Eurovision Song Contest 1990

Eurovision Song Contest 1990
ESC 1990 logo.png
Dates
Final5 May 1990
Host
VenueVatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall
Zagreb, SR Croatia, Yugoslavia
Presenter(s)Helga Vlahović Brnobić
Oliver Mlakar
ConductorIgor Kuljerić
Directed byNenad Puhovski
Executive supervisorFrank Naef
Executive producerGoran Radman
Host broadcasterYugoslav Radio Television (JRT) / Radiotelevision Zagreb (RTZ)
Opening actA short film "Zagreb: City of Music"
Interval actYugoslav Changes – a film about tourism in the country.
Participants
Number of entries22
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countriesNone
Withdrawing countriesNone
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Italy
"Insieme: 1992"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1990 was the 35th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held in Zagreb, Yugoslavia on 5 May 1990. The presenters were Helga Vlahović Brnobić and Oliver Mlakar.[1] Toto Cutugno was the winner of this contest with his own composition "Insieme: 1992". This was the second victory for Italy, the first one having been "Non ho l'età", performed by Gigliola Cinquetti in 1964. Cutugno was aged 46 years and 302 days at the time of his victory, making him the oldest winner of the contest to date, the first to be aged in their forties since 1958. He held the record until 2000.[2]

The lyrics of several entries celebrated the revolution and democratisation that had occurred in central and eastern Europe in the preceding months, focusing especially on the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, such as in the Norwegian and Austrian entries. However, the winning song was an even more sweeping evocation of European unity, in anticipation of the completion of the European single market, due at the end of 1992.

As of 2019, the 1990 contest was the last time that the five countries that would later be known as the Big Five, Italy, France, Spain, the United Kingdom and Germany, all placed in the top 10 (Italy won, France tied for second, Spain came fifth, the UK came sixth and Germany came ninth).

Malta had wished to return to the contest for the first time in 15 years, but Eurovision rules prevented them from returning due to a maximum of 22 entries allowed to compete, a rule which has since been removed. A national final was held in Malta, which was won by Maryrose Mallia with "Our Little World of Yesterday".[3]

There was a slightly uncomfortable beginning to the rehearsal week when, offended by press comments concerning their ages (Brnobić being 45 at the time and Mlakar being 54), the two presenters quit the show. They were briefly replaced by Rene Medvešek and Dubravka Marković, who were much younger, but the misunderstandings were eventually allayed and Brnobić and Mlakar returned to the contest.

Location[edit]

Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall, Zagreb – host venue of the 1990 contest.

Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, was the second largest city in Yugoslavia. Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall was chosen to host the contest. The concert hall and convention center is named after Vatroslav Lisinski, a 19th-century Croatian composer.[4] The building has a big hall with 1,841 seats and a small hall with 305 seats.[4]

In order to host the 1990 contest, the venue underwent its first major renovation in 1989.[5] In 1992, the hall's copper roof cover was completely replaced.[5] Further reconstruction and redecoration work was done in 1999 and 2009.[6][7]

Format[edit]

The Eurovision Song Contest 1990 was the first to implement an age rule. The European Broadcasting Union (EBU) were forced to bring in a restriction rule after criticism arose over the ages of two performers at 1989 contest, being just 11 and 12 years old. From 1990, no artist under the age of 16 on the day of the contest could perform on stage. This rule meant that the record for the youngest ever winner at Eurovision could never be broken, as Sandra Kim, who won for Belgium at the 1986 competition, was just 13 years old.

A notorious mishap occurred at the start of the first song, when a noticeably long delay caused by problems with the backing track was followed by the Spanish singers Azúcar Moreno missing their cue. They walked off the stage in barely concealed annoyance and the audience was left in confusion for a moment, but the song was then restarted without any further problems.

To add more confusion, the backing track for tv audio did start correctly on the first attempt. So the tv spectators heard the orchestra playing but saw the conductor (and orchestra) just standing by. In addition, this incident revealed to the spectators that the large orchestra was just for playback.

From a musicological perspective both Spain's "Bandido" and France's "White and Black Blues" can be said to be the first entries to signal a new trend at Eurovision, with both songs fusing contemporary dance music with ethnic influences, from flamenco and calypso respectively.

The 1990 contest was the first to feature an official mascot, Eurocat, created by Joško Marušić. This mischievous purple cat popped up during the 'postcards' of each of the 22 entries, which also included travelogues of the country about to perform, in conjunction with the European Year of Tourism 1990.

