Free State of Oldenburg

Free State of Oldenburg
Freistaat Oldenburg
State of Germany
1918–1946
Weimar Republic - Oldenburg (1925).svg
Location of Oldenburg within Germany
CapitalOldenburg
Area 
• 1925
6,427 km2 (2,481 sq mi)
Population 
• 1925
545172
 • TypeRepublic
History 
• Established
1918
• Disestablished
1946
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
Lower Saxony
Schleswig-Holstein
Rhineland-Palatinate
Today part of Germany

The Free State of Oldenburg (German: Freistaat Oldenburg) was a federated state of the Weimar Republic.[1] It was established in 1918 following the abdication of the Grand Duke Frederick Augustus II following the German Revolution.

In 1937, it lost the exclave districts of Eutin near the Baltic coast and Birkenfeld in southwestern Germany to Prussia and gained the City of Wilhelmshaven; however, this was a formality, as the Hitler regime had de facto abolished the federal states in 1934.

By the beginning of World War II in 1939, as a result of these territorial changes, Oldenburg had an area of 5,375 km2 (2,075 sq mi) and 580,000 inhabitants.

After World War II, Oldenburg was merged into the newly founded state of Lower Saxony as the administrative region (Verwaltungsbezirk) of Oldenburg, both of which became a part of Federal Republic of Germany in 1949. The two enclaves became part of the States of Schleswig-Holstein and Rhineland-Palatinate respectively.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Oldenburg: Die Staatsministerien 1918-1933". www.gonschior.de. Retrieved 2017-10-26.