Clinton County, New York

Clinton County, New York
County
Clinton-platts ch complex.jpg
Flag of Clinton County, New York
Flag
Seal of Clinton County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Clinton County
Location within the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location within the U.S.
Founded1788
Named forGeorge Clinton
SeatPlattsburgh
Largest cityPlattsburgh
Area
 • Total1,117.53 sq mi (2,894 km2)
 • Land1,037.85 sq mi (2,688 km2)
 • Water80 sq mi (207 km2), 7.1%
Population
 • (2010)82,128
 • Density79.1/sq mi (30.5/km2)
Congressional district21st
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.clintoncountygov.com

Clinton County is a county in the north-easternmost corner of the state of New York, in the United States and bordered by Canada. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 82,128.[1] Its county seat is the city of Plattsburgh.[2] The county lies just south of the border with the Canadian province of Quebec.

The county is named for George Clinton, the first Governor of New York, who later was elected as Vice President. He had been a Founding Father who represented New York in the Continental Congress.

Clinton County comprises the Plattsburgh, New York Micropolitan statistical area.

History[edit]

George Clinton, namesake of Clinton County. First Governor of New York, Vice President under Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, and representative of New York in the Continental Congress

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Clinton County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.

In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War General and later the first President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Clinton County split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.

In 1799, Essex County split from Clinton County.

In 1802, parts of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery counties formed the new St. Lawrence County.

In 1808, Franklin County split from Clinton County.

Geography[edit]

Clinton County lies at the northeast corner of New York state. Its northern border abuts the Canadian province of Quebec. Its eastern border abuts the state of Vermont (across Lake Champlain). The encompassing region is referred to as the Adirondack Coast.[3]

The Saranac River flows easterly through the central part of the county, discharging into Lake Champlain at Plattsburgh, and the Great Chazy River flows northeastward through the upper part of the county, discharging into Lake Champlain at Coopersville. The Ausable River forms a large part of the southern county line.[4] The county's highest point is Lyon Mountain, in the town of Dannemora, at 3,830' (1167m) ASL.[5] According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,117.53 square miles (2,894.4 km2), of which 1,037.85 square miles (2,688.0 km2) is land and 79.67 square miles (206.3 km2) (7.1%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties and municipalities[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Lakes[edit]

  • Chazy Lake[4]
  • Fern Lake
  • Lake Champlain (along east border)
  • Mead Reservoir
  • Military Pond
  • Miner Lake
  • Mud Pond
  • Newberry Pond
  • Patterson Reservoir
  • Silver Lake
  • Slush Pond
  • Taylor Pond
  • Union Falls Pond (part)
  • Upper Chateaugay Lake

Government and politics[edit]

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[8]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 45.0% 14,449 46.9% 15,059 8.1% 2,597
2012 36.3% 11,115 61.9% 18,961 1.9% 580
2008 37.7% 12,579 60.6% 20,216 1.6% 542
2004 45.4% 15,330 52.2% 17,624 2.3% 782
2000 43.4% 13,274 50.9% 15,542 5.7% 1,743
1996 33.6% 9,759 53.0% 15,386 13.5% 3,915
1992 42.1% 13,455 40.3% 12,881 17.7% 5,652
1988 55.0% 15,702 44.4% 12,670 0.7% 191
1984 64.2% 19,549 35.5% 10,804 0.3% 90
1980 48.8% 13,120 42.8% 11,498 8.5% 2,272
1976 56.9% 15,433 42.6% 11,555 0.4% 115
1972 63.6% 17,048 36.2% 9,703 0.2% 53
1968 51.6% 11,951 43.8% 10,153 4.6% 1,064
1964 24.8% 6,078 75.1% 18,398 0.1% 16
1960 44.7% 11,154 55.2% 13,782 0.1% 15
1956 70.5% 16,295 29.5% 6,833 0.0% 0
1952 64.5% 14,535 35.3% 7,963 0.2% 37
1948 49.1% 9,694 47.4% 9,357 3.6% 704
1944 46.7% 8,775 53.2% 9,996 0.2% 35
1940 47.6% 10,369 52.2% 11,378 0.2% 53
1936 48.9% 10,521 50.6% 10,898 0.6% 119
1932 42.7% 8,263 56.9% 11,027 0.4% 75
1928 41.7% 7,824 58.0% 10,888 0.3% 59
1924 57.8% 7,918 37.5% 5,138 4.7% 642
1920 67.7% 9,062 30.7% 4,110 1.6% 213
1916 53.7% 4,986 44.5% 4,130 1.9% 172
1912 44.7% 3,903 38.1% 3,323 17.2% 1,497
1908 55.5% 5,474 39.2% 3,866 5.2% 516
1904 59.1% 6,327 37.2% 3,988 3.7% 397
1900 58.8% 6,326 39.9% 4,287 1.3% 143
1896 65.4% 6,005 33.5% 3,074 1.2% 110
1892 50.6% 5,135 47.0% 4,773 2.4% 241
1888 56.7% 6,271 42.7% 4,724 0.6% 61
1884 53.4% 5,973 46.1% 5,151 0.5% 54

