a survival horror video games series, comic books, novelizations, five Hollywood motion pictures, and a variety of collectibles, including action figures, strategy guides and publications, created by Shinji Mikami and Tokuro Fujiwara, and developed by Capcom.
NBA 2K November 10, 1999 90 million[88]
NBA 2K is a series of basketball sports games. The series was originally published by Sega, under the label Sega Sports, and is now published by 2K Sports. All of the games in the franchise have been developed by Visual Concepts.
Tom Clancy's August 21, 1998 82 million[89][90]
Includes sales from Tom Clancy–sponsored games made by Ubisoft, including Ghost Recon, Rainbow Six, Splinter Cell, and The Division.
Star Wars May 1983 91.37 million[n 12]
Star Wars is a sci-fi, fantasy, action-adventure video game series based on the popular movie series. The series is published by LucasArts. Series within it includes LEGO Star Wars, Star Wars: Battlefront, and The Force Unleashed.
Gran Turismo December 23, 1997 80.4 million[99]
Gran Turismo[e] (Italian for "grand tourer" or "grand touring"), abbreviated GT, is a series of racing video games produced by Kazunori Yamauchi for the Sony PlayStation gaming systems by Polyphony Digital. Gran Turismo games are intended to emulate the appearance and performance of a large selection of vehicles, nearly all of which are licensed reproductions of real-world automobiles. Since the franchise's debut in December 1997, over 80 million units have been sold worldwide for the PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, and PlayStation Portable, making it the highest-selling video game franchise under the PlayStation brand.
Dragon Quest May 27, 1986 78 million[63][64]
Dragon Quest[f], published as Dragon Warrior in North America until the 2005 release of Dragon Quest VIII: Journey of the Cursed King, is a series of japanese role-playing video games created by Yuji Horii, with character design by manga artist Akira Toriyama and published by Square Enix (formerly Enix).
Tomb Raider November 15, 1996 74 million[63]
Tomb Raider is a series of video games formerly developed by Core Design and currently developed by Crystal Dynamics, with publishing formerly by Eidos Interactive and currently by Square Enix Europe. The series centers on the adventures of fictional British archaeologist Lara Croft. The franchise has spanned comic books, novels and movies.
Halo November 15, 2001 70 million[100][101]
Halo is a science fiction, predominantly first-person shooter video game series created by Bungie and published by Xbox Game Studios, which was later adapted to eight novels, several comic series, a graphic novel, numerous action figures, and an anime series. The series centers on an interstellar war between humanity and an alliance of aliens known as the Covenant. After Bungie gained independence from Microsoft in 2007, 343 Industries took control of the franchise. It is the highest-selling video game franchise under the Xbox brand.
Just Dance November 17, 2009 70 million[102]
Just Dance is a series of dance and music video games that includes games like Just Dance and Just Dance 2, published by Ubisoft, and released on the Wii. It also includes games outside of the name Just Dance, such as Michael Jackson: The Experience. The games include modern hits such as Katy Perry's "Hot n Cold" and Ke$ha's "Tik Tok" to older songs such as The Jackson 5's "I Want You Back" and Donna Summer's "Hot Stuff". Just Dance is the best-selling dance game franchise on home video game consoles.
The Oregon Trail December 3, 1971 65 million[103]
The Oregon Trail is a series of educational computer games that began with the very first edition originally developed by Don Rawitsch, Bill Heinemann, and Paul Dillenberger in 1971 and produced by the Minnesota Educational Computing Consortium (MECC) in 1974. The original game was designed to teach school children about the realities of 19th-century pioneer life on the Oregon Trail. The player assumes the role of a wagon leader guiding a party of settlers from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon's Willamette Valley via a covered wagon in 1848.
WWE 2K February 29, 2000 60 million shipped[104]
WWE 2K (formerly WWF SmackDown!, then WWE SmackDown vs. Raw, then WWE) is a series of professional wrestling video games released by 2K Sports (formerly by THQ). The franchise takes its name from World Wrestling Entertainment's weekly television programs SmackDown and Raw. The games are developed by the Japanese game developer Yuke's.
Donkey Kong July 9, 1981 58.19 million[n 6][105]
Donkey Kong[g] is a video game series created by Shigeru Miyamoto when he was assigned at Nintendo during the early 1980s to build a game that would appeal more to Americans on the arcade hardware of Radar Scope, a game that had been released to test audiences with poor results. The arcade hit Donkey Kong led to the creation of both the Donkey Kong and Mario franchises.
Monster Hunter September 21, 2004 58 million[87][106]
Monster Hunter is a series of action role-playing video games released by Capcom, where players take the role of a hunter in a fantasy environment and complete quests by seeking out monsters to hunt or capture. There are also gathering quests which require players to dungeon delve and recover highly valuable items.
Battlefield September 10, 2002 57 million[107][108]
The Battlefield franchise is a series of video games developed by Digital Illusions CE and Visceral Games, published by Electronic Arts. The games feature a focus on large maps and vehicle warfare over traditional first person shooters, including robust online capabilities.
Super Smash Bros. January 21, 1999 56.88 million[n 13]
Super Smash Bros.[113] is a series of Nintendo fighting games created by Masahiro Sakurai that features characters from several other Nintendo franchises and a few third-party franchises and is known for both its unique gameplay style and countless nods towards the company's history. Currently it is the best-selling franchise in the fighting genre.
Metal Gear July 13, 1987 55 million[69]
Metal Gear[h] is a series of stealth games created by Japanese game designer Hideo Kojima and developed and published by Konami for the MSX. The series is known for its very serious and complicated story line but also has some hidden humor, camp, and running gags throughout the games. The franchise also includes a novel, a radio drama, comic books, and a toy line.
Dragon Ball September 27, 1986 53.5 million[114][115][116]
Dragon Ball[i], created by Akira Toriyama in 1984, is an internationally famous media franchise. It consists primarily of three manga series, five different anime, nineteen animated feature films, a collectible trading card game as well as other collectibles like action figures.
Borderlands October 20, 2009 53 million[117][118]
Borderlands is a series of action role-playing first-person shooter video games produced by Gearbox Software.
The Elder Scrolls March 25, 1994 52 million[119]
The Elder Scrolls (abbreviated as TES) is an action role-playing open world video game series developed by Bethesda Game Studios and published by Bethesda Softworks.
Crash Bandicoot September 9, 1996 50 million[122]
Crash Bandicoot is a Platform game series originally created and developed by Naughty Dog exclusively for the PlayStation.
Bejeweled May 30, 2001 50 million[123]
Bejeweled is a puzzle game first developed as a browser game by PopCap Games in 2001. A sequel to this game, Bejeweled 2, was released by PopCap Games in 2004, with a third installment debuting in 2010 along with two spin-offs: Bejeweled Blitz and Bejeweled Twist.
Counter-Strike November 8, 2000 50 million[124][125]
  • Half-Life: Counter-Strike: 4.2 million[126]
  • Counter-Strike Xbox: 1.5 million[127]
  • Counter-Strike: Condition Zero: 2.1 million[126]
  • Counter-Strike: Source: 2.9 million[128]
  • Counter-Strike: Global Offensive: 25 million[129]
Counter-Strike is a series of tactical first-person shooter games that began as a mod for the game Half-Life. The series has since been developed by Valve, and published by Sierra Entertainment and Valve.
Far Cry March 23, 2004 50 million[65]
Far Cry is a first-person shooter video game franchise originally developed by Crytek for the Microsoft Windows and later by Ubisoft Montreal for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox, Xbox 360 and Wii, and published by Ubisoft.

At least 20 million copies[edit]

Franchise name Original release date Sales
Mario Party December 18, 1998 49.53 million[n 3]
Mario Party[j] is a multi-player party game featuring Mario series characters in which four human- and/or computer-controlled characters compete in a board game interspersed with minigames. Most of the Mario Party games have been developed by Hudson Soft and published by Nintendo (though the arcade version was developed by Capcom).
Mortal Kombat October 8, 1992 49 million[131][132]
Created in 1992 Mortal Kombat is one of the best-selling fighting game series and is known for its graphic content.
