Arabic Extended-A

Arabic Extended-A
RangeU+08A0..U+08FF
(96 code points)
PlaneBMP
ScriptsArabic (83 char.)
Common (1 char.)
Major alphabetsAfrican languages
Bashkir
Belarusian
Berber
Chechen
Crimean Tatar
Hindko
Lak
Philippine languages
Punjabi
Rohingya
Tatar
Arwi
Assigned84 code points
Unused12 reserved code points
Unicode version history
6.139 (+39)
7.047 (+8)
8.050 (+3)
9.073 (+23)
11.074 (+1)
13.084 (+10)
Note: [1][2]

Arabic Extended-A is a Unicode block encoding Qur'anic annotations and letter variants used for various non-Arabic languages.[3]

Block[edit]

Arabic Extended-A[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+08Ax
U+08Bx
U+08Cx
U+08Dx
U+08Ex  ࣢ 
U+08Fx
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 13.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

History[edit]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Arabic Extended-A block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
6.1 U+08A0, 08A2..08AC, 08E4..08EF, 08F4..08FE 35 L2/10-288R N3882 Priest, Lorna; Hosken, Martin (2010-08-12), Proposal to add Arabic script characters for African and Asian languages
L2/10-221 Moore, Lisa (2010-08-23), "C.11.2", UTC #124 / L2 #221 Minutes
N3903 (pdf, doc) "M57.10", Unconfirmed minutes of WG2 meeting 57, 2011-03-31
U+08F0..08F3 4 L2/01-325 Milo, Thomas (2001-08-14), Three kinds of variation in Arabic script (sukun and jazm)
L2/02-275 Kew, Jonathan (2002-08-02), Proposal for Koranic alternate marks
L2/09-335R Moore, Lisa (2009-11-10), "C.31", UTC #121 / L2 #218 Minutes
L2/10-094 N3816 Proposal to change some combining Arabic characters for Quranic representation, 2010-03-21
L2/09-419R N3791 Pournader, Roozbeh (2010-03-30), Proposal to encode four combining Arabic characters for Koranic use
L2/10-155 Schmitt, Arno; Hosny, Khaled (2010-05-03), Reservations on L2/09-419 proposal
L2/10-221 Moore, Lisa (2010-08-23), "C.11.1", UTC #124 / L2 #221 Minutes
N3803 (pdf, doc) "M56.08j", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting no. 56, 2010-09-24
L2/10-371 N3920 Lazrek, Azzeddine (2010-09-30), Comments on Resolutions from Meeting 56 (and the 3rd edition) concerning Koranic characters
7.0 U+08A1 1 L2/10-288R N3882 Priest, Lorna; Hosken, Martin (2010-08-12), Proposal to add Arabic script characters for African and Asian languages
L2/10-442R N3988 Priest, Lorna; Hosken, Martin (2010-10-29), Proposal to add ARABIC LETTER BEH WITH HAMZA ABOVE
N3903 (pdf, doc) "M57.10", Unconfirmed minutes of WG2 meeting 57, 2011-03-31
N4103 "11.2.6 Arabic Letter BEH WITH HAMZA ABOVE", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 58, 2012-01-03
U+08AD..08B1 5 L2/11-138 Yevlampiev, Ilya; Pentzlin, Karl; Joomagueldinov, Nurlan (2011-04-28), Proposal to encode Arabic characters used for Bashkir, Belarusian, Crimean Tatar, Karachay, Karakalpak, and Tatar languages
L2/11-190 Pournader, Roozbeh (2011-05-12), Proposed codepoints and properties for characters in L2/11-138
L2/11-201 N4065 Pournader, Roozbeh; Anderson, Deborah (2011-05-12), Proposed codepoints and properties for characters in “Proposal to encode Arabic characters used for Bashkir, Belarusian, Crimean Tatar, Karachay, Karakalpak, and Tatar languages”
L2/11-116 Moore, Lisa (2011-05-17), "C.17.1.1", UTC #127 / L2 #224 Minutes
L2/11-209 N4071, N4072 Yevlampiev, Ilya; Pentzlin, Karl; Joomagueldinov, Nurlan (2011-05-20), Revised Proposal to encode Arabic characters used for Bashkir, Belarusian, Crimean Tatar, and Tatar languages
N4103 "11.12 Arabic characters used for Bashkir, Belarusian, Crimean Tatar, and Tatar languages", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 58, 2012-01-03
U+08B2 1 L2/12-181R N4271 Priest, Lorna A. (2012-05-09), Proposal to add ARABIC LETTER ZAIN WITH INVERTED V ABOVE
L2/12-112 Moore, Lisa (2012-05-17), "C.19", UTC #131 / L2 #228 Minutes
U+08FF 1 L2/11-033R N3989 Priest, Lorna (2011-02-10), Proposal to add Arabic Mark Sideways Noon Ghunna
