Coat of arms of Latvia

Coat of Arms of Latvia
Coat of arms of Latvia.svg
Greater version
Versions
Latvijas Republikas papildinātais mazais ģerbonis.svg
Middle version
Latvijas Republikas mazais ģerbonis.svg
Lesser version
ArmigerRepublic of Latvia
AdoptedJuly 15, 1921
CrestAn arc of three mullets Or
BlazonPer fess and in base per pale: 1st Azure, a demi-sun issuing from base Or; 2nd Argent, a lion rampant contourné Gules; 3rd Gules, a gryphon segreant brandishing in the dexter claw a sword Argent.
SupportersDexter, a lion rampant Gules, and sinister, a griffin segreant Argent; both langued Or
CompartmentTwo oak branches fructed Vert tied together by a ribbon Sanguine charged with a bar Argent

Coat of arms of Republic of Latvia was officially adopted by the Constitutional Assembly of Latvia on July 15, 1921, and was in official use from August 19, 1921. It was created using new national symbols and elements of coats of arms of Polish and Swedish Livonia and of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. Thus the coat of arms combines symbols of Latvian national statehood, as well as symbols of its historical regions.[1] The Latvian national coat of arms was designed by the Latvian artist Rihards Zariņš.

Elements[edit]

The three golden stars above the shield represent three historical regions of Latvia: Vidzeme (Swedish Livonia), Latgale (Latgalia or Polish Livonia) and Kurzeme (Courland, usually also representing Zemgale (Semigallia) as the Duchy of Courland and Semigalia).

The golden sun in a blue field represents freedom. Sun was also used as a symbol of distinction and national identity used by the Imperial Russian Army's Latvian Riflemen units during World War I. During the war, the sun was fashioned with 17 rays that symbolized the 17 Latvian-inhabited districts.

The bottom part of escutcheon is divided into two fields:

The red lion and silver griffin are also used as supporters.[2]

Base of the coat of arms is decorated with the branches of an oak tree, Quercus robur, which is one of Latvia's national symbols.

Usage[edit]

The proper use of the Latvian coat of arms is firmly regulated. Three types of symbol are used: the large coat of arms, the small enhanced coat of arms and the small coat of arms.

  • The Greater Coat of Arms is used by the President of Latvia, the Parliament, the Prime Minister, the Cabinet of Ministers, government ministries, the Supreme Court and Prosecutor General, as well as Latvian diplomatic and consular missions.[2]
  • The Small Enhanced Coat of Arms, (the Middle version) is used by Parliament agencies, the Cabinet of Ministers and other institutions under direct or indirect supervision of government ministries.[2]
  • The Small Coat of Arms is used by other government institutions, municipal authorities and educational institutions on official documents.[2]

After the Soviet occupation of Latvia in 1940, the coat of arms was used until August 5, 1940. During the existence of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic the emblem of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic was used. The Latvian coat of arms was restored once again on February 15, 1990.

Colors[edit]

The official colors used in the coat of arms are defined according to the Pantone Color Matching System thus:

  • Red: Pantone 186C
  • Green: Pantone 340C
  • Blue: Pantone 286C
  • Yellow: Pantone 124C
  • Golden: Pantone 873C
  • Silver: Pantone 877C
  • Grey: Pantone 4C
  • Black: Pantone Black

Historical coats of arms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Latvijas Republikas ģerbonis
  2. ^ a b c d "The Coat of Arms of Latvia". Latvijas Valsts Prezidents. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.

External links[edit]

  • The Coat of Arms (in French) (in Latvian) (in German) (in Russian) (in Spanish) (in Chinese) (in Estonian) – basic info at the Latvijas institūts website