|Regions with significant populations|
|Södertälje, Stockholm, Gothenburg, Örebro, Västerås, Norrköping, Linköping|
|Neo-Aramaic · Swedish|
(majority: Syriac Christianity; minority: Protestantism)
Assyrians first came to Sweden from Lebanon for work in the late 1960s when Europe needed laborers for its industries. However, with increased ethnic and religious persecution in the Assyrian homeland, which is located in present-day southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, northwestern Iran and northeastern Syria, Assyrian immigration to Sweden increased. Those who had lived in Sweden for a longer period of time were granted residency for humanitarian reasons, given the conflicts in their place of origin.
Early immigration (1960s-1970s)
After the Assyrian genocide of 1915, it became clear that violence against the native Christian populations were widespread. In the 1960s, it became increasingly unsafe for Assyrians in Midyat, the regional centre of Tur Abdin, the Western Assyrian heartland. Muslims incited violent anti-Christian protests as a response to events unfolding in Cyprus. This led to many Assyrians not seeing a future for themselves in their ancestral homeland. 
On Thursday the 9th of March, 1967, 108 stateless Assyrians left Beirut airport in Lebanon en-route to Sweden where they landed at Bullfurta airport outside of Malmo. After being bathed upon arrival, the Assyrians were transported by bus to a refugee housing complex in Alvesta in the province of Småland. Over a month later on Thursday, April 13, a second group of 98 Assyrian refugees arrived from Beirut. The reason behind the initial immigration of Assyrians to Sweden was the introduction of a quota of 200 Christians from Lebanon that were to be accepted by the Swedish Public Employment Service after coordination with the World Council of Churches and the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees. A group of Swedish public officials visited Beirut where a selection of mostly young families from Turkey that were members of the Syriac Orthodox Church, as well as Protestants and members of the Assyrian Church of the East were accepted to immigrate to Sweden.  
Assyrians of Södertälje were involved in a riot on 19 June 1977, when raggare (greasers), mainly coming from nearby Stockholm attacked them at Restaurant Bristol in Södertälje, at the time the attack being believed that it was racially motivated. This was part of the raggare-scare that existed during those times. Mass media added fuel to the riots with headlines about "race riots" and "Södertälje - a city gripped by fear". It was said that the greasers' aversion towards the Assyrians was because the latter taking up too much space, talking loudly, walking around well-dressed and wearing gold chains. There were also rumours about the Assyrians taking over the city. 
Södertälje is seen as the unofficial Assyrian capital of Europe due to the city's high percentage of Assyrians. According to Assyrian organization estimates, there are approximately 150,000 Assyrians in Sweden. The Syriac Orthodox Assyrians number an estimated 30,000–40,000 people (2016), while higher estimations is 70–80,000, out of which an estimated 18,000 live in Södertälje.
There is an ideological division of this group in Sweden between
- Arameanists, largely adherents of the Syriac Orthodox Church (West Syrian Rite) hailing largely from the Levant and south central Turkey, who insist on the name Syrianer and an "Aramean" heritage for the group.
- Assyrianists of various denominational backgrounds, including the Assyrian Church of the East, Syriac Orthodox Church, Chaldean Catholic Church and various Protestant churches, hailing largely from Iraq, Iran, northeast Syria and southeast Turkey, who de-emphasize religious adherence in favour of ethnicity pre-Christian antiquity, who insist on the name Assyrier and an Assyrian-Mesopotamian heritage for the group.
When Assyrians immigrated to Sweden, they formed cultural organisations that would represent their people, as well as act as a centre for Assyrians in Sweden to meet. The Assyrian Federation of Sweden (AFS) was founded in 1977 as a nationwide umbrella organisation for the various local associations in Sweden. The formation took place on April 15-17, 1977, with twenty-one representatives from eleven associations present, unanimously deciding to unite into a national organisation. At the national assembly in 1983, 44 representatives from 21 associations were present. Initially, the Federation had 3,000 members which soon doubled by 1980. At first, the Federation's office was located in Norsborg, but soon moved to Södertälje in 1983.
Aside from the Assyrian Federation of Sweden, the Assyrian Youth Federation and Assyrian Women's Federation existed nationwide. The Youth Federation was formed in 1985 as the Assyrian Youth Committee within the AFS. In 1991, it was transformed into the Assyrian Youth Federation, and became more independent from the AFS.
In 1978, Hujådå, the first Assyrian magazine was published by the Assyrian Federation of Sweden. The etymology of the name has the meaning "unity" or "union" in the Assyrian language, with the intention to unite all Assyrians, regardless of church, and to pay homage to Naum Faiq's publication with the same name in the United States in the early 1920s. The first issue of Hujådå came out in spring of 1978 and was published by Gabriel Afram, the then chairman of AFS, and the editor in-chief, Johanon Kashisho. In the beginning, the magazine contained material in four languages: Assyrian, Arabic, Turkish and Swedish. Eventually, material was published in English. Currently, Hujådå only exists as a web publication. 
