Voiced bilabial trill

Voiced bilabial trill
ʙ
IPA Number121
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ʙ
Unicode (hex)U+0299
X-SAMPAB\
Braille⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
Audio sample

The voiced bilabial trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the sound is ⟨ʙ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is B\.

Features[edit]

Features of the voiced bilabial trill:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Kele[1] [ᵐʙulim] 'face'
Komi-Permyak[2] [ʙuɲgag] 'dung beetle' Generally paralinguistic. This is the only true word it is found in.
Lizu[3][4] [tʙ̩˥˩] 'bean' Syllabic; allophone of /u/ after initial /pʰ, p, b, tʰ, t, d/.[3]
Medumba [mʙʉ́] 'dog'
Ngwe Lebang dialect [àʙɨ́ ́] 'ash'
Nias simbi [siʙi] 'lower jaw'
Pirahã kaoáíbogi [kàò̯áí̯ʙòˈɡì] 'evil spirit' Allophone of /b/ before /o/
Pumi[4] [pʙ̩˥] 'to dig' Syllabic; allophone of /ə/ after /pʰ, p, b, tʰ, t, d/.
Titan[1] [ᵐʙutukei] 'wooden plate'
Unua[5] [ᵐʙue] 'pig'
Sangtam [t ͡ʙʰʌ ̀][6] 'plate' Phonemic, as /t ͡ʙ/, found in /t ͡ʙaŋ/ 'needle'[6]

The Knorkator song "[Buchstabe]" (the actual title is a glyph) on the 1999 album Hasenchartbreaker uses a similar sound to replace "br" in a number of German words (e.g. [ˈʙaːtkaʁtɔfəln] for Bratkartoffeln).

In New Guinea, the bilabial trill is found in Kwomtari and Sko languages, as well as in the Kilmeri language.[7] In Vanuatu, it is found in several languages of Malekula: Ahamb,[8] Ninde, Unua.

Phonology[edit]

In many of the languages in which the bilabial trill occurs, it occurs only as part of a prenasalized bilabial stop with trilled release, [mbʙ]. That developed historically from a prenasalized stop before a relatively high back vowel like [mbu]. In such instances, the sounds are usually still limited to the environment of a following [u]. However, the trills in Mangbetu may precede any vowel and are sometimes preceded by only a nasal.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ladefoged (2005:165)
  2. ^ Wichmann, Yrjö; Uotila, T. E. (1942). Syrjänischer Wortschatz nebst Hauptzügen der Formenlehre. Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura.
  3. ^ a b Chirkova & Chen (2013:78)
  4. ^ a b Chirkova, Katia (2012). "The Qiangic Subgroup from an Areal Perspective: A Case Study of Languages of Muli" (Archive). In Languages and Linguistics 13(1):133-170. Taipei: Academia Sinica.
  5. ^ Dimock (2005:19)
  6. ^ a b Coupe, Alexander (2016), "Prestopped bilabial trills in Sangtam", Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, 10-14 August 2015.
  7. ^ Foley, William A. (2018). "The Languages of the Sepik-Ramu Basin and Environs". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 197–432. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  8. ^ Rangelov, Tihomir (2019). The bilabial trills of Ahamb (Vanuatu): acoustic and articulatory properties.

References[edit]

External links[edit]