Anga Lipi

Anga Lipi
LanguagesAngika , Magahi
Time period
800–1000 CE

Anga Lipi (অঙ্গ লিপি) is a historical writing system or script of the Anga area of India. It is believed to have been originated from Mithilakshara or the Tirhuta script used to write Maithili.[citation needed]

Etymology and history[edit]

Anga refers to a region in what is now Bihar and Jharkhand states of India, and Lipi means script.[1] The Anga Script is mentioned in an ancient Sanskrit language Buddhist book the "Lalitvistar" (ललितविस्तर), which names Anga Lipi relatively early in the list of 64 scripts known to the Buddha. The script was specific to the Anga region, or Anga Mahajanapada, and was among those known to Buddha.[2] The script was mentioned as the fourth most important script of Ancient India in one version. Arthur Coke Burnell thought that some of the sixty-four scripts mentioned in "Lalitvistar" were mythical, but he considered some, including Dravid, Anga and Banga, to be real, though not appearing as distinct alphabets until the 9th or 10th century CE.[3] (Burnell regarded this passage as a late interpolation.)

Characteristics and comparison[edit]

Anga Lipi and Bengali script might have been derived from Brahmic, with some regional characteristics.[4] This supports the belief that the development of local characteristics in alphabets was continuing from earlier times.[5]

It reflects the early development of local variants of Indian alphabets.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Olivelle, Patrick (2006). Between the empires: society in India 300 BCE to 400 CE. Oxford University: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-530532-9.
  2. ^ Wilson, John (2005). Indian Caste. Adamant Media Corporation. ISBN 1-4021-7996-0.
  3. ^ Coke Burnell, Arthur (1878). Elements of South-Indian Palaeography. London: Trübner & Co. p. 52.
  4. ^ Sircar, D.C. (1986). Journal of ancient Indian history. University of Calcutta,Dept. of Ancient Indian History and Culture.
  5. ^ K.L.M., Firma (2002). The people and culture of Bengal, a study in origins.
  6. ^ K.L.M., Firma (2002). The people and culture of Bengal, a study in origins.

External links[edit]