Tekken December 9, 1994 48 million[133]
Tekken[k] is a series of fighting games with development by Katsuhiro Harada and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment (formerly by Namco). Originally an arcade game, versions now exist for many consoles.
Fallout September 30, 1997 46 million[134]
Fallout is a series of post-apocalyptic retrofuturistic role-playing video games, predominantly featuring first-person shooter gameplay. It was created by Interplay Entertainment and later developed by Bethesda Game Studios and Obsidian Entertainment, and published by Bethesda Softworks.
Uncharted November 20, 2007 44.02 million[135][136][137]
Uncharted is a series of action-adventure/platform/third-person shooter video games developed by Naughty Dog and published by Sony Computer Entertainment about the adventures of treasure hunter Nathan Drake.
Wii Fit November 19, 2006 43.7 million[n 8]
The Wii Fit series of physical sports games was created by Shigeru Miyamoto for Nintendo's Wii console in 2007. It is a sub-series of the Wii Series franchise.
Pac-Man May 22, 1980 43.243 million[n 14]
Pac-Man[l] is an arcade maze chase game designed by Tōru Iwatani and released by Namco during the golden age of arcade video games, and is currently owned by Bandai Namco Entertainment. The franchise has spawned a series of ports, remakes, and sequels, in addition to numerous unauthorized clones.
Street Fighter August 30, 1987 43 million[87]
Street Fighter[m], is a series of fighting games developed and published by Capcom, which eventually turned into a media franchise covering comic books, anime series and movies. The first game was designed by Takashi Nishiyama and Hiroshi Matsumoto in 1987 for the arcades.
Red Dead May 18, 2010 41.85 million[n 15][139]
Red Dead is a Western video game franchise published by Rockstar Games. It began as a cancelled Capcom production, Red Dead Revolver, which was later completed by Rockstar and expanded into a franchise.
Kirby April 27, 1992 40.7 million[140][141][142][143][144][145][146][31]
The Kirby[n] series is a fantasy video game series starring the character Kirby, developed by HAL Laboratory and Nintendo, and produced by Nintendo. The gameplay of the majority of the games in the series consists mainly of action, platformer and puzzle-solving elements.
The Witcher October 26, 2007 40 million[147][148]
The Witcher is an Action RPG based on the book series of the same name by Polish author Andrzej Sapkowski. The Witcher takes place in a medieval fantasy world and follows the story of Geralt, one of a few remaining "witchers" – traveling monster hunter for hire, gifted with unnatural powers.
Guitar Hero November 8, 2005 40 million[149]
Guitar Hero is a series of music video games published by RedOctane and Activision, and developed by Harmonix Music Systems from 2005 to 2007 before development duties of the series were transferred to Neversoft starting with Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock. However, it has been discontinued by Activision in 2011 until being rebooted in 2015.
Harry Potter November 15, 2001 40 million[150]
Based on the Harry Potter novels by British writer J. K. Rowling, the video game series (six games for the first six novels and two for the last one, a Quidditch simulation game, and four Lego games) has been developed and published by Electronic Arts. Lego Harry Potter was published by Warner Brothers.
Civilization September 1991 40 million[151]
Civilization is a series of turn-based strategy video games produced by Sid Meier. The basic gameplay functions are similar throughout the series, namely, guiding a civilization on a macro-scale from prehistory to the present day.
Medal of Honor November 11, 1999 39 million[n 16]
Medal of Honor is the name of a series of first-person shooter games set in World War II, developed by DreamWorks Interactive (currently known as EA Los Angeles) and published by Electronic Arts. Medal of Honor spawned a series of follow-up games including multiple expansions spanning various console platforms and the PC and Apple Macintosh.
Mario Sports May 1, 1984 38.84 million[n 4]
There have been numerous sports games in the Mario franchise by Nintendo. The first sports game featuring Mario was Golf in 1984.
Diablo December 31, 1996 36.5 million[158]
Developed by Blizzard North and published by Blizzard Entertainment, Ubisoft and Electronic Arts, Diablo is a dark fantasy-themed action role-playing game in a hack and slash or "Dungeon Roaming" style.
NBA Live October 1994 35 million[159]
The NBA Live series of basketball video games is developed and published by EA Sports annually since 1995. After, an extended hiatus Nba Live made its 'comeback' with Nba Live 14
Mega Man December 17, 1987 35 million[87]
Mega Man, known as Rockman[o] in Japan, is a series of over 50 released video games from Capcom, usually starring the character Mega Man.
Animal Crossing April 14, 2001 33.70 million[7][160][161][162][163]

[164][165][166][167]

Animal Crossing, known in Japan as Animal Forest[p], is a video game series developed by Nintendo, in which the player lives his/her own virtual life in real time.
Brain Age May 19, 2005 33 million[168]
Based on the book Train Your Brain: 60 Days to a Better Brain by Japanese neurologist Ryuta Kawashima and distributed under the Touch! Generations brand. The franchise includes two Nintendo DS games, 3 DSiWare titles and one game on the Nintendo 3DS.
Lego Star Wars April 5, 2005 33 million[91]
A platform-based video game series where the player takes the role of characters from the films, in minifigure form.
Star Wars: Battlefront September 21, 2004 33 million[n 11]
The Star Wars: Battlefront series is a group of first-person/third-person shooters based on the Star Wars films by George Lucas. Pandemic Studios developed the first two installments, while Renegade Squadron and Elite Squadron were developed by Rebellion Developments. LucasArts was behind the entire series’ publishing. The latest installments are published by EA and developed by EA DICE
God of War March 22, 2005 32 million[172][173][174][175]
God of War is a series of action-adventure video games loosely based on Greek mythology and Norse mythology, originally created by David Jaffe and developed by Sony's Santa Monica Studio (main installments), as well as Ready at Dawn (portable installments) and Javaground/SOE-LA (mobile installment). The multimedia franchise's central story revolves around the Spartan warrior, Kratos. The first era (Greek games) takes him on a path of vengeance to rid himself of the nightmares of murdering his wife and child and the betrayal by his father Zeus and the Olympian Gods, while the second era (Norse games) sees him redeeming himself and truly becoming a father to his son Atreus, while inadvertently making enemies of the Norse gods.
Tom Clancy's Splinter Cell November 18, 2002 31 million[89]
Splinter Cell is a series of video games endorsed by American author Tom Clancy which spawned a novel series in 2004 written under the pseudonym David Michaels. As a brand, it is owned by Tom Clancy's company, Rubicon, and is licensed to Ubisoft to make the games. The characters of the game, as well as "Third Echelon" itself, were created by Ubisoft writer J.T. Petty.
Gundam 1983 30.9044 million[n 18]
Gundam[q] is a video game franchise based on one of the longest-running anime series featuring giant robots or mecha, created by animation studio Sunrise and currently published by Namco Bandai Games.
James Bond 1982 30 million[179]
The franchise based on James Bond 007, the fictional British agent created in 1952 by British writer Ian Fleming, consist of over 20 video games published through several companies like Nintendo and Electronic Arts. The license is currently handled by Activision. The best known game in the franchise is GoldenEye 007, developed by Rare and published by Nintendo.
Kingdom Hearts March 28, 2002 30 million[180]
Kingdom Hearts[r] is a series of action role-playing games developed and published by Square Enix (previously by Square) and is owned by The Walt Disney Company. It is the result of a collaboration between Disney Interactive Studios and Square Enix, and is under the direction of Tetsuya Nomura, a longtime Square Enix character designer.
Tony Hawk's September 30, 1999 30 million[181]
The Tony Hawk's series is a skateboarding video game series endorsed by American professional skater Tony Hawk, created by game developer Neversoft and published by Activision.
Command & Conquer September 26, 1995 30 million[182]
Command & Conquer (C&C) is a real-time strategy (RTS) video game franchise, first developed by Westwood Studios. The first game was one of the earliest of the RTS genre, itself based on Westwood Studios' influential strategy game Dune II and introducing trademarks followed in the rest of the series.
