A convention bounce or convention bump refers to an increase in support that U.S. presidential candidates in the Republican or Democratic party typically enjoy after the televised national convention of their party. A presumptive nominee for president may also be said to experience a "VP bounce" after announcing his or her pick for vice president prior to the convention. The size and impact of convention bumps vary, but presidential candidates usually see at least a small uptick in their polling numbers coming out of their conventions.
History of convention bounces
Bill Clinton benefited from one of the largest bumps in history after the Democratic National Convention in 1992, climbing by as many as 30 points in the polls, however this was assisted by Independent Ross Perot, who at the time was polling at 20%, withdrawing from the race during the Democratic convention. Then-President George H.W. Bush's convention bounce was weak by comparison, some party leaders blaming former primary challenger Pat Buchanan's fiery and divisive speech, which aired in primetime due to a scheduling delay. Four years later, Bob Dole got a big bounce after the Republican convention, but quickly fizzled. However, Al Gore's 2000 bounce endured for weeks. Prior to the Democratic convention, Gore was behind Texas Gov. George W. Bush by as many as 16 points, but was in a statistical tie with the Republican the weekend after his acceptance speech. To the bafflement of political pundits, Democratic candidate John Kerry did not get a convention bounce in 2004, despite the unpopularity of incumbent George W. Bush.
Polls indicated a small bounce for 2008 Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama after his party's convention in August, but as expected, much of it evaporated during and after the Republican convention the week following, yielding GOP candidate John McCain a small lead in several polls. Nielsen ratings revealed that year's party conventions to be the most-watched ever, with the Republican convention narrowly trumping the Democrats'. The RealClearPolitics polling index revealed the 2012 convention bounces for President Obama and GOP challenger Mitt Romney to be comparably smaller than in past elections. Though Romney pulled even with Obama during that year's Republican convention at the end of August, Obama opened up a three- or four-point lead during the Democratic convention the week after.
In 2016, news sources and polls differed greatly on the size of the convention bounces received by Republican Donald Trump and Democrat Hillary Clinton after their respective conventions; however, the RealClearPolitics polling index showed both candidates trending upward leading up to and after their acceptance speeches. Clinton's bounce lasted somewhat longer than Trump's.
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- Tom Holbrook: Convention Bumps
- AP: Post-convention bounce averages 10 points Archived September 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Gore Gets Convention Bounce, but Will Fickle Figures Last?. New York Times. 2000-08-23.
- Convention Bounce Gives Gore 5-Point Lead. ABC News. 2000-08-21.
- CBS News: No Bounce for Kerry
- Politico: Obama's bounce smaller than others
- Gallup: McCain’s Bounce Gives Him 5-Point Lead
- USA Today Poll: Convention lifts McCain over Obama
- Associated Press: McCain, Obama tied in TV audiences
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- Rappeport, Alan (1 August 2016). "New Poll Reflects a Post-Convention Bounce for Hillary Clinton". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
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- General Election: Trump vs. Clinton. RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 2019-02-05.