|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Arkansas's 3rd district
March 4, 1871 – February 9, 1872
|Preceded by||Thomas Boles|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Boles|
|Member of the Indiana Senate|
from Lawrence County
November 3, 1852 – November 8, 1854
|Preceded by||Benjamin Newland|
|Succeeded by||Abraham Jonathan Hostetler|
|Member of the|
Indiana House of Representatives
from Lawrence County
December 1, 1845 – December 7, 1846
|Preceded by||Lucian Q. Hoggatt|
|Succeeded by||Samuel W. Short|
|Born||October 24, 1815|
|Died||April 8, 1894 (aged 78)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Bevens Edwards|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Rank||Brevet Brigadier General|
|Commands||18th Iowa Volunteer Infantry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Born in Louisville, Kentucky, Edwards received a limited schooling, but he studied law and was admitted to the bar. He married Eliza Jane Knight on July 8, 1834 in, Lawrence, Indiana, and they had seven children: Eugene Edgar, John, Marcus, Mary W., Susan Huldah, William T., and Montgomery Gray. His second wife was Catherine Whisenand, and they were married on May 8, 1854 in Chariton, Iowa. They had three children: Nancy, Clarence B., and Alfred. On April 28, 1880, he married Mary Burland Bevans in Washington, D.C., and they had two daughters: Frances Sterling ("Fanny") and Mary Ellen ("Mamie").
In order to live in a free state, Edwards moved to Indiana, where he served in the Indiana House of Representatives in 1845 and 1846. He had inherited slaves from his father's estate in Kentucky but freed them and gave them property with which to begin a new life in Indiana. He moved to California, and in 1849 was elected an alcalde.
Edwards returned to Indiana in 1852, and as a Whig, he served as member of the Indiana State Senate in 1853. In 1853 he moved to Chariton, Iowa, where he began the practice of law. In 1856 he was chosen a member of the convention which framed the new state constitution which was adopted the following year. He was founder in 1857 of the Patriot newspaper, and became a Republican when that party was organized. In 1858 he was a member of the House of the Seventh General Assembly. He was reelected and in 1860 was chosen Speaker of the House of the Eighth General Assembly.
When the Civil War began Edwards was appointed as lieutenant colonel May 21, 1861 and served as aide on the staff of Governor Kirkwood of Iowa protecting the Missouri border from invasion. On August 8, 1862 he was commissioned colonel of the 18th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, serving through the war, after which he was brevetted brigadier general of volunteers to date from September 26, 1864.
After the war Edwards settled at Fort Smith, Arkansas, and was appointed by President Johnson as Assessor of Internal Revenue and served from August 15, 1866 to May 31, 1869. He was presented credentials of election as a Liberal Republican to the Forty-second Congress and served from March 4, 1871, to February 9, 1872, when he was succeeded by Thomas Boles, who contested the election. Not a candidate for renomination, he settled in Washington, D.C..
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- "John Edwards". Knoxcolorado.com/. Archived from the original on 29 August 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- "John Edwards". The Iowa Legislature. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- "John Edwards". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- "John Edwards". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
- "John Edwards". The Political Graveyard.
- United States Congress. "John Edwards (id: E000072)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-08-11
- The Iowa Legislature
- John Edwards at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Preceded by |
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Arkansas's 3rd congressional district
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.