Florida's 2nd congressional district

Florida's 2nd congressional district
FL02 115.png
Florida's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2017.
Representative
  Neal Dunn
RPanama City
Area12,871[1] sq mi (33,340 km2)
Distribution
  • 51.34[2]% urban
  • 48.66% rural
Population (2016)720,418[3]
Median income$48,838[4]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+18[5]

Florida's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida. The district consists of the eastern part of the Florida Panhandle along with much of the Big Bend region along the Emerald Coast. It straddles both the Eastern and Central time zones. It is anchored in Panama City and includes many of the suburbs of Tallahassee, the state capital. With 49% of its residents living in rural areas, it is the least urbanized district in the state, and voters are generally conservative.

The district is represented by Republican Neal Dunn.

Characteristics[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District is the largest congressional district in Florida by land area and consists of all of Bay, Calhoun, Dixie, Franklin, Gilchrist, Gulf, Jackson, Lafayette, Levy, Liberty, Suwannee, Taylor, Wakulla and Washington counties, and portions of Columbia, Holmes, Jefferson, Leon and Marion counties.

Most of the territory now in the 2nd was the 9th District from 1963 to 1983; it has been the 2nd since 1983. For most of its existence, the 2nd and its predecessors were centered in Tallahassee, the state capital and county seat of Leon County. While the adjacent 1st and 3rd congressional districts had become the most conservative districts in the state by the 1990s, the 2nd District was historically more of a swing district. With a large population of students, government workers and university faculty, Tallahassee was far more liberal than the rest of the district. Democrat Barack Obama received 62 percent of the Leon County vote in the 2008 presidential election, but Republican John McCain received 54 percent of the 2nd district's vote overall.[6] The district had become somewhat friendlier to Republicans when conservative-leaning Panama City was shifted from the 1st District.

The district was significantly redrawn in a court-ordered redistricting that took effect for the 2016 election, following a lawsuit that challenged the district as gerrymandered, preventing African Americans from being able to elect representatives of their choice although they comprised a significant part of the population in the state. Under the new map, most of Tallahassee, along with nearly all of the 2nd's black residents, were drawn into the 5th District.

To make up for the loss in population, the 2nd was shifted slightly to the south to take in territory previously in the nearby 3rd and 11th districts. On paper, the new 2nd was more than 12 points more Republican than its predecessor. Mitt Romney had carried the old 2nd in 2012 although he received only 52 percent of the vote.[7] By comparison, Romney would have carried the new 2nd with 64 percent of the vote in 2012, making it on paper the third-most Republican district in the state.[8]

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 42.5 - 37.8%
Senator Graham 70.7 - 29.3%
1994 Senator Mack 68.6 - 31.4%
Governor Chiles 55.9 - 44.1%
1996 President Clinton 47.9 - 41.5%
1998 Senator Graham 70.9 - 29.1%
Governor Bush 52.5 - 47.5%
2000 President Bush 49.2 - 48.4%
Senator Nelson 56.7 - 43.3%
2004 President Bush 54 - 46%
2008 President McCain 54 - 45%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2016 President Trump 66.2 - 30.2%
Senate Rubio 65.8 - 30.5%


Voter registration[9][edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 18, 2016
Party Voters Percentage
Republican 204,440 43.39%
Democratic 183,134 38.86%
No Party Affiliation 71,374 15.14%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1875
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Josiah T. Walls
Republican March 4, 1875 –
April 19, 1876
44th Redistricted from the at-large district.