L2/11-016 Moore, Lisa (2011-02-15), "C.2.2", UTC #126 / L2 #223 Minutes
N4103 "11.2.5 Arabic Mark SIDEWAYS NOON GHUNNA", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 58, 2012-01-03
8.0 U+08B3..08B4, 08E3 3 L2/08-429 Buhari, Seyed (2008-12-04), Additional Arabic letters needed for Arwi Script
L2/09-143 Buhari, Seyed (2009-04-15), Additional Arabic letters needed for Arwi Script
L2/13-165 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh (2013-07-25), "2", Recommendations to UTC on Script Proposals
L2/13-132 Moore, Lisa (2013-07-29), "Consensus 136-C22", UTC #136 Minutes
L2/13-168 Ganesan, Naga (2013-07-29), Comment on L2/13-130: Writing classical Tamil in Arabic script
L2/13-130R N4474 Pournader, Roozbeh (2013-08-19), Proposal to encode three Arabic characters for Arwi
N4553 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2014-09-16), "M62.04a", Minutes of WG 2 meeting 62 Adobe, San Jose, CA, USA
9.0 U+08B6..08BA 5 L2/13-178 Banafunzi, Hamid; Banafunzi, Marghani; Nuur, Maxamed (2013-08-31), Proposal to encode five Arabic script characters for the Bravanese (Chimiini)
L2/13-210 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; McGowan, Rick; Pournader, Roozbeh (2013-10-31), "4", Recommendations to UTC #137 November 2013 on Script Proposals
L2/13-223R N4498 Pournader, Roozbeh (2013-11-06), Proposal to encode four Arabic characters for Bravanese
L2/13-200 Moore, Lisa (2013-11-18), "C.3.1.1", UTC #137 Minutes
N4553 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2014-09-16), "M62.09c, M62.09i", Minutes of WG 2 meeting 62 Adobe, San Jose, CA, USA
L2/14-293R Pournader, Roozbeh; Afshar, Shervin (2014-11-01), Proposal to Encode Arabic Letter Teh with Small Teh Above for Bravanese
L2/14-250 Moore, Lisa (2014-11-10), "C.3.3", UTC #141 Minutes
U+08BB..08BD 3 L2/14-104 Evans, Lorna (2014-04-29), Supporting the Warsh orthography for Arabic script
L2/14-129 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; McGowan, Rick; Pournader, Roozbeh (2014-05-02), "8", Recommendations to UTC #139 May 2014 on Script Proposals
L2/14-170 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; McGowan, Rick; Pournader, Roozbeh; Iancu, Laurențiu (2014-07-28), "18", Recommendations to UTC #140 August 2014 on Script Proposals
L2/14-207R Pournader, Roozbeh (2014-08-09), Implications of the Unicode Arabic model for the Warsh orthography
L2/14-211 N4597 Evans, Lorna (2014-08-15), Proposal to encode Warsh-based Arabic script characters
L2/14-177 Moore, Lisa (2014-10-17), "Warsh Orthography (C.3.2)", UTC #140 Minutes
L2/16-052 N4603 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2015-09-01), "M63.03h", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 63
U+08D4 1 L2/14-148 Shaikh, Lateef Sagar (2014-06-26), Proposal to encode Quranic mark Ar-Rbaa used in Quran published in Pakistan
L2/14-170 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; McGowan, Rick; Pournader, Roozbeh; Iancu, Laurențiu (2014-07-28), "7", Recommendations to UTC #140 August 2014 on Script Proposals
N4592 Shaikh, Lateef Sagar (2014-08-11), Proposal to encode Quranic mark Ar-Rub used in Quran published in Pakistan
L2/14-177 Moore, Lisa (2014-10-17), "Quranic mark Ar-Rbaa (C.3.1.1)", UTC #140 Minutes
L2/16-052 N4603 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2015-09-01), "M63.03g", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 63
U+08D5..08E2 14 L2/14-095 Shaikh, Lateef Sagar (2014-04-24), Proposal to encode Quranic marks used in Quran published in Pakistan
L2/14-129 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; McGowan, Rick; Pournader, Roozbeh (2014-05-02), "7", Recommendations to UTC #139 May 2014 on Script Proposals
L2/14-100 Moore, Lisa (2014-05-13), "C.3.1.3", UTC #139 Minutes
L2/14-105R N4589 Pournader, Roozbeh (2014-07-27), Proposal to encode fourteen Pakistani Quranic marks
