The ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships are an international event in canoeing, one of two Summer Olympic sport events organized by the International Canoe Federation (the other being the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships). The World Championships have taken place every non-Olympic year since 1970 and officially included paracanoe events since 2010; since 2012, paracanoe-specific editions of this event (named ICF Paracanoe World Championships) have been held in Summer Paralympic years.
Prior to November 2008, canoe sprint was known as flatwater racing.
Explanation of events
Canoe sprint competitions are broken up into canoe (C), an open canoe with a single-blade paddle, or in kayaks (K), a closed canoe with a double-bladed paddle. Each canoe or kayak can hold one person (1), two people (2), or four people (4). For each of the specific canoes or kayaks, such as a K-1 (kayak single), the competition distances can be 200 metres (660 ft), 500 metres (1,600 ft), 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), or 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) long. When a competition is listed as a C-2 500 m event as an example, it means two people are in a canoe competing at a 500 metres (1,600 ft) distance.
Paracanoe competitions are contested in either a va'a (V), an outrigger canoe (which includes a second pontoon) with a single-blade paddle, or in a kayak (as above). All international competitions are held over 200 metres in single-man boats, with three event classes in both types of vessel for men and women depending on the level of an athlete's impairment. The lower the classification number, the more severe the impairment is – for example, VL1 is a va'a competition for those with particularly severe impairments.
ICF Paracanoe World Championships (paracanoe events only)
- Events exclude Exhibition events.
Lists of medalists
- List of ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships medalists in men's Canadian
- List of ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships medalists in women's Canadian
- List of ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships medalists in men's kayak
- List of ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships medalists in women's kayak
- List of ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships medalists in paracanoe
This medal table includes all events except the paracanoe (formerly paddleability) and the exhibition events. The current historical medal count of the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships as the 2019 championships is as follows:
|2||Germany (1938, 1991–present)||134||99||75||308|
|3||Soviet Union (1958–91)||102||80||66||248|
|4||East Germany (1958–90)||73||36||36||145|
|17||West Germany (1954–90)||13||19||24||56|
|20||Czech Republic (1993–present)||10||29||18||57|
|41||Saar (1954) [a]||1||0||0||1|
|Serbia and Montenegro (2003–05)||1||0||0||1|
|Totals (53 nations)||1001||999||1004||3004|
- ^[a] Therese Zens represented Saar when she won a gold medal in 1954. This is recorded for West Germany in the official tables.
- International Canoe Federation
- ICF Canoe Marathon World Championship
- ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships
- ICF Junior & U23 Canoe World Championships
- Malabar River Festival
- 2008 ICF Congress on change from flatwater racing to canoe sprint. – accessed 30 November 2008.
- "The Board of Directors Wrap Up in Windsor".[permanent dead link] – International Canoe Federation (5 December 2009) – accessed 18 December 2009.
- "ICF medalists for Olympic and World Championships – Part 1: flatwater (now sprint): 1936–2007" (PDF). Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2019.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "ICF medalists for Olympic and World Championships – Part 2: rest of flatwater (now sprint) and remaining canoeing disciplines: 1936–2007" (PDF). Archived from the original on 9 November 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2019.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)