Help:IPA/Bengali

Charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Bengali pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-bn}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Bengali phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Bengali.

Key[edit]

Consonants
IPA Bengali Examples Approximate English equivalent
b বালি abash
bʱ ভীরু abhor
d দা the
dʱ ধারা without
ɖ ডুমুর guard
ɖʱ ঢো guardhouse
জ, য[1] বন hedge
ʱ ঝা hedgehog
ɡ agate
ɡʱ বাঘা pigheaded
ɦ হ, ঃ হা head
k লম scan
kʰ শাখা can
l মালিনী leaf
m মানুষ much
n ন, ণ, ঞ নীলা বা not
ŋ ঙ, ং বাঙালি bank
p পাকা span
pʰ naphtha
(in this case, ph is not pronounced as [f])
r[2] বিরা trilled r
ɽ ড়, ঢ় ড়ো দৃঢ় US: larder
s সেলাম sue
ʃ শ, ষ, স শা ষাময় shoe
t ত, ৎ মাল উ think
tʰ থাবা thought
ʈ art
ʈʰ কাঠুরে artist
মুচি catch
ʰ ছাগল choose
Vowels
IPA Bengali Examples Approximate English equivalent
a আ, পা ঙিনা father
ɛ অ্যা, প্যা, এ, পে ত্যাখেলা bat
e এ, পে মেদিনী bed
i ই, পি, ঈ, পী দিদী very
o ও, পো, অ, প জন ঙ্কুর sole
ɔ অ, প মর off
u উ, পু, ঊ, পূ কুকূ look
 ̃ ইঁদুর nasal vowel
([ã], [õ], etc.)
Semivowels
য় খায়
ভা
যা হায়া
ঝা
Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ stress
(placed before stressed syllable)
ː doubled consonant

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ ⟩ and ⟨⟩ may represent a voiced affricate // in Standard Bengali words of native origin, but they can also represent /z/ in foreign words and names (জাকাত [zakat] 'zakah charity', আজিজ [aziz] 'Aziz'). However, many speakers usually replace /z/ with /dʒ/.
  2. ^ The alveolar trill [r] usually occurs at the start of words although it may be replaced by an alveolar tap [ɾ], especially in the middle and end of words.

Bibliography[edit]