L2/16-052 N4603 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2015-09-01), "M63.02b", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 63
L2/15-254 Moore, Lisa (2015-11-16), "Consensus 145-C16", UTC #145 Minutes, Change the name of U+08E2 to ARABIC DISPUTED END OF AYAH
N4739 "M64.03d", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 64, 2016-08-31
11.0 U+08D3 1 L2/16-044 Abudena, Mussa A. A. (2015-11-29), Proposal to encode Quranic marks used in Quran published in Libya with Commentary
L2/15-329 Abudena, Mussa A. A. (2015-12-02), Proposal to encode Quranic marks used in Quran published in Libya
L2/16-037 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; McGowan, Rick; Pournader, Roozbeh; Glass, Andrew; Iancu, Laurențiu (2016-01-22), "15. Arabic", Recommendations to UTC #146 January 2016 on Script Proposals
L2/16-056 Shaikh, Lateef Sagar (2016-02-16), Proposal to encode Al-Dani Quranic marks used in Quran published in Libya
L2/16-100 Abudena, Mussa A. A. (2016-04-27), Comments on L2/16-056 Proposal to encode AlDani Quranic Marks
L2/16-102 Anderson, Deborah (2016-05-01), "#10", Consolidated Comments by Mansour, Evans, and Abudena on Al-Dani Quranic Marks (L2/16-056)
L2/16-153 Abudena, Mussa A. A. (2016-05-04), Types of Quran scripts
L2/16-156 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Glass, Andrew; Iancu, Laurențiu (2016-05-06), "5. Arabic", Recommendations to UTC #147 May 2016 on Script Proposals
L2/16-121 Moore, Lisa (2016-05-20), "C.10. Arabic", UTC #147 Minutes
L2/16-268 Lazrek, Azzeddine (2016-09-26), Suggestions on some Al-Dani Quranic Marks proposition
13.0 U+08BE..08C2 5 L2/18-032 N4961 Shaikh, Lateef Sagar (2018-01-17), Proposal to include Hindko alphabets
L2/18-168 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Moore, Lisa; Liang, Hai; Chapman, Chris; Cook, Richard (2018-04-28), "21. Hindko", Recommendations to UTC #155 April-May 2018 on Script Proposals
L2/18-174 N4962 Anderson, Deborah; Pournader, Roozbeh (2018-05-02), Hindko additions for Arabic
L2/18-115 Moore, Lisa (2018-05-09), "C.3.1", UTC #155 Minutes
N5020 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2019-01-11), "10.3.12", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 67
U+08C3..08C4 2 L2/18-094 N4959 Evans, Lorna; Warren-Rothlin, Andy (2018-04-26), Proposal to encode additional Arabic script characters for Hausa
L2/18-168 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Moore, Lisa; Liang, Hai; Chapman, Chris; Cook, Richard (2018-04-28), "19. Arabic for Hausa", Recommendations to UTC #155 April-May 2018 on Script Proposals
L2/18-115 Moore, Lisa (2018-05-09), "C.3.3", UTC #155 Minutes
N5020 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2019-01-11), "10.3.11", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 67
U+08C5..08C6 2 L2/19-118R N5049 Patel, Neil; Riley, Charles; MacLean, Jesus (2019-03-25), Proposal to add Arabic letter JEEM WITH THREE DOTS ABOVE and JEEM WITH THREE DOTS BELOW
L2/19-173 Anderson, Deborah; et al. (2019-04-29), "ARABIC LETTER JEEM WITH THREE DOTS", Recommendations to UTC #159 April-May 2019 on Script Proposals
L2/19-122 Moore, Lisa (2019-05-08), "C.9.4", UTC #159 Minutes
N5122 "M68.10", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 68, 2019-12-31
U+08C7 1 L2/19-111R Evans, Lorna; Malik, M. G. Abbas (2019-05-01), Proposal to encode ARABIC LETTER LAM WITH SMALL ARABIC LETTER TAH ABOVE in the UCS
L2/19-173 Anderson, Deborah; et al. (2019-04-29), "ARABIC LETTER LAM WITH SMALL ARABIC LETTER TAH ABOVE", Recommendations to UTC #159 April-May 2019 on Script Proposals
L2/19-122 Moore, Lisa (2019-05-08), "C.9.3", UTC #159 Minutes
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  3. ^ The Unicode Consortium. The Unicode Standard, Version 6.0.0, (Mountain View, CA: The Unicode Consortium, 2011. ISBN 978-1-936213-01-6), Chapter 8

External links[edit]