This article gives an overview of
liberalism and . It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in radicalism in Romania parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in this scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary for a party to have actually labeled itself as a liberal party. Background [ edit ]
Liberalism has been one of the major forces in Romania, mainly organized in the center-right
National Liberal Party. As of 2016 the National Liberal Party is the largest opposition party, with elected members in both houses of the Romanian Parliament, and in the European Parliament. At the European Parliament level, is a member of European People's Party.
The National Liberal Party has historically had many spin-offs and mergers with other center-right parties.
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats is such a spin-off that is currently a member of the coalition government. History [ edit ] Precursors [ edit ] 1822: Ionică Tăutu, representing a group of low-ranking boyars in Moldavia, proposed a constitutional project with republican and liberal principles 1834: Ion Câmpineanu leads the liberal opposition to Russian influence in Wallachia's National Assembly 1840: Mitică Filipescu led a radical, -inspired carbonari conspiracy in Wallachia 1840: Mihail Kogălniceanu published the short-lived , a Dacia Literară Romantic nationalist and liberal magazine, engendering a literary society 1843: Nicolae Bălcescu and others led the Frăţia radical conspiracy in Wallachia 1845: Radical students from both Wallachia and Moldavia founded Societatea Studenţilor Români (the "Society of Romanian Students") in Paris 1848: The unsuccessful Moldavian revolution, during which Moldavian liberals issued a Petition-Proclamation 1848: The liberal-minded Blaj Assemblies in Transylvania, in the context of revolutions inside the Austrian Empire 1848: The Wallachian revolution – liberals formed a Provisional Government in Bucharest, and were divided over the issue of land reform, with a radical current forming around Bălcescu 1856: The liberal current formed the majority in , a loose group supporting the union of the Partida Naţională Danubian Principalities 1859: After the union, liberals formed a distinct faction in the Parliament of Romania 1864: Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza established a personal regime, in order to pass liberal legislation against mounting opposition 1866: Mainstream liberals supported Cuza's removal from the throne; a faction of the liberal current opposed to the new constitution formed the Moldavian-based , influenced by Fracţiunea liberă şi independentă Simion Bărnuțiu and led by Nicolae Ionescu National Liberal Party [ edit ] 1875: The liberal current organised itself in the ( National Liberal Party Partidul Naţional-Liberal), led by Ion Brătianu 1884: A faction formed the Radical Party, led by C.A. Rosetti and George Panu 1899: The National Liberal Party absorbs the right-wing of the Romanian Social-Democratic Workers' Party 1918: The Peasants' Party absorbs a left-wing tendency in the National Liberal Party formed around Constantin Stere 1929: A faction formed the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Brătianu 1931: A faction formed the Liberal Democratic Party, which remained unsuccessful. The same year a majority of the Brătianu party returned in the National Liberal Party 1938: The rest of the Brătianu party returned in the National Liberal Party 1938: The party is banned by King Carol II 1944: The party resumed its activities 1944: A faction formed the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Tătărescu 1947: The Brătianu faction dissolves itself 1990: A party claiming the National Liberal legacy is founded by Radu Câmpeanu 1990: A youth faction of the National Liberal Party formed the ⇒ Liberal Party Youth Wing 1991: A faction formed the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention 1995: The ⇒ Liberal party 1993 merged into the National Liberal Party, the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu seceded from the party 1998: The party absorbed the ⇒ Civic Alliance Party 2002: The Alliance for Romania ( Alianţa pentru România) merged into the National Liberal Party 2003: The Union of Right-Wing Forces ( Uniunea Forţelor de Dreapta) and the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu merged into the party National Liberal Party-Brătianu [ edit ] 1929: A faction of the ⇒ National Liberal Party formed the ( National Liberal Party-Brătianu Partidul Naţional-Liberal-Brătianu) 1931: Most of the party returned to the National Liberal Party 1938: The party reunited with the National Liberal Party National Liberal Party-Tătărescu [ edit ] From National Liberal Party Youth Wing to Liberal Party 1993 [ edit ] 1990: A youth faction of the ⇒ National Liberal Party formed the ( National Liberal Party Youth Wing Partidul Naţional-Liberal Aripa Tînără) 1992: The party was renamed Liberal Party ( Partidul Liberal), led by Horia Rusu 1993: The Liberal Party merged with the ⇒ National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention and the Group for Moral and Political Reforms into the ( Liberal Party 1993 Partidul Liberal 1993), joined by a faction of the ⇒ Civic Alliance Party 1995: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party Civic Alliance Party [ edit ] 1991: A section of the Civic Alliance non-governmental organization established the ( Civic Alliance Party Partidul Alianţa Civică), led by Nicolae Manolescu 1993: A faction joined the ⇒ Liberal Party 1993 1998: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party National Liberal Party-Democratic Convention [ edit ] National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu [ edit ] 1995: A faction of the ⇒ National Liberal Party formed the ( National Liberal Party-Câmpeanu Partidul Naţional-Liberal-Câmpeanu) 2003: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party Alliance for Romania [ edit ] 1997: A faction of the ⇒ Party for Social Democracy of Romania (PDSR) formed the ( Alliance for Romania Alianța pentru România) 2002: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party Democratic Liberal Party [ edit ] 2004: National Liberal Party and Democratic Party form the ⇒ Justice and Truth Alliance and join a government coalition after the 2004 elections 2006: Justice and Truth Alliance is disbanded and a faction of the National Liberal Party forms the ⇒ ( Liberal Democratic Party Partidul Democrat Liberal) 2007: Liberal Democratic Party merges with Democratic Party and forms ⇒ Democratic Liberal Party 2014: The party merged into the ⇒ National Liberal Party PNL leaders [ edit ]
Nº Name Term start Term end 1 Ion Brătianu 1875 1891 2 Dumitru Brătianu 1891 1892 3 Dimitrie Sturdza 1892 1908 4 Ion I. C. Brătianu 1908 24 November 1927 5 Vintilă Brătianu November/December, 1927 1930 6 Ion Duca 1930 30 December 1933 7 Dinu Brătianu December, 1933 1948 none (party dissolved during Communist Party rule) 1948 1989 8 Radu Câmpeanu 1990 1993 9 Mircea Ionescu-Quintus 1993 2001 10 Valeriu Stoica 2001 2002 11 Theodor Stolojan 2002 October, 2004 12 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu October, 2004 March, 2009 13 Crin Antonescu March, 2009 June, 2014 14 Klaus Johannis June, 2014 December, 2014 15 Vasile Blaga December, 2014 September, 2016 16 Alina Gorghiu December, 2014 December, 2016 – Raluca Turcan (ad interim) December, 2016 June, 2017 17 Ludovic Orban June, 2017 present See also [ edit ] References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]