Conductors[edit]

Results[edit]

Draw Country Artist Song Language[8] Place Points
01  Spain Azúcar Moreno "Bandido" Spanish 5 96
02  Greece Christos Callow & Wave "Horis skopo" (Χωρίς σκοπό) Greek 19 11
03  Belgium Philippe Lafontaine "Macédomienne" French 12 46
04  Turkey Kayahan "Gözlerinin Hapsindeyim" Turkish 17 21
05  Netherlands Maywood "Ik wil alles met je delen" Dutch 15 25
06  Luxembourg Céline Carzo "Quand je te rêve" French 13 38
07  United Kingdom Emma "Give a Little Love Back to the World" English 6 87
08  Iceland Stjórnin "Eitt lag enn" Icelandic 4 124
09  Norway Ketil Stokkan "Brandenburger Tor" Norwegian 21 8
10  Israel Rita "Shara Barkhovot" (שרה ברחובות) Hebrew 18 16
11  Denmark Lonnie Devantier "Hallo Hallo" Danish 8 64
12   Switzerland Egon Egemann "Musik klingt in die Welt hinaus" German 11 51
13  Germany Chris Kempers & Daniel Kovac "Frei zu leben" German 9 60
14  France Joëlle Ursull "White and Black Blues" French 2 132
15  Yugoslavia Tajči "Hajde da ludujemo" Serbo-Croatian 7 81
16  Portugal Nucha "Há sempre alguém" Portuguese 20 9
17  Ireland Liam Reilly "Somewhere in Europe" English 2 132
18  Sweden Edin-Ådahl "Som en vind" Swedish 16 24
19  Italy Toto Cutugno "Insieme: 1992" Italian 1 149
20  Austria Simone "Keine Mauern mehr" German[a] 10 58
21  Cyprus Haris Anastasiou "Milas poli" (Μιλάς πολύ) Greek 14 36
22  Finland Beat "Fri?" Swedish 21 8

Score sheet[edit]

Results
Total score
Spain
Greece
Belgium
Turkey
Netherlands
Luxembourg
United Kingdom
Iceland
Norway
Israel
Denmark
Switzerland
Germany
France
Yugoslavia
Portugal
Ireland
Sweden
Italy
Austria
Cyprus
Finland
Contestants
Spain 96 8 1 10 2 1 4 5 6 12 5 3 5 8 8 8 10
Greece 11 5 6
Belgium 46 7 4 1 4 8 8 2 1 7 4
Turkey 21 3 2 4 5 7
Netherlands 25 1 3 1 4 2 3 6 1 2 2
Luxembourg 38 4 3 3 12 2 3 1 5 5
United Kingdom 87 7 5 12 3 10 3 10 1 10 10 6 6 1 3
Iceland 124 4 3 10 1 8 12 10 8 10 7 4 12 7 8 3 10 7
Norway 8 4 1 3
Israel 16 4 2 4 1 5
Denmark 64 6 3 2 7 7 7 1 7 4 3 7 6 4
Switzerland 51 1 12 6 2 12 1 5 8 1 3
Germany 60 8 6 12 7 1 4 10 4 5 3
France 132 5 4 4 12 12 12 6 5 12 10 12 4 8 5 2 7 12
Yugoslavia 81 3 12 5 10 3 12 7 2 5 1 10 10 1
Portugal 9 7 2
Ireland 132 10 7 7 5 10 6 10 8 8 8 5 7 7 6 12 12 4
Sweden 24 2 2 6 6 6 2
Italy 149 12 10 8 8 8 10 3 1 6 8 6 4 6 10 12 10 7 12 8
Austria 58 2 7 1 5 8 6 3 8 2 2 12 2
Cyprus 36 6 5 2 5 2 6 4 6
Finland 8 5 3

12 points[edit]

Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
6 France Finland, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, Yugoslavia
3 Italy Cyprus, Ireland, Spain
2 Iceland Portugal, United Kingdom
Ireland Austria, Sweden
Switzerland Denmark, Greece
Yugoslavia Israel, Turkey
1 Austria Italy
Germany Luxembourg
Luxembourg France
Spain Germany
United Kingdom Belgium

Returning artists[edit]

Artist Country Previous year(s)
Ketil Stokkan  Norway 1986
Pepel In Kri (Toto Cutugno's backing vocalists)  Italy 1975 (for  Yugoslavia)

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

The voting order was the same as the running order of the performances. In addition to the participating countries, host Helga Brnobić mentioned several countries as among the non-participants broadcasting the contest; however, no information is known about which broadcasters showed the contest and who, if anyone, provided commentary for each. The only known one is Australia, as SBS has continuously broadcast the contest since 1983, typically using the BBC's transmission.

