Colusa County, California

Colusa County, California
County of Colusa
Colusa County Courthouse
Colusa County Courthouse
Official seal of Colusa County, California
Seal
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country United States
State California
RegionSacramento Valley
IncorporatedFebruary 18, 1850[1]
Named forRancho Colus
County seatColusa
Largest cityColusa (population)
Williams (area)
Area
 • Total1,156 sq mi (2,990 km2)
 • Land1,151 sq mi (2,980 km2)
 • Water5.6 sq mi (15 km2)
Highest elevation7,059 ft (2,152 m)
Population
 • Total21,419
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]</ref>
21,627
 • Density19/sq mi (7.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Area code530
Websitewww.countyofcolusa.org

Colusa County is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,419.[3] The county seat is Colusa.[5] It is in the Central Valley of California, northwest of the state capital, Sacramento.

History[edit]

Colusa County is one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Tehama County in 1856 and to Glenn County in 1891.[6]

The county was named after the 1844 Rancho Colus Mexican land grant to John Bidwell. The name of the county in the original state legislative act of 1850 was spelled Colusi, and often in newspapers was spelled Coluse.[7][8] The word is derived from the name of a Patwin village known as Ko'-roo or Korusi located on the west side of the Sacramento River on the site of the present-day city of Colusa.[9][10] The name was established as Colusa by 1855.[6]

Early History[edit]

Present-day Colusa County was originally home to the Patwin band of the Wintun people,[11] whose territory included areas along the Sacramento River as well as lands extending west towards Lake County, bounded in the north by the sources of Stony Creek near Stonyford and in the south by Putah Creek.[12]

Linguistically, the Patwin people in the Colusa area spoke two dialects of the Southern Wintuan language. River Patwin was spoken in villages along the Sacramento River, including at Korusi, site of the present city of Colusa. Hill Patwin was spoken in the plains and foothills to the west.[11]

European Settlement[edit]

Present-day Colusa County was included as part of three Mexican land grants: John Bidwell's smaller 1845 Rancho Colus grant, which included the modern city of Colusa;[13] the larger 1844 Rancho Jimeno grant, which surrounded the Colus grant;[14][13] and the 1844 Larkin's Children grant, located upriver from Colusa near the present town of Princeton, California.[15][16]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,156 square miles (2,990 km2), of which 1,151 square miles (2,980 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (0.5%) is water.[17] A large number of streams drain the county, including Elk Creek, Salt Creek, Stony Creek and Bear Creek.

The county's eastern boundary is formed, in part, by the Sacramento River.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2011[edit]

Places by population, race, and income[edit]

2010[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850115
18602,2741,877.4%
18706,165171.1%
188013,118112.8%
189014,64011.6%
19007,364−49.7%
19107,7325.0%
19209,29020.2%
193010,25810.4%
19409,788−4.6%
195011,65119.0%
196012,0753.6%
197012,4302.9%
198012,7912.9%
199016,27527.2%
200018,80415.5%
201021,41913.9%
Est. 201821,627[4]1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[25]
1790–1960[26] 1900–1990[27]
1990–2000[28] 2010–2015[3]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Colusa County had a population of 21,419. The racial makeup of Colusa County was 13,854 (64.7%) White, 195 (0.9%) African American, 419 (2.0%) Native American, 281 (1.3%) Asian, 68 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 5,838 (27.3%) from other races, and 764 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,804 persons (55.1%).[29]

2000[edit]

As of the census[30] of 2000, there were 18,804 people, 6,097 households, and 4,578 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 6,774 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.3% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 2.3% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 26.7% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. 46.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.5% were of German, 5.6% English, 5.5% American and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 58.7% spoke English and 40.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 6,097 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.51.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,062, and the median income for a family was $40,138. Males had a median income of $32,210 versus $21,521 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,730. About 13.0% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Voter registration statistics[edit]

Cities by population and voter registration[edit]

Overview[edit]

In its early history Colusa was one of the most reliable Democratic counties in California. Along with Mariposa County, it was one of only two counties in the Pacific States to support Alton B. Parker in 1904.[32] From 1892 until 1952, Colusa only went Republican during the GOP landslides of the Roaring Twenties. Since 1952, however, Colusa has become a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections, with Lyndon Johnson, in 1964, being the last Democrat to win the county.

