Gloria Rachel Bloom
July 3, 1941
|Education||University of Pennsylvania (BA)|
New York University (MA)
Southwestern Law School
Loyola Marymount University (JD)
|Occupation||Attorney, human rights activist|
|Employer||Allred, Maroko & Goldberg|
Peyton Huddleston Bray Jr.
(m. 1960; div. 1962)
(m. 1968; div. 1987)
Gloria Rachel Allred (née Bloom; born July 3, 1941) is an American women's rights attorney notable for taking high-profile and often controversial cases, particularly those involving the protection of women's rights.
Early life and education
Gloria Rachel Bloom was born into a Jewish working-class family of Philadelphia on July 3, 1941. Her father, Morris, worked as a salesman; her British-born mother, Stella, was a housewife. After graduating from the Philadelphia High School for Girls, she attended the University of Pennsylvania, where she met her first husband, Peyton Huddleston Bray Jr. The couple had their only child, Lisa Bloom, on September 20, 1961, and divorced shortly after. Bloom is also an attorney and is best known as a former Court TV anchor.
Gloria Bloom moved back in with her parents and continued her education. In 1963, she earned a bachelor's degree in English, graduating with honors. Over strong objections from her professor, she wrote her honors thesis on black writers. She tried her hand at a variety of jobs before she decided to become a teacher, taking a position at Benjamin Franklin High School. She began work on a graduate degree at New York University, where she became interested in the civil rights movement. After earning a master's degree, she became a teacher and, in 1966, moved to Los Angeles, California, and lived in Watts. She worked for the Los Angeles Teachers Association and taught at Jordan High School and Fremont High School.
In her autobiography she describes how, during a vacation in Acapulco in 1966, she was raped at gunpoint. She discovered she was pregnant and sought an abortion. Abortion was illegal for doctors to perform at the time so Allred had a back-alley abortion. After undergoing the procedure, she began hemorrhaging and became infected, only recovering after being hospitalized. She did not report the rape, she said, because she didn't think anyone would believe her.
In 1968, she married William Allred. She enrolled in Southwestern University School of Law and later transferred to Loyola University School of Law at the Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles. Allred graduated and was admitted to the State Bar of California in 1975. Allred divorced her husband in 1987, retaining her married name.
In a legal career that has spanned four decades, Allred has represented a wide variety of clients in civil rights suits that have involved sexual harassment, women's rights, wrongful termination, and employment discrimination. The New Republic has called her "a longtime master of the press conference." She often takes high-profile cases, using press conferences and appearances on television to much effect. Allred has represented many clients in suits against celebrities, including those against Mötley Crüe drummer Tommy Lee, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Herman Cain, David Boreanaz, Scott Lee Cohen, Anthony Weiner, Sacha Baron Cohen,, Esai Morales, and R Kelly.
1970s and 1980s
Allred started the firm Allred, Maroko & Goldberg with fellow Loyola graduates Michael Maroko and Nathan Goldberg in January 1976. In 1979, Allred represented seven children and their parents in a lawsuit against the Sav-On Drugstore chain to stop the store from designating separate sections for boys and girls toys. In 1981, while California State Senator John G. Schmitz was leading hearings on outlawing abortion, Allred presented him with a chastity belt. Schmitz retaliated in a press release, calling her a "slick butch lawyeress." She sued him for libel, and eventually secured a settlement of $20,000 and an apology.
In 1985, Allred, along with Catharine MacKinnon, drafted a version of the Antipornography Civil Rights Ordinance for Los Angeles County. The legislation failed to pass the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. In 1987, Allred took on the then all-male Friars Club of Beverly Hills, an exclusive private club, over its membership discrimination policies. The Friars Club eventually allowed Allred and five other women to use the club's health facilities, after Allred displayed early skills in effective use of the media.
Allred wrote a letter to the Senate Ethics Committee in 1992 asking them to investigate the actions of Oregon Senator Bob Packwood, who had been the subject of a newspaper article that detailed his history of sexual harassment. She kept pressure on the Committee and urged Packwood to release his diaries. The Committee eventually voted for his expulsion, and he resigned.
