Chip Roy

Chip Roy
Chip Roy, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 21st district
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byLamar Smith
Personal details
Charles Eugene Roy

(1972-08-07) August 7, 1972 (age 47)
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Carrah Roy
EducationUniversity of Virginia (B.S., M.S.)
University of Texas at Austin (J.D.)
WebsiteHouse website

Charles Eugene "Chip" Roy (born August 7, 1972)[1] is an American attorney and politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Texas's 21st congressional district. He is a Republican.

Early life and career[edit]

Roy was born in Bethesda, Maryland,[2] and raised in Lovettsville, Virginia. He earned bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Virginia and spent three years as an investment banking analyst. He earned his Juris Doctor at the University of Texas School of Law, and worked for then-Texas attorney general John Cornyn. Roy also worked on Cornyn's 2002 campaign for the United States Senate. When Cornyn was elected, Roy joined his staff on the United States Senate Judiciary Committee. He returned to Texas as a prosecutor in the office of the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Texas.[3]

Roy joined the administration of Texas governor Rick Perry as director of the Office of State-Federal Relations.[2][3] Roy was the ghostwriter of Perry's 2010 book Fed Up! and worked for Perry's 2012 presidential campaign.[2] After his election to the Senate in 2012, Ted Cruz chose Roy as his chief of staff.[4][5] After Ken Paxton was elected Attorney General of Texas in 2014, Roy became first assistant attorney general.[3] In 2016 Roy left the office of the attorney general to head the Trusted Leadership PAC, which was supporting Cruz's presidential campaign.[3][6]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]


2018 general election[edit]

In the 2018 elections Roy ran for the United States House of Representatives in Texas's 21st congressional district to succeed Lamar Smith, who did not run for reelection. Roy defeated Matt McCall in the Republican Party primary election, and faced Joseph Kopser in the general election.[7] Roy defeated Kopser 50%–48% in a closer-than-expected victory.[8]


On February 14, 2019, as Congress passed a $333 billion spending package,[9] Roy tweeted, "the deal provides de facto amnesty for anyone claiming to be even in the household of a potential sponsor of an unaccompanied alien minor AND is thus the 'Child Trafficking Promotion Act'".[10][11] According to a February 15, 2019, Fox News article, this was a misunderstanding of a reference to an "amnesty" claim in the budget's section 224. Fox reported that while this "appears" to "block the deportation" of undocumented people by saying that "no funds may be used to detain or deport any "sponsor" or "potential sponsor" of an "unaccompanied alien child", a United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) official told Fox News that "terms like "potential sponsor" have precise meanings in Department of Homeland Security regulations, meanings that severely limit the number of people the budget keeps safe from deportation.[11]

In May 2019 Roy, acting entirely by himself, prevented passage of a request for unanimous consent for a $19.1 billion disaster aid package. With President Trump's support, the bill had passed 85-8 in the Senate and needed passage in the House to be presented to the president for a signature to become law. It would have provided urgently needed hurricane relief funding for farmers in Southeastern U.S. and to assist hurricane victims and repair infrastructure in Puerto Rico, as well as to aid in the recovery suffered by flooded industry and residents in Central Texas. Roy received bipartisan criticism for his objection.[12][13]

On June 28, 2019, in response to the humanitarian crisis involving migrant children at the southern border, Roy proposed legislation to amend the Antideficiency Act (ADA) to allow the United States Border Patrol to accept donations from people who want to help migrant children directly.[14] Roy's bill, the Charitable Donations Freedom Act, also called the Charitable Donations Freedom Act, was criticized as being so broad that it "appears to allow the government to accept any good at any time and limits Congress’s oversight".[14][Notes 1][15][16]

Roy, the ranking member on the United States House Oversight Subcommittee on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties chaired by Jamie Raskin (D-MD), objected to the title—"Kids in Cages: Inhumane Treatment at the Border"—of a July 2019 subcommittee hearing on the health and safety of children at child detention centers on the southern US border.[17][18]

He is a member of the Freedom Caucus, consisting of conservative and libertarian Republican members of the House of Representatives.

On December 18, 2019, Roy voted against both articles of impeachment against Trump. Of the 195 Republicans who voted, all voted against both impeachment articles.