Gears of War November 7, 2006 29 million[183][184][185]
Gears of War is a tactical third-person shooter video game developed by Epic Games and published by Microsoft Game Studios, revolving about a war between humans and creatures known as Locust in the fictional planet Sera.
Nintendogs April 21, 2005 27.95 million[160][186]
Nintendogs is a real-time pet simulation video game series developed and published by Nintendo for the Nintendo DS and Nintendo 3DS handheld video game consoles, originally released in three versions, plus two additional versions, all differing only in the starting available dogs to play with.
Half-Life November 19, 1998 27.6 million
Half-Life is a science fiction first-person shooter computer game series developed and published by Valve, most titles of which were later ported to consoles.
Souls February 5, 2009 27 million[192][193][194][195]
Souls is an action role-playing game series created and developed by FromSoftware.
Kinect October 9, 2010 27 million[196][197]
The Kinect series includes many different games, including Kinect Adventures!, Kinect Sports, Kinect Fun Labs and Kinect Party.
Ratchet & Clank November 4, 2002 26 million[198]
Ratchet & Clank is a series of 3D platform/shooter video games. The franchise has been developed primarily by Insomniac Games and published by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Vita,and the PlayStation 4 video game systems.
Rayman September 1, 1995 26 million[89]
Created in 1995 by French graphic artist Michel Ancel, the main character of the series, Rayman, became the official mascot of the video game publisher Ubisoft. The Rayman series does not include the Raving Rabbids series.
Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six August 21, 1998 26 million[89]
Initially developed by Red Storm Entertainment while the Rainbow Six novel was being written by Tom Clancy, the tactical shooter franchise soon spawned a number of sequels and expansion packs. Red Storm was later acquired by Ubisoft, who currently develops and publishes the games.
BioShock August 21, 2007 25 million shipped[199]
BioShock is a retrofuturistic video game series developed by Irrational Gamesthe first under the name 2K Boston/2K Australia—and designed by Ken Levine. The series is considered a spiritual successor to the System Shock series, on which many of Irrational's team including Levine had worked previously.
Marvel 1982 25 million[200]
Based on comic book superheroes, the franchise includes games from Spider-Man and X-Men published by Activision.
Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon November 13, 2001 25 million[89]
Ghost Recon is a series of military tactical shooter video games created by Red Storm Entertainment, the game development studio founded by American author Tom Clancy.
Tiger Woods PGA Tour 1998 25 million[201]
Tiger Woods PGA Tour is a series of video games developed and published by Electronic Arts featuring professional golfer Tiger Woods, among other professionals on the PGA Tour.
Petz 1995 24 million[89]
Petz (which includes brands like Dogz and Catz) is a series of games in which the player can adopt, raise, care for and breed their own virtual pets.
StarCraft April 1, 1998 23.6 million[158][202][203][204]
StarCraft is a science fiction media franchise created by Chris Metzen and Bill Roper and owned by Blizzard Entertainment. The series has grown to include a number of other games as well as eight novels, two Amazing Stories articles, a board game and other licensed merchandise such as collectible statues and toys.
Mario & Sonic November 6, 2007 22.78 million[n 17]
Mario & Sonic is a crossover sports game series featuring characters from the Mario and Sonic the Hedgehog franchises.
Power Pros 1994 22.6 million[69]
Power Pros[s] is a traditionally Japan-only baseball series created by Konami. It is known for its big-headed characters and arcade-style gameplay.
Batman 1986 22 million
Batman is a series of video games based on the DC Comics character, and developed by Ocean Software, Atari, Sunsoft, Acclaim, EA and Rocksteady.
Yu-Gi-Oh! July 1998[209] 21.8 million[209]
Based on the Japanese anime and manga franchise Yu-Gi-Oh![t] created by Kazuki Takahashi. All related video games are produced by Konami.
Spider-Man 1982 21.2 million[210][211][212]
Numerous electronic games featuring the popular Marvel Comics superhero Spider-Man have been released. To date, Spider-Man has made appearances on over 15 gaming platforms, which also includes mobile games on cellphones.
Imagine February 21, 2007 21 million[89]
Imagine is a series of video games by Ubisoft, aimed primarily at girls aged 6 to 14 released from 2007 onwards.
Total War June 13, 2000 21 million[213][214]
Total War is a computer strategy game series developed by the Creative Assembly and owned and published by Sega. Its games combine turn-based strategy and resource management, with real-time tactical control of battles.
Prince of Persia October 3, 1989 20 million[89]
Prince of Persia is a video game franchise created by Jordan Mechner, originally developed and published by Brøderbund, then The Learning Company, and currently Ubisoft. The franchise is built around a series of action-adventure games focused on various incarnations of the eponymous prince.
Age of Empires October 26, 1997 20 million[215]
Age of Empires is a series of real-time strategy video games developed by now-defunct Ensemble Studios and Gas Powered Games, and published by Microsoft Studios. There are eight titles in the series (four of which are expansions) and a spin-off titled Age of Mythology.
Castlevania September 26, 1986 20 million[216]
Castlevania is a video game series created and developed by Konami originally released as Akumajō Dracula[u]. The franchise spawned a number of action figures and a Netflix series.
Frogger June 5, 1981 20 million[217]
An arcade franchise developed and currently owned by Konami. The first entry in the series was released worldwide by Sega and Gremlin Industries in 1981. Frogger has seen numerous sequels for a number of systems including computers and video game consoles. The given sales figure does not include arcade game sales.
J.B. Harold August 1986 20 million[218][219]
J.B. Harold is a series of mystery adventure games. It began with J.B. Harold Murder Club, released by Riverhillsoft for the NEC PC-98 computer in 1986, and the series has since been released on various platforms.
Lemmings February 14, 1991 20 million[220]
Lemmings is a puzzle video game, developed by DMA Design (now Rockstar North) and owned by Psygnosis (now Sony Computer Entertainment Liverpool) who published it in 1991, originally for the Commodore Amiga.
Simple 1998 20 million[221]
The Simple series are a number of series of budget-priced video games, published by the Japanese company D3 Publisher and developed by a variety of companies, covering many systems.
SingStar May 21, 2004 20 million[222]
SingStar is a competitive karaoke video game series for the PlayStation family, published by Sony Computer Entertainment Europe and developed by London Studio. Fifteen English-language installments of the series have been released for the PlayStation 2, with recent versions also released for the PlayStation 3.
SpongeBob SquarePants March 15, 2001 20 million[223]
SpongeBob SquarePants is an American animated television series and media franchise. The games were formerly published by THQ and currently published by Activision.
Spyro September 10, 1998 20 million[224]
Spyro is a platform game series, with development by Insomniac Games before handling development duties to alternate developers. Publishing was provided by Universal Interactive before being transferred over to Sierra Entertainment, and currently owned and published by Activision. The series stars the video game character Spyro, a purple European dragon. The franchise expanded to several other platforms including portable and mobile applications.
Tales December 15, 1995 20 million[225]
The Tales[v] series is a media franchise of role-playing video games created by Wolf Team and formerly published by Namco. The series is currently developed and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment.
Mass Effect November 20, 2007 20 million[226][227][228]
Mass Effect is a series of sci-fi third-person action role-playing games developed by the Canadian company BioWare Edmonton.
Devil May Cry August 23, 2001 20 million[87]
Devil May Cry is a series of video games set in the modern day, created by Hideki Kamiya and developed by Capcom.
SimCity February 2, 1989 20 million[229][230]
SimCity is an open-ended city-building video game series and the brainchild of developer Will Wright. It was published by Maxis (now a division of Electronic Arts).
Raving Rabbids November 14, 2006 20 million[102]
Raving Rabbids is a Party video games and a spin-off to Rayman developed and published by Ubisoft.

At least 10 million copies[edit]

Franchise name Original release date Sales
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles February 1, 1989 19.1 million[231][232]
A video game franchise based on the Media Franchise of the Same Name
Driver June 30, 1999 19 million[89]
Driver is a series of mission-based driving video games for PlayStation, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Wii, PlayStation Portable, Game Boy Advance, mobile phones and PC. Developed by Reflections Interactive in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, it was originally published by GT Interactive, later by Atari, and currently by Ubisoft.