In 1995, Allred represented eleven-year-old Katrina Yeaw in Yeaw v. Boy Scouts of America, a suit against the Boy Scouts of America to determine whether the organization had the right to exclude girls from being members. That same year, she represented Nicole Brown Simpson's family during the O. J. Simpson murder trial. In August 1997, she represented the model Kelly Fisher when she sued Dodi Fayed for allegedly breaking off their engagement to begin his highly publicized relationship with Diana, Princess of Wales. The suit was dropped not long after Diana and Fayed died in Paris that August.
Allred represented Melrose Place actress Hunter Tylo in 1997 when producer Aaron Spelling fired her because she was pregnant. A jury awarded Tylo $4.8 million. The case was important in establishing the rights of actors to continue work if they become pregnant.
After pop singer Michael Jackson held his son over a hotel balcony in Berlin in 2002, Allred wrote a letter to California's Child Protective Services, asking for an investigation into the safety of Jackson's children and spoke on CNN about the subject. She also briefly represented a young boy in 1993 who had accused Jackson of sexual abuse. Later in 2002, Allred represented the family of Gwen Araujo, a transgender teen who was brutally beaten to death when it was learned that she had been assigned male at birth.
In 2004, Allred represented Amber Frey when Frey was a witness in the criminal case against Scott Peterson. On February 24, 2004, Allred and her law firm, Allred, Maroko and Goldberg, filed the first lawsuit in California challenging the denial of marriage licenses for same gender couples as being unconstitutional. She took the case pro bono for Robin Tyler and Diane Olson and Rev. Troy Perry and his husband Phillip Ray De Blieck. The case went to the California Supreme Court where on May 15, 2008 she won a decision affirming the right of same sex couples to marry in California. She represented three former Circuit City employees on behalf of a large plaintiff class in an age discrimination lawsuit against that company after it fired 3,400 workers nationwide in April 2007.
In a March 2008 complaint against the TSA, Allred represented a client who was given pliers and told to remove her nipple rings at a Lubbock, Texas, airport. In April 2008, it was reported that she had been hired by the family of the teenager who had been beaten and filmed by eight Florida teenagers. She also appeared on Today with Jessica Gibson, who was counter-suing Rob Lowe for sexual harassment.
On July 30, 2008, Allred filed a complaint with federal regulators against Downey Savings and Loan Association regarding check-cashing procedures. Marc Retmier, a 19-year-old US Navy Hospitalman, was killed in action in Afghanistan in June 2008. Downey Savings refused to immediately cash his family's military bereavement checks, and Marc Retmier's family were forced to look elsewhere to secure funding necessary to pay for his funeral services.
In May of 2009, Allred filed a suit arguing Nadya Suleman was exploiting her octoplets. Allred asked for a court-appointed guardian, claiming the children's mother was not properly taking their interests into consideration. In December of the same year Allred was retained by Rachel Uchitel after media sources alleged Uchitel had been having an affair with married golfer Tiger Woods. Allred also represented Joslyn James, a pornographic actress and Woods's alleged mistress.
On May 14, 2010, in a news conference held at Allred's office, English actress Charlotte Lewis alleged that director Roman Polanski had sexually abused her in his Paris apartment when she was 16 years old. In June 2010 she was hired by Debrahlee Lorenzana, a former bank employee who had drawn wide public attention after alleging she was fired for being too attractive. In August 2010, Allred represented Jodie Fisher, whose sexual harassment claim revealed expense-account irregularities that led to the resignation of HP CEO Mark Hurd.
Allred was visible in the 2010 California Gubernatorial race, going public as the lawyer for Nicky Diaz, a former domestic worker for Republican nominee Meg Whitman. Allred contended that Whitman employed Diaz for years while knowing that Diaz was an undocumented immigrant.
On April 27, 2011, Allred appeared at a press conference with the family of Justin Quinn, who was allegedly threatened at a San Francisco Giants baseball game by Braves coach Roger McDowell. Quinn had objected to McDowell's uttering of homophobic slurs and use of a baseball bat to simulate a sex act in the presence of his daughters.
On October 18, 2011, Allred won court approval to represent nine former middle-aged cocktail waitresses who were fired from their jobs at Resorts Casino Hotel in Atlantic City, New Jersey after they "did not look good enough" in new uniforms modeled after 1920s-era Flapper outfits. Resorts had sought to bar Allred from the discrimination lawsuit, arguing in court papers that her "flamboyant and headline-grabbing antics" would add nothing to the case.
