|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois's 15th district
|Assumed office |
January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Dick Durbin|
|Constituency||20th district (1997-2003)|
19th district (2003–2013)
15th district (2013–present)
John Mondy Shimkus
February 21, 1958
Collinsville, Illinois, U.S.
|Education||United States Military Academy (BS)|
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (MBA)
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1980–1986 (Active)|
|Unit||United States Army Reserve|
- 1 Early life, education, and career
- 2 U.S. House of Representatives
- 3 Political positions
- 4 Political campaigns
- 5 Electoral history
- 6 Personal life
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life, education, and career
Shimkus is a lifelong resident of Collinsville, part of the Metro East portion of the St. Louis metropolitan area. He is the son of Kathleen N. (née Mondy) and Gene L. Shimkus. His paternal grandfather was of Lithuanian descent. Shimkus earned his bachelor's degree at the United States Military Academy. After serving his five-year United States Army commitment, he entered the United States Army Reserve, retiring in 2008 as a lieutenant colonel. While in the U.S. Army, Shimkus earned the Expert Infantry Badge, Ranger Tab, and Parachutist Badge. He served overseas with the 54th Infantry Regiment in West Germany.
Shimkus earned a teaching certificate from Christ College Irvine (now Concordia University Irvine) and began teaching at Metro East Lutheran High School in Edwardsville. He earned an MBA from Southern Illinois University Edwardsville in 1987. Shimkus first ran for office in 1989, when he was elected a Collinsville Township trustee. A year later, he was elected as Madison County treasurer—the first Republican elected to a countywide post in 10 years. In 1994, Shimkus became the first Republican to be re-elected as county treasurer in 60 years.
U.S. House of Representatives
Shimkus was a key leader in the effort to reform the Toxic Substances Control Act, which was amended in 2016 by the Lautenberg Chemical Safety Act. Shimkus voted in favor of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
- Committee on Energy and Commerce
- Republican Study Committee
On March 25, 2009, in introductory remarks made to Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley, during a United States House Energy Subcommittee on Energy and Environment hearing, he made the following statement regarding the role of carbon dioxide in global warming:
It's plant food ... So if we decrease the use of carbon dioxide, are we not taking away plant food from the atmosphere? ... So all our good intentions could be for naught. In fact, we could be doing just the opposite of what the people who want to save the world are saying.
Shimkus has quoted the Bible to allay concerns of global warming induced rise in sea levels, stating that God had promised mankind through Noah that the earth would never again be destroyed by a flood. He acknowledged that climate change is real, but questioned the benefit of spending taxpayer money on something that cannot be changed versus the changes that have been occurring forever. Specifically, Shimkus said, "Now, do I believe in climate change? In my trip to Greenland, the answer is yes. The climate is changing. The question is more about the costs and benefits and trying to spend taxpayer dollars on something that you cannot stop versus the changes that have been occurring forever. That's the real debate."
Shimkus has been a proponent of legislation to increase the ability of the Food and Drug Administration to institute recalls of tainted foods. He has served as one of the chief Republican negotiators on the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, which was passed by Congress and signed by the president. Of the bill, he said: "When you're talking about the health and safety of folks, if the FDA has enough evidence to make a declaration of recall, I think that most Americans would support the government having that authority."
In May 2013, Shimkus stated he would renew his support for the Keystone pipeline. The project would be an oil pipeline, bringing Canadian crude oil through the Midwest, including Illinois. As a supporter, he stated that he would rather see Canada as an energy partner than ship in oil from overseas.
Shimkus spoke positively of President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order to temporarily curtail immigration from specified countries until better screening methods are devised. He stated that "This temporary halt will give Congress and the new Administration time to evaluate and improve the vetting process, and in the meantime gives Secretary Kelly authority to grant exceptions to the restrictions as needed. One of those exceptions must be to green card holders, who have already undergone extensive screening."
2006 Mark Foley scandal
Shimkus said "that in late-2005 he learned—through information passed along by Alexander's office—about an e-mail exchange in which Foley asked about the youngster's well-being after Hurricane Katrina and requested a photograph."
Shimkus has a "D" rating from NORML for his voting history regarding cannabis-related causes. Shimkus opposes veterans having access to medical marijuana if recommended by their Veterans Health Administration doctor and if it is legal for medicinal purposes in their state of residence.
In 1992, while still serving as Madison County treasurer, he won the Republican nomination to run for the U.S. House seat in what was then the 20th District. He was defeated by 10-year Democratic incumbent Dick Durbin.
Four years later, Durbin gave up the seat to make what would be a successful run for the United States Senate. Shimkus won a crowded six-way primary, and faced State Representative Jay C. Hoffman in a close general election, which Shimkus won by just over 1,200 votes.
He has only faced one credible Democratic opponent since his initial reelection, in 2002. That year, Illinois lost a district as a result of the 2000 census, and his district was merged with the 19th District of two-term Democratic representative David D. Phelps. The new district retained Phelps' district number, but geographically and demographically was much more Shimkus' district, as he retained 60% of his former territory. The campaign was very bitter, with both men accusing the other's staffers of stalking their families. Despite a Democratic wave that swept through most of the state, he was easily reelected.
Shimkus announced in September 2005, that he would run for reelection in 2008, despite making a pledge when first elected in 1996 not to stay in office for more than 12 years.
When seeking his 11th term in 2016, Shimkus faced Illinois State Senator Kyle McCarter in the Republican primary. McCarter ran to the political right of Shimkus and criticized his accommodation with the Obama administration as well as national Republican party leadership. Shimkus won the primary with 60.4% of the vote to McCarter's 39.6%.
