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The government of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic.
El Salvador elects its head of state – the President of El Salvador – directly through a fixed-date general election whose winner is decided by absolute majority. If an absolute majority (50% + 1) is not achieved by any candidate in the first round of a presidential election, then a run-off election is conducted 30 days later between the two candidates who obtained the most votes in the first round. The presidential period is five years. Consecutive re-election is not permitted, though previously elected presidents may run for a second, non-consecutive term.
Salvadorans also elect a single-chamber, unicameral national legislature – the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador – composed of 84 members (deputies). They are elected by open-list proportional representation for three-year terms, with the possibility of immediate re-election. All 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly are elected on the basis of 14 multi-member constituencies (corresponding to El Salvador's 14 departments). They range from 3-16 seats each according to department population size.
El Salvador has a multi-party system. Two political parties, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) have tended to dominate elections. ARENA candidates won four consecutive presidential elections until the election of Mauricio Funes of the FMLN in March 2009.
Geographically, the departments of the Central region, especially the capital and the coastal regions, known as departamentos rojos, or red departments, are relatively Leftist. The departamentos azules, or blue departments in the east, western and highland regions are relatively conservative.
|Type||Gubernatorial (March) |
National Congress (March)
|None||Presidential (March)||National Congress (March) |
|President and |
|None||President and vice president||None|
|National Congress||All seats||None||All seats||None|
|Provinces, cities and municipalities||All positions||None||All positions||None|
|Type||Gubernatorial (June) |
National Congress (June)
|None||Presidential (June) |
National Congress (June)
|President and |
|National Congress||1 May||None||1 May||None|
|Provinces, cities and municipalities||1 May||None||1 May||None|
2012 Legislative Assembly election
|Nationalist Republican Alliance (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista)||870,418||39.76%||33||1|
|Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional)||804,760||36.76%||31||4|
|Grand Alliance for National Unity (Alianza por la Unidad Nacional)||210,101||9.6%||11||11|
|National Coalition (Concertación Nacional)1||157,074||7.18%||74||4|
|Party of Hope (Partido de la Esperanza)2||60,486||2.76%||14||4|
|Democratic Change (Cambio Democrático)||46,838||2.14%||1||0|
|National Liberal Party (Partido Nacional Liberal)||14,379||0.66%||0||0|
|People's Party (Partido Popular)||10,952||0.50%||0||0|
|1Compared to National Conciliation Party in 2009.|
2Compared to Christian Democratic Party in 2009.
3Five independent candidates. Percentage and votes are cumulative.
4A MP from Chalatenango that won, ran on a joint CN and PES ticket and got 17,072 votes, or 0.78% (counted here for CN).
Source: Supreme Electoral Tribunal
2014 presidential election
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Salvador Sánchez Cerén||Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front||1,315,768||48.93||1,495,815||50.11|
|Norman Quijano||Nationalist Republican Alliance||1,047,592||38.96||1,489,451||49.89|
|Antonio Saca||Unity Movement||307,603||11.44|
|René Rodriguez Hurtado||Salvadoran Progressive Party||11,314||0.42|
|Óscar Lemus||Salvadoran Patriot Fraternity||6,659||0.25|
2018 Legislative Assembly election
2019 Presidential Election
|Nayib Bukele||Grand Alliance for National Unity||1,434,856||53.10|
|Carlos Calleja||Nationalist Republican Alliance||857,084||31.72|
|Hugo Martínez||Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front||389,289||14.41|
|Invalid or blank votes||31,186||–|
- Luis Eliezer Garcia. "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador » Autoridades » Titulares". Rree.gob.sv. Retrieved 2019-07-10.
- "TSE El Salvador – Elecciones Presidenciales 2014 – Escrutinio Final". Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-08.
- "TSE El Salvador – Segunda Elección Presidencial 2014 – Escrutinio Final". Archived from the original on March 16, 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-08.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)