On March 9, 2012, Allred called for an investigation into whether radio host Rush Limbaugh should be prosecuted in Florida under a 19th-century law against "maliciously imputing to [any woman] a want of chastity" for derogatory remarks he made regarding Sandra Fluke, who testified before House Democrats to advocate for free birth control. Allred commented: "Mr. Limbaugh targeted his attack on a young law student who was simply exercised [sic] her free speech and her right to testify before congress on a very important issue to millions of American women and he vilified her. ... He needs to face the consequences of his conduct in every way that is meaningful." Allred did not represent Fluke or have contact with her at the time of her remarks nor did the prosecutor's office respond to request for comment.
Also in 2012, Allred took on the case of Jenna Talackova, a Canadian transgender woman who was challenging her disqualification from the Miss Universe Canada pageant for not being a "naturally born" female. The Miss Universe organization ultimately reversed its decision before the case proceeded to the courts. In June 2012 Allred confirmed that she is representing a former girlfriend of Rudy Eugene, Eugene being the now deceased cannibal of the 2012 Miami cannibalism incident.
On October 4, 2013 Allred was hired by the wife of a critically injured motorcyclist Edwin Mieses, who was run over by Alexian Lien during the Hollywood Stuntz gang assault. Lien ran over Mieses with his SUV while Lien was being surrounded and threatened by Mieses and his motorcycle gang on Manhattan's West Side Highway. Fellow bikers later caught up with Lien and assaulted him. Allred told the press that Mieses, who suffered spinal injuries and two broken legs, was an "innocent victim" who was trying to "defuse the situation".
Allred is representing at least 28 women who accuse Bill Cosby of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and/or other sexual misconduct. She is also representing three women who accuse Donald Trump of sexual misconduct — claims which Trump has denied, and which first arose during Trump's 2016 presidential campaign.
In 2017, former Allred client Kyle Hunter filed official complaints with both the State Bar of California and the District of Columbia Bar, alleging conflict of interest because Allred was in negotiations with CBS at the same time she was representing him in a lawsuit against CBS for employment discrimination. Allred issued a statement denying any wrongdoing and claiming the investigation was sparked by a failed extortion attempt.
On November 11, 2017, Allred held a press conference representing her client Beverly Young Nelson, as she made a statement alleging sexual assault perpetrated by Roy Moore when she was 16 years old.
Allred co-hosted a radio talkshow with Mark Taylor on KABC in Los Angeles for fourteen years. She also served as a panelist on the 1990 revival of television game show To Tell the Truth. On March 28, 2000, Allred was parodied on the animated TV show Family Guy, by a character named Gloria Ironbox voiced by Candice Bergen in an episode titled "I Am Peter, Hear Me Roar". Allred appears as herself in the 2001 film Rat Race. On May 21, 2001 she was parodied on The Simpsons episode "Behind The Laughter" portraying a lawyer at the family table for Lisa Simpson. On June 27, 2001, she was parodied on South Park's episode Cripple Fight.
On September 12, 2011, Allred debuted in the court TV show We the People with Gloria Allred, a show using improv actors to reenact fictitious case scenarios. In April 2013, Allred appeared on the reality show RuPaul's Drag Race, interviewing and advising the final three contestants on selling themselves as "America's Next Drag Superstar". On November 27, 2016 Allred appeared as herself on the Epix Tv show Graves.
Gloria divorced her husband William Allred (1968-1987). She is the mother of Lisa Bloom, her only child from her first marriage. Although she is Jewish, she does not consider herself particularly religious.
Allred's public statements and behavior have resulted in criticism. In 2012, The Atlantic described her as "the ambulance chaser of feminism" after she defended two women involved in a sexual battery lawsuit against actor John Travolta. The Daily Beast journalist Tricia Romano also labeled her as a "publicity hound." The New Republic journalist Jeffrey Rosen also described Allred as "a longtime master of the press conference."
- Allred, Gloria; Rybak, Deborah Caulfield (2006). Fight Back and Win: My Thirty-Year Fight Against Injustice and How You Can Win Your Own Battles. New York: ReganBooks. ISBN 978-0-06-073928-7. OCLC 62755633.
- "About Gloria Allred". Official website. gloriaallred.com. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-05.
- Tolentino, Jia (September 25, 2017). "Gloria Allred's Crusade". The New Yorker.
- "Hello, I'm Attorney Gloria Allred Los Angeles Magazine". 1 January 2012.
