Gene Hackman

Gene Hackman
GeneHackmanJun2108.jpg
Hackman at a book signing in June 2008
Born
Eugene Allen Hackman

(1930-01-30) January 30, 1930 (age 89)
ResidenceSanta Fe, New Mexico, U.S.
Alma materPasadena Playhouse
OccupationActor, novelist
Years active1956–2004, 2016-2017
Spouse(s)
Faye Maltese
(m. 1956; div. 1986)

Betsy Arakawa
(m. 1991)
Children3
Awards2 Academy Awards, 4 Golden Globe Awards, 1 SAG Award, 2 BAFTA Awards.
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service1946–1951
RankUSMC-E4.svg Corporal[1]

Eugene Allen Hackman[2][3][4] (born January 30, 1930) is a retired American actor and novelist. In a career that spanned more than six decades, Hackman won two Academy Awards, four Golden Globes, one Screen Actors Guild Award, and two BAFTAs.

Nominated for five Academy Awards, Hackman won Best Actor for his role as Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle in the critically acclaimed thriller The French Connection (1971), and Best Supporting Actor as "Little" Bill Daggett in the Clint Eastwood Western Unforgiven (1992). His other nominations for Best Supporting Actor came with the films Bonnie and Clyde (1967) and I Never Sang for My Father (1970), with a second Best Actor nomination for Mississippi Burning (1988).

Hackman's other major film roles included The Poseidon Adventure (1972), The Conversation (1974), French Connection II (1975), Superman: The Movie (1978) — as arch-villain Lex LuthorHoosiers (1986), The Firm (1993), Crimson Tide (1995), Enemy of the State (1998), Behind Enemy Lines (2001) and Welcome to Mooseport (2004).

Early life and education[edit]

Hackman was born in San Bernardino, California, the son of Eugene Ezra Hackman and Anna Lyda Elizabeth (née Gray).[5][6] He has one brother, Richard. He has Pennsylvania Dutch (German), English, and Scottish ancestry; his mother was born in Lambton, Ontario.[7][8] His family moved frequently, finally settling in Danville, Illinois, where they lived in the house of his English-born maternal grandmother, Beatrice.[7][9] Hackman's father operated the printing press for the Commercial-News, a local paper.[10] His parents divorced in 1943 and his father subsequently left the family.[9][10] Hackman decided that he wanted to become an actor when he was ten years old.[11]

Hackman lived briefly in Storm Lake, Iowa and spent his sophomore year at Storm Lake High School.[12] He left home at age 16 and lied about his age to enlist in the United States Marine Corps. He served four and a half years as a field radio operator.[13] He was stationed in China (Qingdao and later in Shanghai). When the Communist Revolution conquered the mainland in 1949, Hackman was assigned to Hawaii and Japan. Following his discharge in 1951,[1] he moved to New York and had several jobs.[13] His mother died in 1962 as a result of a fire she accidentally started while smoking.[14]

Acting was something I wanted to do since I was 10 and saw my first movie, I was so captured by the action guys. Jimmy Cagney was my favorite. Without realizing it, I could see he had tremendous timing and vitality.

Gene Hackman[11]

Career[edit]

1960s[edit]

In 1956 he began pursuing an acting career; he joined the Pasadena Playhouse in California.[13] It was there that he forged a friendship with another aspiring actor, Dustin Hoffman.[13] Already seen as outsiders by their classmates, they were later voted "The Least Likely To Succeed".[13] Furthermore, Hackman got the all time lowest score at the Pasadena Playhouse at the time.[15] Determined to prove them wrong, Hackman moved to New York City. A 2004 article in Vanity Fair described how Hackman, Hoffman and Robert Duvall were all struggling California born actors and close friends, sharing apartments in various two-person combinations while living in New York City in the 1960s.[16][17] To support himself between acting jobs, he was working as a uniformed doorman at a Howard Johnson restaurant in New York[18] when, as bad luck would have it, he ran into a despised Pasadena Playhouse instructor who once told him he was not good enough to be an actor. Reinforcing "The Least Likely To Succeed" vote, the man said to him, "See, Hackman, I told you you wouldn't amount to anything."[19] From then on, Hackman was determined to become the finest actor he possibly could. The three former roommates have since earned 19 Academy Award nominations for acting, with five wins.

