|Eurovision Song Contest 1990|
|Final||5 May 1990|
|Venue||Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall|
Zagreb, SR Croatia, Yugoslavia
|Presenter(s)||Helga Vlahović Brnobić|
|Directed by||Nenad Puhovski|
|Executive supervisor||Frank Naef|
|Executive producer||Goran Radman|
|Host broadcaster||Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT) / Radiotelevision Zagreb (RTZ)|
|Opening act||A short film "Zagreb: City of Music"|
|Interval act||Yugoslav Changes – a film about tourism in the country.|
|Number of entries||22|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
|Winning song|| Italy|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1990 was the 35th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held in Zagreb, Yugoslavia on 5 May 1990. The presenters were Helga Vlahović Brnobić and Oliver Mlakar. Toto Cutugno was the winner of this contest with his own composition "Insieme: 1992". This was the second victory for Italy, the first one having been "Non ho l'età", performed by Gigliola Cinquetti in 1964. Cutugno was aged 46 years and 302 days at the time of his victory, making him the oldest winner of the contest to date, the first to be aged in their forties since 1958. He held the record until 2000.
The lyrics of several entries celebrated the revolution and democratisation that had occurred in central and eastern Europe in the preceding months, focusing especially on the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989, such as in the Norwegian and Austrian entries. However, the winning song was an even more sweeping evocation of European unity, in anticipation of the completion of the European single market, due at the end of 1992.
As of 2019, the 1990 contest was the last time that the five countries that would later be known as the Big Five, Italy, France, Spain, the United Kingdom and Germany, all placed in the top 10 (Italy won, France tied for second, Spain came fifth, the UK came sixth and Germany came ninth).
Malta had wished to return to the contest for the first time in 15 years, but Eurovision rules prevented them from returning due to a maximum of 22 entries allowed to compete, a rule which has since been removed. A national final was held in Malta, which was won by Maryrose Mallia with "Our Little World of Yesterday".
There was a slightly uncomfortable beginning to the rehearsal week when, offended by press comments concerning their ages (Brnobić being 45 at the time and Mlakar being 54), the two presenters quit the show. They were briefly replaced by Rene Medvešek and Dubravka Marković, who were much younger, but the misunderstandings were eventually allayed and Brnobić and Mlakar returned to the contest.
Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, was the second largest city in Yugoslavia. Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall was chosen to host the contest. The concert hall and convention center is named after Vatroslav Lisinski, a 19th-century Croatian composer. The building has a big hall with 1,841 seats and a small hall with 305 seats.
In order to host the 1990 contest, the venue underwent its first major renovation in 1989. In 1992, the hall's copper roof cover was completely replaced. Further reconstruction and redecoration work was done in 1999 and 2009.
The Eurovision Song Contest 1990 was the first to implement an age rule. The European Broadcasting Union (EBU) were forced to bring in a restriction rule after criticism arose over the ages of two performers at 1989 contest, being just 11 and 12 years old. From 1990, no artist under the age of 16 on the day of the contest could perform on stage. This rule meant that the record for the youngest ever winner at Eurovision could never be broken, as Sandra Kim, who won for Belgium at the 1986 competition, was just 13 years old.
A notorious mishap occurred at the start of the first song, when a noticeably long delay caused by problems with the backing track was followed by the Spanish singers Azúcar Moreno missing their cue. They walked off the stage in barely concealed annoyance and the audience was left in confusion for a moment, but the song was then restarted without any further problems.
To add more confusion, the backing track for tv audio did start correctly on the first attempt. So the tv spectators heard the orchestra playing but saw the conductor (and orchestra) just standing by. In addition, this incident revealed to the spectators that the large orchestra was just for playback.
From a musicological perspective both Spain's "Bandido" and France's "White and Black Blues" can be said to be the first entries to signal a new trend at Eurovision, with both songs fusing contemporary dance music with ethnic influences, from flamenco and calypso respectively.
The 1990 contest was the first to feature an official mascot, Eurocat, created by Joško Marušić. This mischievous purple cat popped up during the 'postcards' of each of the 22 entries, which also included travelogues of the country about to perform, in conjunction with the European Year of Tourism 1990.
