Heinz Lammerding

Heinz Lammerding
Lammerding.jpg
Born(1905-08-27)27 August 1905
Died13 January 1971(1971-01-13) (aged 65)
Known forTulle murders
Oradour-sur-Glane massacre
Criminal chargeWar crimes
PenaltyDeath penalty in absentia
SS career
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branch Waffen SS
Years of service1933–45
RankSS-Gruppenführer
Commands heldSS Division Das Reich
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Heinz Lammerding (27 August 1905 – 13 January 1971) was an SS functionary and war criminal during the Nazi era. During World War II, he commanded the SS Division Das Reich that perpetrated the Tulle and the Oradour-sur-Glane massacres in occupied France. After the war, Lammerding was convicted in absentia for having ordered the murder of approximately 750 French civilians, but remained protected by Germany after serving a prison sentence there.

War-crimes trial[edit]

In 1953, he was tried in France for war crimes, for ordering two massacres in 1944: at Tulle and at Oradour-sur-Glane. He was sentenced to death in absentia by the court of Bordeaux, but he was never extradited from West Germany[1] nor was he ever sentenced by a German court.

According to Danny S. Parker, Lammerding had already been tried in West Germany, convicted of war crimes and had served a prison sentence. He, therefore, was not subject to extradition under the Bonn constitution, much to the consternation of the French. They threatened to send in a commando unit to seize him, as the Israelis did in the case of Adolf Eichmann. Before this could occur, Lammerding died in 1971.[2]

His funeral in 1971 turned into a large reunion of former SS 'comrades'.[3]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Parker, Danny S. (2014). Hitler's Warrior: The Life and Wars of SS Colonel Jochen Peiper. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0306821547.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Obergruppenführer Walter Krüger
Commander of SS Division Das Reich
23 October 1943 – 24 July 1944
Succeeded by
SS-Standartenführer Christian Tychsen
Preceded by
SS-Brigadeführer Otto Baum
Commander of SS Division Das Reich
23 October 1944 – 20 January 1945
Succeeded by
SS-Standartenführer Karl Kreutz