Fatima al-Fudayliya

Fatima bint Hamad al-Fudayliyya
TitleShaykha
Personal
Died1831 AD, 1247 AH
ReligionIslam
RegionArabia
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceHanafi
Main interest(s)usul, Fiqh, Tafsir
OccupationIslamic scholar
Muslim leader

Fatima bint Hamad al-Fudayliyya, also known as Al-Shaykha al-Fudayliyya (died 1831) was an 18th and 19th-century Muslim scholar of hadith[1][2] and jurist.[3] She is considered one of the last scholars in a long line of female muhaddith.[4]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Fatima bint Hamad al-Fudayliyya was born before the end of the twelfth Islamic century, and soon excelled in the art of calligraphy and the various Islamic sciences. She had a special interest in hadith, read a good deal on the subject, received the diplomas of a good many scholars, and acquired a reputation as an important muhaddith in her own right.

Scholarship[edit]

She was also an expert on usul, fiqh and tafsir.[3] In Mecca her lectures were attended by many eminent muhaddith, who received certificates from her. Among them, of mention in particular are Umar al-Hanafi and Muhammad Salih.[2] The scholars who studied with her praised her for her piety, righteousness and practice of zuhd. She was also highly regarded for writing books in beautiful calligraphy.[3]

Later life and death[edit]

Towards the end of her life she settled in Makkah where she founded a rich public library. She died in 1831 (Hijri 1247).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Farooq, Dr. Mohammad Omar; Siddiqi, Dr. Muhammad Zubayr. "Women Scholars of Hadith". Women Scholars of Islam: They Must Bloom Again. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Siddiqi, Muhammad Zubayr (1993). "Hadith Literature Its origin, development and special features: Women Scholars of Hadith". The Islamic Texts Society Cambridge: 117–123. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Nadwi, Mohammad Akram (2007). Al Muhaddithat: the women scholars in Islam. London: Interface Publishers. p. 263.
  4. ^ "Amazing Women Scholars". The True Knowledge. Retrieved 2 March 2015.