David Provost

David Provost
24th Mayor of New York City
In office
Preceded byJohannes de Peyster
Succeeded byIsaac De Reimer
Personal details
BornJanuary 16, 1670
New York, New York
Helena Byvanck
(m. 1691; her death 1698)

Maria De Peyster
(m. 1699⁠–⁠1700)

Elizabeth Wakeman
(m. 1708)
RelationsJohannes de Peyster III (nephew)
ParentsDavid Provost Sr.
Catherine Laurens

Lieut. Col. David Provost or David Provoost (January 16, 1670 – 1724) was the 24th Mayor of New York City from 1699 to 1700.

Early life[edit]

David Provost was born at his family's Pearl Street home, near Fulton Street, in New York, New York, on January 16, 1670, to David Provost Sr. (1645–1720), one of New Amsterdam's Dutch burghers, and Tryntje "Catherine" (née Laurens) Provost (1650–1707).[1]


In 1699, David Provost was appointed Mayor.[2] During his administration, two new market houses were erected, one at Coenties Slip and the other at the foot of Broad Street. A hospital-home for the poor was established. Public street cleaners were hired, and homeowners were directed to pave in front of their houses or face fine of twenty shillings.[2]

The ferry to Long Island was contracted out for a term of seven years at a rent of one hundred and sixty-five pounds sterling per year. By the conditions of lease, the lessee was required to keep two large boats for corn and cattle, and two smaller boats for passengers. The city engaged to build a ferry-house on Nassau or Long Island, which the ferry operator was required to keep in repair.[3]

In 1699, the firing of guns within New York City was strictly forbidden. A powder-house was ordered to be built for public use, and all persons were prohibited from keeping more than fifty pounds of powder in their house.[3] A tax was levied on all flour and bread brought into the city. This tax, however, proved unpopular, and was annulled a few weeks later.[3]

Provost was succeeded in office by Isaac De Reimer in 1700. After his tenure as Mayor, Provost served for a time as alderman.[4]

Personal life[edit]

On June 1, 1691, Provost married Helena Byvanck (d. 1698) of Albany. Together, they were the parents of:[1]

  • Belitje Provost (b. 1692), who married Henry Coens
  • Catharina Provost (b. 1694), who married Abraham Van Wyck (1695–1756)
  • David Provost III (b. 1695), who married Johanna Rynders.[1]
  • Helena Provost (b. 1698), who married Cornelius Santvoort (b. 1692)

After her death, married Maria De Peyster (1659–1700) on January 28, 1699, the sister of his predecessor as Mayor, Johannes de Peyster, widow of John Spratt. Her daughter, Maria Spratt (1693–1760) was married to James Alexander (1691–1756), Attorney General of New Jersey. After her death, he married for the third time on May 15, 1708, to Elizabeth Wakeman (b. 1657), widow of Albert Dinny, of Fairfield, Connecticut.[5][6][7]

He died in 1724 and his will probated on January 27, 1724.


  1. ^ a b c Onderdonk, Elmer (1910). Genealogy of the Onderdonk Family in America. Priv. print. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b Booth, Mary Louise (1859). History of the City of New York. W.R.C. Clark. p. 262.
  3. ^ a b c Booth, Mary Louise (1859). History of the City of New York. W.R.C. Clark. p. 263.
  4. ^ Booth, Mary Louise (1859). History of the City of New York. W.R.C. Clark. p. 266.
  5. ^ Provost, Andrew J. (1895). Biographical and Genealogical Notes of the Provost Family from 1545 to 1895. New York. pp. 24–27.
  6. ^ Purple, Edwin R. (1878). Genealogical Notes of the Provoost Family of New York. New York. pp. 9–10.
  7. ^ Reynolds, Cuyler (1914). Genealogical and Family History of Southern New York and the Hudson River Valley. New York. pp. Vol 3, p1402.