James S. Smart

James Stevenson Smart
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 16th district
In office
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Preceded byJohn Rogers
Succeeded byCharles H. Adams
Personal details
Born(1842-06-14)June 14, 1842
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
DiedSeptember 17, 1903(1903-09-17) (aged 61)
Cambridge, New York, U.S.
Resting placeWoodland Cemetery, Cambridge, New York, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Alma materJefferson College

James Stevenson Smart (June 14, 1842 – September 17, 1903) was a U.S. Representative from New York.

Early life[edit]

Born in Baltimore, Maryland on June 14, 1842, Smart moved with his parents to Coila, part of Cambridge, Washington County, New York, in 1849.[1]

He attended Cambridge Academy and Union College in Schenectady, and graduated from Jefferson College (now Washington & Jefferson College) in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania in 1863.[2]

While in college, Smart became a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity.[3]

Civil War[edit]

Smart entered the Union Army in January 1864 as First Lieutenant in the 16th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment.[4]

He was promoted to Captain and commander of the regiment's Company K. The regiment took part in action in Virginia and North Carolina, including the Second Battle of Fort Fisher and he served until after the war, receiving his discharge in August 1865.[5][6]

Post Civil War[edit]

Smart was a newspaper writer and editor, and became publisher of the Washington County Post.[7]

He was elected as a Republican to the Forty-third Congress (March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1874.[8][9]

For many years Smart was a member of the New York Republican State Committee's central committee, and he was a Delegate to several Republican National Conventions.[10][11]

In 1883 he was appointed federal Collector of Internal Revenue for New York's northern district, and he served until 1885, when he was succeeded by Samuel Tilden, Jr., the nephew of Samuel J. Tilden.[12][13]

Death and burial[edit]

He died in Cambridge on September 17, 1903.[14] He was interred in Cambridge's Woodland Cemetery, Section G, Lot 50.[15][16]


  1. ^ Thomas William Herringshaw, Herringshaw's National Library of American Biography, 1914, page 230
  2. ^ Society of the Sigma Xi, Catalogue of the Sigma Chi Fraternity, 1876, page 33
  3. ^ Joseph Cookman Nate, The History of Sigma Chi Fraternity, 1855-1925, Volume 2, 1925, page 96
  4. ^ Union College, Union College Alumni in the Civil War, 1861-1865, page 70
  5. ^ U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, Digital Collections, Description of Two Photos of James S. Smart, retrieved December 25, 2013
  6. ^ Horace Persons Mathews, King Siphonous Hammond, authors, Kenneth A. Perry, editor, We Are in a Fight Today: The Civil War Diaries of Horace P. Mathews & King S. Hammond, 2000, page 137
  7. ^ Crisfield Johnson, History of Washington Co., New York, page 86
  8. ^ New York Times, Timely Washington Topics: Lobbyists Ready for the Senate Tariff Struggle, February 4, 1894
  9. ^ The Saratogian, Local News: Washington County, March 11, 1875
  10. ^ Republican National Committee, Official Proceedings of the 1888 Republican National Convention, 1888, page 99
  11. ^ New York Times, The Republican Committee, September 27, 1883
  12. ^ New York Times, The State Politicians: Counting the Candidates for the Fall Election, July 10, 1885
  13. ^ Troy Times, Change in Revenue Collectorship, November 11, 1885
  14. ^ Elizabethtown Post and Gazette, Death of Hon. James S. Smart, September 24, 1903
  15. ^ Thomas E. Spencer, Where They're Buried, 1998, page 252
  16. ^ New York Veterans Burial Cards, entry for James S. Smart, retrieved December 25, 2013

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Rogers
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 16th congressional district

March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Succeeded by
Charles H. Adams

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.