- Spain – Eduardo Leiva
- Greece – Michael Rozakis
- Belgium – Rony Brack
- Turkey – Ümit Eroğlu
- Netherlands – Harry van Hoof
- Luxembourg – Thierry Durbet
- United Kingdom – Alyn Ainsworth
- Iceland – Jon Kjell Seljeseth
- Norway – Pete Knutsen
- Israel – Rami Levin
- Denmark – Henrik Krogsgård
- Switzerland – Bela Balint
- Germany –Rainer Pietsch
- France – Régis Dupré
- Yugoslavia – Stjepan Mihaljinec
- Portugal – Carlos Alberto Moniz
- Ireland – Noel Kelehan
- Sweden – Curt-Eric Holmquist
- Italy – Gianni Madonini
- Austria – Richard Österreicher
- Cyprus – Stanko Selak
- Finland – Olli Ahvenlahti
Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final:
|6||France||Finland, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, Yugoslavia|
|3||Italy||Cyprus, Ireland, Spain|
|2||Iceland||Portugal, United Kingdom|
|Pepel In Kri (Toto Cutugno's backing vocalists)||Italy||1975 (for Yugoslavia)|
Commentators and spokespersons
The voting order was the same as the running order of the performances. In addition to the participating countries, host Helga Brnobić mentioned several countries as among the non-participants broadcasting the contest; however, no information is known about which broadcasters showed the contest and who, if anyone, provided commentary for each. The only known one is Australia, as SBS has continuously broadcast the contest since 1983, typically using the BBC's transmission.
|Australia||Did not participate||Terry Wogan (BBC transmission)||SBS|
|Austria||Tilia Herold||Barbara Stöckl||FS1|||
|Walter Richard Langer||Hitradio Ö3|
|Belgium||Jacques Olivier||Claude Delacroix (French)||RTBF La Une|||
|Luc Appermont (Dutch)||BRT TV2|||
|Stéphane Dupont and Patrick Duhamel (French)||RTBF La Première|
|Julien Put (Dutch)||BRT Radio 2|
|Bulgaria||Did not participate||Unknown|
|Canada||Did not participate||Unknown|
|China||Did not participate||Unknown|
|Cyprus||Anna Partelidou||Neophytos Taliotis||RIK|||
|Pavlos Pavlou||CyBC Radio 2|
|Czechoslovakia||Did not participate||Unknown|
|Denmark||Bent Henius||Jørgen de Mylius||DR TV|||
|Karlo Staunskær and Kurt Helge Andersen||DR P3|
|Finland||Solveig Herlin||Erkki Pohjanheimo and Ossi Runne||YLE TV1|||
|Jake Nyman and Kati Bergman||YLE 2-verkko|
|France||Valérie Maurice||Richard Adaridi||Antenne 2|||
|Patrick Sabatier||France Inter|
|Germany||Gabi Schnelle||Fritz Egner||Erstes Deutsches Fernsehen|||
|Peter Urban||Deutschlandfunk, NDR Radio 2|
|Greece||Fotini Giannoulatou||Dafni Bokota||ET1|||
|Dimitris Konstantaras||ERA National Radio|
|Hungary||Did not participate||István Vágó||MTV1|
|Iceland||Árni Snævarr||Arthúr Björgvin Bollason||Sjónvarpið|||
|Ireland||Eileen Dunne||Jimmy Greeley and Clíona Ní Bhuachalla||RTÉ1|
|Larry Gogan||RTÉ Radio 1|
|Israel||Yitzhak Shim'oni||No commentator||IBA Television|||
|Yigal Ravid||Reshet Gimel|
|Italy||Paolo Frajese||Peppi Franzelin||Raidue|||
|Antonio De Robertis||Rai Radio 2|
|Japan||Did not participate||Unknown|
|Luxembourg||Jean-Luc Bertrand||Valérie Sarn||RTL TV|||
|André Torrent||RTL Radio|
|Netherlands||Joop van Os||Willem van Beusekom||Nederland 3|||
|Daniël Dekker||Radio 2|
|Norway||Sverre Christophersen||Leif Erik Forberg||NRK|||
|Erik Heyerdahl||NRK P1|
|Poland||Did not participate||Unknown|
|Portugal||João Abel Fonseca||Ana do Carmo||RTP Canal 1|||
|Romania||Did not participate||Unknown|
|South Korea||Did not participate||Unknown|
|Spain||Matilde Jarrín||Luis Cobos||TVE2|||
|Switzerland||Michel Stocker||Bernard Thurnheer (German)||DRS|||
|Thierry Masselot (French)||TSR|
|Emanuela Gaggini (Italian)||TSI|
|Soviet Union||Did not participate||Unknown|
|Sweden||Jan Ellerås||Jan Jingryd||TV2|||
|Kersti Adams-Ray||SR P3|
|Turkey||Korhan Abay[b]||Başak Doğru||TV1|
|Fatih Orbay||TRT Radyo 3|
|United Kingdom||Colin Berry||Terry Wogan, Emma (at the interval act)||BBC1|||
|Ken Bruce||BBC Radio 2|
|Yugoslavia||Drago Čulina||Branko Uvodić||TVZ1, TVB1|||
National jury members