Hackman got various bit roles, for example on the TV series Route 66 in 1963, and began performing in several Off-Broadway plays. In 1964 he had an offer to co-star in the play Any Wednesday with actress Sandy Dennis. This opened the door to film work. His first role was in Lilith, with Warren Beatty in the leading role. In 1967 he appeared in an episode of the television series The Invaders entitled The Spores. Another supporting role, Buck Barrow in 1967's Bonnie and Clyde,[13] earned him an Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actor. In 1968 he appeared in an episode of I Spy, in the role of "Hunter", in the episode "Happy Birthday... Everybody". That same year he starred in the CBS Playhouse episode "My Father and My Mother" and the dystopian television film Shadow on the Land.[20] In 1969 he played a ski coach in Downhill Racer and an astronaut in Marooned. Also that year, he played a member of a barnstorming skydiving team that entertained mostly at county fairs, a movie which also inspired many to pursue skydiving and has a cult-like status amongst skydivers as a result: The Gypsy Moths. He nearly accepted the role of Mike Brady for the TV series, The Brady Bunch,[21] but was advised by his agent to decline in exchange for a more promising role, which he did.

1970s[edit]

Hackman in 1972

Hackman was nominated for a second Best Supporting Actor Academy Award for his role in I Never Sang for My Father (1970). He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance as New York City Detective Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle in The French Connection (1971), marking his graduation to leading man status.[13]

He followed this with leading roles in the disaster film The Poseidon Adventure (1972) and Francis Ford Coppola's The Conversation (1974), which was nominated for several Oscars.[13] That same year, Hackman appeared in what became one of his most famous comedic roles as The Blindman in Young Frankenstein.[22]

He appeared as one of Teddy Roosevelt's former Rough Riders in the Western horse-race saga Bite the Bullet (1975). He reprised his Oscar winning role as Doyle in the sequel French Connection II (also 1975), and was part of an all-star cast in the war film A Bridge Too Far (1977), playing Polish General Stanisław Sosabowski. Hackman showed a talent for both comedy and the "slow burn" as criminal mastermind Lex Luthor in Superman: The Movie (1978), a role he would reprise in its 1980 and 1987 sequels.

1980s[edit]

Gene is someone who is a very intuitive and instinctive actor...The brilliance of Gene Hackman is that he can look at a scene and he can cut through to what is necessary, and he does it with extraordinary economy—he's the quintessential movie actor. He's never showy ever, but he's always right on.

Alan Parker
director of Mississippi Burning (1988)[23]

Hackman alternated between leading and supporting roles during the 1980s, with prominent roles in Reds (1981) — directed by and starring Warren BeattyUnder Fire (1983), Hoosiers (1986) (which an American Film Institute poll in 2008 voted the fourth-greatest film of all time in the sports genre),[24] No Way Out (1987) and Mississippi Burning (1988), where he was nominated for a second Best Actor Oscar.[25]

1990s[edit]

Hackman appeared with Anne Archer in Narrow Margin (1990), a remake of the 1952 film The Narrow Margin. In 1992, he played the sadistic sheriff "Little" Bill Daggett in the Western Unforgiven directed by Clint Eastwood and written by David Webb Peoples. Hackman had pledged to avoid violent roles, but Eastwood convinced him to take the part, which earned him a second Oscar, this time for Best Supporting Actor. The film also won Best Picture.[13]

In 1993 he appeared in Geronimo: An American Legend as Brigadier General George Crook, and co-starred with Tom Cruise as a corrupt lawyer in The Firm, a legal thriller based on the John Grisham novel of the same name. Hackman would appear in a second film based on a John Grisham novel, playing a convict on death row in The Chamber (1996).

