Help:IPA/Walloon

The chart below shows how the International Phonetic Alphabet(IPA) represents Walloon language pronunciation in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-wa}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants[1]
  IPA   Examples English approximation
b barbôjhe bin
ç schåyî[2] hue
χ Scottish loch, German Bach
d deût do
djanvî jeep
f f festival
ɡ gayole, gueuye gain
h[2] hagnon hatch
k stoumak, cwand sky
l lére loo
m monde moo
n nawe no
ɲ dignité roughly like canyon
p aprinde spy
ʀ arester French frère
s[3] sûner, cénk, çoula, dissu sing
ʃ chal, shijhinme,[3] xhaxhler[2] shelf
t tins stop
tchestea chip
v vint love
z zûner zoo
ʒ jhon[2] leisure
Semivowels
j yebe, beacôp yes
w walon, moes wind
Vowels[4]
  IPA   Examples English approximation
Short vowels
a gade RP pat
e évôs hey
ɛ efant, dalaedje bet
ɪ pitit kit
ɔ soris off
ø djeu bird
ʊ atouwer book
y pus Scottish cute, French rue
Long vowels
ɑː[5] djåzer, diâle large or board
ɛː[6] gaiyté, fêye bed or Scottish bait
pî see
rôze board
[7] n cool
ût Scottish cute, French rue, but longer
Nasal vowels
ɑ̃[5] blanc croissant
bén roughly like ring
ɛ̃[6] rinde Chopin
ɔ̃ djondou roughly like American bone
œ̃ djun roughly like sung

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Walloon consonants are devoiced word-finally, i.e. /d/ changes to [t], /dʒ/ to [tʃ], /z/ to [s], and so on. This is not shown in the spelling.
  2. ^ a b c d The groups ⟨sch⟩, ⟨jh⟩ and ⟨xh⟩ are all realized as simply [h] in certain dialects. ⟨sch⟩ may also surface as [ʃ] or [sk].
  3. ^ a b The digraph ⟨sh⟩ is pronounced [s] in some varieties, [ʃ] in others.
  4. ^ As in French, stress always falls on the last vowel in Walloon.
  5. ^ a b /ɑː/ and /ɑ̃/ show variation with []/[ɔː]/[] and [ɔ̃], respectively.
  6. ^ a b Open-mid /ɛː/ and /ɛ̃/ may be close-mid [eː] and [ẽ].
  7. ^ Merges with [] in some dialects.

References[edit]