Islam by country

World Muslim population by percentage (2018 Estimate)

Adherents of Islam constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a study in 2015, Islam has 1.8 billion adherents, making up about 24.1% of the world population.[1] Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni (80–85%, roughly 1.5 billion people)[2] or Shia (15-20%, roughly 240–340 million people).[3] Islam is the dominant religion in Central Asia, Indonesia, Middle East, North Africa, the Sahel[4][5][6][7] and some other parts of Asia.[8] The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the Middle East and North Africa.[9]

South Asia contains the largest population of Muslims in the world. One-third of the Muslims are of South Asian origin.[10][11][12] Islam is the dominant religion in the Maldives, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Palestine and Bangladesh. India is the country with the largest Muslim population outside Muslim-majority countries with about 200 million people.[13]

The various Hamito-Semitic (including Arab, Berber), Turkic, and Iranic countries of the greater Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region,[14] where Islam is the dominant religion in every country other than Israel,[5] hosts 23% of world Muslims.

The country with the single largest population of Muslims is Indonesia in Southeast Asia, which on its own hosts 13% of the world's Muslims.[15] Together, the Muslims in the countries of Southeast Asia constitute the world's third-largest population of Muslims. In the countries of the Malay Archipelago Muslims are majorities in each country other than the Philippines, Singapore, and East Timor.

About 15% of Muslims reside in Sub-Saharan Africa,[16][page needed][6][17] and sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, China, Russia, and Europe.[4]

Western Europe hosts many Muslim immigrant communities where Islam is the second-largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population or 24 million people.[18] Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.

Denominations[edit]

Islam is divided into two major religious denominations: Sunni and Shi'a. Of the total Muslim population, 87–90% are Sunni and 10–13% are Shi'a. Most Shi'as (between 68% and 80%) live in mainly four countries: Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain and Iraq.[19] The major surviving Imamah-Muslim Sects are Usulism (with nearly more than 10%), Nizari Ismailism (with nearly more than 1%) and Alevism (with slightly more than 0.5%[20] but less than 1%[21]). The other existing groups include Zaydi Shi'a of Yemen whose population is nearly more than 0.5% of the world's Muslim population, Musta’li Ismaili (with nearly 0.1%[22] whose Taiyabi adherents reside in Sindh and Gujarat in South Asia. There are also significant diaspora populations in Europe, North America, the Far East and East Africa[23]), and Ibadis from the Kharijites whose population has diminished to a level below 0.15%.[24] (with nearly around 1%),[25] non-denominational Muslims, Quranist Muslims and Wahhabis (with nearly around 1-2%[26] of the world's total Muslim population) also exist.

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010, there were 50 Muslim-majority countries.[27][28] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in the Asia-Pacific region (from Turkey to Indonesia), with over 1 billion adherents.[29] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), and India (10.9%).[4][30] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[31] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Iran and Turkey are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[4][30] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria. Indian state of Uttar Pradesh has more Muslims than any other Muslim majority countries except Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Iran and Turkey.[4]

Countries[edit]

Most of the percentages of Muslim populations of each country, if not stated otherwise, were taken from the study by the Pew Research Center report of 5 facts about the muslim population in Europe, 2017.[4][32]

Table[edit]

