Upon their return to Egypt in 309, they were stopped at the gates of Caesarea, Palestine, and questioned. Upon confessing the reason for their journey, they were arrested. The following day they, along with Pamphilus who had also been caught up in the persecutions, were brought before the provincial governor Firmilian.
Accused of being Christians, they were racked and interrogated. Elias and his friends identified themselves by their baptismal names and their country as "Jerusalem", a reference to the Christians' heavenly Jerusalem. The city of Jerusalem had been sacked by Titus and later rebuilt as Aelia Capitolina. Firmilian had them further tortured to discover the location of their true country, and at last, tired with tormenting them, condemned them to be beheaded.
When Porphyry, a servant of Pamphilus, demanded that the bodies be buried, he was tortured and then burned to death when it was found that he was a Christian. St. Seleucus witnessed his death and was overheard applauded Porphyry's constancy in the face of this terrible death; whereupon he was arrested by the soldiers involved in the execution, brought before the governor, and beheaded at Firmilian's order. The historian Eusebius was in Caesarea, and gave a vivid account of their martyrdom by torture and beheading.
- St. Elias & Companions — Catholic Online
- "SS. Elias, Jeremy, Isaias, Samuel, Daniel, and Other Holy Martyrs at Caesarea, in Palestine. February 16. Rev. Alban Butler. 1866. Volume II: February. The Lives of the Saints". www.bartleby.com. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
- St. Elias, Jeremy, and Companions — Catholic Online
- Saint of the Day, February 16: Elias, Jeremy, Isaias, Samuel, and Daniel at SaintPatrickDC.org. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
- Eusebius of Caesarea, "Chapter 11 - The Martyrs of Palestine", Historia Ecclesiastica, VIII
- Alban Butler, Paul Burns (1998), Butler's Lives of the Saints: February, p. 163, ISBN 978-0-86012-251-7
- Charles Fell, Richard Challoner (1750), The Lives of Saints, pp. 176–177
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