Arturo Armando Molina

Arturo Armando Molina
Coronel Arturo Molina.png
36th President of El Salvador
In office
July 1, 1972 – July 1, 1977
Vice PresidentEnrique Mayorga Rivas
Preceded byFidel Sánchez Hernández
Succeeded byCarlos Humberto Romero
Personal details
Born (1927-08-06) August 6, 1927 (age 92)
San Salvador, El Salvador
Political partyNational Coalition Party
ProfessionMilitary, politician

Colonel Arturo Armando Molina Barraza (born August 6, 1927)[1] is a former President of El Salvador. He was born in San Salvador.[2] He served between July 1, 1972 and July 1, 1977.[3] The 1973 oil crisis led to rising food prices and decreased agricultural output. This worsened the existent socioeconomic inequality in the country, leading to increased unrest. In response, Molina enacted a series of land reform measures, calling for large landholdings to be redistributed among the peasant population. The reforms failed, thanks to opposition from the landed elite, reinforcing the widespread discontent with the government.[4]

Political offices
Preceded by
Fidel Sánchez
President of El Salvador
Succeeded by
Carlos Humberto Romero


  1. ^ Profile of Arturo Armando Molina
  2. ^ Una veintena hizo carrera como funcionario Archived February 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2017-01-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Walter, Williams (1997). Militarization and Demilitarization in El Salvador’s Transition to Democracy. p. 90.