Country/Region Total Population Muslim Population Muslim percentage (%) of total population Percentage (%) of World Muslim population Sources
 Afghanistan 34,940,837 34,836,014 99.6 1.8 [33]
 Albania 3,057,220 1,797,645 58.8 0.1 [34][35]
 Algeria 41,657,488 41,240,913 99 2.7 [36]
 American Samoa 50,826 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [37]
 Andorra 85,708 2,228 2.6 < 0.1 [38][39]
 Angola 30,355,880 90,000 0.3 < 0.1 [40][41]
 Anguilla 17,422 < 1,000 0.6 < 0.1 [42][43]
 Antigua and Barbuda 95,882 < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1 [44]
 Argentina 44,694,198 400,000 0.9 < 1 [45][41]
 Armenia 3,038,217 3,038 0.1 < 0.1 [46][47]
 Aruba 116,576 < 1,000 0.4 < 0.1 [48][49]
 Australia 25,000,000 650,000 2.6 < 0.1 [50]
 Austria 8,900,000 712,000 8 < 0.1 [51][52]
 Azerbaijan 10,046,516 9,735,074 96.9 0.5 [53]
 Bahamas 332,634 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1 [54]
 Bahrain 1,442,659 1,063,239 73.7 < 0.1 [55]
 Bangladesh 170,000,000 153,700,000 90.4 9.2 [56][57]
 Barbados 293,131 4,396 1.5 < 0.1 [58]
 Belarus 9,527,543 45,000 - 100,000 0.5-1.0 < 0.1 [59][60][61]
 Belgium 11,570,762 879,377 7.6 < 0.1 [62][63]
 Belize 385,854 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1 [64][65]
 Benin 11,340,504 3,141,319 27.7 0.14 [66]
 Bermuda 71,176 < 1,000 1 < 0.1 [67]
 Bhutan 766,397 ≤ 2,000 0.2 < 0.1 [68][69]
 Bolivia 11,306,341 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [70][71]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,849,891 1,955,084 50.7 0.1 [72]
 Botswana 2,249,104 8,996 0.4 < 0.1 [73][74]
 Brazil 208,846,892 35,167 - 1,500,000 0.02 - 0.7 < 0.1 [75][76]
 British Virgin Islands 35,802 < 1,000 1.2 < 0.1 [77]
 Brunei 450,565 355,045 78.8 < 0.1 [78]
 Bulgaria 7,057,504 861,015 13.4 < 0.1 [79][80]
 Burkina Faso 19,742,715 12,141,769 61.5 0.6 [81]
 Burma 55,622,506 2,391,767 4.3 0.1 [82]
 Burundi 11,844,520 1,184,452 10 < 0.1 [83][84]
 Cambodia 16,449,519 312,5401 1.9 < 0.1 [85]
 Cameroon 25,640,965 7,692,289 30 0.4 [86][87]
 Canada 35,881,659 1,148,213 3.2 0.1 [88]
 Cape Verde 568,373 11,367 2 < 0.1 [89][90]
 Cayman Islands 59,613 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1 [91]
 Central African Republic 5,745,062 861,759 15 < 0.1 [92]
 Chad 15,833,116 9,183,207 58 0.4 [93][90]
 Chile 17,925,262 4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [94][95]
 China 1,390,000,000 6,255,000 - 50,000,000 0.45 – 3 0.4 – 2.8 [96][97][98][99][100]
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596 < 1,000 80 < 0.1 [101][102]
 Colombia 48,168,996 96,337 0.2 < 0.1 [103][104]
 Comoros 821,164 807,204 98.3 < 0.1 [105]
 DR Congo 85,281,024 12,792,153 10 0.1 [106][107]
 Cook Islands 9,038 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [108]
 Costa Rica 4,987,142 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [109]
 Ivory Coast 26,260,582 11,265,789 42.9 0.5 [110]
 Croatia 4,270,480 64,057 1.5 < 0.1 [111]
 Cuba 11,116,396 11,116 0.1 < 0.1 [112]
 Cyprus 1,237,088 350,000 28.2 < 0.1 [113][114]
 Czech Republic 10,686,269 10,000 - 20,000 0.1 – 0.2 < 0.1 [115][63]
 Denmark 5,809,502 313,713 5.4 < 0.1 [116][63]
 Djibouti 884,017 857,496 97 0.1 [117][118]
 Dominica 74,027 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1 [119]
 Dominican Republic 10,298,756 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [120][121]
 Ecuador 16,498,502 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [122][123]
 Egypt 95,000,000 85,000,000 - 90,000,000 90-94.7 4.9 [124][125]
 El Salvador 6,187,271 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [126][127]
 Equatorial Guinea 797,457 79,745 10 < 0.1 [128][129]
 Eritrea 6,000,000 2,160,000 - 3,100,000 36–51.6 0.1 [130][131][132]
 Estonia 1,244,288 1,508 < 0.1 < 0.1 [133]
 Ethiopia 105,000,000 35,600,000 33.9 1.8 [134]
 Faroe Islands 51,018 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [135]
 Falkland Islands 3,198 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [136]
 F.S. Micronesia 103,643 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [137]
 Fiji 926,276 58,355 6.3 < 0.1 [138]
 Finland 5,537,364 102,000 1.8 < 0.1 [139][63]
 France 67,000,000 5,720,000 8.8 0.3 [63]
 French Guiana 281,612 2,400 0.9 < 0.1