Country Spokesperson Commentator Channel Ref.
 Australia Did not participate Terry Wogan (BBC transmission) SBS
 Austria Tilia Herold Barbara Stöckl FS1 [9]
Walter Richard Langer Hitradio Ö3
 Belgium Jacques Olivier Claude Delacroix (French) RTBF La Une [10]
Luc Appermont (Dutch) BRT TV2 [11]
Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel (French) RTBF La Première
Julien Put (Dutch) BRT Radio 2
 Bulgaria Did not participate Unknown
 Canada Did not participate Unknown
 China Did not participate Unknown
 Cyprus Anna Partelidou Neophytos Taliotis RIK [12]
Pavlos Pavlou CyBC Radio 2
 Czechoslovakia Did not participate Unknown
 Denmark Bent Henius [dk] Jørgen de Mylius DR TV [13]
Karlo Staunskær and Kurt Helge Andersen DR P3
 Finland Solveig Herlin Erkki Pohjanheimo and Ossi Runne YLE TV1 [14][15]
Jake Nyman and Kati Bergman YLE 2-verkko
 France Valérie Maurice Richard Adaridi Antenne 2 [16]
Patrick Sabatier France Inter
 Germany Gabi Schnelle Fritz Egner Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen [17]
Peter Urban Deutschlandfunk, NDR Radio 2
 Greece Fotini Giannoulatou Dafni Bokota ET1 [18][19]
Dimitris Konstantaras ERA National Radio
 Hungary Did not participate István Vágó MTV1
 Iceland Árni Snævarr Arthúr Björgvin Bollason Sjónvarpið [20]
 Ireland Eileen Dunne Jimmy Greeley and Clíona Ní Bhuachalla RTÉ1
Larry Gogan RTÉ Radio 1
 Israel Yitzhak Shim'oni No commentator IBA Television [21]
Yigal Ravid Reshet Gimel
 Italy Paolo Frajese Peppi Franzelin Raidue [22]
Antonio De Robertis Rai Radio 2
 Japan Did not participate Unknown
 Luxembourg Jean-Luc Bertrand Valérie Sarn RTL TV [16]
André Torrent RTL Radio
 Netherlands Joop van Os Willem van Beusekom Nederland 3 [23]
Daniël Dekker Radio 2
 Norway Sverre Christophersen Leif Erik Forberg NRK [24][25]
Erik Heyerdahl NRK P1
 Poland Did not participate Unknown
 Portugal João Abel Fonseca Ana do Carmo RTP Canal 1 [26]
 Romania Did not participate Unknown
 South Korea Did not participate Unknown
 Spain Matilde Jarrín Luis Cobos TVE2 [27]
  Switzerland Michel Stocker Bernard Thurnheer (German) DRS [28]
Thierry Masselot (French) TSR
Emanuela Gaggini (Italian) TSI
 Soviet Union Did not participate Unknown
 Sweden Jan Ellerås Jan Jingryd TV2 [29]
Kersti Adams-Ray SR P3
 Turkey Korhan Abay[b] Başak Doğru TV1
Fatih Orbay TRT Radyo 3
 United Kingdom Colin Berry Terry Wogan, Emma (at the interval act) BBC1 [30]
Ken Bruce BBC Radio 2
 Yugoslavia Drago Čulina Branko Uvodić TVZ1, TVB1 [31]
Saša Gerdej TVLJ1

National jury members[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Contains some phrases in English, French and Serbo-Croatian.
  2. ^ Co-presenter of the 2004 contest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1990". EBU. Archived from the original on 2008-06-13. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
  2. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official Celebration. Carlton Books, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78097-638-9. Pages 32-33
  3. ^ "No, No, Never!!! - Songs That Did Not Make It To Eurovision". eurovisionsongs.net. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  4. ^ a b "Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall Celebrates 35 Years". Zagreb Tourist Board. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
  5. ^ a b "Concert Hall 'Vatroslav Lisinski' Zagreb". Investinženjering. Archived from the original on 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
  6. ^ "Concert and Congress Hall Vatroslav Lisinski". Zagreb Convention Bureau. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
  7. ^ "Lisinski AZtheBest otvara se 16. listopada". Radio101.hr (in Croatian). Radio 101. October 14, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
  8. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1990". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  9. ^ Mutavdzic, Sascha (OGAE Austria)
  10. ^ "Victoire De La "Canzonetta": C'Est L'Histoire Du P'Tit Tot". Archives.lesoir.be. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  11. ^ Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
  12. ^ Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
  13. ^ "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  14. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  15. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  16. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1990 - Zagreb". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  17. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1990". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  18. ^ "Εκφωνητές της ΕΡΤ για τις ψήφους της Ελλάδας στην EUROVISION - Page 3". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  19. ^ "Η Δάφνη Μπόκοτα και η EUROVISION (1987-2004)". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  20. ^ "Dagblaðið Vísir - DV, 03.05.1990". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  21. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  22. ^ "Toto Cutugno Insieme:1992 Eurofestival 1990". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  23. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  24. ^ Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  25. ^ "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  26. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  27. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema - Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  28. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  29. ^ "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  30. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 1990 BBC Archives
  31. ^ "Eurovizija 1990. Zagreb: Branko Uvodić zvani Car". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  32. ^ "000webhost.com - free web hosting provider". Eurofestival.host22.com. Archived from the original on 2011-08-15. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  33. ^ http://www.cumhuriyetarsivi.com/katalog/192/sayfa/1990/5/2/4.xhtml

External links[edit]