|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
|Assumed office |
January 3, 1987
|Preceded by||Mark D. Siljander|
|Constituency||4th district (1987–1993)|
6th district (1993–present)
|Chair of the House Energy Committee|
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Henry Waxman|
|Succeeded by||Greg Walden|
Frederick Stephen Upton
April 23, 1953
St. Joseph, Michigan, U.S.
Amey Rulon-Miller (m. 1983)
|Relatives||Frederick Upton (grandfather)|
Kate Upton (niece)
|Education||University of Michigan (BA)|
|Net worth||$11 million (2018)|
Frederick Stephen Upton (born April 23, 1953) is an American politician serving the U.S. Representative for Michigan's 6th congressional district, serving since 1987. The district, numbered as the 4th District from 1987 to 1993, is based in Kalamazoo and stretches along the Michigan-Indiana border in the southwestern part of the state. A member of the Republican Party and former Chairman of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, he has played a major role in shaping post-Obamacare health-care legislation.
Following the retirement of Sander Levin at the end of the 115th Congress, Upton became the dean of Michigan's congressional delegation. In the 116th Congress, he is a co-chair of the House moderate Republican faction, the Tuesday Group, alongside Susan Brooks and John Katko.
Early life, education, and early political career
Upton was born in St. Joseph, Michigan, the son of Elizabeth B. (née Vial) and Stephen Edward Upton. Upton attended Shattuck-Saint Mary's, graduating in 1971. He earned a B.A. in journalism from the University of Michigan in 1975. He was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, Peninsular Chapter and became a sports editor at The Michigan Daily and thought he might someday cover the Chicago Cubs. He served on the congressional staff of U.S. Congressman David Stockman (R-MI) from 1976-80. He was in the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under Ronald Reagan from 1981–85, while Stockman served as OMB Director.
U.S. House of Representatives
- 1986 election
Upton ran in Michigan's 4th congressional district against incumbent Republican U.S. Congressman Mark Siljander, Stockman's successor. Upton won the Republican primary 55%–45%. He won the general election with 62% of the vote.
- 1988 election
Upton won re-election to a second term with 71% of the vote.
- 1990 election
He faced a challenge in the Republican primary by Ed Fredericks, ultimately defeating Fredericks by a margin of 63%–37%. In the general election, he won re-election to a third term with 58% of the vote.
- 1992–2000 elections
After redistricting, Upton decided to run in the newly redrawn Michigan's 6th congressional district, winning re-election in 1992 to a fourth term with 62% of the vote. During this time period, he didn't have a Republican challenger and never won re-election with less than 62%.
- 2002 election
- 2004 election
- 2006 election
- 2008 election
- 2010 election
- 2012 election
In 2011, Hoogendyk met with the Club for Growth, a conservative 501(c)4 organization, about running against Upton in a rematch in 2012. Upton has been criticized for not being conservative enough by Rush Limbaugh, Glenn Beck, FreedomWorks, Right to Life of Michigan, and the Southwest Michigan Tea Party Patriots. On January 17, 2012, Hoogendyk announced that he would challenge Upton in the primary, the winner of which would face Democrat Mike O'Brien in the general election. Upton defeated Hoogendyk in the August 2012 Republican primary, advancing to the general election in November.
While initial polls showed Upton with a sizable lead over the challenger, former marine and businessman Mike O'Brien, a poll in October showed Upton and O'Brien locked in a dead heat heading into the final stretch of the campaign.
- 2014 election
Upton won with 55.9% of the vote, defeating Democrat Paul Clements, Libertarian Erwin Haas, and Green Party candidate John Lawrence.
- 2016 election
Upton won re election in 2016, defeating Democratic challenger, Paul Clements, a Political Science Professor at Western Michigan University, 58.48%-36.41%, gaining a total of 193,259 votes, compared to Clements 119,980 votes.
