Adurthi Subba Rao
ఆదుర్తి సుబ్బా రావు
|Born||16 December 1912|
|Died||1 October 1975 (aged 62)|
|Alma mater||St. Xavier's College, Mumbai|
|Awards||Seven National Film Awards|
Filmfare Awards South
Adurthi Subba Rao (16 December 1912 – 1 October 1975) was an Indian film director, cinematographer, screenwriter, editor and producer known for his works predominantly in Telugu cinema, bollywood, and Tamil cinema. Rao is widely regarded as the intellectual fountain head of Indian drama films. He has garnered seven National Film Awards. Rao made his foray into cinema as Associate to Uday Shankar in the 1948 dance film Kalpana, which was showcased in the "Treasures from National Film Archive of India" at the 39th International Film Festival of India. The 1960 film Nammina Bantu was a work of drama in the broader sense achieved by means of actors who represented mimesis throughout the narrative. The film was simultaneously shot in Tamil as Pattaliyin Vetri. Upon release both versions received critical acclaim. The Telugu work was screened at the San Sebastián International Film Festival. The film also won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu for that year.
The 1964 film Doctor Chakravarthy was adapted by Rao based on Koduri Kousalya Devi's Novel Chakrabhramanam. The film was the first film to win the Nandi Award, instituted by Government of Andhra Pradesh in 1964. The box office success was awarded the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu for that year. Rao's next work was Mooga Manasulu based on the concept of reincarnation, the first of its kind in Indian cinema in the genre of semi-fiction intended to be more serious in tone with elements that encourage a broader range of moods throughout the narrative. The film was remade in Hindi as Milan (1967) directed by Rao himself, while the Tamil Praptham (1971) was adapted from Rao's work. The Telugu version received the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu, and the Filmfare Best Film Award (Telugu) in 1964 and was screened at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival.
In 1968, Rao experimented with courtroom drama and detective fiction in his work Sudigundalu, the film received special mention at the Tashkent and Moscow Film Festivals for its inherent "film with a key" narrative. The film has garnered the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu, The Nandi Award for Best Feature Film, and the Filmfare Award for Best Film - Telugu for that year and was featured at the International Film Festival of India.
Early life and Career
He was born to Sathanna Panthulu and Rajalakshmamma on 16 December 1912. His father was the Tehsildar of Rajahmundry. Adurthi Subbarao completed school final (Matriculation) at the age of 14. He joined Kakinada PR College to do his Pre-University Course. He joined the St. Xavier's College, Mumbai in a three-year course of Photography, and completed two years.
He then worked in the processing and printing department of Bombay Film Lab. Then he joined film editor Dina Narvekar as his assistant. He started his film career as a cinematographer, editor and screenwriter. His directorial journey started as an assistant director in Bollywood, under Uday Shankar for his Hindi film Kalpana. He has also worked as an editor and assistant director for the film. His debut film as an editor was Tamil film Parijatapaharanam.
In 1957 Rao adapted Sharat Chandra Chatterjee's Bengali novel Nishkruti, which was simultaneously shot in Telugu as Thodi Kodallu, and Tamil as Engal Veettu Mahalakshmi (1957); both movies were made simultaneously by the same banner and director, and some of the scenes and artists are the same in both versions. The film won the Certificate of merit for Best Feature Film in Telugu. In 1959 Rao directed romantic drama Mangalya Balam, Rao adapted Mangalya Balam to the Telugu screen from the Bengali work Agni Pariksha, The Telugu version was simultaneously shot in Tamil as Manjal Mahimai; both versions became box office successes. The former winning the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Telugu, and the Filmfare Award for Best Film – Telugu in 1960. In 1961, Rao directed K. S. Gopalakrishnan's Kumudham; remade in Telugu as Manchi Manasulu (1962). Kumudham was released on 29 July 1961 with final reel length of 4,501 metres (14,767 ft) and became a commercial success at box office. The film received Certificate of Merit for Third Best Feature Film at 9th National Film Awards. Rao scripted and directed the 1976 biographical film; Mahakavi Kshetrayya based on the life of Kshetrayya, Rao had expired in the middle of the making of the film; and director C. S. Rao completed the rest of the shoot.
Mentor to K. Viswanath and Krishna
Rao's Biography has been published by veteran actor Krishna, who made his Telugu film debut under the direction of Subba Rao. Veteran director K. Viswanath has worked as an associate director of Subba Rao for many years. The Telugu film chamber of commerce has instituted the Adurthi Subba Rao Award in his honor.
- Sudigundalu - 1967
- Doctor Chakravarthy - 1964
- Mooga Manasulu - 1963
- Nammina Bantu - 1960 
- Mangalya Balam - 1959 
- Thodi Kodallu (1957) 
- 1964 - Nandi Award for Best Feature Film - Doctor Chakravarthy
- 1967 - Nandi Award for Best Feature Film - Sudigundalu
- 1976 - Nandi Award for Best Feature Film - Mahakavi Kshetrayya
|1957||Todi Kodallu||Telugu||Editor, Screenplay and Director|
|1957||Engal Veettu Mahalakshmi||Tamil||Editor, Screenplay and Director|
|1959||Mangalya Balam||Telugu||Writer and Director|
|1959||Manjal Mahimai||Tamil||Writer and Director|
|1963||Chaduvukunna Ammayilu||Telugu||Screenplay and Director|
|1965||Tene Manasulu||Telugu||Writer and Director|
|1967||Milan||Hindi||Screenplay and Director|
|1967||Sudigundalu||Telugu||Screenplay and Director|
|1968||Man Ka Meet||Hindi||Director|
|1969||Doli||Hindi||Screenplay and Director|
|1970||Darpan||Hindi||Producer and Director|
|1972||Jeet||Hindi||Producer and Director|
|1973||Mayadari Malligaadu||Telugu||Producer and Director|
|1975||Gajula Kishtaiah||Telugu||Producer and Director|
- List of National Film Award records
- Master movie maker - The Hindu
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- Adurthi Subba Rao - Biography - IMDb
- Events - Adurthi Subbarao Awards Presented gallery clips actors actress stills images
- "6th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- "5th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- "9th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2011.