Warcraft January 15, 1994 19 million[233]
Warcraft is a fictional universe in which a series of games and books published by Blizzard Entertainment are set. The franchise also includes tabletop games, collectible card games and a film. Figure does not include World of Warcraft and Hearthstone.
Midnight Club October 26, 2000 18.5 million shipped[138]
Midnight Club is a series of free roam racing games within metropolitan areas developed by Rockstar San Diego and published by Rockstar Games.
Football Manager November 5, 2004 18.1 million[234]
Football Manager is a series of association football management simulation games developed by Sports Interactive and published by Sega. The game began its life in 1992 as Championship Manager; however, following the break-up of their partnership with original publishers Eidos Interactive, Sports Interactive lost the naming rights and re-branded the game Football Manager with their new publishers Sega.
Dynasty Warriors February 28, 1997 18 million[235]
Dynasty Warriors[w] is a series of tactical action video games created by Koei which began as a spin-off of Koei's turn-based strategy Romance of the Three Kingdoms series, based loosely around the Chinese epic of the same name.
Rock Band November 20, 2007 18 million[236]
Rock Band is a series of music video games developed by Harmonix Music Systems and MTV Games, and distributed by Electronic Arts for the PlayStation 2, 3 and 4, Xbox 360 and Xbox One, and Wii game consoles. The series expands upon Harmonix' earlier work on the Guitar Hero series, and allows for up to four players to virtually perform rock music songs on lead guitar, bass guitar, drums, keyboard, and vocals using special controllers modeled after musical instruments.
Metroid August 6, 1986 17.47 million[30][237]
The Metroid[x] is a series of science fiction-based video games produced by Nintendo, spanning through several Nintendo systems like the Famicom Disk System, NES, Game Boy, Super NES, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo GameCube, Nintendo DS, and Wii. Metroid follows space-faring bounty hunter Samus Aran, who protects the galaxy from the Space Pirates and their attempts to harness the power of the parasitic Metroid creatures. Metroid combines the platforming of Super Mario Bros. and the adventure of The Legend of Zelda with a dark science fiction atmosphere and greater emphasis on nonlinear gameplay.
Megami Tensei September 11, 1987 17.2 million[n 19]
Megami Tensei is a franchise of role-playing video games created by Atlus and owned by Sega. It includes the Persona sub-series.
Zuma December 12, 2003 17 million[239]
Zuma is a fast-paced puzzle game developed by PopCap Games. It can be played for free online at several Web sites, and can be purchased for a number of platforms, including PDAs, mobile phones, and the iPod. An enhanced version, called Zuma Deluxe, is available for purchase in Windows and Mac OS X versions and as an Xbox Live Arcade download for the Xbox 360 and a PlayStation Network download for the PlayStation 3.
NBA 2K November 10, 1999 17 million shipped[138]
NBA 2K is a basketball video game series that was initially exclusive for the Dreamcast starting in 1999. The series was originally published by Sega, under the label Sega Sports, now published by 2K Sports and developed by Visual Concepts.
Professor Layton February 15, 2007 17 million[240]
The Professor Layton[y] series is a puzzle adventure game series for the Nintendo DS, currently consisting of six games developed by Level 5, as well as a crossover title. Each title is based in a series of puzzles and mysteries given by the citizens of towns that the main characters visit. It is not necessary to solve all the puzzles to progress, but some are mandatory and at certain points in the game a minimum number of puzzles must be solved before the plot may continue.
Forza March 27, 2005 ≈16 million[241]
Forza is a semi-simulation racing video game franchise made for the Xbox brand of consoles owned by Microsoft Studios. A direct competitor to the PlayStation-exclusive Gran Turismo series, Forza is known for its high level of vehicle customization features, including a car vinyl editor. The series is divided between two series; the original track-focused Forza Motorsport developed by American developer Turn 10 Studios, and the 2012-debuted open world-focused Forza Horizon primarily developed by British developer Playground Games.
Naruto: Ultimate Ninja October 23, 2003 16 million[242]
Naruto[z] is a Japanese anime and manga series written by Masashi Kishimoto, and has been adapted into several video games, many being developed by CyberConnect2 and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment.
Super Robot Wars April 20, 1991 16 million[243]
Super Robot Wars is a series of tactical role-playing video games produced by Banpresto, a Japanese division of Bandai Namco Entertainment. Starting out as a spinoff of the Compati Hero Series, the main feature of the franchise is having a story that crosses over several popular mecha anime, manga and video games, allowing characters and mecha from different titles to team up or battle one another.
Bemani December 1997 15.84 million[n 20]
The Bemani franchise was created by Konami's music video game division. It began with Beatmania in 1997 and was then expanded with other arcade rhythm game series such as Dance Dance Revolution, Guitar Freaks, and Drum Mania.
Backyard Sports October 24, 1997 15 million[247]
Backyard Sports is a series of video games that play on both consoles and computers. The series is best known for starring kid-sized versions of popular professional sports stars, such as Albert Pujols, Paul Pierce, Barry Bonds, Tim Duncan, Kevin Garnett, Tom Brady, Alex Rodriguez, Joe Thornton and Andy Macdonald. The Backyard Sports series is the only game brand licensed by all the leading professional US sports leagues (MLB, NBA, NFL, NHL, and MLS).
Famista December 10, 1986 15 million[248]
Famista[aa], previously known as Family Stadium, is a baseball video game franchise published by Bandai Namco Entertainment. The series began with Pro Baseball: Family Stadium on the Nintendo Family Computer in 1986, and has since expanded onto several home consoles, handhelds and mobile phones, the latest being Pro Baseball: Famista Evolution for the Nintendo Switch in 2018.
Barbie 1984 15 million[249]
Based on the Barbie doll made by Mattel, the video games are currently published by Activision.
Burnout November 11, 2001 15 million[250]
Burnout is a series of high-speed racing games for game consoles. The game series was developed by Criterion Games, published by Acclaim and later Electronic Arts.
Gex November 16, 1994 15 million[251]
Gex is a platformer video game series, developed by Crystal Dynamics and owned formerly by Eidos Interactive and currently by Square Enix Europe. It details the adventures of an anthropomorphic gecko named Gex who travels through the media dimension to stop Emperor Rez.
Hitman November 2000 15 million[252]
Hitman is a video game franchise available on PC as well as several video game consoles, including PlayStation 3, PlayStation 2, Xbox 360, Xbox and Nintendo GameCube, developed by the Danish company IO Interactive and formerly published by Eidos Interactive and Square Enix Europe. The plot focuses on an extremely skilled clone assassin who is sent to silently kill the world's most powerful criminals.
Soulcalibur December, 1995 15 million[253]
The Soulcalibur series (ソウルキャリバー シリーズ, Sōrukyaribā shirīzu), or commonly known as Soul series (ソウル シリーズ, Sōru shirīzu) is a weapon-based fighting video game franchise set in a historical fantasy version of the late 16th and early 17th centuries. There are seven main installments of video games and various media spin-offs, including music albums and a series of manga books. Originally released as the arcade game, Soul Edge, in 1995 and later ported to video game consoles, more recent versions have been released for consoles only and have evolved to include online playing modes. Developed by Namco until Soul Calibur II, then by Project Soul, and owned by Bandai Namco Entertainment.
Just Cause September 22, 2006 15 million[254]
Just Cause is an action-adventure video game series created by Avalanche Studios. The series currently consists of four games, Just Cause, Just Cause 2, Just Cause 3, and Just Cause 4. The games are open world and take place in tropical environments.
Ace Combat June 30, 1995 ≈14 million[255]
Ace Combat is an arcade-style combat flight simulation video game franchise published by the Japanese company Bandai Namco Entertainment (formerly by Namco). Although typically set in a fictional universe, many details are similar to real-life wars, and the franchise features actual present-day aircraft in addition to fictional ones.
RollerCoaster Tycoon March 31, 1999 14.4 million[256]
RollerCoaster Tycoon is a series of video games that simulate amusement park management. Each game in the series challenges players with open-ended amusement park management and development, and also allows players to construct and customize their own unique roller coasters.
