It provides a set of symbols to represent the pronunciation of Turkish in Wikipedia articles, and example words that illustrate the sounds that correspond to them. Integrity must be maintained between the key and the transcriptions that link here. Do not change any of the symbols or their values without establishing consensus on the talk page first, so that no discrepancies between the key and transcriptions are made.
^ abcde[c]~[k], [ɟ]~[ɡ], [l]~[ɫ] only contrast in loan words before ⟨â, û⟩ vs. ⟨a, u⟩; in native words, [c, ɟ, l] occur before the front vowels (/e/, /i/, /ø/, /y/), while [k, ɡ, ɫ] occur before the back vowels (/a/, /o/, /u/, /ɯ/).
^ abIn Turkish, the letter ⟨ğ⟩ (also called yumuşak g, 'soft g') indicates a number of different sounds, depending on context:
in syllable-initial positions, is silent and indicates a syllable break, for example: ağır ('heavy') [aˈɯɾ], ağa ('Agha') [aˈa].
in other positions, indicates the lengthening of the preceding vowel, for example: dağ ('mountain') [daː], doğru ('true') [doːɾu].
if the lengthened vowel is /e/, it sounds like [j], for example: eğlence ('fun') [ejlænˈdʒe]
in proper names where it may appear following a consonant, it is treated as a ⟨g⟩, for example: Olğun[oɫˈɡun]
^[ɲ] appears as an allophone of /n/ before the consonants [ɟ] and [c].
^[ŋ] appears as an allophone of /n/ before the consonants [ɡ] and [k].
^Allophone of /e/ before liquids [l, m, n, ɾ] in coda/syllable-final position, and in the suffix -mez
^In Turkish proper, proper nouns are typically stressed on the 2nd or 3rd last syllable (see Sezer stress), and other words (excepting certain unstressed suffixes and stressed verb tenses) are stressed on the last syllable.
^Düzeltme işareti (Turkish for "correction mark") ⟨^⟩ is a sign which indicates both the vowel length and indicates if the letter ⟨k⟩ represents [c], if the letter ⟨g⟩ represents [ɟ] and the letter ⟨l⟩ represents [l] before the back vowels [a] and [u]. Yet the düzeltme işareti is primarily used for indicating palatalization instead of length. For example, the word katil means "murder" when pronounced as [kaˈtil], yet it means "killer" when pronounced as [kaːˈtil]. The letter ⟨a⟩ is left unmarked even if it is long, because the sound /k/ doesn't become /c/ in this case. ⟨î⟩ is an exception, as it only indicates the vowel length.
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