View of the village of Andenes in Andøy
Andøy within Nordland
|Established||1 Jan 1964|
|• Mayor (1999)||Jonni Helge Solsvik (H)|
|• Total||656.12 km2 (253.33 sq mi)|
|• Land||616.71 km2 (238.11 sq mi)|
|• Water||39.41 km2 (15.22 sq mi) 6%|
|Area rank||171 in Norway|
|• Rank||205 in Norway|
|• Density||7.9/km2 (20/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-3.5%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1871|
|Official language form||Neutral|
Andøy is the northernmost municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Vesterålen archipelago. The main island in the municipality is Andøya. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Andenes. Other villages in the municipality include Bjørnskinn, Bleik, Dverberg, Fiskenes, Fornes, Nordmela, Risøyhamn, Skarstein, Å, Åknes, and Åse.
The 656-square-kilometre (253 sq mi) municipality is the 171st largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Andøy is the 205th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,902. The municipality's population density is 7.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (20/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 3.5% over the last decade.
The municipality of Andøy was established as a new municipality on 1 January 1964 due to the work of the Schei Committee. Andøy Municipality was created from the merger of the old municipalities of Andenes (population: 3,812), Bjørnskinn (population: 1,835), and Dverberg (population: 1,719). Initially, the new Andøy Municipality had 7,366 residents. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.
The municipality was named after the island on which it is located, Andøya. The Old Norse form of the name was Andarøy (from Amdarøy). The first element is the genitive case of the old uncompounded name of the island: Ǫmd. The last element is øy which means "island". The meaning of the uncompounded name is unknown.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms was granted on 7 January 1983. The arms show a silver wave on a blue background. It was chosen as a symbol for the fact that the municipality is situated at the sea and that fishing is important economically to the municipality.
|Parish (sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
The municipality of Andøy is spread across the island of Andøya (the northernmost island in the Vesterålen archipelago) and the northeastern part of the island of Hinnøya (the largest and most populous island in Norway). The municipality also consists of smaller skerries including Bleiksøya, Vomma, and Stavaøyan. Andøy is located between the Gavlfjorden and the Andfjorden, and the Risøysundet strait separates the two main islands in Andøy. The Andøy Bridge connects the two islands.
The midsection of the island consists of bogs and marshes, known for their Arctic cloudberries. There are numerous lakes on the island including Bleiksvatnet and Skogvollvatnet. The island is also the only place in continental Norway where coal and fossils from dinosaurs are found. Forfjorddalen nature reserve on Hinnøya has some of the oldest pine trees in Scandinavia, some more than 700 years old.
Lying furthest north in the area known as Vesterålen, Andøy is a mixture of vast areas of marshland fens, with a backdrop of high peaked mountains such as Kvasstinden. The coast is famous for its sheltered bays with white sandy shores. The area has a rich bird life and this is reflected in some good birding localities like Forfjorddalen Nature Reserve and Skogvoll, the latter a Ramsar site of international importance.
|Climate data for Andøya 1961-1990|
|Average high °C (°F)||0.3 |
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.1 |
|Average low °C (°F)||−5.1 |
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||98 |
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||15.3||13.1||13.5||13.1||10.6||11.8||12.1||12.8||16.6||19.2||17.0||17.4||172.5|
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
All municipalities in Norway, including Andøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Vesterålen District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of|
|Christian Democratic Party||Kristelig Folkeparti||1|
|Green Party||Miljøpartiet De Grønne||1|
|Local Lists||Lokale lister||2|
|Total number of members:||23|
The Hurtigruten boat stops at Risøyhamn in Andøy. Andøya Airport at Andenes is served by Widerøe airlines. During the summer, Andenes is connected to Gryllefjord on the island of Senja by ferry. By car, you reach Andøy on Norwegian County Road 82, northbound from Sortland.
Andøya Air Station is located next to Andenes. It is the home of the 333rd Squadron of the Royal Norwegian Air Force and houses all P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft in the Norwegian Armed Forces. Andøya Rocket Range is a civilian facility for launching sounding rockets, located a few kilometres south of Andenes.
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2018-12-18.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-01-01.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Store norske leksikon. "Andøy" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-08-05.
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
- "Forfjorddalen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- "Bleiksøya naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
- "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
- Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Andøy.|
- Nordland travel guide from Wikivoyage