- "FamilySearch". www.familysearch.org.
- O'Neil, Ann (October 9, 2015). "Lawyer grilling Cosby 'goes after guys who hurt women'". CNN. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
- Winer, Laurie (June 20, 2010). "The Avenger". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-19.
- Bennetts, Leslie (June 1, 2010). "Gloria Allred's Fighting Spirit". Harper's Bazaar.
Peyton Bray, her blue-blooded husband, became abusive and had a mental breakdown, and by the time Allred was a senior, she was a divorced single mother.
- Nguyen, Khoi (November 1997). "Feminist Fatale". Los Angeles Magazine.
- Elsworth, Catherine (2007-10-14). "returned to Philadelphia to teach at a high school". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- Allred 2006, p. 16
- Allred 2006, p. 17
- Allred 2006, p. 18
- O'Neill, Ann (October 1, 2010). "The lawyer behind the accusers: Gloria Allred is a girl's best friend". CNN.
- O'Neill, Ann. "The lawyer behind the accusers: Gloria Allred is a girl's best friend". CNN.
- "The State Bar of California: Gloria Rachel Allred". 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2009.
- Harris, Scott (1992-02-26). "Sparks Fly in Allred vs. Allred". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- Rosen, Jeffrey (January 27, 2013). "The Very Private Jill Kelley". New Republic.
- "Miller v. Schwarzenegger complaint" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-17. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
- "Gloria Allred: A Career in Press Conferences". New York Magazine. Nov 8, 2011.
- "David Boreanaz Sued for Sexual Harassment". July 22, 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
- "David Boreanaz Settles Sexual Harassment Lawsuit". March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
- Sweet, Lynn; Maudlyne Ihejirika; Monifa Thomas; Mary Wisniewski (2010-02-07). "Scott Lee Cohen not fit to serve as Illinois lt. governor, ex-girlfriend says through Gloria Allred". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2010-09-04.
- "Porn star says Representative Weiner asked her to lie". reuters.com. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- Sweetingham, Lisa. "Etiquette expert is latest to lash out at 'Borat' creator, claiming humiliation". Court TV. Archived from the original on November 20, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-17.
- "Morales Denies Ex-Girlfriend's Claims". Washington Post. 2007-07-24. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
- Cydney Henderson (2019-03-10). "Gloria Allred reveals she's given investigators what looks like a third R. Kelly sex tape". USA Today. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
- Allred 2006, p. 19
- "Sav-On to Stop Designating Its Toys for Boys or Girls". Los Angeles Times. November 22, 1980. Retrieved 2013-01-30.
- Murphy, KIM (1986). "Sorry! : Gloria Allred Wins $20,000, Public Apology From Ex-Sen. Schmitz for '81 Press Release". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
- Connell, Rich. (February 27, 1985). "County to explore adoption of tough pornography law". Los Angeles Times.
- Duggan, Lisa; Hunter, Nan D. (1995). Sex Wars: Sexual Dissent And Political Culture. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-91037-8. p 250.
- Lyall, Sarah (Nov 28, 1987). "Woman, Denied Admittance at Friars Club, Files Complaint". New York Times.
- Reich, Kenneth (May 21, 1988). "Friars Agree to Let Women Use Health Facilities". Los Angeles Times.
- "Integrating the Friars Club: Interview with Gloria Allred". Big Think. July 13, 2010.
- Allred 2006, pp. 56–60
- Allred 2006, pp. 117–121
- O'Neill, ANN W. (1997-08-15). "Model Sues Princess Di's Rumored Beau for Jilting Her". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
- "Has Heather's feminist American lawyer fallen for her fantasies?". Daily Mail. London. March 20, 2008. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
- "Significant Cases". Allred, Maroko & Goldberg. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-05.
- Text of Tylo v. Superior Court (Spelling Entertainment Group, Inc.) (1997) 55 CA4th 1379 is available from: ceb.com
- Pous, Terri (November 9, 2011). "A History of Gloria Allred's High-Profile Clients: Hunter Tylo". Time.
- "Victims' Rights Lawyer: TV Fixture". CBS News. May 25, 2002. Retrieved 2006-11-11.
- Allred 2006, p. 256
- "Man Given 11 Years in Gwen Araujo's Death". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. August 26, 2006.
- Hartlaub, Peter (2004-08-12). "Holding news conferences to announce nothing, Gloria Allred champions her clients' right to privacy". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-12-05.