 French Polynesia 290,373 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [140]
 Gabon 2,119,036 211,903 10 < 0.1 [141][142]
 Gambia 2,092,731 2,002,743 95.7 0.1 [143]
 Georgia 4,926,087 527,091 10.7 < 0.1 [144]
 Germany 83,000,000 4,500,000 - 5,000,000 5.4 - 6 0.2 [32][145]
 Ghana 28,102,471 5,058,444 17.6 0.2 [146][90] [147]
 Gibraltar 29,461 1,150 4 < 0.1 [148][149]
 Greece 10,761,523 215,230 - 613,406 2 - 5.7 < 0.1 [150][63]
 Greenland 57,691 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [151]
 Grenada 112,207 < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1 [152]
 Guadeloupe 402,119 2,000 0.4 < 0.1
 Guam 167,772 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [153]
 Guatemala 16,581,273 1,200 < 0.1 < 0.1 [154][155]
 Guinea 11,855,411 10,563,171 89.1 0.5 [156]
 Guinea-Bissau 1,833,247 826,794 45.1 < 0.1 [157]
 Guyana 740,685 55,000 7.3 < 0.1 [158]
 Haiti 10,788,440 5,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [159][160]
 Honduras 9,182,766 30,000 0.3 < 0.1 [161][162]
 Hong Kong 7,213,338 295,746 4.1 < 0.1 [163][164]
 Hungary 9,825,704 40,000 - 60,000 0.4 – 0.6 < 0.1 [63][165][166]
 Iceland 343,518 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1 [167][168]
 India 1,370,000,000 195,000,000 14.2 10.9 [169]
 Indonesia 263,000,000 229,000,000 87.2 12.7 [170]
 Iran 83,000,000 82,500,000 99.4 4.6 [171]
 Iraq 40,194,216 38,465,864 95.7 1.9 [172][173]
 Ireland 5,068,050 70,952 1.4 < 0.1 [174][63]
 Isle of Man 89,407 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1 [175]
 Israel 8,424,904 1,516,482 18 0.1 [176][177]
 Italy 62,246,674 2,987,840 4.8 0.1 [178][63]
 Jamaica 2,812,090 5,624 0.2 < 0.1 [179][180]
 Japan 126,168,156 185,000 0.1 < 0.1 [181][182]
 Jordan 10,458,413 10,165,577 97.2 0.4 [183]
 Kazakhstan 18,744,548 13,158,672 70.2 0.5 [184]
 Kenya 48,397,527 5,500,000 11.2 0.2 [185]
 Kiribati 109,367 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [186]
 Kosovo 1,907,592 1,823,657 95.6 0.1 [187]
 Kuwait 2,916,467 2,175,684 74.6 0.2 [188]
 Kyrgyzstan 5,849,296 4,679,436 80 0.3 [189][190]
 Laos 7,234,171 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [191][192]
 Latvia 1,923,559 2,000 0.1-0.2 < 0.1 [193][194]
 Lebanon 6,100,075 3,519,743 57.7 0.2 [195]
 Lesotho 1,962,461 3,000 0.1 < 0.1 [196]
 Liberia 4,809,768 961,953 20 < 0.1 [197][198]
 Libya 6,754,507 6,551,871 97 0.4 [199][200]
 Liechtenstein 38,000 2,050 5.4 < 0.1 [201]
 Lithuania 2,793,284 3,000 0.1 < 0.1 [202][203]
 Luxembourg 605,764 18,172 3 < 0.1 [204][205]
 Macau 606,340 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1 [206][207]
 Madagascar 25,683,610 2,568,361 10 < 0.1 [208][209]
 Malawi 19,842,560 3,968,512 20 0.1 [210][211]
 Malaysia 31,809,660 16,318,355 61.3 1.1 [212]
 Maldives 374,775 374,775 100 < 0.1 [213]
 Mali 18,429,893 17,508,398 95 0.8 [214][90]
 Malta 449,043 11,675 2.6 < 0.1 [215][216]
 Marshall Islands 75,684 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [217]
 Martinique 385,551 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
 Mauritania 3,840,429 3,840,429 100 0.2 [218]
 Mauritius 1,364,283 236,020 17.3 < 0.1 [219]
 Mayotte 256,518 253,439 97 < 0.1 [220]
 Mexico 131,959,205 5,500 0.01 < 0.01 [221][222]
 Moldova 3,437,720 15,000 0.4 < 0.1 [223][224]
 Monaco 30,727 < 1,000 0.8 < 0.1 [225][226]
 Mongolia 3,103,428 150,000 5 < 0.1 [227][228]
 Montenegro 614,249 122,849 19.1 < 0.1 [229]
 Montserrat 5,315 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1 [230]
 Morocco 38,314,130 37,930,989 99 2 [231]
 Mozambique 27,233,789 3,830,063 17.9 0.3 [232][233]
 Namibia 2,413,643 9,654 0.4 < 0.1
 Nauru 10,084 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Nepal 29,218,867 1,292,909 4.2 0.1 [234]
 Netherlands 17,254,300 880,000 5.1 0.1 [235]
 Netherlands Antilles 304,759 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
 New Caledonia 278,500 7,000 2.8 < 0.1
 New Zealand 4,903,800 41,000 0.9 < 0.1
 Nicaragua 6,284,757 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Niger 21,466,863 21,101,926 98.3 1 [236]
 Nigeria 200,000,000 95,000,000 - 103,000,000 47.6-51.6 5.3 [32][237]
 Niue 1,611 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 North Korea 25,610,672 3,000 0.1 < 0.1
 North Macedonia 2,118,945 705,608 33.3 < 0.1 [238]
