Free State of Lippe

Free State of Lippe
Freistaat Lippe
State of Germany
1918–1947
Flag of Lippe
Flag
Coat of arms of Lippe
Coat of arms
Weimar Republic - Lippe (1925).svg
Lippe within Germany at the time of the Weimar Republic.
CapitalDetmold
Area 
• 1939
1,215.2 km2 (469.2 sq mi)
Population 
• 1939
188598
Government
 • TypeRepublic
Chairman 
• 1918–1920
Clemens Becker
• 1920–1933
Heinrich Drake
• 1933
Ernst Krappe
Minister-President 
• 1933–1936
Hans-Joachim Riecke
• 1936–1945
Alfred Meyer
• 1945–1947
Heinrich Drake
Historical eraInterwar period
• Established
9 November 1918
• Incorporation into North Rhine-Westphalia
21 January 1947
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Principality of Lippe
North Rhine-Westphalia

The Free State of Lippe (German: Freistaat Lippe) was a German state formed after the Principality of Lippe was abolished following the German Revolution of 1918.

After the end of World War II and Nazi regime, Lippe was restored. This autonomy ended in January 1947, when the Control Commission for Germany - British Element (CCG/BE) incorporated Lippe into the new German state of North Rhine-Westphalia created three months earlier. The British established a number of military bases in North Rhine-Westphalia, of which Detmold (HQ and units of 20th Armoured Brigade) and Lemgo (infantry battalion barracks) were located within the former boundaries of the Free State of Lippe.

Map showing Free State of Lippe in 1923–1946.
Map showing Lippe and Schaumburg-Lippe.

Coordinates: 51°56′10″N 8°52′41″E / 51.936182°N 8.877962°E / 51.936182; 8.877962