Lost contested election
Jesse Finley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jesse J. Finley
Democratic April 19, 1876 –
March 3, 1877
44th Won contested election
Bisbee.jpg
Horatio Bisbee Jr.
Republican March 4, 1877 –
February 20, 1879
45th Lost contested election
Jesse Finley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jesse J. Finley
Democratic February 20, 1879 –
March 3, 1879
45th Won contested election
Noble A Hull.png
Noble A. Hull
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
January 22, 1881
46th Lost contested election
Bisbee.jpg
Horatio Bisbee Jr.
Republican January 22, 1881 –
March 3, 1881
46th Won contested election
Jesse Finley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jesse J. Finley
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
June 1, 1882
47th Lost contested election
Bisbee.jpg
Horatio Bisbee Jr.
Republican June 1, 1882 –
March 3, 1885
47th
48th
Won contested election
Charles Dougherty.jpg
Charles Dougherty
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1889
49th
50th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robertbullock.jpg
Robert Bullock
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
51st
52nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles Merian Cooper.jpg
Charles M. Cooper
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert Wyche Davis.jpg
Robert W. Davis
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1905
55th
56th
57th
58th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frank Clark.jpg
Frank Clark
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1925
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
[Data unknown/missing.]
RobertAGreen.jpg
Robert A. Green
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
January 3, 1943
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Redistricted to the at-large district.
Emory H. Price.jpg
Emory H. Price
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles E. Bennett.jpg
Charles E. Bennett
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
Don Fuqua 1961.jpg
Don Fuqua
Democratic January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1987
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
Redistricted from the 9th district.
Bill Grant.jpg
James W. Grant
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
February 21, 1989
100th
101st
Lost re-election.
Republican February 21, 1989 –
January 3, 1991
101st
Petepeterson.jpg
Pete Peterson
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1997
102nd
103rd
104th
Retired.
Allen Boyd, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg
Allen Boyd
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2011
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Lost re-election.
Steve Southerland, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Steve Southerland
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2015
112th
113th
Lost re-election.
Official Congressional Portrait of Gwen Graham (FL-02).jpg
Gwen Graham
Democratic January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
114th Retired.
Neal Dunn 115th Congress photo.jpg
Neal Dunn
Republican January 3, 2017 –
Present
115th
116th
Incumbent

Election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Allen Boyd* 152,164 67%
Republican Tom McGurk 75,275 33%
Total votes 227,439 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2004[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Allen Boyd* 201,577 62%
Republican Bev Kilmer 125,399 38%
Total votes 326,976 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2006[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Allen Boyd* 100%
Total votes 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2008[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Allen Boyd* 216,804 62%
Republican Mark Mulligan 133,404 38%
No party Others 159 0.05%
Total votes 350,367 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2010[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Southerland 136,371 54%
Democratic Allen Boyd* 105,211 41%
Independent Paul Crandall McKain 7,135 3%
Independent Dianne J. Berryhill 5,705 2%
No party Others 16 0%
Total votes 254,438 100%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Southerland* 175,856 53%
Democratic Alfred Lawson, Jr. 157,634 47%
No party Floyd Patrick Miller 228 0.01%
Total votes 333,718 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2014[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election, (2014)[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gwen Graham 126,096 50%
Republican Steve Southerland* 123,262 49%
Write-in Luther Lee 422 0.17%
Total votes 249,780 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

2016[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Neal Dunn 231,163 67%
Democratic Walter Dartland 102,801 30%
Libertarian Rob Lapham 9,395 3%
No party Others 3 0%
Total votes 343,362 100%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

2018[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2018)[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Neal Dunn 199,335 67.4%
Democratic Bob Rackleff 96,233 32.6%
Total votes 295,568 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

Living former representatives[edit]

As of January 2017, there are six former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 2nd congressional district who are currently living at this time. The most recent representative to die was Charles E. Bennett (served 1949–1967) on September 6, 2003.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Don Fuqua 1967–1987 (1933-08-20) August 20, 1933 (age 86)
James W. Grant 1987–1991 (1943-09-21) September 21, 1943 (age 76)
Pete Peterson 1991–1997 (1935-06-26) June 26, 1935 (age 84)
Allen Boyd 1997–2011 (1945-06-06) June 6, 1945 (age 74)
Steve Southerland 2011–2015 (1965-10-10) October 10, 1965 (age 54)
Gwen Graham 2015–2017 (1963-01-31) January 31, 1963 (age 56)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°16′58″N 84°43′49″W / 30.28278°N 84.73028°W / 30.28278; -84.73028