 Northern Mariana Islands 56,200 < 1,000 0.7 < 0.1
 Norway 5,312,343 100,000 - 185,000 5.7 < 0.1 [63]
 Oman 4,633,752 2,427,000 85.9 0.2 [239]
 Pakistan 207,774,520 200,400,000 96.5 11.1 [240][241]
 Palau 17,900 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Palestine 4,780,978 4,298,000 97.5 0.3
 Panama 4,158,783 25,000 0.7 < 0.1
 Papua New Guinea 8,558,800 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Paraguay 7,052,983 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Peru 31,237,385 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Philippines 106,463,000 5,127,084 - 10,700,000 5 - 11 0.3 - 0.6 [242][243]
 Poland 38,430,000 6,796 0.02 < 0.1 [244]
 Portugal 10,291,027 65,000 0.4 < 0.1
 Puerto Rico 3,337,177 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Qatar 2,450,285 1,566,786 77.5 0.1 [245]
 Congo 5,399,895 107,997 2 < 0.1 [246]
 Réunion 865,826 36,364 4.2 < 0.1 [247]
 Romania 19,524,000 73,000 - 200,000 0.3-1.0 < 0.1 [248]
 Russia 146,877,088 15,000,000 - 25,000,000 10 - 17 1 [249][250][251]
 Rwanda 12,001,136 576,054 4.8 < 0.1 [252]
 Saint Helena 4,534 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 46,204 < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
 Saint Lucia 178,844 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon 6,286 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,557 2,000 1.7 < 0.1
 Samoa 199,052 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 San Marino 33,344 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 São Tomé and Príncipe 199,910 5,931 3 < 0.1 [253]
 Saudi Arabia 33,413,660 31,878,000 97.1 1.6
 Senegal 15,726,037 15,112,721 96.1 0.8 [254]
 Serbia 7,001,444 221,460 3.1 < 0.1 [255]
 Seychelles 94,205 1,036 1.1 < 0.1 [256]
 Sierra Leone 7,719,729 6,067,706 78.6 0.3 [257]
 Singapore 5,612,253 721,000 - 842,116 14.7 < 0.1 [258][259]
 Slovakia 5,443,120 10,866 0.1-0.2 < 0.1 [63]
 Slovenia 2,066,880 73,568 3.6 < 0.1 [63]
 Solomon Islands 667,044 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Somalia 11,000,000 10,978,000 99.8 0.6 [260]
 South Africa 57,725,600 1,050,000 1.9 < 0.1 [261][262]
 South Korea 51,635,256 35,000 0.1 < 0.1
 South Sudan 12,323,419 2,464,683 20 < 0.1 [263]
 Spain 46,659,302 1,180,000 2.6 0.1 [63]
 Sri Lanka 21,700,000 2,105,000 9.7 0.1 [264]
 Sudan 40,825,770 39,585,777 97 1.9 [265]
 Suriname 600,000 83,400 13.9 < 0.1 .[266]
 Swaziland 1,159,250 129,230 10 < 0.1 [267]
 Sweden 10,182,291 800,000 8.1 < 0.1 [32][63]
 Switzerland 8,492,956 440,000 5.2 < 0.1 [268]
 Syria 18,000,000 16,700,000 93 1 [269]
 Republic of China 23,576,705 60,000 0.3 < 0.1 [270][271]
 Tajikistan 8,931,000 7,621,700 96.7 0.4 [272][273][274]
 Tanzania 54,199,163 19,426,814 35.2 0.8 [275]
 Thailand 70,000,000 3,000,000 4.3 0.2 [276]
 East Timor 1,261,407 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
 Togo 7,352,000 1,593,011 20 0.1 [277]
 Tokelau 1,499 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Tonga 100,651 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,356,633 78,000 5.8 < 0.1
 Tunisia 11,446,300 11,190,000 99.8 0.6
 Turkey 80,810,525 79,000,000 - 80,700,000 98.6 – 99.8 4.6 [278][279]
 Turkmenistan 5,851,466 4,830,000 93.3 0.3
 Turks and Caicos Islands 37,910 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Tuvalu 10,640 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
 Uganda 38,823,100 5,435,234 14 0.3 [280]
 Ukraine 42,263,873 390,000 - 1,000,000 0.9 - 2.5 < 0.1 [281][282]
 United Arab Emirates 9,541,615 4,615,081 76 0.2 [283][284]
 United Kingdom 66,040,229 4,130,000 6.3 0.2 [63]
 United States 327,827,000 3,450,000 1.1 0.2 [285]
 U.S. Virgin Islands 104,914 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
 Uruguay 3,505,985 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Uzbekistan 32,653,900 26,550,000 96.5 1.7 [269]
 Vanuatu 304,500 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
 Vatican City 800 0 0 0
 Venezuela 31,304,016 125,216 0.4 < 0.1 [286]
 Vietnam 96,160,163 96,160 0.1 < 0.1 [287][287]
 Wallis and Futuna 15,714 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 [288]
 Western Sahara 603,253 599,633 99.4 < 0.1 [289][290]
 Yemen 28,036,829 27,784,498 99.1 1.5 [291][292]
 Zambia 16,887,720 168,877 1 < 0.1 [90]
 Zimbabwe 14,000,000 100,000 0.7 < 0.1 [293]

