Alessandro Crescenzi (cardinal)

Alessandro Crescenzi
Cardinal Priest of Santa Prisca
ChurchCatholic Church
In office1675–1688
PredecessorCarlo Pio di Savoia
SuccessorMarcello Durazzo
Orders
Consecration26 July 1643
by Alessandro Cesarini (iuniore)
Created cardinal27 May 1675
RankCardinal Priest
Personal details
Born1607
Rome, Italy
Died8 May 1688 (age 81)
Rome, Italy
NationalityItalian
Previous postBishop of Termoli (1643–1644)
Bishop of Ortona a Mare e Campli (1644–1652)
Bishop of Bitonto (1652–1668)
Titular Patriarch of Alexandria (1671–1676)
Archbishop (Personal Title) of Recanati e Loreto (1676–1682)
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals (1685–1688)

Alessandro Crescenzi, C.R.S. (1607 – 8 May 1688) was a Roman Catholic cardinal who served as Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals (1685–1688), Archbishop (Personal Title) of Recanati e Loreto (1676–1682), Titular Patriarch of Alexandria (1671–1676), Bishop of Bitonto (1652–1668), Bishop of Ortona a Mare e Campli (1644–1652), and Bishop of Termoli (1643–1644).[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Alessandro Agostino Crescenzi was born in Rome, Italy, in 1607, the son of Giovanni Battista Crescenzi and Anna Massimi.[1] He is related to Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi (named 1542) and is the nephew of Cardinal Pier Paolo Crescenzi (named 1611).[1] He was ordained a priest in the Ordo Clericorum Regularium a Somascha.[1][2]

On 13 July 1643, he was elected during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Bishop of Termoli.[1][2] On 26 July 1643, he was consecrated bishop by Alessandro Cesarini (iuniore),[1] Cardinal-Deacon of Sant'Eustachio.[2]

On 13 June 1644, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Urban VIII as Bishop of Ortona a Mare e Campli.[1][2]

On 26 August 1652, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Innocent X as Bishop of Bitonto.[1][2] He was named nuncio in Savoy by Pope Innocent X where he served until 1658.[1]

On 14 May 1668, he resigned as Bishop of Bitonto.[1][2] On 23 December 1670, he was named Prefect of the Cubiculi of His Holiness.[1] On 19 January 1671, he was promoted by Pope Clement X as Titular Patriarch of Alexandria.[1][2] On 27 May 1675, he was installed as Cardinal Priest of Santa Prisca in the consistory of 1675.[1][2]

On 24 February 1676, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Clement X as Bishop of Recanati e Loreto where he served until his resignation on 9 January 1682.[1][2] As cardinal, he participated in the conclave of 1676 which elected Pope Innocent XI.[1] On 9 April 1685, he was named camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.[1]

He died on 8 May 1688 in Rome and is buried in the church of S. Maria in Vallicella in the same city.[1]

Episcopal succession[edit]

While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of:[2]

and the principal co-consecrator of:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Miranda, Salvador. "CRESCENZI, C.R.S., Alessandro (1607-1688)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Cheney, David M. "Alessandro Cardinal Crescenzi, C.R.S." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. [self-published]

External links and additional sources[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Gerolamo Cappello
Bishop of Termoli
1643–1644
Succeeded by
Cherubino Manzoni
Preceded by
Francesco Antonio Biondo
Bishop of Ortona a Mare e Campli
1644–1652
Succeeded by
Carlo Bonafaccia
Preceded by
Giovanni Battista Landi
Apostolic Nuncio to Savoy
1646–1658
Succeeded by
Carlo Roberti de' Vittori
Preceded by
Fabrizio Carafa (bishop)
Bishop of Bitonto
1652–1668
Succeeded by
Tommaso Acquaviva d'Aragona
Preceded by
Federico Borromeo (iuniore)
Titular Patriarch of Alexandria
1671–1676
Succeeded by
Aloysius Bevilacqua
Preceded by
Giacinto Cordella
Archbishop (Personal Title) of Recanati e Loreto
1676–1682
Succeeded by
Guarnerio Guarnieri
Preceded by
Girolamo Gastaldi
Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals
1685–1688
Succeeded by
Galeazzo Marescotti
Preceded by
Carlo Pio di Savoia
Cardinal Priest of Santa Prisca
1675–1688
Succeeded by
Marcello Durazzo