Elative case

The elative (abbreviated ELA; from Latin efferre "to bring or carry out") is a locative case with the basic[clarification needed] meaning "out of".


Uralic languages[edit]

In Finnish, the elative is typically formed by adding "sta/stä", in Estonian by adding "-st" to the genitive stem. In Hungarian, the suffix "-ból/-ből" expresses the elative:

"talosta" - "out of the house, from the house" (Finnish "talo" = "house")
"majast" - "out of the house, from the house" (Estonian "maja" = "house")
"házból" - "out of the house" (Hungarian "ház" = "house")

In some dialects of colloquial Finnish it is common to drop the final vowel of the elative ending, which then becomes identical to the elative morpheme of Estonian; for example: "talost".


In some rare cases the elative still exists in contemporary Russian, though it was used more widely in 17-18th cc. texts: и́з лесу (out of the forest), кровь и́з носу (blood from the nose), из Яросла́влю (from Yaroslavl).

See also[edit]

Other locative cases are:

Further reading[edit]