Splatoon May 18, 2015 14.22 million[42][257]
Splatoon is a third-person shooter series developed by Nintendo. Gameplay centers around characters known as Inklings—beings that can transform between humanoid and squid forms, and hide or swim through colored ink sprayed on surfaces using gun, bucket, or brush-based weaponry.
Worms 1995 14 million[258]
Worms is a series of turn-based video games developed by Team17. Players control a small platoon of worms across a deformable landscape, battling other computer- or player-controlled teams. The game's concept was devised by Andy Davidson.
Yo-kai Watch July 11, 2013 14 million[259][260]
Yo-kai Watch[ab] is a mixed-media franchise of role-playing video games and toys, created and developed by Level-5.
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon November 17, 2005 13.07 million[n 21]
Pokémon Mystery Dungeon is a roguelike spin-off series of Pokémon, with ten games across four platforms. It was first developed and published by ChunSoft and later Spike Chunsoft.
Saints Row August 29, 2006 13 million[264]
Saints Row is a popular video game series created by Volition. The gameplay consists of a mixture of action, adventure and driving and has gained controversy for its adult nature and violent themes. The games in the series are written as comedies that feature popular culture homages and parodies, as well as self-referential humor.
Myst September 24, 1993 13 million[265]
The Myst franchise consists of a series of adventure games and novels, centering on the storyline of Atrus and his family, who are descendants of the fallen D'ni civilization—a subterranean city whose people could link to other universes by writing a descriptive book about that world.
Dead Rising August 8, 2006 13 million[87]
Dead Rising[ac] is a series of survival horror action-adventure games developed by Capcom and produced by Keiji Inafune.
Cooking Mama March 23, 2006 12 million[266]
Cooking Mama[ad] is a series of cookery simulation-styled minigame compilation video games developed by Cooking Mama Limited (formerly known as Office Create) and published by Taito in Japan and for the iPhone OS, Majesco Entertainment in North America and 505 Games in Europe.
Europa Universalis October 20, 2000 12 million[citation needed]
Europa Universalis is a grand strategy game franchise that started in 2000 and has been one of paradox's leading franchises.
SOCOM August 27, 2002 12 million[267]
SOCOM is a series of third-person shooter video games created by Zipper Interactive. The games focus on various teams of United States Navy SEALs completing missions with occasional help from other special operations forces from around the world such as the SAS, SBS, and GROM.
Star Fox February 21, 1993 12 million[268]
Star Fox[ae] is a video game series created by Shigeru Miyamoto from Nintendo during the early 1990s. The original game was a forward-scrolling 3D Sci-Fi rail shooter. Later sequels added more directional freedom as the series progressed. The game concept was inspired by a shrine to a fox god who could fly, which Shigeru Miyamoto visited regularly. The shrine was accessible through a series of arches, thus, inspiring the gameplay.[269]
Momotaro Dentetsu October 26, 1987 12 million[270]
Momotaro Dentetsu[af] (also known by the abbreviated name Momotetsu) is a long-running board game-style video game series in Japan. The game mechanics are often compared to the board games sugoroku and Monopoly.
Jak and Daxter December 4, 2001 12 million[271]
Jak and Daxter is a series of open world 3D platform/shooter/racing video games. Originally developed by Naughty Dog and published by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PlayStation 2, the franchise has appeared on the PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Vita, PlayStation 3, and PlayStation 4 video game systems.
Guild Wars April 28, 2005 11.5 million[274]
Guild Wars is an episodic series of multiplayer online role-playing games created by ArenaNet, a Seattle game development studio and a subsidiary of the South Korean game publisher NCsoft.
Yakuza December 8, 2005 11 million[234]
Yakuza is an open world action-adventure game franchise created and published by Sega.
Left 4 Dead October 17, 2008 11 million shipped[275]
Left 4 Dead is a series of cooperative first-person shooter video games produced by Valve.
Tomodachi Collection June 9, 2009 10.21 million shipped[276][277][278][279]
Tomodachi Collection is a life simulation video game series developed and published by Nintendo, originally released in June 2009 for the Nintendo DS. The games are about players watching over the more-than-often ridiculous lives of their Mii characters, as they go about and perform daily activities, make friendships, and start romantic relationships. A sequel for the Nintendo 3DS called Tomodachi Life was released in 2013 in Japan, and 2014 worldwide.
One Piece July 19, 2000 10.16 million[280][281][282]
One Piece[ag] is a Japanese anime and manga series written by Eiichiro Oda, and has been adapted into several video games and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment.
Adventure Island September 12, 1986 10 million[283]
Adventure Island[ah], also known as Hudson's Adventure Island, is a platform game series developed by Hudson Soft.
ARMA November 10, 2006 10 million[284]
ARMA is a series of first person tactical military shooters on with large elements of realism and simulation.
Asphalt November 21, 2004 10 million[285]
Asphalt Urban GT is a series of racing games developed by Gameloft and published by Ubisoft for portable platforms including Nintendo DS, PlayStation Portable and mobile phones.
Bomberman July 1983 10 million[286]
Bomberman is a strategic, maze-based computer and video game franchise originally developed and published by Hudson Soft and is currently owned by Konami. The original game was published in 1983.
Nobunaga's Ambition 1983 10 million[287]
Nobunaga's Ambition[ai] is a turn-based computerized wargame series by Koei that originated from Japan. The games are set during the Sengoku period of feudal Japan.
Taiko no Tatsujin February 21, 2001 10 million[288]
Taiko no Tatsujin[aj] is a series of rhythm video games developed and published by Bandai Namco Entertainment, beginning in 2001 with the arcade game Taiko no Tatsujin. The player uses a taiko drum to play alongside the music, using two large sticks known as "bachi" to hit it. Several releases of the series were made for arcades, home game consoles, handheld systems and mobile phones, the latest being the Nintendo Switch title Taiko no Tatsujin: Drum 'n' Fun!, releases in 2018.
Buzz! October 21, 2005 10 million[289]
Buzz! is a series of video games originated by Sleepydog Ltd., developed by Relentless Software and published by Sony Computer Entertainment Europe for the PlayStation 2 console. They are quiz games that sees the players answering trivia questions whilst competing in the fictional game show, Buzz.
Colin McRae Rally July 1998 10 million[290]
Colin McRae Rally is a racing video game series developed and published by Codemasters. The series is named after the late World Rally Championship driver Colin McRae, who provided technical advice during development.
Deer Hunter December 31, 1997 10 million[291]
Deer Hunter is a first-person shooting game series of North American video games published by WizardWorks, a division of Infogrames.
The Lord of the Rings October 21, 2002 10 million[292]
Based on the series of movies The Lord of the Rings by Peter Jackson, the series include The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, published by Electronic Arts.
Pitfall! April 20, 1982 10 million[293]
Pitfall! is a series of platform games developed by Activision.
The Settlers June 30, 1993 10 million[89]
The Settlers[ak] (also known as Serf City) is a slow-paced real time strategy video game by German developer Blue Byte.
Persona September 20, 1996 10 million[238]
Persona is a subseries of the Megami Tensei role-playing game franchise created by Atlus and owned by Sega.

At least 5 million copies[edit]

Franchise name Original release date Sales
SaGa December 15, 1989 9.9 million[294]
SaGa is a series of open world role-playing video games formerly produced by Square and is currently owned by Square Enix.
Dead or Alive November 26, 1996 9.7 million[295]
Dead or Alive[al] is a video game series produced by Tecmo that comprises primarily fighting games. The story and characters are the creation of Tomonobu Itagaki, and the game was developed by Tecmo's Team Ninja development team.
Marvel vs. Capcom September 9, 1996 9.3 million[87]
Marvel vs. Capcom[am] is a series of fighting games developed and published by Capcom featuring characters from Marvel Comics and Capcom's own video game franchises.
Namco Museum November 22, 1995 9.113 million[n 22]
Namco Museum[an] is a series of video game compilations developed and published for home video game platforms by Bandai Namco Entertainment, formerly known as Namco. The series packages Namco arcade games developed by Namco, bundling them with bonus content, online leaderboards and customizable game options.
