Chandrabindu

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Chandrabindu
Diacritics in Latin & Greek
accent
acute( ´ )
double acute( ˝ )
grave( ` )
double grave(  ̏ )
circumflex( ˆ )
caron, háček( ˇ )
breve( ˘ )
inverted breve(   ̑  )
cedilla( ¸ )
diaeresis, umlaut( ¨ )
dot( · )
palatal hook(   ̡ )
retroflex hook(   ̢ )
hook above, dấu hỏi(  ̉ )
horn(  ̛ )
iota subscript(  ͅ )
macron( ˉ )
ogonek, nosinė( ˛ )
perispomene(  ͂ )
overring( ˚ )
underring( ˳ )
rough breathing( )
smooth breathing( ᾿ )
Marks sometimes used as diacritics
apostrophe( )
bar( ◌̸ )
colon( : )
comma( , )
period( . )
hyphen( ˗ )
prime( )
tilde( ~ )
Diacritical marks in other scripts
Arabic diacritics
Early Cyrillic diacritics
kamora(  ҄ )
pokrytie(  ҇ )
titlo(  ҃ )
Gurmukhī diacritics
Hebrew diacritics
Indic diacritics
anusvara( )
chandrabindu( )
nukta( )
virama( )
visarga( )
IPA diacritics
Japanese diacritics
dakuten( )
handakuten( )
Khmer diacritics
Syriac diacritics
Thai diacritics
Related
Dotted circle
Punctuation marks
Logic symbols

Chandrabindu (meaning "moon-dot" in Sanskrit, alternatively spelled candrabindu, chandravindu, candravindu, or chôndrobindu) is a diacritic sign with the form of a dot inside the lower half of a circle. It is used in the Devanagari (ँ), Bengali (), Gujarati (ઁ), Oriya (ଁ), Telugu (ఁ), Javanese ( ꦀ) and other scripts.

It usually means that the previous vowel is nasalized.

In Hindi, it is replaced in writing by anusvara when it is written above a consonant that carries a vowel symbol that extends above the top line.

In Classical Sanskrit, it seems to occur only over a lla conjunct consonant, to show that it is pronounced as a nasalized double l, which occurs if -nl- have become assimilated in sandhi.

In Vedic Sanskrit, it is used instead of anusvara to represent the sound anunaasika when the next word starts with a vowel. It usually occurs where in earlier times a word ended in -ans.

Unicode encodes chandrabindu and chandrabindu-like characters for a variety of scripts:

  • U+1B01 BALINESE SIGN ULU CANDRA
  • U+1B00 BALINESE SIGN ULU RICEM
  • U+0981 BENGALI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+11C3C 𑰼 BHAIKSUKI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+11000 𑀀 BRAHMI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+0901 DEVANAGARI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+A8F2 DEVANAGARI SIGN SPACING CANDRABINDU
  • U+A8F3 DEVANAGARI SIGN CANDRABINDU VIRAMA
  • U+0900 DEVANAGARI SIGN INVERTED CANDRABINDU
  • U+11301 𑌁 GRANTHA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+0A81 GUJARATI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+0A01 GURMUKHI SIGN ADAK BINDI
  • U+0A70 GURMUKHI TIPPI
  • U+A980 JAVANESE SIGN PANYANGGA
  • U+11080 𑂀 KAITHI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+0C80 KANNADA SIGN SPACING CANDRABINDU
  • U+0C81 KANNADA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+1C34 LEPCHA CONSONANT SIGN NYIN-DO
  • U+1C35 LEPCHA CONSONANT SIGN KANG
  • U+0D01 MALAYALAM SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+11CB6 𑲶 MARCHEN SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+11443 𑑃 NEWA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+0B01 ORIYA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+A873 PHAGS-PA LETTER CANDRABINDU
  • U+A8C5 SAURASHTRA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+115BC 𑖼 SIDDHAM SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+0C01 TELUGU SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+0C00 TELUGU SIGN COMBINING CANDRABINDU ABOVE
  • U+0F82   ྂ TIBETAN SIGN NYI ZLA NAA DA
  • U+0F83   ྃ TIBETAN SIGN SNA LDAN
  • U+114BF 𑒿 TIRHUTA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+11A35 𑨵 ZANABAZAR SQUARE SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • U+11A36 𑨶 ZANABAZAR SQUARE SIGN CANDRABINDU WITH ORNAMENT
  • U+11A37 𑨷 ZANABAZAR SQUARE SIGN CANDRA WITH ORNAMENT

There is also a general-purpose combining diacritical mark COMBINING CANDRABINDU code point U+0310 (◌̐), but that is intended for use with Latin letters in transliteration of Indic languages.

See also[edit]