Continents[edit]

Table[edit]

Region Muslims Muslim percentage (%) of total population Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
Asia 1,200,000,000 24.3 66.7
Central Asia 54,000,000[294] 81[295] 3.0
South Asia 600,000,000[296][297] 31.4[298][299] 30.6[10][300]
Southeast Asia 240,000,000[301] 40 13.3
East Asia 50,000,000[100] 3.1 2.8
Middle East-North Africa 315,322,000[14] - 488,603,838 91.2 27.1
Africa 550,000,000 47 30.6
Sub-Saharan Africa 283,302,393 29.6 15.7
North America 3,500,000 - 7,000,000[302] 1.0[303] 0.4
South America 791,000 0.2 0.04
Europe 44,138,000 6.0 2.7
Oceania 650,000 1.6 0.04
World 1,800,000,000[1] 24.1 100

See also[edit]

Islam:

Religions by country:

General

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Why Muslims are the world's fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  2. ^
  3. ^ See
    • "Shiʿi". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 30 September 2019. In the early 21st century some 10–13 percent of the world’s 1.6 billion Muslims were Shiʿi.
    • "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2013. The Pew Forum's estimate of the Shia population (10–13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10–15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world's Muslim population.
    • "Shia". Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Retrieved 5 December 2011. Shi'a Islam is the second largest branch of the tradition, with up to 200 million followers who comprise around 15% of all Muslims worldwide...
    • Jalil Roshandel (2011). Iran, Israel and the United States. Praeger Security International. p. 15. The majority of the world's Islamic population, which is Sunni, accounts for over 75 percent of the Islamic population; the other 10 to 20 percent is Shia.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  8. ^ Britannica Archived 14 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Think Quest Archived 18 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Wadsworth.com
  9. ^ "Muslims". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  10. ^ a b Pechilis, Karen; Raj, Selva J. (1 January 2013). South Asian Religions: Tradition and Today. Routledge. ISBN 9780415448512.
  11. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations, 2010 and 2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  12. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "How South Asia Will Save Global Islam". The Diplomat. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  13. ^ "India invited as 'Guest of Honour' to OIC meet, Sushma Swaraj to attend". @businessline.
  14. ^ a b "Middle East-North Africa Overview". 7 October 2009.
  15. ^ Miller (2009, pp. 8,17)
  16. ^ Miller (2009)
  17. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  18. ^ See:
  19. ^ "Mapping the Global Muslim Population". 7 October 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  20. ^ According to David Shankland, 15% of Turkey's population. in Structure and Function in Turkish Society. Isis Press, 2006, p. 81.
  21. ^ According to Krisztina Kehl-Bodrogi, Syncretistic Religious Communities in the Near East edited by her, B. Kellner-Heinkele, & A. Otter-Beaujean. Leiden: Brill, 1997.
  22. ^ "Tehelka – India's Independent Weekly News Magazine".
  23. ^ Paul, Eva (2006). Die Dawoodi Bohras – eine indische Gemeinschaft in Ostafrika (PDF). Beiträge zur 1. Kölner Afrikawissenschaftlichen Nachwuchstagung.
  24. ^ Simon Ross Valentine (6 October 2008). Islam and the Ahmadiyya Jamaʻat: History, Belief, Practice. Columbia University Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-231-70094-8.
  25. ^ Larry DeVries; Don Baker; Dan Overmyer (1 January 2011). Asian Religions in British Columbia. University of Columbia Press. ISBN 978-0-7748-1662-5. Retrieved 29 March 2014. The community currently numbers around 15 million spread around the world
  26. ^ Destined Encounters - Page 203, Sury Pullat - 2014
  27. ^ "What is each country's second-largest religious group?".
  28. ^ "Muslim-Majority Countries". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  29. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  30. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. Retrieved 30 May 2007.
  31. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  32. ^ a b c d Hackett, Conrade (29 November 2017). "5 facts about the Muslim population in Europe". Pew Research Center. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  33. ^ "South Asia :: Afghanistan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  34. ^ "Europe :: Albania — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  35. ^ "Albanian census 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2014.
  36. ^ "Africa :: Algeria — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  37. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: American Samoa — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  38. ^ "Europe :: Andorra — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  39. ^ "Andorra". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  40. ^ "Africa :: Angola — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  41. ^ a b "Table: Muslim Population by Country". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  42. ^ "Central America :: Anguilla — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  43. ^ Project, Joshua. "Anguilla | Joshua Project". joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  44. ^ "Central America :: Antigua and Barbuda — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  45. ^ "South America :: Argentina — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  46. ^ "Middle East :: Armenia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  47. ^ "Armenia | Joshua Project". joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  48. ^ "Central America :: Aruba — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  49. ^ "Muslim Population in the World, 2010-2030 - knoema.com". Knoema. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  50. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Australia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  51. ^ "Europe :: Austria — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  52. ^ "Zahl der Muslime in Österreich seit 2001 verdoppelt". Die Presse (in German). Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  53. ^ "Middle East :: Azerbaijan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  54. ^ "Central America :: Bahamas, The — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  55. ^ "Middle East :: Bahrain — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  56. ^ "South Asia :: Bangladesh — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  57. ^ "BANGLADESH 2015 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT" (PDF).
  58. ^ "Central America :: Barbados — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  59. ^ "Europe :: Belarus — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  60. ^ "BELARUS with VNESHINTOURIST Travel Agency -> MOHAMMEDANISM". 12 March 2007. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  61. ^ Svanberg, Ingvar; Westerlund, David (1999). Islam Outside the Arab World. Routledge. p. 404. ISBN 9781136113222.
  62. ^ "Europe :: Belgium — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "5 facts about the Muslim population in Europe". Pew Research Center. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  64. ^ "Central America :: Belize — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  65. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 27 January 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  66. ^ "Africa :: Benin — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  67. ^ "North America :: Bermuda — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  68. ^ "South Asia :: Bhutan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  69. ^ Pew Research Center – Global Religious Landscape 2010 – religious composition by country.[dead link]