Luigi January 21, 1994 9.05 million[20]
The Luigi video game series is a franchise of survival horror, platform games and puzzle games that is a spin-off of the Mario franchise published and produced by Nintendo. The series revolves around Luigi, Mario's brother.
EA Sports NASCAR series October 31, 1997 9 million[301]
EA Sports NASCAR series was a series of NASCAR video games published by EA Sports. The series began with NASCAR 98 and NASCAR 99 in 1997 and 1998, respectively. EA Sports then released NASCAR Thunder 2002 in 2001, and ever since then, Jeff Gordon (2002), Dale Earnhardt, Jr. (2003), and Tony Stewart (2004) were on the cover. After NASCAR Kart Racing was released in 2009 for the Wii, EA's contract with NASCAR has since expired.
Payday: The Heist October 18, 2011 9 million[302]
Payday: The Heist is a downloadable cooperative first-person shooter video game developed by Overkill Software and published by Sony Online Entertainment. Payday 2 was released in 2013 and will continued to be supported by Overkill Software until 2019.[303]
Doom December 10, 1993 8.5 million[304]
Doom is a series of video games by id Software, and several licensed properties have been based on the series.
Onimusha January 25, 2001 8.3 million[87]
Onimusha[ao] is a series of action-adventure games by Capcom. The series makes use of the historic figures that shaped Japan's history, retelling their stories with supernatural elements.
Fire Emblem April 20, 1990 8.04 million[ap]
Fire Emblem[aq] is a fantasy tactical role-playing game franchise developed by Intelligent Systems and published by Nintendo. First produced and published for the Family Computer (Famicom), the series consists of fifteen main games and three spin-offs. Described by its creators as a "role-playing game simulation", the gameplay revolves around tactical movement of characters across grid-based environments, while incorporating a story and characters similar to traditional role-playing video games.
Inazuma Eleven August 22, 2008 8 million[308]
Inazuma Eleven[ar] is a role-playing sports game franchise created by Level-5.
Cars June 6, 2006 8 million[309]
Cars is a video game based on the Disney/Pixar film, Cars, it serves as a non-canon sequel to it.
Zoo Tycoon October 17, 2001 8 million[310]
The Zoo Tycoon series is a video game series that began in 2001. All of the games in the series focus around building up a successful zoo and running it, although scenarios may have other goals. It was developed by Blue Fang Games.
Carnival Games August 27, 2007 8 million shipped[138]
Carnival Games is a video game franchise for Nintendo's Wii console, the Nintendo DS, and Microsoft's Kinect. It was published by Global Star Software, before GSS was absorbed into Take-Two Interactive (and what is now 2K Play). The games consists of various mini-games with a carnival theme.
Watch Dogs May 27, 2014 8 million shipped[89]
Watch Dogs (stylized as WATCH_DOGS) is an action-adventure game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft. It was released for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One, and Wii U in 2014. Set in a fictionalized version of Chicago, the plot follows hacker Aiden Pearce's search for revenge after the killing of his niece. The game is played from a third-person perspective, and the world is navigated on foot or by vehicle. An online multiplayer mode allows up to eight players to engage in cooperative and competitive gameplay.
Ninja Gaiden December 9, 1988 7.705 million[n 23]
Ninja Gaiden[as] is a series of video games by Tecmo featuring the dragon ninja, Ryu Hayabusa. The series was originally known as Ninja Ryukenden[at] in Japan, while the original arcade title and early home installments of the series were usually known as Shadow Warriors in the PAL region.
Romance of the Three Kingdoms 10 December 1985 7.5 million[313][314]
Romance of the Three Kingdoms[au] is a turn-based computerized wargame series by Koei that originated from Japan. The games cover events of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms and the Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms in China during the 2nd and 3rd centuries.
Everybody's Golf July 7, 1997 7.5 million[315]
Everybody's Golf[av], known as Hot Shots Golf in North America is a series of golf games published by Sony for the PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable and PlayStation 3 consoles.
Max Payne July 25, 2001 7.5 million[138]
Max Payne is a third-person shooter video game series originally developed by the Finnish company Remedy Entertainment, produced by 3D Realms and published by Gathering of Developers. Later versions were published and developed by Rockstar Games. The Max Payne series has a major cinematic influence: the Hong Kong action movie genre, particularly the work of director John Woo, which features a great deal of slow-motion violence and gunfights, almost resembling ballet.
Ace Attorney October 11, 2001 7.2 million[87]
Ace Attorney, known as Turnabout Trial[aw] in Japan, is an adventure visual novel-style game series, by creator Shu Takumi. It is owned, developed and published by Capcom.
King's Quest 1980 7 million[316]
King's Quest is a graphic adventure game series created by the American software company Sierra Entertainment. It is widely considered a classic series from the golden era of adventure games. Following the success of its first installments, the series was primarily responsible for building the reputation of Sierra. Roberta Williams, co-founder and former co-owner of Sierra, designed all of the King's Quest games until the series' reboot in 2015.
Samurai Warriors February 11, 2004 7 million[317]
Samurai Warriors[ax] is a series of hack and slash video games created by Koei. The franchise is set during the Sengoku period of Japanese history and has similar system of Dynasty Warriors series.
Moto Racer August 31, 1997 7 million[318]
Moto Racer is a sports video game franchise based on motorbikes developed and published by Nobilis.
Oddworld September 19, 1997 7 million[319]
Oddworld is a comprehensive fictional universe presented in video game form, created by game developers Oddworld Inhabitants under the direction of Lorne Lanning.
Project Gotham Racing November 9, 2001 7 million[320]
Project Gotham Racing is a franchise of racing video games developed by Bizarre Creations and is published by Microsoft Game Studios and Sega. This series is exclusive to the Dreamcast, Xbox and Xbox 360 consoles only. This series of racing games consists of Metropolis Street Racer, Project Gotham Racing, Project Gotham Racing 2, Project Gotham Racing 3, and Project Gotham Racing 4.
Unreal May 22, 1998 7 million[321]
The Unreal series is a video game franchise developed by Epic MegaGames, now known as Epic Games and originally published by GT Interactive, later by Infogrames, Atari, and currently by Midway Games. It was powered by the Unreal Engine which had been in development for over three years before the game was released.
Trine July 3, 2009 7 million[322]
Trine is an action-platform and puzzle game developed by Frozenbyte that takes place in a medieval fantasy setting and allows players to take control of three separate characters who can battle enemies and solve environmental puzzles. It has a sequel that was first released in 2011.
Nancy Drew December 23, 1998 7 million[323]
Nancy Drew games follow the popular adventure game style of play. Players must move Nancy around in a virtual environment to talk to suspects, pick up clues, solve puzzles, and eventually solve the crime. They are usually published by Her Interactive.
Rugrats June 29, 1999 7 million[324]
Video game series based on the animated series of the same name, published by THQ.
EyeToy November 4, 2003 6.7 million[325]
The EyeToy is a color digital camera device, similar to a webcam, for the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable. Games on these series require the camera to input gestures in order to achieve certain goals in themselves.
MX vs. ATV March 16, 2005 6.5 million shipped[326]
MX vs. ATV is an offroad racing game franchise developed by Rainbow Studios and published by Nordic Games, who took control of the franchise's publishing rights from THQ after the latter's bankruptcy.
Baldur's Gate November 30, 1998 6.3 million[327][328][329][330][331]
Baldur's Gate is a series of role-playing video games that take place on Faerûn, the main continent from Dungeons & Dragons's Forgotten Realms campaign setting, set in the years following the cataclysmic Time of Troubles, originally developed by BioWare.
Lost Planet December 21, 2006 6.2 million[87]
Lost Planet is a third-person shooter video game series set on E.D.N III, a planet in the process of an ice age, developed and published by Capcom.
Mana June 8, 1991 6.122 million[294][ay]
The Mana series, known in Japan as Seiken Densetsu[az], is an action role-playing game series from Square Enix, created by Koichi Ishii. The series began as a handheld side story, Final Fantasy Adventure, to Square's flagship franchise Final Fantasy, though most Final Fantasy inspired elements were subsequently dropped, starting with the second installment, Secret of Mana.
