Cities Police

Cities Police
Astynomia Poleon
Αστυνομία Πόλεων
CoA of Greek City Police (1935-1970).svg CoA Astynomia poleon.svg
Badge of Cities Police, 1935–1970 (left) and 1974–1984 (right)
Agency overview
Formed1921
Dissolved1 November 1984
Superseding agencyHellenic Police
Employees10,000–12,000
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionGreece
Governing bodyMinistry of Public Order
General nature

The Cities Police (Greek: Αστυνομία Πόλεων) was a Greek police force extant from 1921 to 1984, responsible for policing urban areas. It complemented the Hellenic Gendarmerie, which was responsible for rural and suburban areas.

History[edit]

Α road traffic policeman of the Cities Police in Athens, 1960
A policeman of the Cities Police in the 16th department of Athens, c. 1964
Band of the Cities Police marches down Herodou Attikou Street in central Athens, early 1950s
Band of the Cities Police at the Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens, early 1950s

Its creation was decreed in 1918 (Law 1370/1918) and confirmed in 1920 (Law 2461/1920). The force became operational in the city of Corfu in 1920, followed by Patras (1921), Piraeus (1923) and Athens (1929). Remarkably, in Thessaloniki, Greece's second largest city, the force was not established due to the Gendarmerie's opposition, despite the law's provisions.

Unlike the paramilitary Gendarmerie, which had close ties to the Hellenic Army and was commanded by Army generals, the Cities Police was a purely civilian force, modeled after the Metropolitan Police Service of London, and with training provided by a British mission under Sir Frederick Loch Halliday.[1]

From the late 1920s, the Cities Police, and especially its feared General Security Directorate, initiated the state persecution of the nascent Communist Party of Greece, whose popularity was growing among the urban poor, the working classes and the destitute refugees from Asia Minor. In the aftermath of the Greek Civil War, the Gendarmerie and the Cities Police became bastions of the conservative and vehemently anti-Communist establishment, a role they would retain throughout the Greek military junta of 1967–1974. After the fall of the junta, emphasis was placed on civilian policing. Despite strong opposition from the Gendarmerie, the Cities Police and the Gendarmerie were amalgamated on 1 November 1984 (Law 1481/1-10-1984) into the unified Hellenic Police.

Ranks[edit]

Cities Police Officer Ranks & Insignia
Commissioner
Αντιστράτηγος
Deputy Commissioner
Υποστράτηγος
Brigadier
Ταξίαρχος
Police Director
Αστυνομικός Διευθυντής
Police Deputy Director
Αστυνομικός Υποδιευθυντής
Police Captain I Class
Αστυνόμος Α'
Police Captain II Class
Αστυνόμος Β'
Police Lieutenant I Class
Υπαστυνόμος Α'
Police Lieutenant II Class
Υπαστυνόμος B'
GR-Police-OF8-1960.svg
GR-Police-OF7-1960.svg
GR-Police-OF6-1960.svg
GR-Police-OF5-1960.svg
GR-Police-OF4-1960.svg
GR-Police-OF3-1960.svg
GR-Police-OF2-1960.svg
GR-Police-OF1b-1960.svg
GR-Police-OF1-1960.svg
Cities Police NCO Ranks & Insignia
Police Warrant Officer
Ανθυπαστυνόμος
Police Chief Sergeant-Interrogation Officer with exams
Αρχιφύλακας-ανακριτικός υπάλληλος με εξετάσεις
Police Staff Sergeant-Interrogation Officer
Αρχιφύλακας-ανακριτικός υπάλληλος
Police Staff Sergeant-Non interrogation officer
Αρχιφύλακας-μη ανακριτικός υπάλληλος
Police Sergeant-Interrogation Officer
Υπαρχιφύλακας-ανακριτικός υπάλληλος
Police Sergeant-Interrogation Officer
Υπαρχιφύλακας-μη ανακριτικός υπάλληλος
Policeman
Αστυφύλακας
GR-Police-WO1-1960.svg
GR-Police-OR8-1960.svg

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, Michael Llewellyn (2004). Athens: a cultural and literary history. Signal Books. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-902669-81-6.