The main Arabic creoles are:
- Nubi: An Arabic-based creole spoken by descendants of Sudanese soldiers mainly in Kenya and Uganda, formed in the nineteenth century from a Sudanese Arabic-based pidgin used for intercommunication among Southern Sudanese ethnic groups.
- Juba Arabic: An Arabic-based pidgin or creole, spoken mainly in Equatoria Province in South Sudan.
- Manfredi, Stefano and Mauro Tosco (eds.) 2014. Arabic-based Pidgins and Creoles. Special Issue of the Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 29:2
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