- "We Won! California Supreme Court Rules for Same Sex Marriage". PR News Wire. PR News Wire. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "Stock market news video and financial news video – MSN Money". Video.msn.com. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- "Nipple ring search procedures faulty, TSA admits - CNN.com". CNN. 2008-03-28. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- Lindsay Family Hire Allred, http://www.tampabays10.com/news/local/article.aspx?storyid=78204
- Lee, Ken (2008-04-15). "Former Nanny: Rob Lowe Exposed Himself to Me – Crime & Courts, Rob Lowe". People.com. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- Kelly, David (2008-08-01). "Bank's inaction compounds grief for family of Navy hospitalman killed in Afghanistan". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- "Octomom Nadya Suleman sued by celeb lawyer Gloria Allred for exploiting her babies". N.Y. Daily News.
- Goddard, Jacqui (2009-11-30). "Tiger Woods remaining tight-lipped over early-hours crash". The Times. London. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- Marikar, Sheila (2010-04-06). "Gloria Allred: Tiger Woods's True Opponent?". abcnews. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- "Roman Polanski hit by fresh sex allegations", AFP, May 14, 2010.
- Evangelista, Benny (2010-08-09). "Jodie Fisher says her claim toppled CEO of HP". Sfgate.com. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- "Gloria Allred Releases Social Security Letter With Husband's Writing On It - ABC News". abcnews.go.com. October 2010. Retrieved 2015-04-13.
- Bulwa, Demian (28 April 2011). "Atlanta Braves coach apologizes for profane slurs". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Phillip Matier, Andrew Ross (1 May 2011). "Roger McDowell rant: Allred hits one out of park". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Wittkowski, Donald (26 Oct 2011). "Celebrity attorney Gloria Allred wins fight to represent former Resorts cocktail servers". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved 2011-11-07.
- Lee, MJ. "Gloria Allred seeks Rush Limbaugh prosecution" Politico. March 9, 2012.
- "Jenna Talackova — armed with a high-profile lawyer — fires back at Miss Universe Canada". National Post, April 3, 2012.
- "Attorney Gloria Allred Now Connected To Causeway Cannibal Case". CBS Miami. June 2, 2012.
- "Injured Biker's Wife and Gloria Allred Say He Is 'Innocent Victim'". ABC news. October 4, 2013.
- Puente, Maria (May 1, 2015). "Cosby accuser aims for criminal charges". USAToday.com. USA Today. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
- Schabner, Dean (22 October 2016). "Another Woman Accuses Donald Trump of Sexual Misconduct; Allred Responds to Lawsuit Threat". Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- Seager, Susan (August 7, 2017). "Gloria Allred Under Investigation by California, D.C. Bars". SFGate. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
Allred confirmed in a statement that she is being investigated by both the District of Columbia Bar and the California State Bar based on the same complaint by her former client, Los Angeles weather reporter Kyle Hunter.
- "Gloria Allred Says Reports of Misconduct Were Sparked by Extortion Attempt". The Hollywood Reporter. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2017-10-11.
Allred's record on the bar's website shows no history of discipline — something she also noted in her statement. "I have a spotless record with the State Bar in the more than 40 years that I have been an attorney," says Allred. "I have no intention of allowing anyone to harm my reputation by making allegations against me which have no merit."
- "Woman accuses Moore of sexually assaulting her at 16". CNN. Retrieved 2017-11-13.
- "To Tell the Truth". TV Series Finale. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
- John Perry (March 2, 2011). "WE THE PEOPLE: Gloria Allred's Reality!". Hollywood Junket. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
- Tolentino, Jia (October 2, 2017). "Gloria Allred's Crusade". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
- Doll, Jen (22 May 2012). "Gloria Allred: Ambulance Chaser of 'Feminism'".
- Romano, Tricia (13 June 2012). "My Gloria Allred Nightmare". The Daily Beast – via www.thedailybeast.com.
- "Seeing Allred Reminds Us That Feminism Used to Be a Very Unpopular Brand". Vogue. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
- Allred, Gloria; Rybak, Deborah Caulfield (2006). Fight Back and Win: My Thirty-Year Fight against Injustice and How You Can Win Your Own Battles. New York: ReganBooks. ISBN 978-0-06-073928-7. OCLC 62755633.
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