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Guardian Angel of Portugal
|Angel of Peace, of the Motherland and of the Eucharist|
|Venerated in||Portugal, Catholic Church|
|Major shrine||Sanctuary of Fátima|
|Attributes||Archangel carrying the Portuguese Shield|
The Guardian Angel of Portugal (Portuguese: Anjo da Guarda de Portugal) is also referred to as the Angel of Portugal (Anjo de Portugal), the Holy Guardian Angel of Portugal (Santo Anjo da Guarda de Portugal), the Custodian Angel (Anjo Custódio) or the Angel of Peace (Anjo da Paz). Portugal celebrates the feast of "the Angel of Portugal" on June 10.
Construction began on Batalha Monastery in 1386. The east wall of the chapel had an altar dedicated to the Guardian Angel of Portugal. In 1504, by request of King Manuel I of Portugal, Pope Julius II created the feast of the Custodian Angel of the Kingdom (Anjo Custódio do Reino), whose cult would already be ancient in Portugal.
Devotion to the Guardian Angel of Portugal almost disappeared after the 17th century but was restored in 1952, being inserted into the Portuguese Liturgical Calendar by Pius XII.
The angel made his first appearance in the Battle of Ourique, and its devotion gave such a victory to D. Afonso Henriques's forces on the Muslim invaders that gave him the opportunity to self-proclaim himself King of Portugal.
Apparitions in Fátima, 1916
In her Memoirs, the Portuguese Carmelite nun Sister Lúcia, seer of Our Lady of Fátima, tells that, between April and October, 1916, an angel appeared three times to her and to Francisco and Jacinta Marto, in Fátima, Portugal, inviting them to prayer and penitence. The angel identified himself as "the Angel of Peace" and "your country['s] ... Angel Guardian, the Angel of Portugal."
- "Guardian Angel of "You and the People" (cf. Ex 33,1-4)", Opus Angelorum
- Karl Baedeker. Spain and Portugal: Handbook for Travellers, 1898, p. 558
- Horgan, Rev. John (2018-05-18). "The Angel of Fatima, a Messenger of Peace". Catholic Exchange. Retrieved 2019-05-27.