Presidential elections results
Colusa County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 53.02% 3,551 39.73% 2,661 7.24% 485
2012 59.57% 3,601 38.28% 2,314 2.15% 130
2008 57.89% 3,733 39.84% 2,569 2.26% 146
2004 67.17% 4,142 31.58% 1,947 1.25% 77
2000 64.92% 3,629 31.22% 1,745 3.86% 216
1996 54.29% 3,047 36.60% 2,054 9.11% 511
1992 45.94% 2,589 31.91% 1,798 22.15% 1,248
1988 59.49% 3,077 39.10% 2,022 1.41% 73
1984 65.30% 3,388 33.25% 1,725 1.45% 75
1980 58.00% 2,897 32.13% 1,605 9.87% 493
1976 52.74% 2,733 45.16% 2,340 2.10% 109
1972 57.56% 2,715 38.37% 1,810 4.07% 192
1968 51.58% 2,361 40.59% 1,858 7.83% 358
1964 39.32% 1,811 60.57% 2,790 0.11% 5
1960 51.37% 2,497 48.30% 2,348 0.33% 16
1956 53.23% 2,474 46.71% 2,171 0.06% 3
1952 59.81% 2,824 39.83% 1,881 0.36% 17
1948 46.22% 1,803 51.78% 2,020 2.00% 78
1944 42.92% 1,579 56.81% 2,090 0.27% 10
1940 39.74% 1,774 59.48% 2,655 0.78% 35
1936 28.15% 1,186 70.38% 2,965 1.47% 62
1932 27.50% 1,095 69.11% 2,752 3.39% 135
1928 56.30% 1,752 42.99% 1,338 0.71% 22
1924 43.84% 1,127 19.25% 495 36.91% 949
1920 61.24% 1,645 33.77% 907 4.99% 134
1916 31.82% 1,011 62.89% 1,998 5.29% 168
1912 0.11% 3 63.58% 1,760 36.30% 1,005
1908 38.58% 730 56.24% 1,064 5.18% 98
1904 46.78% 885 47.57% 900 5.66% 107
1900 35.98% 648 59.69% 1,075 4.33% 78
1896 30.86% 581 66.38% 1,250 2.76% 52
1892 31.08% 645 57.20% 1,187 11.71% 243

Colusa County is in California's 3rd congressional district, represented by Democrat John Garamendi.[33]

In the State Assembly, Colusa County is split between the 3rd and 4th districts, represented by Republican James Gallagher and Democrat Cecilia Aguiar-Curry, respectively.[34] In the State Senate, the county is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen.[35]

On November 4, 2008 Colusa County voted 71.6% for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Crime[edit]

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Colusa County Transit runs buses from Colusa to Williams, Arbuckle, Grimes and College City, with limited service to Maxwell.

Airports[edit]

Colusa County Airport is a general-aviation airport located near the city of Colusa.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Colusa County.[38]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 Colusa City 5,971
2 Williams City 5,123
3 Arbuckle CDP 3,028
4 Maxwell CDP 1,103
5 Grimes CDP 391
6 Princeton CDP 303
7 College City CDP 290
8 Lodoga CDP 197
9 Stonyford CDP 149
10 Colusa Rancheria[39] AIAN 76
11 Cortina Rancheria[40] AIAN 21

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  4. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chronology". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  2. ^ "Snow Mountain". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved May 13, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b "The Creation of Our 58 Counties". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  7. ^ The Statutes of California Passed at the First Session of the Legislature (PDF). San Jose: J. Winchester, State Printer. 1850. p. 62.
  8. ^ "How Did Our 58 Counties Get Their Names?". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 88.
  10. ^ Heizer, Robert; Hester, Thomas (1970). "Names and Locations of Some Ethnographic Patwin and Maidu Indian Villages" (PDF). Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility. 9: 84.
  11. ^ a b Golla, Victor (2011). California Indian Languages. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 143. ISBN 0520266676.
  12. ^ Cook, Sherburne Friend (1976). The population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 13.
  13. ^ a b Hoffman, Ogden (1862). Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. San Francisco: Numa Hubert. pp. 37, 41.
  14. ^ Plat of the Colus Rancho. San Francisco: U.S. Surveyor General's Office. 1860.
  15. ^ Hague, Harlan (1995). Thomas O. Larkin: A Life of Patriotism and Profit in Old California. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. p. 182. ISBN 0806127333.
  16. ^ Grants of Land in California Made by Spanish or Mexican Authorities (PDF). Sacramento: California State Lands Commission. 1982. pp. 25–26.
  17. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  19. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  20. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  21. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  22. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  23. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  24. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder Archived September 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  25. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  26. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  27. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  28. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  29. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  30. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  32. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 153-155 ISBN 0786422173
  33. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  34. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  35. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  37. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  38. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-23. Retrieved 2015-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  39. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "2010 Census Interactive Population Map (Text Version) - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov.
  40. ^ Staff, Website Services & Coordination. "2010 Census Interactive Population Map (Text Version) - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°11′N 122°14′W / 39.18°N 122.24°W / 39.18; -122.24