- Spain – Amparo Mendiguren (housewife), Pedro Calleja (clinical assistant), Paloma Gómez (actress), José Ramón Gamo (student), Teresa del Río (actress), Emilio de Villota (racing driver), Fiorella Faltoyano (actress), Julián Lago (journalist at Tribuna), Raquel Revuelta (fashion model and Miss Spain 1990), Juan Carlos Arteche (footballer and businessman), Conchita de los Santos (journalist), Alfredo Roldán (senior civil servant), Margarita Girón (public relations), José Sanjuán (PhD in Chemistry), María José Olmedilla (lawyer), Javier Morera (lawyer)
- Greece – Αlexandros J. Roussos, Athanasia Tsoulfa, Stylianos Pesmatzoglou, Litsa Pappa, Nikolaos Desypris, Mariliz Ritsardi
- Turkey – Murat Türkoğlu, Selda Güneş, Mithat Kaya, Özlem Şen, Sıla Yavuz, Nazif Eke, Hülya Okçay, Kadir Gökdemir, Aydan Özbey, Özlem Çelik, Ziya Fırat Doğançay, Meltem Altınörs, Nihal Müftüoğlu, Zeki Tatlıgil, Ahmet Hüseyin Uluçay, Mustafa Sarıkoç
- United Kingdom – Laura Gudim, Roland Gonzalez-Attwell, Mick Elliott, Chris Whiteside
- Iceland – Reynir Þór Eggertsson, Helga Sesselja Guðmundsdóttir
- Portugal – Manuel Pinheiro
Notes and references
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1990". EBU. Archived from the original on 2008-06-13. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
- O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official Celebration. Carlton Books, 2015. ISBN 978-1-78097-638-9. Pages 32-33
- "No, No, Never!!! - Songs That Did Not Make It To Eurovision". eurovisionsongs.net. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
- "Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall Celebrates 35 Years". Zagreb Tourist Board. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- "Concert Hall 'Vatroslav Lisinski' Zagreb". Investinženjering. Archived from the original on 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
- "Concert and Congress Hall Vatroslav Lisinski". Zagreb Convention Bureau. Retrieved 2008-03-09.
- "Lisinski AZtheBest otvara se 16. listopada". Radio101.hr (in Croatian). Radio 101. October 14, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1990". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Mutavdzic, Sascha (OGAE Austria)
- "Victoire De La "Canzonetta": C'Est L'Histoire Du P'Tit Tot". Archives.lesoir.be. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Adriaens, Manu & Loeckx-Van Cauwenberge, Joken. Blijven kiken!. Lannoo, Belgium. 2003 ISBN 90-209-5274-9
- Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
- "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat lĂ¤pi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat lĂ¤pi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Christian Masson. "1990 - Zagreb". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1990". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Εκφωνητές της ΕΡΤ για τις ψήφους της Ελλάδας στην EUROVISION - Page 3". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Η Δάφνη Μπόκοτα και η EUROVISION (1987-2004)". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Dagblaðið Vísir - DV, 03.05.1990". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 1999-09-13. Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Toto Cutugno Insieme:1992 Eurofestival 1990". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
- "Hvem kommenterte før Jostein Pedersen? - Debattforum". Nrk.no. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
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- Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
- "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- Eurovision Song Contest 1990 BBC Archives
- "Eurovizija 1990. Zagreb: Branko Uvodić zvani Car". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
- "000webhost.com - free web hosting provider". Eurofestival.host22.com. Archived from the original on 2011-08-15. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
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