Other notable films Hackman appeared in during the 1990s include Wyatt Earp (1994) (as Nicholas Porter Earp, Wyatt Earp's father), The Quick and the Dead (1995) opposite Sharon Stone, Leonardo DiCaprio and Russell Crowe, and as submarine Captain Frank Ramsey alongside Denzel Washington in Crimson Tide (1995). He reunited with Clint Eastwood in Absolute Power (1997), and co-starred with Will Smith in Enemy of the State (1998), his character reminiscent of the one he had portrayed in The Conversation.

In 1996, he took a comedic turn as conservative Senator Kevin Keeley in The Birdcage[26] with Robin Williams and Nathan Lane.

2000s[edit]

Hackman co-starred with Owen Wilson in Behind Enemy Lines (2001), and appeared in the David Mamet crime thriller Heist (2001),[27] as an aging professional thief of considerable skill who is forced into one final job. He also had a leading role as the head of an eccentric family in the ensemble cast film The Royal Tenenbaums (2001), and in another John Grisham legal drama, Runaway Jury (2003), at long last getting to make a picture with his long-time friend Dustin Hoffman. In 2004, Hackman appeared alongside Ray Romano in the comedy Welcome to Mooseport, his final film acting role to date.[28]

Hackman was honored with the Cecil B. DeMille Award for his "outstanding contribution to the entertainment field" in 2003.[29]

Retirement from acting[edit]

On July 7, 2004, Hackman gave a rare interview to Larry King, where he announced that he had no future film projects lined up and believed his acting career was over. In 2008, while promoting his third novel, he confirmed that he had retired from acting.[30] When asked during a GQ interview in 2011 if he would ever come out of retirement to do one more film, he said he might consider it "if I could do it in my own house, maybe, without them disturbing anything and just one or two people."[31] In 2016 he narrated the Smithsonian Channel documentary The Unknown Flag Raiser of Iwo Jima.[32] In 2018, Hackman made an uncredited cameo appearance in Clint Eastwood's film The Mule, playing the role of an old friend at the convention in several of the early scenes in the movie.

Career as a novelist[edit]

Hackman at a book signing in 2008

Together with undersea archaeologist Daniel Lenihan, Hackman has written three historical fiction novels: Wake of the Perdido Star (1999),[33] a sea adventure of the 19th century; Justice for None (2004),[34] a Depression-era tale of murder; and Escape from Andersonville (2008) about a prison escape during the American Civil War.[35] His first solo effort, a story of love and revenge set in the Old West titled Payback at Morning Peak, was released in 2011.[36] A police thriller, Pursuit, followed in 2013.

In 2011 he appeared on the Fox Sports Radio show The Loose Cannons, where he discussed his career and novels with Pat O'Brien, Steve Hartman, and Vic "The Brick" Jacobs.

Personal life[edit]

Hackman's first marriage was to Faye Maltese.[37] They had three children: Christopher Allen, Elizabeth Jean, and Leslie Anne Hackman.[38] The couple divorced in 1986 after three decades of marriage.[39] In 1991 he married Betsy Arakawa. They have a home in Santa Fe, New Mexico.[40]

In the late 1970s, Hackman competed in Sports Car Club of America races driving an open wheeled Formula Ford.[41][42] In 1983 he drove a Dan Gurney Team Toyota in the 24 Hours of Daytona Endurance Race.[43] He also won the Long Beach Grand Prix Celebrity Race.[44]

Hackman underwent an angioplasty in 1990.[45]

He is an avid fan of the Jacksonville Jaguars and regularly attended Jaguars games as a guest of then-head coach Jack Del Rio.[46][47] He is friends with Del Rio from Del Rio's playing days at the University of Southern California.[48]

In January 2012 the then 81-year-old Hackman was riding a bicycle in the Florida Keys when he was struck by a car.[49]