Army Men April 30, 1998 6 million[336]
Army Men is a series of video games developed by 3DO and Global Star Software based around plastic army men.
Alone in the Dark 1992 6 million[337]
Alone in the Dark is a series of survival horror video games from Infogrames, based on the writings of H. P. Lovecraft, although later games in the series drew inspiration from other sources, including Voodoo, the Wild West, and the works of H.R. Giger.
Brothers in Arms March 1, 2005 6 million[89]
Brothers in Arms is a first-person shooter video game series created by Gearbox Software and published by Ubisoft, originally released in early 2005. The game takes place during World War II and focuses on team strategy rather than the faster paced run and gun tactics of the Medal of Honor series.
Carmen Sandiego 1985 6 million[338]
Carmen Sandiego was originally conceived in 1983 by ex-Disney artist Gene Portwood, Mark Iscaro, Dane Bigham and Lauren Elliott at Brøderbund Software. The concept for the product evolved from a game the Carlstons (founders of Brøderbund) played as kids, using the world almanac and maps to play quiz games. The franchise later developed into television series and books.
Championship Manager September 1, 1992 6 million[339]
The Championship Manager series is a series of British football-management simulation. It was one of the most popular video game franchises of all time. The Championship Manager brand and game was conceived by two brothers: Paul and Oliver Collyer. The series was split in two in 2005 as the Collyers decided that their vision of the game was at odds with that of publisher Eidos Interactive so they need to leave to continue making a game they could be proud of. The brothers lost their battle to keep the Championship Manager name, however, and so their series was rebranded as Football Manager while Eidos continued to develop the game their own way under the Championship Manager moniker.[340]
Hatsune Miku: Project DIVA July 2, 2009 6 million[234]
Hatsune Miku: Project DIVA|初音ミク -Project DIVA-}} is a series of rhythm games created by Sega and Crypton Future Media consisting of 6 main titles and 3 spin-offs, based primarily on the virtual-diva Vocaloid character Hatsune Miku.
NBA Jam 1993 6 million[341]
NBA Jam is a series of basketball-based video games created by Midway and later Electronic Arts.
Test Drive 1987 6 million<[342]
Test Drive is the name of a racing game franchise originally published by Accolade, which was later bought by Infogrames. The Test Drive games are now published by Atari, the name which Infogrames renamed itself in 2003.
Turok February 28, 1997 6 million[343]
Turok is a first-person shooter video game series, set in a primitive world inhabited by dinosaurs and other creatures, published by Acclaim Entertainment.
Warhammer 40,000 August 2003 6 million[264]
Warhammer 40,000 is a series of video games based on the Games Workshop tabletop game Warhammer 40,000. Since being taken over by THQ in 2001, games in the franchise have included real-time strategy Dawn of War, its expansions and sequel for windows PCs; Squad Command, a turn-based tactics game for handheld systems; turn-based strategy game Glory in Death for the Nokia N-Gage and first person shooter Fire Warrior for Windows and PlayStation 2.
Conflict September 30, 2002 6 million shipped[339]
Conflict is a series of tactical third-person shooter developed by Pivotal Games and published by SCi.
Xeno February 11, 1998 5.775 million shipped[ba]
Xeno is a Japanese science fiction video game meta series created by Tetsuya Takahashi. The first entry was developed by SquareSoft, and subsequent entries have been developed by Monolith Soft.
Major League Baseball 2K March 1, 2004 5.5 million[362]
Major League Baseball 2K is a series of Major League Baseball video games, developed by Visual Concepts and Kush Games, and published by 2K Sports. Visual Concepts called the series World Series Baseball in years prior to 2004 for the Dreamcast, with Pedro Martínez as the cover athlete.
Virtua Fighter December 1993 Over 5.4 million[n 24]
Virtua Fighter is a 3D fighting game series created by Yu Suzuki and developed and published by Sega.
Chrono March 11, 1995 5.4 million[294]
The Chrono[bb] series is a video game franchise formerly developed by Square and is currently owned by Square Enix. It began in 1995 with the time travel role-playing video game Chrono Trigger, which spawned two continuations, the visual novel Radical Dreamers and the role-playing game Chrono Cross.
Drakengard September 11, 2003 5.33 million[bc]
Drakengard is a series of action role-playing video games. It was conceived by Takamasa Shiba and Takuya Iwasaki as a gameplay hybrid between Ace Combat and Dynasty Warriors 2. The story was created by Shiba, Iwasaki, Yoko Taro and Sawako Natori, who were influenced by European folklore and popular anime series and movies of the day. Shiba, Yoko, and Sawako have had involvement in every entry of the series since its debut. The setting of the main series is a Northern European-style dark fantasy world where humans and creatures from myth and legends live side by side, while the spin-off game is set in an alternative reality leading from one of the first game's possible endings. The world has been described by Anime News Network as "a warped version of medieval Europe".
Anno September 24, 1998 5 million[89][372]
Anno is a series of games with both real time strategy and city building elements, developed by Germany-based Sunflowers Interactive Entertainment Software company.
Asterix 1983 5 million[373]
Based on The Adventures of Asterix,[bd] a series of French comic books by René Goscinny (stories) and Albert Uderzo (illustrations). The video game franchise has been handled by Infogrames since 1993.
Chessmaster 1986 5 million[374]
Chessmaster is a chess playing video game franchise by Ubisoft initially developed by The Software Toolworks. It includes numerous tutorials by International Master Joshua Waitzkin for players of all skill levels.
Stronghold October 21, 2001 5 million[375]
Stronghold is a historic real-time strategy (RTS) game franchise developed by Firefly Studios starting from 2001. The game focuses primarily on conquest and expansion through military pursuits, but also provides space for economic strategy and development.
Tecmo Bowl December, 1987 5 million[311]
Tecmo Bowl is an arcade video game franchise of American Football released by Tecmo, Inc.
The Matrix May 14, 2003 5 million[376]
The Matrix is a media franchise spawned from the 1999 film The Matrix, and has several video game adaptations starting with the 2003 title Enter the Matrix.
TOCA Touring Car November, 1997 5 million[377]
TOCA is a racing video game franchise developed and published by Codemasters, initially focusing specifically on touring car racing but more recently expanding to cover a wide variety of motorsport.
Twisted Metal November 5, 1995 5 million in North America[378]
Twisted Metal is a vehicular combat series made for the PlayStation, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3 and PSP. The series is published by Sony and developed by the game studio Incognito Entertainment.
V-Rally July 1998 5 million[379]
V-Rally is a racing video game franchise originally developed by Eden Studios and published by Infogrames and later published by Bigben Interactive.
Mafia August 28, 2002 5 million shipped[138]
Mafia is a third-person shooter series made for Windows, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox, Xbox 360, and Xbox One that is set in the 1930s through 1960s and focuses on fictional American Mafia families of that era. The series is currently published by 2K Games and developed by 2K Czech, previously known as Illusion Softworks and currently developed by Hangar 13.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Combined with worldwide and European sales.
  2. ^ Japanese: ファイナルファンタジー Hepburn: Fainaru Fantajī?
  3. ^ Japanese: ゼルダの伝説 Hepburn: Zeruda no Densetsu?
  4. ^ Japanese: バイオハザード?
  5. ^ Japanese: グランツーリスモ?
  6. ^ Japanese: ドラゴンクエスト?
  7. ^ Japanese: ドンキーコング Hepburn: Donkī Kongu?
  8. ^ Japanese: メタルギア?
  9. ^ Japanese: ドラゴンボール Hepburn: Doragon Bōru?
  10. ^ Japanese: マリオパーティー Hepburn: Mario Pātī?
  11. ^ Japanese: 鉄拳?, lit. Iron Fist
  12. ^ Japanese: パックマン Pakkuman?
  13. ^ Japanese: ストリートファイター Hepburn: Sutorīto Faitā?
  14. ^ Japanese: 星のカービィ Hepburn: Hoshi no Kābi?