In the mid-2000s, Assyrian TV channels were formed in Södertälje. Suroyo TV is operated by the Dawronoye political movement, while the Assyrians identifying as "Syrian" created Suryoyo Sat. The AFS, Women's Federation and Youth Federation founded the Assyrian Media Institute (AMI) on September 24, 2011, in Norrköping. AMI owns and operates Assyria TV, a web TV channel, which broadcasts shows worldwide, commonly interviewing famous Assyrians, as well as famous Swedish politicians and scholars. Assyria TV has also played a role in exposing Kurdish acts of cruelty against Assyrians in Iraq and Syria. 
With the majority of Assyrians immigrating to Sweden being adherents of the Syriac Orthodox Church, the Syriac Orthodox Patriarch appointed the first priest in Södertälje, Yusuf Said, in 1971. The congregation acquired a stamp with its name in both Assyrian and Swedish: "Ito suryoyto ortodoksoyto - Assyriska ortodoxa kyrkan" (Assyrian Orthodox Church). At the time, all members of the church used the term Assyrier and the priests did not protest that Suryoyo was translated as "Assyrian". 
In the 1990s, the Syriac Orthodox Church in Sweden fell into disunion with the church's board shutting the bishop out and demanding that the Patriarch in Damascus appoint a new bishop. In 1996, a new bishop was appointed, resulting in the Syriac Orthodox Church in Sweden being divided into two separate dioceses with their own bishops, both based in Södertälje. The diocese which does not reject the Assyrian name is led from St. Jacob of Nisibi's Cathedral in Hosvjö. The other diocese is led from St. Afrem's Church in Geneta. 
Assyrians have a wide spanning history in relation to sports in Sweden, most notably in the football arena. In Qamishli and Tur Abdin, Assyrians had their own football clubs that played at a local or national level. This led to the formation of ethnic-based Assyrian clubs in Sweden who have enjoyed a high level of success relative to other ethnic groups. Currently, there are over 20 Assyrian ethnic-based clubs present across Sweden.
On February 14, 1974, Assyriska FF was established in Södertälje. In the year 2000, Assyriska FF joined the Superettan when it was founded and boast the most seasons in the competition at 15. In 2003, Assyriska FF qualified for the Swedish Cup Final, before falling short to Elfsborg 0-2 in the final. In 2005, Assyriska FF managed to reach the highest level of football in Sweden, the Allsvenskan, becoming the first ethnic club to reach the competition. Their first game of the season was played on April 12 at Råsunda Stadium against Hammarby where Assyrian-American singer Linda George performed in front of an audience of 15,000.
During the 2005 season, Assyriska played at home against Halmstad on April 24, the memorial day for the victims of the Assyrian genocide (Seyfo). A minutes silence was observed at the game and the Assyrian players wore black armbands. Political pressure from Turkey led the Swedish FA to formulate a new rule which prevented political activity at games. However, this has not stopped Assyriska fans from honouring their martyrs. At the derby between Assyriska and Syrianska in 2015, a joint decision between the two clubs was made for the audience to observe 19 minutes and 15 seconds of silence to honour the centennial of the Assyrian genocide. 
There are also Assyrian clubs in other Swedish cities which have an Assyrian population. Assyriska BK was founded in 1985 in Gothenburg and has advanced to Division 1 in Sweden's football league system over time. Another notable Assyrian club is Assyriska IF in Norrkoping which possesses arguably the world's most successful Assyrian women's team, playing in Sweden's Division 2 level. Another club with a strong Assyrian women's team is Assyriska IK in Jonkoping who have advanced up to Division 1 in Sweden's football league system. Other Assyrian clubs are present in cities such as Orebro and Vasteras but play in lower divisions.
- Denho Acar, Assyrian criminal, born in Midyat, Turkey.
- Ibrahim Baylan, Syriac politician, born and raised in Deir Salih, Tur Abdin, Turkey.
- Abgar Barsom, Syriac-Aramean former footballer.
- Kennedy Bakircioglu, Assyrian footballer, family arrived in 1972 from Midyat.
- Jimmy Durmaz, Syriac footballer, father from Midyat in Turkey.
- David Durmaz, Syriac footballer, family from southeastern Turkey.
- Yilmaz Kerimo, Assyrian-Syriac politician, born in Turkey.
- Alexander Michel Melki, Syriac footballer.
- Felix Michel Melki, Syriac footballer.
- Bishara Morad, known by the mononym Bishara, Syriac singer from Syria born 2003, took part in Melodifestivalen 2019.
- Suleyman Sleyman, Syriac footballer.
- Daniel Teymur, Syriac MMA fighter.
- Sharbel Touma, Aramean footballer, born in Lebanon.
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