Adverbial case

The adverbial case (abbreviated ADV) is a noun case in Abkhaz and Georgian with a function similar to that of the translative and essive cases in Finnic languages.[1][2] It is also featured in the Udmurt.

The term is sometimes used to refer to the ablative case of other languages.

Examples[edit]

In Georgian, the adverbial case has several functions. Its most common usage is to derive adverbs from adjectives, like in English:

Pianinoze kargad ukravs ("He/she plays the piano well")

The adverbial case suffix is -ad.

The adverbial case can also act as the essive case:

Masc'avleblad mushaobs ("He works as a teacher")

The adverbial case also used in stating the name of a language:

Inglisurad lap'arakobs ("(S)he speaks English")

Germanulad gadatargmna ("(S)he translated it to German")

With the passive future participle in sa-, the adverbial case often forms purposive or infinitival-like constructions:

Usatuod shevecdebi biletebi vishovo mag p'iesis sanaxavad

Without a doubt I will try to get tickets to see this play. (Aronson, p. 402)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aronson, Howard; Dodona Kiziria (1990). Georgian Language and Culture: a continuing course. Slavica.
  2. ^ "The Georgian Language - An outline grammatical summary".