  70. ^ "South America :: Bolivia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  71. ^ "Bolivia | The World Almanac of Islamism". almanac.afpc.org. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  72. ^ "Europe :: Bosnia and Herzegovina — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  73. ^ "Africa :: Botswana — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  74. ^ "Botswana" (PDF).
  75. ^ "South America :: Brazil — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  76. ^ "Brazil". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  77. ^ "Central America :: British Virgin Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  78. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Brunei — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  79. ^ "Europe :: Bulgaria — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  80. ^ NW, 1615 L. St; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 USA202-419-4300 | Main202-419-4349 | Fax202-419-4372 | Media (27 January 2011). "Table: Muslim Population by Country | Pew Research Center". Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  81. ^ "Africa :: Burkina Faso — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  82. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Burma — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  83. ^ "Africa :: Burundi — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  84. ^ "Religions – Burundi". www.nationsencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  85. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Cambodia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  86. ^ "Africa :: Cameroon — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  87. ^ "Cameroon Muslims". insamer.com. 27 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  88. ^ "North America :: Canada — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  89. ^ "Africa :: Cabo Verde — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  90. ^ a b c d e "Numbers and Percentage of Muslims in African Countries". Research on Islam and Muslims in Africa. 14 February 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  91. ^ "Central America :: Cayman Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  92. ^ "Africa :: Central African Republic — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  93. ^ "Africa :: Chad — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  94. ^ "South America :: Chile — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  95. ^ "Islam alive in Chile". Voice of the Cape. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  96. ^ For China Family Panel Studies 2017 survey results see release #1 (archived) and release #2 (archived). The tables also contain the results of CFPS 2012 (sample 20,035) and Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) results for 2006, 2008 and 2010 (samples ~10.000/11,000). Also see, for comparison CFPS 2012 data in Lu 卢, Yunfeng 云峰 (2014). "卢云峰:当代中国宗教状况报告——基于CFPS(2012)调查数据" [Report on Religions in Contemporary China – Based on CFPS (2012) Survey Data] (PDF). World Religious Cultures (1). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 August 2014. p. 13, reporting the results of the CGSS 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2011, and their average (fifth column of the first table).
  97. ^ Data from: Yang Zongde, Study on Current Muslim Population in China, Jinan Muslim, 2, 2010.
  98. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: China — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  99. ^ "China Religion Facts & Stats". www.nationmaster.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  100. ^ a b United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "Refworld – 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom – China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)". Refworld. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  101. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Cocos (Keeling) Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  102. ^ "Cocos (Keeling) Islands". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  103. ^ "South America :: Colombia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  104. ^ "Colombia's religious minorities: the growing Muslim community". Colombia News – Colombia Reports. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  105. ^ "Africa :: Comoros — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  106. ^ "Africa :: Congo, Democratic Republic of the — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  107. ^ "Muslims of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)". insamer.com. 27 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  108. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Cook Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  109. ^ "Central America :: Costa Rica — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  110. ^ "Africa :: Cote d'Ivoire — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  111. ^ "Europe :: Croatia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  112. ^ "Central America :: Cuba — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  113. ^ "Europe :: Cyprus — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  114. ^ "Northern Cyprus | Middle East Concern". Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  115. ^ "Europe :: Czechia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  116. ^ "Europe :: Denmark — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  117. ^ "Africa :: Djibouti — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  118. ^ "Africa :: Djibouti — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  119. ^ "Central America :: Dominica — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  120. ^ "Central America :: Dominican Republic — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  121. ^ "Islam in the Dominican Republic". dr1.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  122. ^ "South America :: Ecuador — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  123. ^ "Islam in Ecuador [wiki]". www.muslimpopulation.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  124. ^ "Africa :: Egypt — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  125. ^ NW, 1615 L. St; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 USA202-419-4300 | Main202-419-4349 | Fax202-419-4372 | Media (27 January 2011). "Table: Muslim Population by Country | Pew Research Center". Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  126. ^ "Central America :: El Salvador — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  127. ^ "El Salvador Religion Facts & Stats". www.nationmaster.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  128. ^ "Africa :: Equatorial Guinea — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  129. ^ "Muslims of Equatorial Guinea". insamer.com. 22 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  130. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, 2010–2050". Pew Research Center. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  131. ^ "Africa :: Eritrea — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  132. ^ "Eritrea" (PDF).
  133. ^ "Europe :: Estonia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  134. ^ 2007 Ethiopian census, first draft, Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency (accessed 6 May 2009)
  135. ^ "Europe :: Faroe Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  136. ^ "South America :: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  137. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Micronesia, Federated States of — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  138. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Fiji — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  139. ^ "Europe :: Finland — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  140. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: French Polynesia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  141. ^ "Africa :: Gabon — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  142. ^ "Gabon". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  143. ^ "Africa :: Gambia, The — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  144. ^ "Middle East :: Georgia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  145. ^ "BAMF – Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge – Publikationen – Wie viele Muslime leben in Deutschland?" (PDF). www.bamf.de. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  146. ^ "Africa :: Ghana — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  147. ^ statsghana.gov.gh/gsspublications.php?category=OTc2NDgyNTUzLjkzMDU=/webstats/p9r0796n5o