- 2018 election
Upton voted against passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and has since voted in favor of its complete repeal, stating that the law ignored the will of the people and that a bill that important should not have been passed without strong bipartisan support.[clarification needed] He believes that with the current level of debt, the USA cannot afford the PPACA. In November 2013, in response to Americans losing their health insurance coverage because of the Affordable Care Act, Upton proposed a bill what would allow them to retain their health insurance coverage. The essence of the Upton bill is to allow insurance companies to maintain their current individual insurance market policies according to state insurance rules that are in effect as of 2013.
In November 2013, Upton introduced the Keep Your Health Plan Act, which would let health-care insurers continue to sell plans that did not meet the Affordable Care Act’s “essential health benefits” standard. It passed the House with support from 39 Democrats plus all but four Republicans, but did not become law. In an article for USA Today, Upton explained that he had heard from “countless constituents in Michigan” who, despite President Obama's promise that “If you like your health care plan, you'll be able to keep your health care plan,” were “losing their coverage,” as were “millions of Americans who took the president at his word and are now receiving insurance termination notices and alternatives that are often much more expensive.”
On September 27, 2013, Upton introduced the Drug Quality and Security Act (H.R. 3204; 113th Congress), a bill that would grant the Food and Drug Administration more power to regulate drug compounding in the wake of the New England Compounding Center meningitis outbreak. Upton indicated that three of the deceased were from his district. The bill passed in the House and was being debated in the Senate.
On December 13, 2016, President Obama signed Upton's 21st Century Cures Act  into law. The bill, co-sponsored by Upton and Diana DeGette (D-CO) passed the House 392 to 26 and the Senate 94 to 5. The act establishes funds for biomedical research and to develop and implement a strategic plan for biomedical research.
In March 2017, Upton said: “Obamacare has not delivered on countless promises.” It was reported in April 2017 that Upton had “serious concerns” with President Donald Trump’s proposed health-care law because it would mean “potential higher costs to those with pre-existing illnesses.” In May 2017, after the addition of a new amendment written by Upton that provided additional funds for those with pre-existing conditions, he said he would vote for the bill and said he believed it could now pass the House. In July, Upton was among a group of members from both parties who “unveiled a set of solutions” intended to improve health-care coverage.
Environment and Energy
Upton has received more than $2 million in campaign donations from oil and gas companies and electric utilities over the course of his career as of early 2017 per OpenSecrets.org.
During the George W. Bush Administration
In 2007 Upton was a co-sponsor of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 which among other things mandated phased-in energy efficiency standards for most light bulbs. At the time, Upton noted that the legislation, ultimately signed into law by President George W. Bush, would "help preserve energy resources and reduce harmful emissions, all while saving American families billions of dollars on their electric bills." Glenn Beck called Upton "all socialist" for supporting the 2007 bill.
During the Obama Administration
In April 2009, he maintained that "climate change is a serious problem that necessitates serious solutions. Everything must be on the table." However, "Upton has gradually retreated from his moderate stance on climate change and carbon emissions." Upton led a failed effort to stop the Obama Administration from enforcing the new energy standards.
In late 2010, he co-authored a Wall Street Journal editorial saying he was "not convinced" that "carbon is a problem in need of regulation," and urging Congress to overturn Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency. (See regulation of greenhouse gases under the Clean Air Act and climate change denial)
He is the co-sponsor, with Ed Whitfield, of the "Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011" H.R. 910. Due to his environmental policies, The Los Angeles Times wrote in 2011 that Upton "represents one of the biggest threats to planet Earth on planet Earth."
In 2012, Upton, as chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee, said that Congress’s refusal to set greenhouse gas limits “constituted a decision and that lawmakers should act now to reverse the EPA emissions rules.” Carbon regulation, he said, “threatens to drive energy prices higher, destroy jobs and hamstring our economic recovery.”
On October 22, 2013, Upton introduced the North American Energy Infrastructure Act (H.R. 3301; 113th Congress), a bill that would make changes to permitting requirements for pipelines and other energy infrastructure at international borders. Upton said that the bill "is a sincere effort to focus a targeted solution to lessons learned from the Keystone pipeline... No one can rightly argue that the current presidential permit process as the State Department is not broken, no matter what side of the climate debate you're on."(see global warming controversy) Upton also argued that "we're creating a fair and transparent approval process for cross-border energy projects, putting them all on a level playing field for the benefit of North American energy security, lower energy prices, and jobs."
