List of Muslim feminists

This is a list of important participants in Muslim feminism, originally sorted by surname within each period.

It may include, for instance, earlier authors who did not self-identify as feminists but have been claimed to have furthered "feminist consciousness" by a resistance of male dominance expressed in their works.

Early and mid 19th-century feminists[edit]

Born between 1801 and 1874.

Name Country Born Died Comments Source
Qasim Amin Egypt 1863 1908 early advocate of women's rights [1][2]
Nawab Faizunnesa Bangladesh 1834 1903 female education advocate [3]
Hamida Javanshir Azerbaijan 1873 1955 women's rights activist, philanthropist [4]
Aisha Taymur Egypt 1840 1902 social activist, novelist [5]
Fatma Aliye Topuz Turkey 1862 1936 women's rights activist, novelist [6]
Jamil Sidqi al-Zahawi Iraq 1863 1936 poet, Islamic philosopher

Late 19th-century and early 20th-century feminists[edit]

Born between 1875 and 1939.

Name Country Born Died Comments Source
Iffat Ara Bangladesh 1939 writer, social activist [7]
Eugénie Le Brun Egypt 1908 [8]
Hamid Dalwai India 1932 1977 Socialist feminist
Tahar Haddad Tunisia 1897 1935 [9]
Zaib-un-Nissa Hamidullah British India 1921 2000 pioneer in (pre)Pakistan [10]
Shamsiah Fakeh Malaysia 1924 2008 political leader, Malaysian nationalist [11]
Hameeda Hossain Bangladesh 1936 human rights activist, academic [12]
Fatima Ahmed Ibrahim Sudan 1933 2017
Raden Adjeng Kartini Indonesia 1879 1904 Javanese advocate for native Indonesian women, critic of polygamous marriages and lack of education opportunities for women [1]
Sufia Kamal Bangladesh 1911 1999 advocate, nationalist, poet [13]
Anbara Salam Khalidi Lebanon 1897 1986 author [14][15]
Shamsunnahar Mahmud Bangladesh 1908 1964 leader of the women's rights movement in Bengal [16]
Malak Hifni Nasif Egypt 1886 1918 [17]
Nizar Qabbani Syria 1923 1998 poet, progressive intellectual [18]
Alifa Rifaat Egypt 1930 1996 novelist [19]
Begum Rokeya Bangladesh 1880 1932 writer, educator [20][21][22]
Huda Sha'arawi Egypt 1879 1947 organiser; founder of Egyptian Feminist Union [23]
Hidaya Sultan al-Salem Kuwait 1936 2001 writer, campaigner, suffragist [24][25]
Rasuna Said Indonesia 1910 1965 political leader, nationalist [26]
Saiza Nabarawi Egypt 1897 1985 journalist [27]
Salma Sobhan Bangladesh 1937 2003 lawyer, academic [28]
Nurkhon Yuldasheva Uzbekistan 1913 1929 dancer [29]
Ismat Chughtai India 1915 1991 novelist, director

Mid to late 20th-century and notable 21st-century feminists[edit]