Theatre credits[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1961 Mad Dog Coll Policeman
1964 Lilith Norman
1966 Hawaii Dr. John Whipple
1967 Banning Tommy Del Gaddo
1967 Community Shelter Planning Donald Ross—Regional Civil Defense Officer
1967 A Covenant with Death Harmsworth
1967 First to Fight Sgt. Tweed
1967 Bonnie and Clyde Buck Barrow Nominated – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1967 The Invaders Tim Jessup-Alien disguised as salesman
1968 Shadow on the Land Reverend Thomas Davis
1968 The Split Detective Lt. Walter Brill
1969 Riot Red Fraker
1969 The Gypsy Moths Joe Browdy
1969 Downhill Racer Eugene Claire
1969 Marooned Buzz Lloyd
1970 I Never Sang for My Father Gene Garrison Nominated – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1971 Doctors' Wives Dr. Dave Randolph
1971 The Hunting Party Brandt Ruger
1971 The French Connection NYPD Det. Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
1972 Prime Cut Mary Ann
1972 The Poseidon Adventure Reverend Frank Scott
1972 Cisco Pike Sergeant Leo Holland
1973 Scarecrow Max Millan
1974 The Conversation Harry Caul National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
2nd Place – New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
1974 Young Frankenstein Harold, The Blind Man
1974 Zandy's Bride Zandy Allan
1975 French Connection II NYPD Det. Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle
1975 Lucky Lady Kibby Womack
1975 Night Moves Harry Moseby
1975 Bite the Bullet Sam Clayton
1977 The Domino Principle Roy Tucker
1977 A Bridge Too Far Maj Gen. Stanisław Sosabowski
1977 March or Die Maj. William Sherman Foster
1978 Superman Lex Luthor
1980 Superman II Lex Luthor
1981 All Night Long George Dupler 2nd Place – National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
1981 Reds Pete Van Wherry
1983 Under Fire Alex Grazier
1983 Two of a Kind God (voice) Uncredited
1983 Uncommon Valor Col. Jason Rhodes, USMC (ret)
1983 Eureka Jack McCann
1984 Misunderstood Ned Rawley
1985 Twice in a Lifetime Harry MacKenzie
1985 Target Walter Lloyd / Duncan (Duke) Potter
1986 Power Wilfred Buckley
1986 Hoosiers Coach Norman Dale
1987 No Way Out Defense Secretary David Brice
1987 Superman IV: The Quest for Peace Lex Luthor
Nuclear Man (voice)
1988 Bat*21 Lt. Col. Iceal Hambleton, USAF
1988 Split Decisions Dan McGuinn
1988 Another Woman Larry Lewis
1988 Full Moon in Blue Water Floyd
1988 Mississippi Burning FBI Special Agent Rupert Anderson National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
1989 The Package Sgt. Johnny Gallagher
1990 Loose Cannons MacArthur Stern
1990 Postcards from the Edge Lowell Kolchek
1990 Narrow Margin Robert Caulfield
1991 Class Action Jedediah Tucker Ward
1991 Company Business Sam Boyd
1992 Unforgiven Little Bill Daggett Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
1993 The Firm Avery Tolar
1993 Geronimo: An American Legend Brig. Gen. George Crook
1994 Wyatt Earp Nicholas Earp
1995 The Quick and the Dead John Herod
1995 Crimson Tide Capt. Frank Ramsey
1995 Get Shorty Harry Zimm
1996 The Birdcage Senator Kevin Keeley
1996 Extreme Measures Dr. Lawrence Myrick
1996 The Chamber Sam Cayhall
1997 Absolute Power President Allen Richmond
1998 Twilight Jack Ames
1998 Antz General Mandible (voice)
1998 Enemy of the State Edward 'Brill' Lyle
2000 Under Suspicion Henry Hearst Also executive producer
2000 The Replacements Jimmy McGinty
2001 The Mexican Arnold Margolese
2001 Heartbreakers William B. Tensy
2001 Heist Joe Moore
2001 Behind Enemy Lines Admiral Leslie Reigart
2001 The Royal Tenenbaums Royal Tenenbaum Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Las Vegas Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
3rd Place – Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
2003 Runaway Jury Rankin Fitch
2004 Welcome to Mooseport Monroe "Eagle" Cole
2016 The Unknown Flag Raiser of Iwo Jima Narrator (voice) TV documentary film
2017 We, the Marines Narrator (voice) TV documentary film