Coronavirus relief bill[edit]

During the coronavirus pandemic, Roy strongly opposed a coronavirus relief bill President Trump supported, saying it would "expand government massively" and had "too many problems to count".[19] He added that "the whole system is corrupt"[20] and described the result of negotiations between Trump and the U.S. House with the hashtag "#SwampInAction". Roy was one of 40 representatives to vote against the bill.[21]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Republican primary results[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chip Roy 19,319 27.1
Republican Matt McCall 12,088 16.9
Republican William Negley 11,088 15.5
Republican Jason Isaac 7,165 10.0
Republican Jenifer Sarver 4,001 5.6
Republican Robert Stovall 3,396 4.7
Republican Susan Narvaiz 2,710 3.8
Republican Francisco "Quico" Canseco 2,484 3.5
Republican Ryan Krause 2,289 3.2
Republican Al M. Poteet 1,292 1.8
Republican Peggy Wardlaw 1,281 1.8
Republican Samuel Temple 1,017 1.4
Republican Anthony J. White 949 1.3
Republican Eric Burkhart 719 1.0
Republican Mauro Garza 657 0.9
Republican Autry J. Pruitt 454 0.6
Republican Foster Hagen 392 0.5
Republican Ivan A. Andarza 95 0.1
Total votes 71,396 100.0
Republican primary runoff results
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chip Roy 17,856 52.6
Republican Matt McCall 16,081 47.4
Total votes 33,937 100.0
Texas's 21st congressional district, 2018[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Chip Roy 177,654 50.3
Democratic Joseph Kopser 168,421 47.6
Libertarian Lee Santos 7,542 2.1
Total votes 353,617 100.0
Republican hold

Personal life[edit]

Roy met his wife, Carrah, at the University of Texas. They have two children. Roy was diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma in 2011.[3]


  1. ^ According to a 2013 article in The Atlantic, the Antideficiency Act (ADA) was originally intended to prevent federal agencies, particularly the military, from overspending their annual budgets early in a fiscal year. Once their funds were depleted, prior to ADA, agencies would then request additional Congressional appropriations forcing Congress to pay so they would not breach their contracts. According to a 2018 CRS report, under the Antideficiency Act, an "agency must cease operations" if there is a "funding gap". In shutdowns, "the criteria" are complex." Since the early 1980s (CRS 2018:5) with a more stringent application of ADA, when there are government shutdowns in the United States, and an agency no longer has funds to operate, they must shut down. They cannot depend on voluntary work of their employees.


  1. ^ "Chip Roy (TX-21) Backgrounder" (PDF). Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Asher Price (April 1, 2016). "Chip Roy, conservative, runs in shadow of Cruz - News - Austin American-Statesman - Austin, TX". Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chasnoff, Brian (May 13, 2018). "Chip Roy's plan to get Washington out of the way includes going there himself". Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  4. ^ "Ted Cruz picks chief of staff: Chip Roy, chief ghostwriter on Rick Perry's anti-Washington tome Fed Up! | Politics". Dallas News. November 28, 2012. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  5. ^ Patrick Svitek (December 6, 2017). "Chip Roy, former chief of staff to Sen. Ted Cruz, is running for Congress". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  6. ^ "Top Paxton aide becomes executive director of pro-Cruz super PAC | Politics". Dallas News. March 10, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  7. ^ Asher Price (September 22, 2018). "Joseph Kopser to face Chip Roy in 21st Congressional District matchup - News - Austin American-Statesman - Austin, TX". Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  8. ^ Lanmon, Lauren (November 7, 2018). "Chip Roy defeats Joseph Kopser for House District 21 race". KXAN. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  9. ^ Cochrane, Emily; Edmondson, Catie (February 14, 2019). "Border Security, Foreign Aid and a Raise for Federal Workers: What You Need to Know About the Spending Package". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  10. ^ Roy, Chip (February 14, 2019). ""deal" provides de facto amnesty for anyone claiming to be even in the household of a potential sponsor of an unaccompanied alien minor AND is thus the "Child Trafficking Promotion Act"". Twitter. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  11. ^ a b Lott, Maxim (February 15, 2019). "DHS official: Border security bill does not contain 'amnesty' poison pills" (Text.Article). Fox News. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  12. ^ "$19.1 billion in nationwide disaster aid stalls after single House Republican objects". The Washington Post. May 24, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  13. ^ "Disaster relief bill stuck in the House following GOP lawmaker's objection". CNN. May 24, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  14. ^ a b Samuels, Alex (June 28, 2019). "Texas lawmaker files bill to allow donations of diapers, other goods to migrant kids in Border Patrol facilities". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  15. ^ Cohen, Andrew (September 28, 2013). "The Odd Story of the Law That Dictates How Government Shutdowns Work". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  16. ^ Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects (PDF) (Report). Congressional Research Service (CRS). December 10, 2018. p. 41. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  17. ^ Jamie Raskin (July 10, 2019). House hearing on conditions in child detention centers (video). United States House Oversight Subcommittee on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties. Washington, DC: Guardian News. Retrieved July 11, 2019. Ronald Vitiello, former chief of US Border Patrol and former acting director of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, also testifies.
  18. ^ Raskin, Jamie (July 10, 2019). "Chairman Raskin's Opening Statement at Subcommittee on Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Hearing on Treatment of Immigrant Children". Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ "2018 Primary Election Official Results". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  23. ^ "Texas Election Results". Texas Secretary of State. Retrieved December 5, 2018.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Lamar Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 21st congressional district

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Harley Rouda
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Kim Schrier