During the Trump Administration
On September 29, 2006, Upton introduced the Video Game Decency Act (H.R. 6120) to the House during the 109th United States Congress. The bill was introduced and referred to the House Energy and Commerce Committee, but never received consideration. Upton reintroduced a bill by the same title (H.R. 1531) in the 110th United States Congress, which was also referred to that committee and never received a vote.
Upton generally supports anti-abortion legislation.
Upton does not support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns in most circumstances, and in 2010 received "A" and "A-" ratings from the National Rifle Association and the Gun Owners of America, respectively. Upton supports some gun safety laws. From 1991-2003, Upton supported the interests of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence 55 percent and in 1993, Upton supported a waiting period for gun purchase to provide background checks for criminal records. In 2019 Upton supported a bill banning sales between private individuals.
In May 2018, Upton and Debbie Dingell (D-Dearborn) worked together on legislation designed to combat opioid addiction. Among other things, it would allocate funding for research into new, non-addictive pain relievers.
In 2006, Upton voted to propose an amendment to the Constitution restricting the definition of marriage. He received a 15% rating from the Human Rights Campaign on LGBT Rights in 2008. In 2013, however, Upton condemned remarks by Republican National Committeeman Dave Agema of Michigan, who had said that gay people “want free medical because they're dying between 30 and 44 years old.....To me, it's a moral issue. It's a Biblical issue. Traditional marriage is where it should be and it's in our platform. Those in our party who oppose traditional marriage are wrong.” Upton said in a statement: “There is never an acceptable time or place to tolerate discrimination.”
Upton supports a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution, a proposal that failed to acquire the two-thirds support necessary to pass the House in the 112th Congress. Upton also supports the line-item veto, which would authorize the President to propose the rescission of full or partial funding in a bill passed by Congress.
In the 111th session of Congress, Upton tabled $7,225,000 in federal funds through eleven earmarks, but political pressure from inside of the Republican party led Upton to announce his support for a Republican initiative to install a moratorium in Congress on legislative earmarks to reduce unnecessary budget expenditures and the fiscal deficit. According to the Council of Citizens Against Government Waste, a taxpayer watchdog group, Upton refrained from all earmarking activities during the 112th Congress.
Upton has been criticized by the conservative website Human Events for being liberal with regards to fiscal issues. He has been recognized by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce with the "Spirit of Enterprise" award for "standing firmly against overreaching regulations and job-destroying mandates". In 2019, during the 116th Congress, Upton broke with his party, one of seven Republicans siding with Democrats, by voting for legislation that would fund government services and end a shutdown.
As of August 2019, Upton has voted "in line with Trump positions" 84.8 percent of the time, according to the website FiveThirtyEight.com.
In July 2019, Upton was one of four Republican House members to vote in support of a motion to condemn comments by President Trump made on Twitter calling on four Democratic Congresswomen, three of whom we born in the US, to "go back and help fix the totally broken and crime infested places from which they came."
On December 18, 2019, Upton voted against both articles of impeachment against Trump.
- Congressional Automotive Caucus (Co-Vice Chair)
- Congressional Competitiveness Caucus
- Congressional Travel and Tourism Caucus
- Diabetes Caucus
- India Caucus
- Indian-Americans Caucus
- United States Congressional International Conservation Caucus
- Sportsmen's Caucus
- Bipartisan Climate Solutions Caucus
- House Baltic Caucus
- Congressional Arts Caucus
Upton's grandfather and namesake, Frederick Upton, was co-founder of appliance manufacturer and marketer Whirlpool Corporation, headquartered in Benton Harbor. He and his wife have two children. Upton's niece is supermodel Kate Upton. In 2014, Michigan Radio reported that Upton had a net worth of $7.3 million.
