|Observed by||United Kingdom|
|Date||the Friday before Christmas|
|2019 date||December 20|
|2020 date||December 18|
|2021 date||December 24|
|2022 date||December 23|
The term Black Friday originates as "jargon" used by NHS and Police, and has entered the popular lexicon. From 2013, the press began to use the term Mad Friday[dubious ] to avoid confusion with the American Black Friday in November, which was growing increasingly popular in the UK due to marketing by American retailers.
It is sometimes called Builders' Friday, as it is the last day of work for many construction workers.
In some towns, mostly in Devon, United Kingdom, it is also known as Factory Friday, as it is the last day of work for many factory workers who finish work at lunchtime and spend the rest of the day socialising in pubs.
Safety concerns and preventive measures
In anticipation of the festivities, police and emergency services officials begin their preparations for Black Friday early in December. Ambulance Trusts around the country plan and set up mobile "drunk tanks" in city centres to help lighten the load on hospitals and police cells. Some of the higher end mobile units can treat up to 11 people at a time with eight beds, seats with restraint straps and two showers, and can cost up to £500,000. In Manchester, temporary metal detectors, or "knife arches", are erected in the busiest parts of the city to assure the public that no weapons of any kind will be tolerated.
In December 2013, Greater Manchester Police promoted the hashtag #MadMancFriday to expose some of the embarrassing things that revellers would do, in the hopes of discouraging them from getting so publicly drunk again next year.
Christian Nightlife Initiatives launched a "StaySafe" campaign to encourage responsible behaviour via social media.
In December 2018, The Scarborough Police Service tweeted every 999 call they received to raise awareness. It is believed that Black Eye Friday puts a tremendous strain on local resources through anti-social behaviour.
Table of dates
Black Friday takes place every year on the last Friday before Christmas Day.
|Year||Black Friday date|
- "'Black Friday' keeps police busy". BBC News. 22 December 2007. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
- "'Black Friday' keeps crews busy". BBC News. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
- "Ambulance service braced for 'Black Friday'". The Guardian. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
- "Warning over alcohol at christmas parties as 'Black Friday. for 999 calls looms". Nursing Times. 18 December 2008. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
- "Second snow band brings disruption across much of Wales". BBC News Wales. 17 December 2010. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
- "'Mad Friday' fallout: Emergency services inundated as drinkers descend on towns and cities on last weekend before Christmas". Daily Mail. 22 December 2013. Retrieved 2014-12-05.
- "'Mad Friday': Christmas revellers given alcohol warning". BBC News. 18 December 2015.
- The Cumberland News, 18 December 2008: "Cumbrian Police braced for Black Eye Friday" Archived December 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Re-linked 2014-12-05
- Cumbria Crack, 14 December 2011: "Police crackdown on violence in the countdown to ‘Black Eye Friday’" Re-linked 2014-12-05
- Real Whitby, 7 December 2012: Black Eyed Friday In Whitby Re-linked 2014-12-05
- Harley, Nicola (December 19, 2014). "Mad Friday: How police and hospitals are preparing". The Telegraph. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- "Greater Manchester Police prepare for 'Mad Friday'". BBC News. December 17, 2010. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Bartlett, Evan (December 21, 2013). "Mad Friday: Binge-drinking, arrests and dancing with office chairs...Britain at its worst on its busiest night before Christmas". Metro News UK. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- "These were all the Scarborough incidents reported to police on 'Black Eye Friday'". The Scarborough News. 24 December 2018. Retrieved 10 November 2019.