James L. Pugh
|United States Senator|
November 24, 1880 – March 3, 1897
|Preceded by||Luke Pryor|
|Succeeded by||Edmund Pettus|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Alabama's 2nd district
March 4, 1859 – January 21, 1861
|Preceded by||Eli Sims Shorter|
|Succeeded by||Charles Waldron Buckley|
|Born||December 12, 1820|
Burke County, Georgia
|Died||March 9, 1907 (aged 86)|
Pugh was born in Burke County, Georgia, and moved to Alabama in 1824. He received a collegiate education, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1841. He began to practise in Eufaula, Alabama. He was a presidential elector in 1848 and 1856. He represented Alabama's second district as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives from 5 December 1859 until 21 January 1861, when he retired upon the secession of his state.
He then served as an officer in the Confederate States Army. He was subsequently elected to be the representative from Alabama's 8th District to both the First Confederate Congress and the Second Confederate Congress, serving from 22 February 1862 until the surrender in 1865. Pugh served on the House Committee on Military Affairs throughout both Congresses, where he was a prominent critic of C.S. President Jefferson Davis.
Following the war, he returned to his law practice. Upon the restoration of his citizenship, Pugh was president of the Democratic state convention of 1874, a delegate to the 1875 state constitutional convention, and a presidential elector again in 1876. He was elected to fill the term left by the death of George S. Houston, and was reelected twice, serving in the Senate from November 24, 1880 to March 4, 1897. He lost renomination.
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (November 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Escott, Paul D. (2006). Military Necessity: Civil-Military Relations in the Confederacy. Greenwood Publishing. p. 19.
- Schlup, Leonard C.; Ryan, James Gilbert (16 February 2018). "Historical Dictionary of the Gilded Age". M.E. Sharpe – via Google Books.
- United States Congress. "PUGH, James Lawrence (id: P000561)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-04-20
- Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. This source says he served as a private in the Confederate army.
- Political graveyard
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Preceded by |
Eli Sims Shorter
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Alabama's 2nd congressional district
1859 – 1861
Charles Waldron Buckley
|Preceded by |
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Alabama |
1880 – 1897
Served alongside: John Tyler Morgan
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