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There are numerous ethnic groups in Burkina Faso. The most predominant group are the Mossi, about 40% of the population. They are mainly farmers and live in the central portions of the country.
Other groups include the Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Mande, and the semi-nomadic Fulani who inhabit the areas near the country’s northern borders. The number of nomads in the north has diminished since the Sahelian drought of the 1970s.