Ezekiel Candler Gathings
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Arkansas's 1st district
January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1969
|Preceded by||William J. Driver|
|Succeeded by||Bill Alexander, Jr.|
|Member of the Arkansas Senate|
from the Thirty-second district
January 14, 1935 – January 9, 1939
|Preceded by||Marvin B. Norfleet|
|Succeeded by||J. O. E. Beck, Jr.|
|Born||November 10, 1903|
|Died||May 2, 1979 (aged 75)|
West Memphis, Arkansas
|Alma mater||University of Alabama (did not graduate) |
University of Arkansas School of Law
Ezekiel Candler "Took" Gathings (November 10, 1903 – May 2, 1979) was a U.S. Representative from Arkansas, representing Arkansas' First Congressional District from 1939 to 1969. A conservative and segregationist, Gathings was an ally of Strom Thurmond, and stood against all civil rights legislation. Gathings also chaired the 1952 House Select Committee on Current Pornographic Materials, which advocated for censorship of obscene magazines, books, and comics.
Early life and education
His nickname derived from Gathings' younger brother's mispronunciation of his childhood nickname, "Sugar" ("Tooker", shortened to "Took").
Gathings graduated from high school in Earle, and briefly attended University of Alabama, before transferring to the University of Arkansas School of Law, where he graduated in 1929. He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Helena, Arkansas, moving his practice to West Memphis, in 1932.
Gathings served in the Arkansas Senate from 1935–1939, representing Crittenden and St. Francis Counties. He served in the 50th and 51st Arkansas General Assembly, which were entirely Democratic during the Solid South period. He was elected as a Democrat (defeating incumbent William J. Driver in the 1938 Democratic primary) to the Seventy-sixth and to the fourteen succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1969) as a representative of Arkansas' 1st Congressional District. He was a signatory of the 1956 Southern Manifesto that opposed the desegregation of public schools ordered by the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education.
- "SOS" (1998), p. 289.
- "SOS" (1998), p. 270.
- "SOS" (1998), p. 287-288.
- "SOS" (1998), p. 292-293.
- "Ezekiel Candler "Took" Gathings (1903–1979) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
- Priest, Sharon (1998). Runnells, Jonathan (ed.). Historical Report of the Arkansas Secretary of State. Office of the Arkansas Secretary of State. OCLC 40157815.
- United States Congress. "Ezekiel C. Gathings (id: G000098)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Preceded by |
William J. Driver
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives |
from Arkansas's 1st congressional district
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.