  15. ^ Japanese: ロックマン Hepburn: Rokkuman?
  16. ^ Japanese: Dōbutsu no Mori Hepburn: どうぶつの森?
  17. ^ Japanese: ガンダム Hepburn: Gandamu?
  18. ^ Japanese: キングダムハーツ Hepburn: Kingudamu Hātsu?
  19. ^ Japanese: 実況パワフルプロ野球 Hepburn: Jikkyō Powerful Pro Yakyū?
  20. ^ Japanese: 遊☆戯☆王 Hepburn: Yūgiō?, lit. "Game King"
  21. ^ Japanese: 悪魔城ドラキュラ Hepburn: Akumajō Dorakyura?, lit. "Devil's Castle Dracula"
  22. ^ Japanese: テイルズ Hepburn: Teiruzu?
  23. ^ Japanese: 真・三國無双 Hepburn: Shin Sangokumusō?, lit. "True – Unrivaled Three Kingdoms"
  24. ^ Japanese: メトロイド Hepburn: Metoroido?
  25. ^ Japanese: レイトン教授シリーズ Hepburn: Reiton-kyōju?
  26. ^ Japanese: ナルト Hepburn: Naruto?
  27. ^ Japanese: ファミスタ?
  28. ^ Japanese: 妖怪ウォッチ Hepburn: Yōkai Wotchi?
  29. ^ Japanese: デッドライジング Hepburn: Deddo Raijingu?
  30. ^ Japanese: クッキング ママ Hepburn: Kukkingu Mama?
  31. ^ Japanese: スターフォックス Hepburn: SutāFokkusu?
  32. ^ Japanese: 桃太郎電鉄 Hepburn: Momotarō Dentetsu?, Momotarō Electric Railway
  33. ^ Japanese: ワンピース Hepburn: Wan Pīsu?
  34. ^ Japanese: 高橋名人の冒険島 Hepburn: Takahashi Meijin no Bouken Jima?, lit. "Master Takahashi's Adventure Island"
  35. ^ Japanese: 信長の野望 Hepburn: Nobunaga no Yabō?
  36. ^ Japanese: 太鼓の達人?
  37. ^ German: Die Siedler
  38. ^ Japanese: デッドオアアライブ Hepburn: Deddo oa Araibu?
  39. ^ Japanese: マーヴルVSカプコン Hepburn: Māburu bāsasu Kapukon?
  40. ^ Japanese: ナムコミュージアム Hepburn: Namuko Myūjiamu?
  41. ^ Japanese: 鬼武者?, lit. "Oni Warrior"
  42. ^
    • Total sales of Fire Emblem franchise in Japan- 2,250,741[305]
      • DS Fire Emblem: Shadow Dragon Nintendo August 2008- 252 309[305]
      • DS Fire Emblem hero - a mystery - light and shadow of New coat of arms Nintendo 2010/07/15- 250 592[305]
      • GBA Fire Emblem: The Sacred Stones Nintendo 2004/10/07- 233 280[305]
      • GBA Fire Emblem: The Binding Blade Nintendo 2002/03/29- 345 574[305]
      • GBA Fire Emblem Flame Sword Nintendo 2003/04/25- 265 286[305]
      • GC Fire Emblem: Path of Radiance Nintendo 2005/04/20- 156 413[305]
      • SFC Fire Emblem Thrace 776 Nintendo 1999/08/28- 145 600[305]
      • SFC Fire Emblem: Genealogy of the Holy War Nintendo 1996/05/14- 429 763[305]
      • Wii Fire Emblem: Radiant Dawn Nintendo 2007/02/22- 171 924[305]
    • 3DS Fire Emblem Awakening Nintendo 2012/04/19- 1.9M[306]
    • 3DS Fire Emblem Fates Nintendo 2015/06/15- 1.6M[306]
    • Switch Fire Emblem: Three Houses Nintendo 2019/07/26- 2.29M[307]
  43. ^ Japanese: ファイアーエムブレム Hepburn: Faiā Emuburemu?
  44. ^ Japanese: イナズマイレブン Hepburn: Inazuma Irebun?
  45. ^ Japanese: 忍者外伝?
  46. ^ Japanese: 忍者龍剣伝 Hepburn: Ninja Ryūkenden?, lit. "Legend of the Ninja Dragon Sword"
  47. ^ Japanese: 三國志 Hepburn: Sangokushi?
  48. ^ Japanese: みんなのGOLF Hepburn: Minna no Golf?
  49. ^ Japanese: 逆転裁判 Hepburn: Gyakuten Saiban?
  50. ^ Japanese: 戦国無双 Hepburn: Sengoku Musō?
  51. ^ Mana series:
  52. ^ Japanese: 聖剣伝説?, lit. "Holy Sword Legend"
  53. ^ Xeno franchise:
  54. ^ Japanese: クロノ?
  55. ^ Drakengard franchise:
  56. ^ French: Astérix

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Super Mario series:
  2. ^ a b Mario Kart series:
  3. ^ a b Mario Party:
  4. ^ a b Mario Sports series:
  5. ^ Mario RPG series:
    [9][10][a]
  6. ^ a b Donkey Kong series:
  7. ^ Other Mario games:
  8. ^ a b c Wii Series:
  9. ^ The Sonic franchise, including Mario & Sonic and other spin-offs, had sold 89 million units as of March 2011.[71] In addition, Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games sold 3.28 million copies and Sonic Generations sold 1.85 million units as of March 2012, Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed sold 1.36 million units as of March 2013, Sonic Lost World sold 710,000 units as of March 2014, and Sonic Boom: Rise of Lyric & Shattered Crystal sold 620,000 units as of March 2015.[72][73][74][75] Sonic Mania sold over 1 million units as of March 2018.[76]
  10. ^ The Legend of Zelda series:
  11. ^ a b Star Wars Battlefront series:
  12. ^ Star Wars franchise:
  13. ^ Super Smash Bros. series:
  14. ^ Pac-Man series:
  15. ^ Red Dead franchise:
  16. ^ Medal of Honor series:
  17. ^ a b Mario & Sonic series:
  18. ^ Gundam series:
    • Sales through to March 2004: 20 million[176]
    • Sales from March 2004 to March 2012: 10.9044 million[177][178]
  19. ^ Megami Tensei franchise:
    • Megami Tensei main series – 7.2 million[234]
    • Persona sub-series – 10 million[238]
  20. ^ Bemani franchise sales:
    • Dance Dance Revolution sales as of June 2009: 11 million[244]
    • Bemani franchise sales from July 2009 to March 2011: 3.61 million
    • Bemani franchise sales from April 2011 to March 2012: 1.2 million[246]
    • Total Bemani franchise sales as of March 2012: 11 million + 3.61 million + 1.2 million = 15.81 million
    • Franchise sales from April 2012 to June 2012: 0.03 million
    • Total Bemani franchise sales as of June 2012: 15.81 million + 0.03 million = 15.84 million
  21. ^ Pokémon Mystery Dungeon series:
  22. ^ Namco Museum series:
    • Namco Museum Vol. 1 sales: 1.65 million units[296]
    • Namco Museum Vol. 3 sales: 2.24 million units[296]
    • Namco Museum 64 sales: 1.04 million units[296]
    • Namco Museum (GBA) sales: 2.96 million units[296]
    • Namco Museum (PS2) sales: ≈1.80 million units[296]
    • Namco Museum Battle Collection Japan sales: 79,527 units[297]
    • Namco Museum Vol. 2 (PSP) sales: 24,934 units[298]
    • Namco Museum DS Japan sales: 33,393 units[299]
    • Namco Museum Virtual Arcade Japan sales (first week): 5,912 units[300]
  23. ^ Ninja Gaiden series:
    • Series sales as of June 2007: 5.5 million[311]
    • Sales from June 2007 to December 2008: 2.205 million[312]
  24. ^ Over 5.4 million for the Saturn/PS2 ports of Virtua Fighter, Virtua Fighter 2 and Virtua Fighter 4 (excluding Virtua Fighter 4: Evolution)[363][364][365][366]

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