ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships

The ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships are an international event in canoeing, one of two Summer Olympic sport events organized by the International Canoe Federation (the other being the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships). The World Championships have taken place every non-Olympic year since 1970 and officially included paracanoe events since 2010; since 2012, paracanoe-specific editions of this event (named ICF Paracanoe World Championships) have been held in Summer Paralympic years.

Prior to November 2008, canoe sprint was known as flatwater racing.

Explanation of events[edit]

Canoe sprint competitions are broken up into canoe (C), an open canoe with a single-blade paddle, or in kayaks (K), a closed canoe with a double-bladed paddle. Each canoe or kayak can hold one person (1), two people (2), or four people (4). For each of the specific canoes or kayaks, such as a K-1 (kayak single), the competition distances can be 200 metres (660 ft), 500 metres (1,600 ft), 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), or 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) long. When a competition is listed as a C-2 500 m event as an example, it means two people are in a canoe competing at a 500 metres (1,600 ft) distance.[1]

Paracanoe competitions are contested in either a va'a (V), an outrigger canoe (which includes a second pontoon) with a single-blade paddle, or in a kayak (as above). All international competitions are held over 200 metres in single-man boats, with three event classes in both types of vessel for men and women depending on the level of an athlete's impairment. The lower the classification number, the more severe the impairment is – for example, VL1 is a va'a competition for those with particularly severe impairments.[2]

Summary[edit]

     ICF Paracanoe World Championships (paracanoe events only)

Number Year City Country Events
1 1938 Vaxholm  Sweden 12
2 1948 London  Great Britain 5
3 1950 Copenhagen  Denmark 15
4 1954 Mâcon  France 15
5 1958 Prague  Czechoslovakia 15
6 1963 Jajce  Yugoslavia 16
7 1966 East Berlin  East Germany 16
8 1970 Copenhagen  Denmark 16
9 1971 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 18
10 1973 Tampere  Finland 18
11 1974 Mexico City  Mexico 18
12 1975 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 18
13 1977 Sofia  Bulgaria 18
14 1978 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 18
15 1979 Duisburg  West Germany 18
16 1981 Nottingham  Great Britain 18
17 1982 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 18
18 1983 Tampere  Finland 18
19 1985 Mechelen  Belgium 18
20 1986 Montréal  Canada 18
21 1987 Duisburg  West Germany 18
22 1989 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 22
23 1990 Poznań  Poland 22
24 1991 Paris  France 22
25 1993 Copenhagen  Denmark 22
26 1994 Mexico City  Mexico 24
27 1995 Duisburg  Germany 24
28 1997 Dartmouth  Canada 26
29 1998 Szeged  Hungary 26
30 1999 Milan  Italy 26
31 2001 Poznań  Poland 27
32 2002 Seville  Spain 27
33 2003 Gainesville  United States 27
34 2005 Zagreb  Croatia 27
35 2006 Szeged  Hungary 27
36 2007 Duisburg  Germany 27
37 2009 Dartmouth  Canada 27
38 2010 Poznań  Poland 28 + 7
39 2011 Szeged  Hungary 29 + 8
2012 Poznań  Poland 11
40 2013 Duisburg  Germany 29 + 12
41 2014 Moscow  Russia 29 + 12
42 2015 Milan  Italy 26 + 12
2016 Duisburg  Germany 12
43 2017 Račice  Czech Republic 27 + 12
44 2018 Montemor-o-Velho  Portugal 30 + 12
45 2019 Szeged  Hungary 30 + 12
2020 Duisburg  Germany
46 2021 Copenhagen  Denmark
47 2022 Dartmouth  Canada
  • Events exclude Exhibition events.

Lists of medalists[edit]

Medal table[edit]

This medal table includes all events except the paracanoe (formerly paddleability) and the exhibition events. The current historical medal count of the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships as the 2019 championships is as follows:

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Hungary216158141515
2 Germany (1938, 1991–present)1349975308
3 Soviet Union (1958–91)1028066248
4 East Germany (1958–90)733636145
5 Russia (1993–present)545549158
6 Romania527667195
7 Canada33212478
8 Poland328373188
9 Sweden313845114
10 Belarus (1993–present)28333697
11 Spain17273680
12 New Zealand1711533
13 Australia16171851
14 Slovakia (1993–present)1691136
15 Denmark15181952
16 Italy13201649
17 West Germany (1954–90)13192456
18 Norway13141542
19 France12172554
20 Czech Republic (1993–present)10291857
21 Great Britain10151540
22 Bulgaria9162651
23 Czechoslovakia (1938–91)9152145
24 Ukraine (1993–present)8122949
25 Yugoslavia (1948–91)88521
26 Lithuania (1993–present)861125
27 Finland73313
28 United States65314
29 Brazil60713
30 Austria561324
31 Azerbaijan (1993–present)48113
32 China47718
33 Portugal43512
34 Cuba39820
35 Serbia (2006–present)361322
36 Uzbekistan (1993–present)23813
37 Israel2125
38 Latvia (1993–present)2013
39 Belgium1326
40 Mexico1023
41 Saar (1954) [a]1001
 Serbia and Montenegro (2003–05)1001
43 Netherlands0448
44 Argentina0325
45 Slovenia (1993–present)0257
46 Moldova (1993–present)0224
47 Chile0123
48 Georgia (1993–present)0112
49 South Africa0033
50 Iran0011
 Ireland0011
 Japan0011
 Kazakhstan0011
Totals (53 nations)100199910043004
Note
  • ^[a] Therese Zens represented Saar when she won a gold medal in 1954. This is recorded for West Germany in the official tables.

See also[edit]

References[edit]