Born from 1940 to present

Name Country Born Died Comments Source
Saleemah Abdul-Ghafur United States 1974 Global health advocate [30]
Sitara Achakzai Afghanistan 1956 2009 leading Afghan women's rights activist, member of the regional parliament in Kandahar [31]
Jamila Afghani Afghanistan 1974 women's rights activist, created the first "gender-sensitive training in Afghanistan for Imams" [32][33]
Mahnaz Afkhami Iran 1941 women's rights activist, Minister without portfolio for Women's Affairs, Founder and President of Women's Learning Partnership [34][35]
Haleh Afshar, Baroness Afshar United Kingdom 1944 professor of politics and women's studies, member of the British House of Lords [36]
Nazir Afzal United Kingdom 1962 - Public prosecutor and campaigner focusing on violence against women and so-called honour crimes [37]
Leila Ahmed Egypt 1940 Writer on Islam and feminism [38]
Safia Ahmed-jan Afghanistan 1941 2006 Afghan women's rights advocate [39]
Kecia Ali United States 1972 scholar on the study of Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh) and Women [40]
Mariam Alhassan Alolo Ghana 1957 female Islamic missionary [41]
Amat Al Alim Alsoswa Yemen 1958 journalist [42]
Fadela Amara France 1964 politician [43]
Zainah Anwar Malaysia head of Sisters in Islam [44]
Seyran Ateş Germany 1963 lawyer [45][46]
Shukria Barakzai Afghanistan 1970 politician, journalist [47]
Farzana Bari Pakistan 1952 human rights activist [48][49]
Asma Barlas Pakistan 1950 academics [50]
Benazir Bhutto Pakistan 1953 2007 Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1988 to 1990 and from 1993 to 1996 [51]
Susan Carland Australia 1978 academic [52]
Kamala Chandrakirana Indonesia human rights activist [53]
Shirin Ebadi Iran 1947 ; activist, Nobel Peace Prize winner for her efforts for the rights of women and children [54]
Mona Eltahawy Egypt 1967 journalist [55]
Farid Esack South Africa 1959 Muslim scholar, gender equity commissioner
Zahra Eshraghi Iran 1964 activist, former government official [56][57]
Soumaya Naamane Guessous Morocco sociologist, women's rights activist [58]
Fatemeh Haghighatjoo Iran 1968 reformist politician, contributed proposing a bill to join Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women [59][60]
Mohammad Shafiq Hamdam Afghanistan 1981 Chairman of the Afghan Anti-Corruption Network (AACN)
Suheir Hammad Jordan 1973 poet, political activist
Riffat Hassan Pakistan 1943 theologian, scholar of the Qur'an [61]
Hissa Hilal Saudi Arabia poet [62]
Lubna al-Hussein Sudan journalist, human rights activist [63]
Samira Ibrahim Egypt 1987 activist [64]
Ramziya al-Iryani Yemen 1954 novelist, diplomat [65][66]
Na'eem Jeenah South Africa 1965 academic [67]
Mohja Kahf Syria 1967
Meena Keshwar Kamal Afghanistan 1956 1987 women's rights activist, founder of Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan [68][69][70][71]
Sultana Kamal Bangladesh 1950 activist [72][73]
Sadiq Khan United Kingdom 1970 Mayor of London since 2016 [74]
Noushin Ahmadi Khorasani Iran 20th century
Fawzia Koofi Afghanistan 1975 or 1976 politician, women' rights activist [75]
Elaheh Koulaei Iran 1956
Konca Kuriş Turkey 1961 1999 writer [76]
Asma Lamrabet Morocco [77]
Mukhtār Mā'ī Pakistan 1972 advocate for women's rights [78]
Irshad Manji Canada 1968 [79]
Farideh Mashini Iran 2012 women's rights activist [80]
Fatema Mernissi Morocco 1940 2015 [81]
Ziba Mir-Hosseini Iran 1952 academic of Islamic law and gender [82][83]
Fakhrossadat Mohtashamipour Iran reformist activist, head of women's affairs at the Ministry of Interior [84]
Ilham Moussaïd France 1989 politician [85][86]
Shirin Neshat Iran 1957 visual artist [87][88]
Asra Nomani India 1965 [89]
Queen Noor of Jordan Jordan 1951 queen consort of Jordan
Ayaz Latif Palijo Pakistan 1968 politician
Zahra Rahnavard Iran 1945 academic, politician [90]
Queen Rania of Jordan Jordan 1970 queen consort of Jordan
Raheel Raza Pakistan 1949 journalist, activist [91][92]
Nilofar Sakhi Afghanistan 20th century human rights activist [93]
Zainab Salbi Iraq 1969 humanitarian, CEO of Women for Women International [94][95]
Linda Sarsour United States 1980 political activist [96]
Marjane Satrapi France, Iran 1969 comic artist [97]
Shamima Shaikh South Africa 1960 1998 South African activist, member of the Muslim Youth Movement of South Africa, proponent of Islamic gender equality [98]
Shahla Sherkat Iran 1956 journalist
Nasrin Sotoudeh Iran 1963 human rights lawyer [99]
Hidayet Şefkatli Tuksal Turkey 1963 human rights activist [100]
Zil-e-Huma Usman Pakistan 1971 2007 politician, women's rights activist [101]
Amina Wadud United States 1952 [102]
Rama Yade France 1976 politician, writer [103]
Nadia Yassine Morocco 1958 [104]
Malala Yousafzai Pakistan 1997 - Pakistani activist for female education [105]
Bilkisu Yusuf Nigeria 1952 2015 journalist, NGO adviser [106]
Kadra Yusuf Norway 1980 activist [107]
Musdah Mulia Indonesia 1960 human rights activist, Islamic scholar, theologian, proponent of Islamic gender equality and LGBTIQ, interfaith activist, one of founders and leaders of ICRP - Indonesian Conference on Religion and Peace [108]

Islamic feminist movements[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]