|Governor of Panama Canal Zone|
April 1, 1907 – December 4, 1909
|Appointed by||Theodore Roosevelt|
|Preceded by||Richard Reid Rogers|
|Succeeded by||Maurice Thatcher|
|Chairman of the Senate Democratic Caucus|
June 4, 1906 – March 4, 1907
|Preceded by||Arthur Pue Gorman|
|Succeeded by||Charles Allen Culberson|
|United States Senator|
March 4, 1901 – March 4, 1907
|Preceded by||William Lindsay|
|Succeeded by||Thomas H. Paynter|
March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1897
|Preceded by||John S. Williams|
|Succeeded by||William J. Deboe|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Kentucky's 7th district
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1885
|Preceded by||James B. Beck|
|Succeeded by||William Breckinridge|
|Born||October 1, 1838|
Spring Station, Kentucky, U.S.
|Died||September 12, 1918 (aged 79)|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Relatives||Luke P. Blackburn (Brother)|
|Education||Centre College (BA)|
Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn (October 1, 1838 – September 12, 1918) was a Democratic Representative and Senator from Kentucky. Blackburn, a skilled and spirited orator, was also a prominent trial lawyer known for his skill at swaying juries.
He attended Sayres Institute in Frankfort and graduated from Centre College in Danville in 1857. He studied law in Lexington and was admitted to the bar in 1858. He practiced in Chicago until 1860 when he returned to Woodford County, Kentucky and entered the Confederate Army as a private in 1861.
A staff officer, by the end of the Civil War Blackburn had attained the rank of lieutenant colonel. After the war he settled in Arkansas where he was engaged as a lawyer and a planter in Desha County until 1868 when he returned to Kentucky and opened law offices in Versailles.
He was a member of the State house of representatives from 1871 to 1875. He was then elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1885). He was the chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia (Forty-fifth Congress) and the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War (Forty-fifth and Forty-sixth Congresses).
In 1885, Lt. Henry T. Allen of the U.S. army named a mountain after Joseph Blackburn. Mount Blackburn is the highest peak in the Wrangell Mountains of the state of Alaska and the fifth highest peak in the United States.
He was elected to the United States Senate in 1884, was reelected in 1890, and served from March 4, 1885, to March 3, 1897. He failed to be reelected in 1896. He was the chairman of the Committee on Rules (Fifty-third Congress). He was once again elected to the United States Senate in 1900 and served from March 4, 1901 to March 3, 1907, but failed in his next election bid in 1906. Loosely associated with the free-silver wing of the Democratic party, he was well known nationally and his name was placed in nomination for the presidency in 1896.
- "Jos. C. S. Blackburn, Ex-senator, Is Dead. Aged Kentuckian Served in Three Administrations and Was Civil Governor of Canal Zone". New York Times. September 13, 1918.
Joseph C. S. Blackburn, former Senator from Kentucky and in recent years a Resident Commissioner of the Lincoln Memorial Commission, died early today at his home here. He was stricken shortly after arising with a recurrence of heart attack from which he was a chronic sufferer. ...
- Baird, Nancy Disher (1979). Luke Pryor Blackburn: Physician, Governor, Reformer. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-0248-0.
- United States Congress. "Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn (id: B000508)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Mellander, Gustavo A.; Nelly Maldonado Mellander (1999). Charles Edward Magoon: The Panama Years. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial Plaza Mayor. ISBN 1-56328-155-4. OCLC 42970390.
- Mellander, Gustavo A. (1971). The United States in Panamanian Politics: The Intriguing Formative Years. Danville, Ill.: Interstate Publishers. OCLC 138568.
- Johnson, E. Polk (1912). A History of Kentucky and Kentuckians: The Leaders and Representative Men in Commerce, Industry and Modern Activities. Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 778–780. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
- McAfee, John J. (1886). Kentucky politicians : sketches of representative Corncrackers and other miscellany. Louisville, Kentucky: Press of the Courier-Journal job printing company. pp. 17–19.
- Media related to Joseph Clay Stiles Blackburn at Wikimedia Commons