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1961 Tallahassee 7000 Joe Lawson Episode: "The Fugitive"
1963 Route 66 Motorist Episode: "Who Will Cheer My Bonny Bride?"
1967 The Invaders Tom Jessup Episode: "The Spores"

Accolades[edit]

Asteroid 55397 Hackman, discovered by Roy Tucker in 2001, was named in his honor.[51] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 18 May 2019 (M.P.C. 114954).[52]

Works or publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hackman, Eugene, Cpl". www.marines.togetherweserved.com. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
  2. ^ His middle name is "Allen", according to the California Birth Index, 1905–1995. Center for Health Statistics, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, California. At Ancestry.com
  3. ^ "Eugene Allen Hackman - California, Birth Index". FamilySearch. 30 January 1930. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  4. ^ "Gene Allen Hackman - United States Census, 1940". FamilySearch. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  5. ^ "Eugene A Hackman - United States Census, 1930". FamilySearch. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Gene Hackman Biography (1930–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
  7. ^ a b "Anna Lyda Elizabeth Gray - Canada, Births and Baptisms". FamilySearch. 13 May 1904. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Gene Hackman from Danville in 1940 Census District 92-22". archives.com.
  9. ^ a b Norman, Michael (1989-03-19). "HOLLYWOOD'S UNCOMMON EVERYMAN". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
  10. ^ a b Leman, Kevin (2007). What Your Childhood Memories Say about You: And What You Can Do about It. Tyndale House Publishers, Inc. p. 154. ISBN 1-4143-1186-9.
  11. ^ a b "GENE HACKMAN LEAST LIKELY TO SUCCEED". Deseret News. Deseret News. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  12. ^ "1945 Storm Lake High Yearbook". classmates.com. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 2001
  14. ^ "Gene Hackman profile". Eonline.com. Archived from the original on 29 October 2008. Retrieved 2010-08-11.
  15. ^ Lee, Luaine (8 May 1986). "PASADENA PLAYHOUSE, A STAR CRUCIBLE, REOPENS". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2018-11-16. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  16. ^ "Dustin Hoffman and Gene Hackman". Xfinity. Comcast. Archived from the original on 2011-04-16. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
  17. ^ Stevenson, Laura (5 September 1977). "Robert Duvall, Hollywood's No. 1 Second Lead, Breaks for Starlight". People. Time Inc. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2012.
  18. ^ Meryman, Richard (March 2004). "Gene Hackman, Dustin Hoffman, and Robert Duvall: Three Friends who Went from Rags to Riches". Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  19. ^ "VINTAGE MOVIES: "THE FRENCH CONNECTION"". Magnet. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  20. ^ Roberts, Jerry (June 5, 2009). Encyclopedia of Television Film Directors. Scarecrow Press. p. 500. ISBN 9780810863781. Retrieved February 3, 2017 – via Google Books.
  21. ^ "You'll never watch 'The Brady Bunch' the same way again after reading these 12 facts". Me TV. 9 June 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  22. ^ "Weekend Top 10, Aug. 3, 2018". Champaign/Urbana News-Gazette. Champaign/Urbana News-Gazette. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  23. ^ Gonthier, David F. and O'Brien, Timothy M. The Films of Alan Parker, 1976-2003, McFarland (2015) p. 167
  24. ^ "MAFFEI: 'Hoosiers' still a classic after 25 years". San Diego Union Tribune. San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  25. ^ "1989 Oscars". Oscars. Oscars. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  26. ^ "The Birdcage at 20". NY Daily News. NY Daily News. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  27. ^ "FILM REVIEW; Forget the Girl and Gold; Look for the Chemistry -". New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  28. ^ "Cameron Diaz and other celebs who have retired from stage and screen". AZ Central. AZ Central. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  29. ^ "Business Wire, November 14, 2002. Hollywood. 'Gene Hackman to Receive HFPA'S Cecil B. DeMille Award At 60th Annual Golden Globe Awards to be Telecast Live on NBC on Sunday, January 19, 2003'". Findarticles.com. 2002-11-14. Archived from the original on 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2010-06-17.