FEC records show that the John S. Fund, the PAC for Shimkus, contributed to former Republican House Majority Leader Tom DeLay in 2005. The fund also made contributions to Peter Roskam, a Republican candidate for the House from Illinois's 6th district, from 2005 to 2008 and to David McSweeney, a Republican candidate for the House from Illinois's 8th district, in 2006. In 2006, the funds treasurer, lobbyist Mark Valente, resigned. Shimkus earlier said he was considering removing Valente, but he did not want to act too quickly because it might suggest there was something improper about their relationship.
The 20th district was disbanded after the 2000 census due to reapportionment and Illinois' loss of a U.S. House seat, which is why Shimkus faced David D. Phelps, incumbent of the 19th district, in the 2002 election. The 19th district was disbanded after the 2010 census, so Shimkus ran in the redistricted 15th district. The district includes much of the southern portion of the state, including a portion of the Metro-East, which is the Illinois side of the St. Louis area.
|1992||Richard J. Durbin||154,869||57%||John Shimkus||119,219||43%|
|1996||Jay C. Hoffman||119,688||50%||John Shimkus||120,926||50%||*|
|1998||Rick Verticchio||76,475||38%||John Shimkus||121,103||61%|
|2000||Jeffrey S. Cooper||94,382||37%||John Shimkus||161,393||63%|
|2002||David D. Phelps||110,517||45%||John Shimkus||133,956||55%|
|2004||Tim Bagwell||94,303||31%||John Shimkus||213,451||69%|
|2006||Danny L. Stover||92,861||39%||John Shimkus||143,491||61%|
|2008||Daniel Davis||104,908||33%||John Shimkus||202,373||64%||Troy Dennis||Green||6,654||2%|
|2010||Tim Bagwell||67,132||29%||John Shimkus||166,166||71%|
|2012||Angela Michael||94,162||31%||John Shimkus||205,775||69%|
|2014||Eric Thorsland||55,652||25%||John Shimkus||166,274||75%|
|2016||No candidate||John Shimkus||274,554||100%|
|2018||Kevin Gaither||74,309||29%||John Shimkus||181,294||70%|
- "shimkus". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- "Once a Soldier ... Always a Soldier" (PDF). Legislative Agenda. Association of the United States Army. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Shimkus Leads Landmark Update of Chemical Safety Law". Congressman John Shimkus. 2016-05-24. Retrieved 2018-01-13.
- Almukhtar, Sarah (19 December 2017). "How Each House Member Voted on the Tax Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
- "Biography". house.gov. U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
- "Member List". Republican Study Committee. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- "Members". House Baltic Caucus. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- Doster, Adam (2009-03-27). "Shimkus: Capping C02 Emissions Will "Take Away Plant Food"". Progress Illinois. Retrieved 2009-04-16.
- "John Shimkus cites Genesis on climate change - Darren Samuelsohn". Politico.com. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- "'The planet won't be destroyed by global warming because God promised Noah,' says politician bidding to chair U.S. energy committee". Daily Mail. London. November 10, 2010.
- Lambrecht, Bill (2010-08-13). "Durbin-led food safety agreement winning bipartisan support". STLToday.com. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
- "Illinois Reps. Shimkus and Davis Renew Push For Keystone Pipeline". St. Louis-CBS Local. May 31, 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- Blake, Aaron. "Coffman, Gardner join Republicans against President Trump's travel ban; here's where the rest stand". Denver Post. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Sixteen-Year-Old Who Worked as Capitol Hill Page Concerned About E-mail Exchange with Congressman". The Blotter, ABC News. September 28, 2006. Archived from the original on October 4, 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-05.
- "Illinois Scorecard". NORML. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
-  Archived January 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Brueggemann, Brian (October 7, 2015). "McCarter kicks off campaign against Shimkus; declares himself more conservative". Belleville News-Democrat. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
- McDermott, Kevin (February 16, 2016). "A Short Run-Down of Illinois' Primary Situation Headed Toward March 15". stltoday.com. Retrieved February 19, 2015.
- Greenfield, Jeff (2015-12-31). "Shimkus among three House incumbent primaries to watch Tuesday". Politico.com. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- "Election Results – General Primary – 3/15/2016". Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
- Donaldedonald, Elizabeth (2016-03-15). "Shimkus holds off challenge from McCarter; Vandersand concedes to Davis | Belleville News-Democrat". Bnd.com. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- "Committees and Candidates Supported/Opposed". Query.nictusa.com. Archived from the original on 2015-05-05. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- "Committees Who Gave To This Candidate". Query.nictusa.com. Archived from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- "Committees Who Gave To This Candidate". Query.nictusa.com. Archived from the original on 2015-05-04. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- Meinert, Dori. "Lobbyist who raised funds for Shimkus resigns". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2006-04-21.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link), The State Journal-Register, March 9, 2006
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2008-07-30. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "2012 General Election Official Vote Totals" (PDF). Illinois State Board of Elections. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- "Illinois General Election 2014". Illinois State Board of Elections. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- "Illinois General Election 2016". Illinois State Board of Elections. 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2016-12-13.
- "About John". Shimkus.house.gov. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- Congressman John Shimkus official U.S. House site
- John Shimkus for Congress
- John Shimkus at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Preceded by |
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Illinois's 20th congressional district
|Preceded by |
David D. Phelps
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois's 19th congressional district
|Preceded by |
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Illinois's 15th congressional district
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|Preceded by |
| United States Representatives by seniority |