Antonio Urceo

Antonio Urceo, called Codro (Antonius Urceus Codrus, 1446, Rubiera–1500, Bologna) was an Italian humanist who taught grammar and eloquence in Bologna[1] (where Nicolaus Copernicus was among his students[2]).

In Forlì he was the teacher of Sinibaldo Ordelaffi, son of the Lord of the city, Pino III Ordelaffi.

Urceo Codro is remembered, among other things, for writing a new fifth act for the Aulularia of Plautus (of the original fifth act of the play only fragments survive). Later other authors, e.g. Martin Dorp, provided their own versions of the missing scenes.[3]

Urceo was esteemed in his time as a Greek scholar; Angelo Poliziano wrote to ask his opinion on some Greek poems,[4] and the second volume of Greek epistolographers printed by Aldus Manutius was dedicated to Urceo.[5]

Urceo's biography was written by Carlo Malagola.


  1. ^ Urceo, Antonio. In: Encyclopaedia Londinensis, Volume 24, 1829, p. 512.
  2. ^ Pierre Gassendi, Oliver Thill, The Life of Copernicus (1473–1543), 2002, p. 42.
  3. ^ Jozef IJsewijn, Humanisme i literatura neollatina, Universitat de València, 1996, p. 124.
  4. ^ Susanna De Beer, Karel Enenkel, David Rijser. The Neo-Latin Epigram: A Learned and Witty Genre, Leuven, 2009, p.53.
  5. ^ Harold B. Segel, Renaissance Culture in Poland: The Rise of Humanism, 1470–1543, Cornell University Press, 1989, p. 130.
  • Carlo Malagola: Della vita e delle opere di Antonio Urceo detto Codro: studi e ricerche (Fava e Garagnani, 1878)