|1986||Fred Upton||70,331||62%||Dan Roche||41,624||37%||Richard Gillmor||Independent||1,649||1%|
|1988||Fred Upton||132,270||71%||Norman Rivers||54,428||29%|
|1990||Fred Upton||75,850||58%||JoAnne McFarland||55,449||42%|
|Year||Republican||Votes||%||Democratic||Votes||%||Third Party||Party||Votes||%||Third Party||Party||Votes||%||Third Party||Party||Votes||%|
|1992||Fred Upton||144,083||62%||Andy Davis||89,020||38%|
|1994||Fred Upton||121,932||73%||David Taylor||42,348||26%||E. A. Berker||Natural Law||1,667||1%|
|1996||Fred Upton||146,170||68%||Clarence Annen||66,243||31%||Scott Beavers||Libertarian||3,370||2%|
|1998||Fred Upton||113,292||70%||Clarence Annen||45,358||28%||Glenn Whitt||Libertarian||1,833||1%||Ken Asmus||Natural Law||1,091||1%|
|2000||Fred Upton||159,373||68%||James Bupp||68,532||29%||William Bradley||Libertarian||3,573||2%||Richard Overton||Reform||1,872||1%||C. Dennis James||USTPM||1,290||1%|
|2002||Fred Upton||126,936||69%||Gary Giguere||53,793||29%||Richard Overton||Reform||2,788||2%|
|2004||Fred Upton||197,425||65%||Scott Elliott||97,978||32%||Randall MacPhee||Green||2,311||1%||Erwin Haas||Libertarian||2,275||1%||W. Dennis FitzSimons||USTPM||2,169||1%|
|2006||Fred Upton||142,125||61%||Kim Clark||88,978||38%||Kenneth Howe||Libertarian||3,480||1%|
|2008||Fred Upton||188,157||59%||Don Cooney||123,257||39%||Greg Merle||Libertarian||4,720||1%||Edward Pinkney||Green||3,512||1%|
|2010||Fred Upton||123,142||62%||Don Cooney||66,729||34%||Melvin Valkner||USTPM||3,672||2%||Fred Strand||Libertarian||3,369||2%||Pat Foster||Green||1,784||1%|
|2012||Fred Upton||174,955||55%||Mike O'Brien||136,563||43%||Christie Gelineau||Libertarian||6,366||2%||Jason Gatties||USTPM||2,591||1%|
|2014||Fred Upton||116,801||56%||Paul Clements||84,391||40%||Erwin Haas||Libertarian||5,530||3%||John Lawrence||Green||2,254||1%|
|2016||Fred Upton||193,246||58%||Paul Clements||119,975||36%||Lorence Wenke||Libertarian||16,249||5%|
|2018||Fred Upton||147,436||50%||Matt Longjohn||134,082||46%||Stephen J. Young||USTPM||11,920||4%|
- "Ranking the Net Worth of the 115th". Retrieved August 5, 2019.
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- Mack, Julie; David Stockman, former southwest Michigan congressman and Reagan aide, offers dire view of U.S. economy; Michigan Live; April 1, 2013; https://www.mlive.com/news/kalamazoo/index.ssf/2013/04/david_stockman_former_southwes.html
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- Toeplitz, Shira (November 2, 2011). "Club for Growth Encouraging Upton Primary Challenger". Roll Call.
- Samuelsohn, Darren; Dobias, Matt (January 11, 2012). "Fred Upton still faces arrows from the right". Politico. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
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In addition, a vote is scheduled Friday in the Republican-controlled House on a bill that would allow Americans to keep their existing health coverage through 2014 without penalties. The measure, drafted by Representative Fred Upton, the Michigan Republican who is the chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee, is opposed by the White House, which argues that it would severely undermine the Affordable Care Act by allowing insurance companies to continue to sell health coverage that does not meet the higher standard of Mr. Obama's health care law.
- Capretta, James C. (November 13, 2013). "The Upton Bill Is No Small Matter". The Weekly Standard. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
- Rep. Fred Upton: Let people keep their coverage; USA Today; November 3, 2013; https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2013/11/03/keep-your-health-plan-act-rep-fred-upton-editorials-debates/3426491/
- Cox, Ramsey (November 14, 2013). "Senate inches toward passing drug bill". The Hill. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "House Passes Upton Bill to Prevent Repeat of Deadly Meningitis Outbreak, Strengthen Prescription Drug Supply Chain". Office of Representative Upton. September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
- "21st Century Cures Signed into Law". Upton.house.gov. 2016-12-13.