  30. ^ Blair, Iain (2008-06-05). "Just a Minute With: Gene Hackman on his retirement". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-07-19.
  31. ^ Michael Hainey (2011-06-01). "Eighty-one Years. Seventy-nine Movies. Two Oscars. Not One Bad Performance". GQ. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
  32. ^ Smithsonian Channel.com: Sneak Peek: The Unknown Flag Raiser of Iwo Jima, archived from the original on 2017-09-13, retrieved 2018-10-31
  33. ^ "Hackman's, Bergen's talents shine on film, in books". Bouldercityreview. Bouldercityreview. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  34. ^ "Unknown Flag Raiser of Iwo Jima': Gene Hackman narrates". Orlando Sentinel. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  35. ^ Blair, Ian (5 June 2008). Tourtellotte, Bob; Reaney, Patricia (eds.). "Just a Minute With: Gene Hackman on his retirement". Reuters. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  36. ^ Daniel, Douglass K. (30 July 2011). "'Payback at Morning Peak': Actor Gene Hackman revisits the West — as a writer". Seattle Times. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  37. ^ Ross, Shane (6 August 2000). "The Gene genie works his magic off screen". Irish Independent. INM Website. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  38. ^ Brady, James (December 30, 2001). "In Step with Gene Hackman". Parade. The Blade. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  39. ^ Norman, Michael (19 March 1989). "Hollywood's Uncommon Everyman". NY Times. The New York Times Company. p. 6029. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  40. ^ "Police: Hackman knew homeless man he slapped in NM". The Associated Press, AP Regional State Report - New Mexico. Nov 1, 2012.
  41. ^ Finke, Nikki (13 March 1998). "PLEASURES OF THE ROAD : TRACK STARS : Paul Newman, Gene Hackman, Perry King and Lorenzo Lamas rap on racing". LA Times. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  42. ^ Siano, Joseph (23 October 2002). "ON THE TRACK; Movie Stars as Racecar Drivers: What's Their Motivation?". NY Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  43. ^ Frankel, Andrew (2 January 2016). "Actors with driving ambition". Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  44. ^ "Grand Prix of Long Beach 2016 Fan Guide" (PDF). Grand Prix of Long Beach. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  45. ^ "Still the Tough Guy". LA Times. LA Times. Retrieved 17 August 2018.
  46. ^ Parziale, James (13 April 2013). "Most famous fan of every NFL team". MSN.com. p. 15. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  47. ^ Parziale, James (20 October 2016). "Most famous fan of every NFL team". Fox Sports. FOX. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  48. ^ BART HUBBUCHThe Times-Union (2005-11-29). "JAGUARS NOTEBOOK: Chatter angers Cardinals". Jacksonville.com. Archived from the original on 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2018-09-16.
  49. ^ "Gene Hackman struck by car while riding bike". CNN Entertainment. 14 January 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  50. ^ "Star Rote for Gene Hackman". The New York Times. 31 August 1964. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  51. ^ "55397 Hackman (2001 SY288)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  52. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 June 2019.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
George C. Scott
Declined Oscar
Academy Award for Best Actor
1971
Succeeded by
Marlon Brando
Declined Oscar
Preceded by
Lyle Talbot
1950
for Atom Man vs. Superman
Actors portraying Lex Luthor
1978–1987
for Superman, Superman II and Superman IV
Succeeded by
Scott James Wells
1988–1989
for Superboy (TV series)