Henry Joel Scudder

Henry Joel Scudder
Henry J. Scudder.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Preceded byDwight Townsend
Succeeded byHenry B. Metcalfe
Personal details
Born(1825-09-18)September 18, 1825
Northport, New York, U.S.
DiedFebruary 10, 1886(1886-02-10) (aged 60)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Louisa Henrietta Davies
(m. 1853; her death 1864)

Emma Willard
(m. 1866; his death 1886)
RelationsTownsend Scudder (nephew)
ParentsHenry Scudder
Elizabeth Hewlett
Alma materTrinity College
Known forFounder of Scudder & Carter

Henry Joel Scudder (September 18, 1825 – February 10, 1886)[1] was a United States Representative from New York.[2]

Early life[edit]

Born in Northport. He was the son of Henry Scudder (1778–1863) and Elizabeth (née Hewlett) Scudder (1792–1870).[1] His paternal grandparents were Henry Scudder (1743–1822), of Crab Meadow in Long Island, and Phebe Carll Scudder (1743–1821).[1][3] His nephew, Townsend Scudder (July–1960),[4] was a judge and also a U.S. Representative from New York.[2] His maternal grandfather was Divine Hewlett.[3]

Scudder was descended from Thomas Scudder, who immigrated to Salem, Massachusetts from Kent in 1630,[5] and was related to fellow U.S. Congressmen Tredwell Scudder.[6]

He attended the district school and Huntington Academy. He graduated from Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut in 1846.[2]


Following his graduation from Trinity, he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1848 and practiced in New York City. In 1854, he founded the law firm of Scudder & Carter, which is now known as Carter Ledyard & Milburn. He was commissioned captain in the Thirty-seventh Regiment of the New York National Guard in 1862 and served throughout the Civil War.[2]

Scudder was elected as a Republican to the Forty-third Congress, holding office from March 4, 1873 to March 3, 1875. While in Congress, he was assigned to the Committee on War Claims.[7] He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1874 and was a trustee of Trinity College for over twenty years. He resumed the practice of law in New York City,[2] where he was principal counsel for the Standard Oil Company.[7]

In 1876, he was a candidate for Judge of the Superior Court of New York.[8] In 1884, the Republicans of Suffolk County again tried to persuade Scudder to accept the nomination for Judge.[9]

Personal life[edit]

On June 21, 1853, Scudder was married to Louisa Henrietta Davies (1834–1864),[1] the daughter of Prof. Charles Davies of the United States Military Academy.[3] Together, they were the parents of:[2]

  • Henry Townsend Scudder (1854–1937),[10] a Reverend who was married to Margaret Mott Weeks (1863–1933),[11] the daughter of Jacob Mott Weeks.[5]
  • Charles Davies Scudder (1856–1892),[12] a physician in New York City[7] who married Louisa Wardner Evarts (1861–1937),[13] the daughter of former Senator William M. Evarts, in 1883.[14][15]
  • Edward Mansfield Scudder (1858–1944),[16] a Trinity graduate who was also a lawyer and died unmarried.[7][17][18]
  • Mary English Scudder (1859–1882), who died unmarried at age 22.[19]
  • Elizabeth Scudder (1861–1865), who died young.

After his first wife's death, he remarried to Emma Willard (1835–1893)[20] in 1866.[2][20] Emma was the daughter of John Hart Willard (1810–1883) and a granddaughter of Emma Willard, who founded the Emma Willard School in Troy, New York.[3][21] Together, they were the parents of six children, including:[22]

Scudder died at his residence on East 22nd Street on February 10, 1886 in New York City.[7] He was buried in the family cemetery at Northport.[2] His funeral, held at Calvary Church in New York, was attended by Joseph Hodges Choate, Sen. William M. Evarts, Mayor Grace, ex-Chief Justice Charles P. Daly, William Allen Butler, James C. Carter, Aaron J. Vanderpoel, Elihu Root, Elbridge Thomas Gerry, Col. George Bliss, Benjamin H. Bristow, and Clarence A. Seward.[28]