- Thompson Dennis; Congress passes 21st Century Cures Act with billions for new research, treatments; CBS News; December 8, 2016; https://www.cbsnews.com/news/21st-century-cures-act-congress-health-care-passed/
- Gerstein, Michael; Upton concerned with GOP Obamacare replacement; Detroit News; April 29, 2017; https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/politics/2017/04/29/upton-gop-obamacare-replacement/101070168/
- Bryan, Bob; Republicans just moved closer than ever to passing their Obamacare overhaul; Business Insider; May 23, 2017; http://www.businessinsider.com/ahca-obamacare-repeal-vote-count-upton-2017-5
- Coral Davenport and Eric Lipton (June 3, 2017). "How G.O.P. Leaders Came to View Climate Change as Fake Science". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
Mr. Upton, who has received more than $2 million in campaign donations from oil and gas companies and electric utilities over the course of his career, won the chairmanship and has coasted comfortably to re-election since.
- Sheppard, Kate (2011-01-04) Fred Upton's Climate Changeup, Mother Jones access-date Sept 4, 2018
- Fred Upton on Energy & Oil On the Issues, Accessed Sept 4, 2018
- Grunwald, Michael "Long Live the Lightbulb. Big Government has made it better" Time magazine, May 20, 2013, p. Business-6, Accessed Sept 4, 2018
- "Fred Upton to revisit light bulb ban", Politico, November 18, 2010, Accessed Sept 4, 2018
- Upton hails KVCC wind energy program as Congress debates climate change bill, River Country Journal[who?] (April 24, 2009)
- Upton, Fred; Phillips, Tim (December 28, 2010). "How Congress Can Stop the EPA's Power Grab". The Wall Street Journal.
- Hawkins, Dave (February 9, 2011). "Dirty Air Extremism". Switchboard. Natural Resources Defense Council. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- "Year in Review: Congress' 10 biggest enemies of the Earth". Los Angeles Times. December 14, 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- Matthew L. Wald (June 26, 2012). "Court Backs E.P.A. Over Emissions Limits Intended to Reduce Global Warming". The New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
- "CBO – H.R. 3301". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "H.R. 3301 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- Carna, Timothy (24 June 2014). "WH threatens veto of House oil pipeline bill". The Hill. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- Passut, Charlie (June 25, 2014). "House Passes Cross-Border Energy Infrastructure Bill". naturalgasintel.com. Natural Gas Intel. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
- Ben Geman (January 26, 2018) Scoop: Fred Upton joins bipartisan Climate Solutions Caucus Axios; Accessed Sept 4, 2018
- "H.R. 6120 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- "H.R. 1531 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- A Legislative Solution For Net Neutrality Is At Hand - Forbes
- THE FCC JUST KILLED NET NEUTRALITY. NOW WHAT? - Wired
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- Burke, Melissa (January 28, 2019). "Gun background check bill has bipartisan support in Michigan delegation". The Detroit News. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
- Rep. Fred Upton and Rep. Debbie Dingell Team Up to Battle Opioid Addiction; WDET; May 24, 2018; https://wdet.org/posts/2018/05/24/86819-rep-fred-upton-and-rep-debbie-dingell-team-up-to-battle-opioid-addiction/
- Congressional Scorecard Archived 2010-11-23 at the Wayback Machine, Human Rights Campaign, 2008, p. 22.
- Zipp, Yvonne; Michigan Live; December 12, 2013; Congressman Fred Upton condemns Dave Agema's gay marriage comments
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-29. Retrieved 2012-11-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- Congressman Fred Upton official U.S. House site
- Campaign site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Fred Upton at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Preceded by |
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Michigan's 4th congressional district
|Preceded by |
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Michigan's 6th congressional district
|Preceded by |
| Chair of the House Energy Committee |
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|Preceded by |
| United States Representatives by seniority |
Otherwise Frank Pallone