  148. ^ "Europe :: Gibraltar — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  149. ^ "Gibraltar" (PDF).
  150. ^ "Europe :: Greece — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  151. ^ "North America :: Greenland — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  152. ^ "Central America :: Grenada — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  153. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Guam — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  154. ^ "Central America :: Guatemala — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  155. ^ prensalibre.com Archived 27 September 2007 at Archive.today (in Spanish)
  156. ^ "Africa :: Guinea — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  157. ^ "Africa :: Guinea-Bissau — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  158. ^ Benjamin, Lennox (2002). "The Republic of Guyana: The Census Road" (PDF). Bureau of Statistics. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 January 2017.
  159. ^ "Central America :: Haiti — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  160. ^ "Islam and Muslims in Haiti". www.islamawareness.net. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  161. ^ "Central America :: Honduras — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  162. ^ Project, Joshua. "Arab, Palestinian in Honduras". joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  163. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Hong Kong — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  164. ^ "Hong Kong" (PDF).
  165. ^ "Europe :: Hungary — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  166. ^ "Hungary Religion Facts & Stats". www.nationmaster.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  167. ^ "Europe :: Iceland — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  168. ^ "Populations by religious organizations 1998–2013". Reykjavík, Iceland: Statistics Iceland.
  169. ^ NW, 1615 L. St; Suite 800Washington; Inquiries, DC 20036USA202-419-4300 | Main202-857-8562 | Fax202-419-4372 | Media. "The countries with the 10 largest Christian populations and the 10 largest Muslim populations". Pew Research Center. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  170. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Indonesia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  171. ^ "Middle East :: Iran — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  172. ^ "Middle East :: Iraq — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  173. ^ "Iraq | Joshua Project". joshuaproject.net. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  174. ^ "Europe :: Ireland — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  175. ^ "Europe :: Isle of Man — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  176. ^ "Middle East :: Israel — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  177. ^ "Israel and The Occupied Territories". U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  178. ^ "Europe :: Italy — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  179. ^ "Central America :: Jamaica — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  180. ^ "Jamaica Religion Facts & Stats". www.nationmaster.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  181. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Japan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  182. ^ NW, 1615 L. St; Washington, Suite 800; Inquiries, DC 20036 USA202-419-4300 | Main202-419-4349 | Fax202-419-4372 | Media (27 January 2011). "Table: Muslim Population by Country | Pew Research Center". Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  183. ^ "Middle East :: Jordan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  184. ^ "Central Asia :: Kazakhstan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  185. ^ "Africa :: Kenya — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  186. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Kiribati — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  187. ^ "Europe :: Kosovo — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  188. ^ "Middle East :: Kuwait — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  189. ^ "Central Asia :: Kyrgyzstan — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  190. ^ "Kyrgyzstan". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  191. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Laos — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  192. ^ "Laos Religion Facts & Stats". www.nationmaster.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  193. ^ "Europe :: Latvia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  194. ^ "Latvia Religion Facts & Stats". www.nationmaster.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  195. ^ "Middle East :: Lebanon — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  196. ^ "Africa :: Lesotho — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  197. ^ "Africa :: Liberia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  198. ^ "Liberia". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  199. ^ "Africa :: Libya — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  200. ^ "Libya". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  201. ^ "Volkszählung 2010". Llv.li. Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  202. ^ "Europe :: Lithuania — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  203. ^ "Sunni Islam in Lithuania | True Lithuania". www.truelithuania.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  204. ^ "Europe :: Luxembourg — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  205. ^ "Luxembourg" (PDF).
  206. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Macau — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  207. ^ "Mosques in Macau". www.muslim2china.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  208. ^ "Africa :: Madagascar — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  209. ^ "Madagascar". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  210. ^ "Africa :: Malawi — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  211. ^ "Malawi Facts and Figures | RIPPLE Africa". Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  212. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Malaysia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  213. ^ "Table 3.3: Total Maldivian Population by Islands, Census 2014 and Registered Population 2018" (PDF). National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  214. ^ "Africa :: Mali — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  215. ^ "Europe :: Malta — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  216. ^ "MaltaToday Easter survey". MaltaToday. 2016. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  217. ^ "Australia – Oceania :: Marshall Islands — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  218. ^ "Africa :: Mauritania — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  219. ^ "Africa :: Mauritius — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  220. ^ "CIA – The World Factbook". 21 September 2012. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  221. ^ "North America :: Mexico — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  222. ^ "The Future of the Global Muslim Population – Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life". 9 February 2011. Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  223. ^ "Europe :: Moldova — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  224. ^ "Moldova Religion Facts & Stats". www.nationmaster.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  225. ^ "Europe :: Monaco — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  226. ^ "Religion in Monaco". Studycountry. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  227. ^ "East Asia/Southeast Asia :: Mongolia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  228. ^ "Mongolia". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  229. ^ "Europe :: Montenegro — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  230. ^ "Central America :: Montserrat — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  231. ^ "Africa :: Morocco — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  232. ^ "Africa :: Mozambique — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  233. ^ Reporter, Staff. "Mozambique fears growth of Islam". The M&G Online. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  234. ^ "The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  235. ^ "Statistics Netherlands" (PDF). www.cbs.nl. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  236. ^ Dominique Lewis (May 2013). "Nigeria Round 5 codebook (2012)" (PDF). Afrobarometer. Afrobarometer. p. 62. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  237. ^ "Africa :: Nigeria — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  238. ^ "Europe :: Macedonia — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  239. ^ "Middle East OMAN". CIA The World Factbook.