  1. ^ a b c d The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. The Society. 1912. p. 230. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "SCUDDER, Henry Joel - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Burke, Arthur Meredyth (1908). The Prominent Families of the United States of America. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 160. ISBN 9780806313085. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Totunsend Scudder Dies at 95; Ex-State Supreme Court Justice; Sentenced Snyder and Gray to Death in 1927--Served Two Terms in the House". The New York Times. 23 February 1960. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  5. ^ a b Mathews, John (2012). Mathews' American Armoury and Blue Book. p. 21. ISBN 9780956815774. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  6. ^ Ross, Peter; Beck, Juergen (2009). A History of Long Island, Vol. 3. North Charleston, SC. ISBN 9783849678920. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Henry J. Scudder". The New York Times. 11 February 1886. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  8. ^ "HON. HENRY J. SCUDDER". The New York Times. 1 November 1876. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  9. ^ "DELEGATES FOR HENRY J. SCUDDER". The New York Times. 1 October 1884. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  10. ^ "REV. HENRY SCUDDER, RECTOR EMERITUS, 82; Retired Leader of Episcopal Church in Tarrytown Had Been in Ministry 60 Years". The New York Times. 14 July 1937. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  11. ^ "DIED. SCUDDER--Margaret M." The New York Times. 29 September 1933. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  12. ^ "SUICIDE OF DR. C.D. SCUDDER.; PUT A DAGGER THROUGH HIS HEART AT NORTHPORT, L.I." The New York Times. 20 July 1892. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  13. ^ "MRS. CHARLES D. SCUDDER". The New York Times. 5 March 1937. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Dr. Scudder's Funeral". The New York Times. 22 July 1892. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  15. ^ Sherman, Thomas Townsend (1920). Sherman Genealogy Including Families of Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk, England: Some Descendants of the Immigrants, Captain John Sherman, Reverend John Sherman, Edmund Sherman and Samuel Sherman, and the Descendents of Honorable Roger Sherman and Honorable Charles R. Sherman. T. A. Wright. p. 381. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  16. ^ "DIED. SCUDDER, Edward Mansfield". The New York Times. 6 September 1944. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  17. ^ Trinity College (Hartford Conn.) (1888). Catalogue of the Officers and Students. p. 53. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  18. ^ Trinity College Bulletin, 1944-1945 (Necrology). Trinity College Bulletin and Catalogues. July 1, 1945. p. 354. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  19. ^ "Mary English Scudder b. 21 Sep 1859 New York d. 22 Jan 1882: Scudder Association". tng.scudder.org. The Scudder Association. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  20. ^ a b c d e Fairbanks, Mary J. Mason (1898). Emma Willard and Her Pupils: Or, Fifty Years of Troy Female Seminary, 1822-1872. Mrs. R. Sage. pp. 629–630. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  21. ^ "Emma Hart Willard Family Papers, 1819-1961 (Bulk: 1820-1880)". asteria.fivecolleges.edu. Amherst College Archives and Special Collections. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  22. ^ a b Yale University Class of 1896 (1907). Decennial Record. Yale University. pp. 561–563. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  23. ^ "WILLARD SCUDDER, 69, INSTRUCTOR, IS DEAD; Master at St. Paul's School for 43 Years Stricken as He Chats With Friends". The New York Times. 2 June 1936. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  24. ^ "250 ROUTED BY FIRE FROM BOSTON HOTEL; Actresses and Others, Many in Night Clothes, Flee from the Lenox. SHOCK FATAL TO ONE GUEST Heyward Scudder, of Northport, L. I., Found Dead;-Ex-Governor Walsh Escapes. Ex-Governor Walsh Escapes. Sheltered in B.A.A. Building". The New York Times. 11 February 1917. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  25. ^ Leonard, John William (1914). Woman's Who's Who of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporary Women of the United States and Canada, 1914-1915. American Commonwealth Company. p. 454. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  26. ^ "WEDDINGS OF A DAY | Keyes -- Scudder". The New York Times. 18 November 1898. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  27. ^ "HEWLETT SCUDDER, G.E. EX-AIDE, DIES; Attorney in Charge of Foreign Patents, 1911-42, Once an Assistant to Steinmetz JOINED COMPANY IN 1903 Held Post With International Subsidiary -- Father Was Representative, Lawyer". The New York Times. 1 August 1942. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  28. ^ "FUNERAL OF HENRY J. SCUDDER". The New York Times. 13 February 1886. Retrieved 9 November 2017.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Dwight Townsend
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Henry B. Metcalfe