Like much of the North Country region, Clinton County has historically been a Republican county. However, it has voted for Democratic candidates at the state and national level in recent times. Since 1996, it has voted for the Democratic candidate for president in every election. In the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, Barack Obama carried the county by a 22.9% margin over John McCain (Obama won every municipality in the county), and won by a 26.9% margin over McCain statewide.[9] In 2006, both Eliot Spitzer and Hillary Clinton carried the county, winning 63% and 64% of vote, respectively. In 2010, Governor Andrew Cuomo, and Senators Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand won the county, each receiving more than 60% of the vote.

Republicans still win most local races. The county's Congressional district did not elect a Democrat to Congress until 2009 when Bill Owens defeated Doug Hoffman in the special election to replace John McHugh, who resigned to serve as the Obama Administration's Secretary of the Army. The special election received nationwide attention due to Hoffman, a third-party candidate and Tea Party favorite, polling higher than the Republican nominee, Dede Scozzafava, which ultimately led to her dropping out of the race and supporting Owens. It had not elected a Democrat to the State Senate or State Assembly in over a half-century until Billy Jones was elected to the State Assembly.

The Clinton County Legislature is the lawmaking body of the county. It consists of 10 members, each elected from single member districts.[10] As of 2019, the County Legislature consists of four Republicans and six Democrats.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,615
18008,514427.2%
18108,002−6.0%
182012,07050.8%
183019,34460.3%
184028,15745.6%
185040,04742.2%
186045,73514.2%
187047,9474.8%
188050,8976.2%
189046,437−8.8%
190047,4302.1%
191048,2301.7%
192043,898−9.0%
193046,6876.4%
194054,00615.7%
195053,622−0.7%
196072,72235.6%
197072,9340.3%
198080,75010.7%
199085,9696.5%
200079,894−7.1%
201082,1282.8%
Est. 201880,695[12]−1.7%
US Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[17] there were 79,894 people, 29,423 households, and 19,272 families in the county. The population density was 77.0/sqmi (29.7/km²). There were 33,091 housing units at an average density of 31.9/sqmi (12.3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.33% White, 3.58% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 2.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.7% were of French, 15.0% French Canadian, 12.5% American, 11.8% Irish, 7.6% English and 5.5% German ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.1% spoke English, 2.8% French and 1.7% Spanish as their first language.

There were 29,423 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 23.00% under the age of 18, 12.40% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.60 males.

The median household income was $37,028, and the median income for a family was $45,732. Males had a median income of $33,788 versus $25,520 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,946. About 9.40% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.30% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The State University of New York at Plattsburgh is located in the City of Plattsburgh. The county is also served by Clinton Community College, which is located in the Town of Plattsburgh.

Infrastructure[edit]

Clinton Correctional Facility, a maximum-security prison is located in the village of Dannemora. Altona Correctional Facility is a medium-security prison in the town of Altona.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Rail[edit]

Amtrak's Adirondack Train travels through the county, connecting Montreal to New York City. Two trains a day (one north and one south) stop in the county in Plattsburgh and Rouses Point.[20]

Mass-Transit[edit]

The Clinton County Public Transit runs bus routes that branch from Plattsburgh to towns in the county.[21]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Hamlets[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ "GoAdirondack.com-About The Adirondack Coast". goadirondack.com. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b Clinton County NY - Google Maps (accessed 6 July 2019)
  5. ^ Lyon Mountain, New York. PeakBagger.com (accessed 6 July 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
  7. ^ Miner Lake State Park. stateparks.com (accessed 6 July 2019)
  8. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  9. ^ US Election Atlas
  10. ^ Legislative District Maps
  11. ^ Clinton County Government (accessed 6 July 2019)
  12. ^ Population and Housing Unit Estimates (accessed 6 July 2019)
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  18. ^ I-87 Multimodal Corridor Study Archived 8 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine, New York State Department of Transportation, Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  19. ^ Clinton County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  20. ^ AMTRAK/Plattsburg, New York station (accessed 6 July 2019)
  21. ^ Welcome to Clinton County Public Transit (accessed 6 July 2019)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°44′N 73°41′W / 44.74°N 73.68°W / 44.74; -73.68