  240. ^ "RESULTS OF CENSUS - 2017" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  241. ^ "POPULATION BY RELIGION" (PDF). www.pbs.gov.pk. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  242. ^ Philippines. 2013 Report on International Religious Freedom (Report). United States Department of State. 28 July 2014. SECTION I. RELIGIOUS DEMOGRAPHY. The 2000 survey states that Islam is the largest minority religion, constituting approximately 5 percent of the population. A 2012 estimate by the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF), however, states that there are 10.7 million Muslims, which is approximately 11 percent of the total population.
  243. ^ "Table 1.10; Household Population by Religious Affiliation and by Sex; 2010" (PDF). 2015 Philippine Statistical Yearbook. East Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority: 1–30. October 2015. ISSN 0118-1564. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  244. ^ https://stat.gov.pl/files/gfx/portalinformacyjny/pl/defaultaktualnosci/5515/1/19/1/maly_rocznik_statystyczny_polski_2018.pdf
  245. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  246. ^ "REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO 2015 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT" (PDF).
  247. ^ "Religious Intelligence – Country Profile: Reunion (Department of Reunion)". 28 February 2008. Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  248. ^ Johnstone, Patrick (17 January 2014). "200000"0+muslims#v=onepage&q=romania%20"200000"0%20muslims&f=false The Future of the Global Church: History, Trends and Possiblities. ISBN 9780830856954.
  249. ^ "Closed streets, sea of people: 200,000+ Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr in Moscow". RT. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  250. ^ "Islam in Russia". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  251. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  252. ^ "The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  253. ^ "Sao Tome and Principe". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  254. ^ "Africa :: Senegal — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  255. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  256. ^ "Africa :: Seychelles — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  257. ^ "Sierra Leone". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  258. ^ "The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  259. ^ "Demographic Characteristics, Education, Language and Religion" (PDF), Singapore Census 2010, Statistical Release 1, p. 11, retrieved 1 April 2015
  260. ^ "The Global Religious Landscape" (PDF). Pew Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
  261. ^ "General Household Survey 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  262. ^ "Africa :: South Africa — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  263. ^ "South Sudanese Muslims". insamer.com. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  264. ^ "A3 : Population by religion according to districts, 2012". Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  265. ^ "Sudan Overview". UNDP. Retrieved 2 April 2013.[dead link]
  266. ^ [1]
  267. ^ "The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  268. ^ "Population résidante permanente âgée de 15 ans ou plus selon l'appartenance religieuse" (XLS) (official site) (in German, French, and Italian). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office FSO. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  269. ^ a b "The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010–2050". Pew Research Center. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  270. ^ "- Taiwan Government Entry Point". Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  271. ^ "Halal Restaurants & Food in Taiwan – Crescentrating". Crescentrating. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  272. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  273. ^ "Religious Composition by Country, 2010–2050". 2 April 2015.
  274. ^ "Religions in Tajikistan – PEW-GRF". www.globalreligiousfutures.org.
  275. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  276. ^ "Population by religion, region and area, 2015" (PDF). NSO. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  277. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  278. ^ "The World Factbook". Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  279. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  280. ^ "UGANDA" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 August 2017.
  281. ^ "The Future of the Global Muslim Population". 27 January 2011.
  282. ^ "The Future of the Global Muslim Population". 27 January 2011.
  283. ^ "The World Factbook". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  284. ^ "United Arab Emirates International Religious Freedom Report". Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Archived from the original on 23 November 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
  285. ^ "New estimates show U.S. Muslim population continues to grow". Pew Research Center. 3 January 2018. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  286. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  287. ^ a b "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  288. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  289. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  290. ^ "Western Sahara". Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures Project. Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 17 October 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  291. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  292. ^ "Yemen". WikiShia. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  293. ^ Inter Censal Demography Survey 2017 Report, Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (2017)
  294. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". 27 January 2011.
  295. ^ electricpulp.com. "CENTRAL ASIA ii. Demography – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  296. ^ "Sense and sensibility in South Asia". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  297. ^ "The Muslim question". Times of India Blog. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  298. ^ "Region: South Asia". Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  299. ^ Editor, Daniel Burke, CNN Religion. "The moment American Muslims were waiting for". Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  300. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations, 2010 and 2050date=2015-04-02". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  301. ^ Yusuf, Imtiyaz. "The Middle East and Muslim Southeast Asia: Implications of the Arab Spring". Oxford Islamic Studies.
  302. ^ Ghazali, Abdus Sattar. "The Politics of American Muslim demographics". www.milligazette.com. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  303. ^ "THE GLOBAL RELIGIOUS LANDSCAPE: Muslims". pewforum. Retrieved 18 December 2012.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]